Heb 1 Lesson 3
Flow of Hebrews
Flow of Hebrews
In these last days God spoke to us through His Son
God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world.
Jesus who is the very Image of God and is higher than the angels
And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they.
we must listen carefully to the truth as a result
the truth was spoken by Jesus and confirmed by God through signs and wonders
For this reason we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away from it. For if the word spoken through angels proved unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just penalty, how will we escape if we neglect so great a salvation? After it was at the first spoken through the Lord, it was confirmed to us by those who heard, God also testifying with them, both by signs and wonders and by various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit according to His own will.
man for a little while is lower than the angels but
given dominion over the world to come but not yet
For He did not subject to angels the world to come, concerning which we are speaking. But one has testified somewhere, saying, “What is man, that You remember him? Or the son of man, that You are concerned about him? “You have made him for a little while lower than the angels; You have crowned him with glory and honor, And have appointed him over the works of Your hands; You have put all things in subjection under his feet.” For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him.
we do see Jesus for a little while made lower than the angels by God’s grace tasted death for everyone…not for the angels but for man so He could be our high priest.
For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to perfect the author of their salvation through sufferings. For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one Father; for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren,
Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, so that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. For since He Himself was tempted in that which He has suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are tempted.
as a result of Jesus being our high priest we must think carefully about Him..try to understand who He is
Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession;
we must not harden our harts the way the Israelites did in the time of Moses
Do not harden your hearts as when they provoked Me, As in the day of trial in the wilderness,
if we trust God to the end we will share with Jesus all that belongs to Him
For we have become partakers of Christ, if we hold fast the beginning of our assurance firm until the end,
because the Israelites did not trust God, He would not let them enter His rest. We must remember their example and not repeat their mistake.
Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it.
there is a special rest still waiting for the people of God
all who enter into God’s rest have rested from their labors
So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God. For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His.
as a result of this warning to enter into God’s rest let us do our best to do so.
Therefore let us be diligent to enter that rest, so that no one will fall, through following the same example of disobedience.
since our high priest Jesus has entered heaven we should hold firmly to what we believe
Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession.
Jesus who became human and faced the same temptations we do yet did not sin understands our weakness so we can come boldly to the throne of grace
For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin. Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
High priests according to the law are chosen among mortal men who sin.
Jesus was chosen by God to be our perfect high priest.
Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered. And having been made perfect, He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation,
recipients had not grown…warning to grow in our relationship with Christ
Concerning him we have much to say, and it is hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing.
we need to mature in Christ not having to go over the fundamentals of faith over and over.
Therefore leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God,
those who have heard and tasted cannot be brought back to repentance
For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit,
but those who are loving God and those around them they will not need to worry about such things
And we desire that each one of you show the same diligence so as to realize the full assurance of hope until the end,
God has taken an oath and made a promise to those who live by faith and are doing good in His name
so that by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have taken refuge would have strong encouragement to take hold of the hope set before us.
Jesus has already gone into the inner sanctuary and has become our eternal High Priest
This hope we have as an anchor of the soul, a hope both sure and steadfast and one which enters within the veil,
Melchizedek was not of the Levitical priesthood yet was greater than Abraham since Abraham paid tithes to him.
Now observe how great this man was to whom Abraham, the patriarch, gave a tenth of the choicest spoils. And those indeed of the sons of Levi who receive the priest’s office have commandment in the Law to collect a tenth from the people, that is, from their brethren, although these are descended from Abraham.
if perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood there would have been no need for Jesus who was not from the Levitical priesthood but from the tribe of Judah
Now if perfection was through the Levitical priesthood (for on the basis of it the people received the Law), what further need was there for another priest to arise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be designated according to the order of Aaron? For when the priesthood is changed, of necessity there takes place a change of law also. For the one concerning whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no one has officiated at the altar. For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah, a tribe with reference to which Moses spoke nothing concerning priests.
because the law could not make one perfect God swore with an oath that Jesus would be a priest forever making Jesus the guarantee of a better covenant
(for the Law made nothing perfect), and on the other hand there is a bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw near to God. And inasmuch as it was not without an oath (for they indeed became priests without an oath, but He with an oath through the One who said to Him, “The Lord has sworn And will not change His mind, ‘You are a priest forever’ ”); so much the more also Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant.
Jesus because He lives forever is our High Priest forever. Making our salvation forever
but Jesus, on the other hand, because He continues forever, holds His priesthood permanently.
the law appoints men who are weak. but the word of the oath which came after the law appoints a Son made perfect forever.
For the Law appoints men as high priests who are weak, but the word of the oath, which came after the Law, appoints a Son, made perfect forever.
the main point is this. we have a high priest who sits at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.
not a copy of the tabernacle
But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises.
God made the first covenant obselete to inaugurate a better covenant through Jesus
When He said, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear.
the ordinances of the copy of the tabernacle here could not make the conscience clean
which is a symbol for the present time. Accordingly both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make the worshiper perfect in conscience, since they relate only to food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until a time of reformation.
Christ entered into the heavenly tabernacle not through the blood of animals but through His own blood. the only way to clean our conscience
But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation; and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.
this is why Jesus is the mediator of a new covenant
a death has occured for the sins commited under the first covenant
those who have been called may receive the promise of eternal inheritance
For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
the Levitical high priests had to continually offer blood for thier sins and the sins of the people. Jesus offered His own perfect blood once for all.
nor was it that He would offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the holy place year by year with blood that is not his own. Otherwise, He would have needed to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now once at the consummation of the ages He has been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.
since Christ died once for our sin when He comes back it will be for salvation not about judgment and sin for those who eagerly await Him.
so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him.
the law could not take away sin but Jesus could
But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year by year. For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
Jesus takes away the law in order to establish God’s will through Jesus own flesh.
After saying above, “Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You have not desired, nor have You taken pleasure in them” (which are offered according to the Law), then He said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will.” He takes away the first in order to establish the second.
because of this we are sanctified through the blood of Jesus once for all, and once for all time
By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins; but He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God,
because of Jesus blood we can enter the holy place by a new and living way that Jesus gave to us through the veil of His flesh.
Therefore, brethren, since we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Jesus,
we should hold strong our belief in Jesus and stick together
Therefore, brethren, since we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, His flesh, and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful; and let us consider how to stimulate one another to love and good deeds, not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another; and all the more as you see the day drawing near.
if we reject Jesus there is nothing but judgment left for us (if we go on sinning intentionally)
For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins,
remember the early days when your faith was strong and hang on to that faith.
But remember the former days, when, after being enlightened, you endured a great conflict of sufferings,
the assurance of things hoped for
the conviction of things not seen
Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen.
the faithful of old did not receive the promise so that we would be perfected through faith with them
And all these, having gained approval through their faith, did not receive what was promised, because God had provided something better for us, so that apart from us they would not be made perfect.
using their faith as an example let us let go off all sin and do God’s will through obedience to Him.
Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,
we should accept God’s discipline as a Child loved by God and accepting He disciplines us for our good.
All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness.
pursue peace with all men and sanctification with God
Pursue peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no one will see the Lord.
see to it no one comes short of the grace of God
And the Holy Spirit also testifies to us; for after saying,
because you have not come to something made from men but from God and Jesus
But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the Judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,
do not reject God’s call because it is the only thing that is eternal
do not reject God’s call because it is the only thing that is eternal
See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape who turn away from Him who warns from heaven.
but be grateful to God for our God is a consuming fire.
Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, by which we may offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe; for our God is a consuming fire.
live like you love Jesus
Comparisons of Jesus
Comparisons of Jesus
Better than the angels
Better than Moses
God speaks through Him now
He is like Melkizidek
Has a better covenant