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The Word Study Method

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Step One: Choose Your Word
Step Two: Find Its English Definition
Step Three: Compare Translations
Step Four : Write Down the Definition of the Original Word
Step Five: Check the Word’s Occurrences in the Bible
Step Six: Find the Root Meaning and Origin of the Word
Step Seven : Discover the Word’s Usage in the Bible
Step Eight : Write Out an Application
Step One: Choose Your Word (page 264)
Grace
Step Two: Find Its English Definition
Grace
grace
■ noun
Webster Dictionary : [Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin gratia favor, charm, thanks, from gratus pleasing, grateful; akin to Sanskrit gṛṇāti he praises] 12th century
2 courteous good will.
▶ (graces) an attractively polite manner of behaving.
3 (in Christian belief) the free and unearned favour of God.
▶ a divinely given talent or blessing.
▶ a person’s favour: he fell from grace with the tabloids.
4 a period officially allowed for fulfilment of an obligation.
5 a short prayer of thanks said before or after a meal.
Webster :
1grace \ˈgrās\ noun
1 a: unmerited divine assistance given humans for their regeneration or sanctification
b: a virtue coming from God
c: a state of sanctification enjoyed through divine grace
2 a: APPROVAL, FAVOR 〈stayed in his good graces〉
b archaic: MERCY, PARDON
c: a special favor: PRIVILEGE 〈each in his place, by right, not grace, shall rule his heritage—Rudyard Kipling〉
d: disposition to or an act or instance of kindness, courtesy, or clemency
e: a temporary exemption: REPRIEVE
3 a: a charming or attractive trait or characteristic
b: a pleasing appearance or effect: CHARM 〈all the grace of youth—John Buchan〉
c: ease and suppleness of movement or bearing
4 —used as a title of address or reference for a duke, a duchess, or an archbishop
5: a short prayer at a meal asking a blessing or giving thanks
6 plural capitalized: three sister goddesses in Greek mythology who are the givers of charm and beauty
7: a musical trill, turn, or appoggiatura
8 a: sense of propriety or right 〈had the grace not to run for elective office—Calvin Trillin〉
b: the quality or state of being considerate or thoughtful synonym see MERCY
Step Three: Compare Translations
Merriam-Webster, I. (2003). Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary. (Eleventh ed.). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
Compare Translations
Ephesians 2:8 ESV
For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,
Ephesians 2:8 KJV 1900
For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:
Ephesians 2:8 AMP
For it is by free grace (God’s unmerited favor) that you are saved (delivered from judgment and made partakers of Christ’s salvation) through [your] faith. And this [salvation] is not of yourselves [of your own doing, it came not through your own striving], but it is the gift of God;
Ep
Ephesians 2:8 GW
God saved you through faith as an act of kindness. You had nothing to do with it. Being saved is a gift from God.
Ephesians 2:8 The Message
Saving is all his idea, and all his work. All we do is trust him enough to let him do it. It’s God’s gift from start to finish!
Step Four: Write Down the Definition of the Original Word
Ephesians 2:8 ESV
For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,
The Hebrew Word found in the O.T.= hen Graciousness, kindness, favor , beauty, pleasant , precious, well favored
grace
[Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin gratia favor, charm, thanks, from gratus pleasing, grateful; akin to Sanskrit gṛṇāti he praises] 12th century
grace (outworking)
present ⇔ grace
grace (system)
credit ⇔ grace
grace (act)
The Greek Word found in the N.T. = Charis= goodwill freely disseminated (by God); especially to the benefit of the recipient regardless of the benefit accrued to the disseminator.
grace (system) ⇔ Spirit
gracefulness
honor ⇔ grace
Exegetical Guide |
GRAMMARS
WORD BY WORD
The English-Greek Reverse Interlinear New Testament English Standard Version
τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι διὰ πίστεως· καὶ τοῦτο οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν, θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον· | ESV NT RI
For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God | ESV
χάριτί chariti For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,
χάρις charis grace
noun, dative, singular, feminine
Sense: grace – goodwill freely disseminated (by God); especially to the benefit of the recipient regardless of the benefit accrued to the disseminator.
LXGRCANLEX grace; sake; kindness; favor; thanks; thankfulness; gift; credit; benefit
graciousness, attractiveness, charm, winsomeness; favor, grace, gracious care/help, goodwill; (a sign of) favor, gracious deed/gift, benefaction; favor.; thanks, gratitude
Divine Enabling or Grace Gift
Charisma : Greek, favor, gift, from charizesthai to favor, from charis grace; akin to Greek chairein to rejoice—more at YEARN] 1930
εἰμί eimi be
verb, present, active, indicative, second person, plural
Sense: to be (quality) – to have the quality of being.
LXGRCANLEX be; to be; to exist; to exists; to happen; to belong; to represent; to be possible
BDAG be, exist, be on hand; is; be; live; take place, occur, become, be, be in; it is possible, one can; be,/come from somewhere; be, belong; be.
LSJ sum
charisma
σεσῳσμένοι sesōsmenoi For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,
σῴζω sōzō deliver; save
verb, perfect, passive, participle, plural, nominative, masculine
Sense: to be saved (state) – to be or become delivered or rescued from sin (and consequential judgment).
LXGRCANLEX save; deliver; to save; to deliver
BDAG save, keep from harm, preserve, rescue; save from death; bring out safely; save/free from disease; keep, preserve; thrive, prosper, get on well; save/preserve from eternal death; bring; salvation, bring to salvation
[Greek, favor, gift, from charizesthai to favor, from charis grace; akin to Greek chairein to rejoice—more at YEARN] 1930
LSJ
πίστεως pisteōs For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,
Exported from Logos Bible Software, 5:00 PM May 9, 2018.
πίστις pistis faith
noun, genitive, singular, feminine
Sense: trust (faith) – strong confidence in, and reliance upon, someone or something; often with the object of trust understood.
SNT
1: a personal magic of leadership arousing special popular loyalty or enthusiasm for a public figure (as a political leader)
BDAG faithfulness, reliability, fidelity, commitment; assurance, oath, troth; proof, pledge; trust, confidence, faith; body of faith/belief/teaching
οὐκ ouk For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,
οὐ ou not
adverb, negative
LXGRCANLEX not; no
BDAG no; not; not so?
2: a special magnetic charm or appeal 〈the charisma of a popular actor〉
LSJ fact; statement; will; thought
θεοῦ theou For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,
θεός theos God
noun, genitive, singular, masculine
LXGRCANLEX God; god
BDAG deity, god, goddess; God; god
Unmerited favor from God =
LSJ God, the Deity; God; against his will; bless you! good heavens! for heaven’s sake!
The unmerited favour of God, made known through Jesus Christ, and expressed supremely in the redemption and full forgiveness of sinners through faith in Jesus Christ.
δῶρον dōron For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,
This set of themes consists of the following:
δῶρον dōron gift; offering
grace, in OT
noun, nominative, singular, neuter
grace, and Jesus Christ
Sense: present – something transferred to a person as an object to be received without compensation.
grace, and salvation
LXGRCANLEX gift; offering; gift
grace, and Holy Spirit
Unmerited favor from God
BDAG gift, present.
grace, and Christian life
grace, and Christian life
LSJ gift, present, gift of honour; votive gift; offering; the gifts of; given by; the blessing; presents
grace, in human relationships
---
Manser, M. H. (2009). Dictionary of Bible Themes: The Accessible and Comprehensive Tool for Topical Studies. London: Martin Manser.
Created 5/9/2018 5:07:51 PM
Modified 5/9/2018 5:07:51 PM
Exported from Logos Bible Software, 5:50 PM May 9, 2018.
Step Five: Check the Word’s Occurrences in the Bible
Where does the word occur first in the Bible ?
Genesis 6:8 ESV
But Noah found favor in the eyes of the Lord.
Gen
Grace is used 70 times in the O.T.
Grace is used 150 times in the N.T.
Subject
was given through Moses;
grace
and truth came through Jesus
But
thanks
be to God, that you who
those who love you, what
benefit
is that to you? For even
filled with wisdom. And
the favor
of God was upon him.
Object
we have all received ,
grace
upon grace.
, Mary, for you have found
favor
with God.
what was commanded?
Does he thank
the servant because
by letter to carry your
gift
to Jerusalem.
Object
, Mary, for you have found
favor
with God.
IndirectObject
had been commended to the
grace
of God for the work that
Senses |
God’s Grace 68 times
Luke 1:30 ESV
And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.
John 1:14 ESV
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
The Outworking of Grace 53 times
grace (outworking)
Acts 4:33 ESV
And with great power the apostles were giving their testimony to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and great grace was upon them all.
A Present called Grace 23 times
Romans 6:23 ESV
For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
1 Corinthians 12:4 ESV
Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit;
Grace as a system 4 times
Romans 6:14 ESV
For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace.
grace (system)
Grace as credit 4 times
Grace as credit
1 Peter 2:19 ESV
For this is a gracious thing, when, mindful of God, one endures sorrows while suffering unjustly.
Grace as an act 4 times
Psalm 84:11 ESV
For the Lord God is a sun and shield; the Lord bestows favor and honor. No good thing does he withhold from those who walk uprightly.
Grace as system given by the Spirit 2 times
grace (system) ⇔ Spirit
2 Corinthians 3:6 ESV
who has made us sufficient to be ministers of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.
Grace as Honor 1 time
gracefulness
Acts 2:47 ESV
praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved.
honor ⇔ grace
Step Six: Find the Root Meaning and Origin of the Word
When predicated of Yahweh it indicates the free and unconditional grating of His blessing.
grace; sake; kindness; favor; thanks; thankfulness; gift; credit; benefit
graciousness, attractiveness, charm, winsomeness; favor, grace, gracious care/help, goodwill; (a sign of) favor, gracious deed/gift, benefaction; favor.; thanks, gratitude
Divine Enabling or Grace Gift
Charisma : Greek, favor, gift, from charizesthai to favor, from charis grace; akin to Greek chairein to rejoice—more at YEARN] 1930
1: a personal magic of leadership arousing special popular loyalty or enthusiasm for a public figure (as a political leader)
2: a special magnetic charm or appeal 〈the charisma of a popular actor〉
Unmerited favor from God =
The unmerited favour of God, made known through Jesus Christ, and expressed supremely in the redemption and full forgiveness of sinners through faith in Jesus Christ.
Step Seven : Discover the Word’s Usage in the Bible
Different Senses throughout the Bible
God’s Grace 68 times
Luke 1:30 ESV
And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.
John 1:14 ESV
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
The Outworking of Grace 53 times
Acts 4:33 ESV
And with great power the apostles were giving their testimony to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and great grace was upon them all.
A Present called Grace 23 times
Romans 6:23 ESV
For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
1 Corinthians 12:4 ESV
Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit;
Grace as a system 4 times
Romans 6:14 ESV
For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace.
Grace as credit 4 times
1 Peter 2:19 ESV
For this is a gracious thing, when, mindful of God, one endures sorrows while suffering unjustly.
Grace as an act 4 times
Psalm 84:11 ESV
For the Lord God is a sun and shield; the Lord bestows favor and honor. No good thing does he withhold from those who walk uprightly.
Grace as system given by the Spirit 2 times
2 Corinthians 3:6 ESV
who has made us sufficient to be ministers of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.
Grace as Honor 1 time
Acts 2:47 ESV
praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved.
Subject
was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus
grace
and truth came through Jesus
But thanks be to God, that you who
thanks
be to God, that you who
those who love you, what
those who love you, what
benefit
is that to you? For even
filled with wisdom. And
the favor
of God was upon him.
Object
we have all received ,
grace
upon grace.
, Mary, for you have found
favor
with God.
what was commanded?
Does he thank
the servant because
by letter to carry your
gift
to Jerusalem.
Object
, Mary, for you have found
favor
with God.
IndirectObject
had been commended to the
grace
of God for the work that
Subject
was given through Moses;
grace
and truth came through Jesus
But
thanks
be to God, that you who
those who love you, what
benefit
is that to you? For even
filled with wisdom. And
the favor
of God was upon him.
Object
we have all received ,
grace
upon grace.
, Mary, for you have found
favor
with God.
what was commanded?
Does he thank
the servant because
by letter to carry your
gift
to Jerusalem.
Object
, Mary, for you have found
favor
with God.
IndirectObject
had been commended to the
grace
of God for the work that
Step Eight : Write Out an Application
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