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Genesis 22

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The Second Call of Abraham
The Second Call of Abraham
The Second Call of Abraham
Illus:

1. We must love the Lord more than anything.

Illus: Testing: Van Halen
Testing

2. We must trust the ways of the Lord more than our own.

Van Halen

3. We must believe in the seed of Abraham.

1. We must love the Lord more than anything. 22:1-2

Gen21/Gen22 comparison with Ishmael/Isaac.
Isaac is probably a teenager by now in comparison where Ishmael was in the previous chapter.
Testing shows what someone is really like and genuinely involves difficulty or hardships
Deuteronomy 8:2 CSB
Remember that the Lord your God led you on the entire journey these forty years in the wilderness, so that he might humble you and test you to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep his commands.
Trials and testing are for our benefit.
“This was the ultimate test. Isaac was now everything to Abraham, as God’s call makes clear. He does not refer to the boy as “Isaac,” but as “your son, your only son, whom you love.”Abraham’s affection had become adoration. Previously, Abraham’s meaning in life had been dependent on God’s word. Now it was becoming dependent on Isaac’s love and well being. The center of Abraham’s meaning in life was shifting. God was not saying you cannot love your son, but that you must not turn a loved one into a counterfeit god.” Tim Keller
V2 “Please Take” rare phrase for a divine command but demonstrates the understanding that this is a costly request. `
“Moriah” identifies this area as the site for the Jerusalem temple.
2 Chronicles 3:15 CSB
In front of the temple he made two pillars, each 27 feet high. The capital on top of each was 7½ feet high.
Even within the name Moriah there is a hint of salvation which Abraham will pick up later when he states that the Lord will provide, see. V8, 14. Therefore, salvation is promised in the very decree that sounds like annihilation.
Offering a burnt offering expressed total devotion to the Lord (faith that He would provide more animals and food) and that the animals death atones fr the worshippers sins.
Mountain: Mount Sinai, Jerusalem, Eden even is depicted as a on a mountain. Idea of kingship and nearness to the Lord.

2. We must trust the ways of the Lord more than our own.

Abraham obeyed the Lord. We don’t have any questioning or doubts like with Ishmael and sending him away in the previous chapter.
He got his supplies and went to the “place” that the Lord had told him. This is a holy place or sanctuary.
4-6
3 days was normal to prepare for a significant event. It’s what Israel initially requests from Pharaoh in Exodus and is how long the Lord gives them to prepare for His meeting with them on Mount Sinai.
Only Abraham goes up the mountain (parallel to Moses) and astoundingly states that “we’ll come back to you.” Abraham believed that if the Lord required a sacrifice of his son of promise that He would be immediately resurrected in order to fulfill the promise of God.
Hebrews 12:17–19 CSB
For you know that later, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, even though he sought it with tears, because he didn’t find any opportunity for repentance. For you have not come to what could be touched, to a blazing fire, to darkness, gloom, and storm, to the blast of a trumpet, and the sound of words. Those who heard it begged that not another word be spoken to them,
Isaac takes the wood on his back—-symbolizing his certain death on that wood (Jesus carrying the cross of his back).
6-8
Amazing trust on Isaac’s part is displayed as the father and son go up the mountain together.
Isaac’s question becomes the central question of the OT one that JOhn the Baptist answers in the New.
9-10
Abraham continued in obedience and binds Isaac who himself complies in complete obedience as an unblemished sacrifice.
11-14
A messenger of the Lord...
Covenantal Name Used...
Exclamation point using his name twice.
12–the Lord confirms that Abraham fears him.
To fear the Lord means to worship Him with an upright life.
Abraham “looks up” again but this time sees a ram caught. Here the ram is offered as a substitute for Isaac.
The Lord will provide—Moriah—Moses is writing to a people who have just sacrificed a lamb in order to save their first born sons and who have approached a mountain to meet with the Lord.
It would be on another mountain that the Lord would provide forgiveness for our sins once and for all. We call it Calvary.

3. We must believe in the seed of Abraham.

V16-18 is the only promise to Abraham explicitly containing a divine oath.
The Lord takes the promise of , the covenant in , the confirmation in and here gives a divine oath. The fulfillment of these promises is clearly connected to the obedience of Abraham.
“Human obedience does not enable something other than can come from God’s promise; rather Abraham’s actions become a further grounding for the promise alongside God’s free decision.”
The original promises made by the Lord are now reworded as through the grace of the Lord and the obedience of Abraham.
The enemies of the Lord will not be able to stop this plan and as indicated in the Lord will use Israel to drive out his enemies.
Seed: Collective Singular. Pointing to One Seed.
Psalm 72:17 CSB
May his name endure forever; as long as the sun shines, may his fame increase. May all nations be blessed by him and call him blessed.
Galatians 3:16 CSB
Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. He does not say “and to seeds,” as though referring to many, but referring to one, and to your seed, who is Christ.
Romans 8:32 CSB
He did not even spare his own Son but offered him up for us all. How will he not also with him grant us everything?
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