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The Temptation of Jesus

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Luke 2:41–52 ESV
41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. 42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up according to custom. 43 And when the feast was ended, as they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. His parents did not know it, 44 but supposing him to be in the group they went a day’s journey, but then they began to search for him among their relatives and acquaintances, 45 and when they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem, searching for him. 46 After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. 47 And all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers. 48 And when his parents saw him, they were astonished. And his mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us so? Behold, your father and I have been searching for you in great distress.” 49 And he said to them, “Why were you looking for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” 50 And they did not understand the saying that he spoke to them. 51 And he went down with them and came to Nazareth and was submissive to them. And his mother treasured up all these things in her heart. 52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favor with God and man.
Luke 2:41–51 ESV
Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. And when he was twelve years old, they went up according to custom. And when the feast was ended, as they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. His parents did not know it, but supposing him to be in the group they went a day’s journey, but then they began to search for him among their relatives and acquaintances, and when they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem, searching for him. After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. And all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers. And when his parents saw him, they were astonished. And his mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us so? Behold, your father and I have been searching for you in great distress.” And he said to them, “Why were you looking for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” And they did not understand the saying that he spoke to them. And he went down with them and came to Nazareth and was submissive to them. And his mother treasured up all these things in her heart.
Luke 2:41-
In , it talks about Jesus as a boy when he was 12 years old, he went to the feast of the passover with his parents. When the feast was over, they made their way back home, but Jesus stayed behind at the temple in Jerusalem. When his parent found out that he was not with them, they went back to Jerusalem to look for him. When they found him, they asked him why he had treated them like that, they had been very worried and looking for him.
What did Jesus say to them?
Why are you looking for me? Did you not know that I must be in my father’s house?
After that, he went back with them and was submissive to them.
And in verse 52 it says that Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favour with God and man.
From all this, what do we know about Jesus?
Jesus knew his purpose very early on in his life. He knew who he was and what he needed to do in his life. Therefore he went to the temple to talk to the teachers there.
When his parents came to look for him, he asked them that why they were looking for him. and that he must be in his father’s house. It has been 12 years since the angel appeared to Mary and told her that she will have a son from God. To me I think that Jesus was reminding them that he is really what the angel said to him was true. He is really the son of God. Just like the angel told her in Luke 1:35.
Luke 1:35 ESV
35 And the angel answered her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy—the Son of God.
When Mary said your father and I have been looking for you. Jesus said I must be in my father’s house. These are the first recorded words of Jesus the son of man in the Bible. Which tells us that Jesus purpose in life was to obey his heavenly father and not man.
In verse 52, it says that Jesus increased in wisdom and stature and favour with man.
Question, did Jesus have perfect knowledge and power when he became a man? Jesus could have, but he chose to leave all these behind and experience the life of a normal human being. Having to learn to speak and walk and grow in knowledge and wisdom. Jesus was still fully God, but he chose not to use his powers so that he could be fully man. So that he could take away our sins.
After that Jesus took time to grow up as a normal boy. Then when he was ready at age 30, Jesus got baptised and straight after that went into the desert to be tempted by Satan.
Luke 3:21–22 ESV
21 Now when all the people were baptized, and when Jesus also had been baptized and was praying, the heavens were opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.”
Luke 3:
Luke 4:1
Luke 4:1–12 ESV
1 And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness 2 for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days. And when they were ended, he was hungry. 3 The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.” 4 And Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone.’ ” 5 And the devil took him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time, 6 and said to him, “To you I will give all this authority and their glory, for it has been delivered to me, and I give it to whom I will. 7 If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours.” 8 And Jesus answered him, “It is written, “ ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve.’ ” 9 And he took him to Jerusalem and set him on the pinnacle of the temple and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, 10 for it is written, “ ‘He will command his angels concerning you, to guard you,’ 11 and “ ‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’ ” 12 And Jesus answered him, “It is said, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’ ”
When we read verses 1 and 2, what do we notice?
Jesus was led into the wilderness for 40days and he did not eat. The spirit led him into the wilderness. Just like God led the Israelites into the wilderness for 40 years. God tested the faith of the Israelites in the desert. Israel who is the child of God failed when tested by God in the desert. But Jesus the son of God had victory over temptation int he desert.
At the end of the 40 days, Jesus was hungry and tired. This is when Satan comes. And begins to test Jesus. Satan did not tempt him when he just started. Satan waited for Jesus to be weak and hungry before he started his attack.
In the desert, the Holy spirit led Jesus. But Satan had plans to want to lead Jesus too. In our lives, many times this is what satan wants to do. Satan wants to lead us to walk away from the plans fo God and follow satan in our desires.
In all of the 3 temptations, there is a contrast between Jesus and Israel.
1) In the first temptation, Satan knew that Jesus was hungry and desperate for food. So he tempted Jesus to use his powers to make food for himself. Jesus came to be the son of man. To be fully man and to experience life as a human being. Experiencing hunger and tiredness. But Jesus could choose to use his power if he wanted. Satan tempted Jesus to follow the desire of the flesh and sin against God by turning the stones into bread so as to satisfy his desire more than obeying God. But Jesus replied Man shall not live by bread alone. Jesus depended on the word of God to sustain him more than food.
Luke 4:4 ESV
4 And Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone.’ ”
Deuteronomy 8:2–3 ESV
2 And you shall remember the whole way that the Lord your God has led you these forty years in the wilderness, that he might humble you, testing you to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep his commandments or not. 3 And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.
Deut
This temptation talks about the Israelites who were in the desert and they hungered for food and God humbled them and satisfied them with manna that God provided. God provided not only food for them but God gave them his word that sustained them. tin turakandan (Wilderness)
2) In the second temptation, Satan brought Jesus and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and told Jesus that if he worshipped satan, Satan would give him the world. If Jesus worshipped Satan, he would not be fit to the perfect sacrifice for us. Because he would have sinned against God by worshipping other Gods. Satan is also tempting Jesus to receive the world without going to the cross. Satan is trying to help Jesus to have a short cut.
Deuteronomy 6:13 ESV
13 It is the Lord your God you shall fear. Him you shall serve and by his name you shall swear.
Jesus reply is from . Like the Israelites, Satan tempts them to worship the idols and put their trust in other things other than God. to find a easy way to live life rather than the right way to live life.
3) In the third temptation, Satan brings Jesus to the top of the temple and asks Jesus to jump and saying that God will come and save him.
Psalm 91:11–12 ESV
11 For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways. 12 On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.
ps 91:11
Satan only quoted from a part of . He left out in all your ways. The meaning is very different if you take away the last part. Satan wants Jesus to test God to see if God will rescue him. Satan is tempting Jesus to do something which is not in God’s plan and expect God to rescue him. Just like the Israelites tested God and asked is the Lord among us or not. Satan is tempting Jesus to doubt God.
Exodus 17:7 ESV
7 And he called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, because of the quarreling of the people of Israel, and because they tested the Lord by saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?”
Jesus responds with
Deuteronomy 6:16 ESV
16 “You shall not put the Lord your God to the test, as you tested him at Massah.
In all these temptations, Jesus shows us an example of what it means to obey God and depend on God every time we face temptations.
1 . We need to depend on God’s word for our provision.
2. We need to decided to serve God alone who alone can satisfy us.
3. We need to allow God to lead us in our ways trusting that God will take care of us.
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