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Hosea Introduction

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Introduction:

Minor Prophets

12 Minor Prophets also known as the book of 12 because they would have been typically circulated on the same scroll.

Hosea is the first of the minor prophets in the cannon.

Prophetic Career ranges from Jereboem II to Hezekiah.
A prophet for the Northern Kingdom.
During his time as prophet the nation went from general affluence and military might to poverty and defeat and back again.
After Jereboem’s death, Israel degenerated into an state of almost anarchy going through 6 kings in 30 years.
The real reason Israel crumbled during this time was God’s judgement on His people for their sin. Hosea and Amos are written to that end.

Structure:

Ch. 1-3 Draw a parallel between Hosea and the Lord ().
Hosea is to name his children after the Lord’s rebukes for His people (, , ).
Hosea toggles between first and third person narratives.

Major Theme

The exclusivity between the marriage relationship and intimacy within those confines also demonstrates the exclusivity in our spiritual relationship with God.
Our relationship with God, and consequently a spouse, is not based on geography or lineage but faithfulness.
Faithfulness to God is like faithfulness to our spouse. . . Faithfulness is full-time!
Man’s Solution to man is idolatry! Church as man’s solution never works, but a consistently faithful relationship with the Lord is the solution to every ill.

Marry a wife like Mine

Hosea 1:2–3 AV 1873
2 The beginning of the word of the Lord by Hosea. And the Lord said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great whoredom, departing from the Lord. 3 So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; which conceived, and bare him a son.

Judgements for unfaithfulness foretold

Hosea 1:4 AV 1873
4 And the Lord said unto him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel.
Hos. 1:4

Jezreel—”God Sows”

Jehu Destroys Ahab’s line ()

Foretold by Elijah:

2 Kings
1 Kings 21:21–24 AV 1873
21 behold, I will bring evil upon thee, and will take away thy posterity, and will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel, 22 and will make thine house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah, for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked me to anger, and made Israel to sin. 23 And of Jezebel also spake the Lord, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel. 24 Him that dieth of Ahab in the city the dogs shall eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat.

Jezreel is also the place of Israel’s military defeat.

Hosea 1:5 AV 1873
5 And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.

Lo-ruhamah—”not pitied” “Not Loved”

Hosea 1:6–7 AV 1873
6 And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her name Lo-ruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away. 7 But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the Lord their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.
Hos. 1:6-7
Ruhamah describes tender feelings of compassion for a child or brother.
God is compassionate
Exodus 34:6 AV 1873
6 And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord, The Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,
There is an end to compassion
Exodus 34:7 AV 1873
7 keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.

Disowned: Lo-ammi

Hos. 1:
Hosea 1:8–9 AV 1873
8 Now when she had weaned Lo-ruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son. 9 Then said God, Call his name Lo-ammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.
Leviticus 26:12 AV 1873
12 And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people.
That relationship would now be severed.
Literally God would no longer be the “i am” to the them anymore.
Exodus 3:16–17 AV 1873
16 Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt: 17 and I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.
Ex. 3:16-17
No longer will this saving presence of God be around.

Reunited

Hosea 1:10–2:1 AV 1873
10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God. 11 Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel. 1 Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; And to your sisters, Ruhamah.
Hos. 1:

Ownership reversed (10)

Reunite under one ruler: Jezreel— “God Sows”—They will come up out of the land.

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