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First and Second Adam

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First and Last Adam
A. Although a study of Biblical types is a basic subject, many today have never heard it.
1. The Bible’s message is comprised of literal and figurative language. Figurative language includes
parables, fables, similes, similitudes, metaphors, metonymys, synecdoches, allegories, proverbs,
hyperboles, personifications, parallelisms, symbols, and types.
2. A type is an event, person, or some item which was divinely appointed to be a prophetic picture of the
good things which God purposed to bring to fruition in the New Testamaent.
3. There are several words used in the Greek New Testament to denote type.
a. First, there is the term tupos (the basis of our English word ‘type’). It is used in Romans 5:14:
"Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the
similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come." Adam is here said
to be a type [a figure] of Christ.
b. Second, there is the word skia, rendered “shadow.” Certain elements of the Mosaic system are
said to be “a shadow of the things to come” (Col. 2:17; cf. Heb. 8:5; 10:1).
c. Third, there is the term hupodeigma, translated “copy,” and used in conjunction with “shadow”
in Hebrews 8:5 (cf. Heb. 9:23).
d. Fourth, the Greek word parabole (cf. parable) is found in Hebrews 9:9, where certain elements of
the tabernacle are “a figure for the present time” (cf. Heb. 11:19).
e. Fifth, the Greek term antitupon, rendered “figure” (KJV) or “pattern” (ASV) in Hebrews 9:24, and
“like figure” (KJV) or “true likeness” (ASV) in I Peter 3:21. This word is used in the New
Testament to mean “that which corresponds to” the type; it is the reality which fulfills the
prophetic picture.
B. The Holy Spirit placed a special significance on certain people and items in Old Testament.
1. These people, places, things, offices, institutions, and events have special meanings in the New
Testament. Several specific likenesses are observable between those people and items and their
counterparts in the New Testament.
2. The English word “type” is from the Greek word tupos [tupoi, plural], and is defined by Webster as
“a person, thing, or event, that represents or symbolizes another that is to come; symbol; emblem;
token; sign.”
a. “We say that we have seen a horse’s foot in the clay, when we have only seen the impression of
his foot, which would be the type. But when we take the track of the foot for the foot, we really
have just the opposite of the foot. So if a man should strike his fist into a ball of putty, he would
leave there, not his fist, but the type of it.
b. A child may press his hand into uncured concrete, leaving behind a handprint. We might say, “This
is my boy’s hand.” What we mean is, “This is my son’s handprint.” The hand is the reality; the
print is the type.
3. Symbols are unreal, but types are real.
a. “Adam was a type of Christ; so were the sacrifices from the foundation of the world; the kings,
priests, and prophets, in that they were anointed; the serpent in the wilderness, Solomon, and
Joshua, etc. These were as real as the Saviour.”
b. “It must not simply happen to represent something in the future, and therefore do as an
illustration—it must have been intended to represent that thought or fact when it was given.”
C. The antitype is always superior to the type.
1. Moses was typical of Christ in that he served as lawgiver, prophet, and leader. Christ is Lawgiver,
Prophet, and Leader in the fullest sense.
a. "The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like
unto me; unto him ye shall hearken" (Deut. 18:15).
b. "For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people" (Acts 3:22-23).
c. As great as Moses was, Christ is vastly superior.
2. Israel’s bondage in Egypt was typical of an individual’s bondage to sin.
a. "Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under
the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in
the sea....But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the
wilderness. Now these things were our examples [tupoi], to the intent we should not lust after evil
things, as they also lusted....Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples [tupoi]: and
they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come" (I Cor. 10:1-11).
b. "Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye
obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness? But God be thanked, that ye
were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form [tupon] of doctrine which
was delivered you. Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness"
(Rom. 6:16-18).
c. As harsh as the physical hardships of the Israelites were in the wilderness, the hardships of sin are
far worse.
d. As important as their “baptism” was, baptism into Christ is of far greater importance (Rom. 6:3-4;
Eph. 1:3).
3. The manna Israel received during their sojourn in the wilderness [Ex. 16;16] was typical of Christ,
who is the “Bread of Life.” "...Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you
the true bread from heaven" (John 6:32). As nourishing as the manna was to the body, the “Bread of
Life” is much more nutritious to the soul.
4. The brazen serpent Moses lifted up in the wilderness [Num. 21:8] was typical of our Lord being lifted
up on the cross.
a. "And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:
That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. For God so loved the
world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but
have everlasting life" (John 3:14-16).
b. The lifting up of Christ on the cross is vastly more important than the lifting up of the brazen
A. Adam is typical of Christ.
1. ICorinthians 15:44-49: "It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body,
and there is a spiritual body. And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last
Adam was made a quickening spirit. Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is
natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is
the Lord from heaven. As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such
are they also that are heavenly. And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the
image of the heavenly."
2. The apostle’s point in the passage is to illustrate the truth that there are natural and spiritual bodies.
We inherited our physical body from Adam, down through the long ancestral line that connects us to
Adam and Eve. We obtained mortality from Adam and our immortality derives from Christ, who is
said here to be the second Adam. Specifically, we are told that Adam was typical of Christ:
"Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the
similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure [tupos] of him that was to come" (Rom. 5:14).
B. Comparisons between the First and the Second Adam.
1. The first Adam is spoken of in the Bible as “the son of God” and the second Adam is spoken of
as “the Son of God.”
a. "Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was
the son of God" (Luke 3:38).
b. "And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this
book: But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that
believing ye might have life through his name" (John 20:30-31).
c. God created the first Adam, who thus became the son of God. But the second Adam was never
created (cf. Micah 5:2; John 1:1-3; Col. 2:9); He is the Son of God in that the Father brought about
His entrance into this world (Heb. 1:5-6) and later raised Him from the dead (Acts 13:28-33). God
is the Father of the Christ also in the sense that the Son was perfectly obedient to the Father’s will
(cf. John 13:16; 6:38; Heb. 10:7), recognizing the greater authority possessed by the Father.
2. Each of the two Adams sustains a special relationship to the human family.
a. The first Adam was the head of the physical race of mankind. In keeping with the all-pervading
law of nature (Gen. 1:11), Adam and Eve produced after their kind (Gen. 5).
b. "And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a
quickening spirit" (1 Cor. 15:45).
c. The second Adam is head of the spiritual race of mankind.
1) "And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the
church, Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all" (Eph. 1:22-23).
2) "But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even
Christ" (Eph. 5:15).
3) "But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman
is the man; and the head of Christ is God" (1 Cor. 11:3).
4) "For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the
things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad" (II Cor.
d. The relationship we have with Christ is superior to the connection we have with Adam. Christ is
our Savior and Sustainer. Adam was the first man in our ancestral line.
3. Each of the two Adams came into the world by a miraculous act of God’s power.
a. Neither of the two was produced by natural law.
1) "And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the
breath of life; and man became a living soul" (Gen. 2:7).
2) "But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a
dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that
which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt
call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. Now all this was done, that
it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin
shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which
being interpreted is, God with us" (Matt. 1:20-23).
3) If God had stopped the creation process just before creating Adam and Eve, no homo sapien
would be here; there would be no sin; there would be no marriage and home; there would be
no civil government; there would be no Bible; there would be no church. There would only be
the material universe, with its plant and animal life. The only way Adam could come was by
God’s miraculous power.
b. Matthew refers to Isaiah 7:14, where the prophet had predicted the very event discussed by the
apostle: "Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and
bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel." Our Lord’s natural body was conceived by supernatural power.
c. It is not possible for finite man to comprehend Adam’s miraculous creation, and it is certain that
no man can comprehend the Virgin Birth of Christ. The means bywhich these two Adams entered
into the world is a matter of faith, and is not to be denied. How else could their coming be explained? In what other way could they have come? The God who made the worlds was able to
circumvent the laws of nature, which He also designed and put into place. In the case of the first
Adam, God constructed his physical body from the elements of the earth, and placed into that body
the spirit. In the case of the second Adam, using miraculous power, God placed into the womb
of Mary the fertilized seed which produced the physical body of Jesus.
4. Each entered the world free from the slightest taint of sin.
a. There could have been no defect, physical or spiritual, in the first Adam, for it is inconceivable that
God should do anything substandard or make anything that is flawed. Indeed, He pronounced that
all of the components of the creation (including Adam and Eve) were “very good” (Gen. 1:31).
b. Sin is acquired by an accountable human when he transgresses a command or precept of God’s
1) "...Sin is the transgression of the law" (I John 3:4).
2) "Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin" (Jas. 4:17).
3) "All unrighteousness is sin..." (I John 5:17; cf. Psm. 119:172).
c. Obviously Adam could not have violated any command of God until some time subsequent to his
entrance into the world (Gen. 2:16-17; 3:1-24).
d. Christ is altogether and forever free from sin. He could not be Deity and be imperfect. Plain
declarations of Scripture affirm His absolute purity.
1) "For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities;
but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin" (Heb. 4:15).
2) "For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners,
and made higher than the heavens" (Heb. 7:26).
e. Every human being is also free from the contamination of sin until such a time that the individual
reaches an age when God can properly hold him (or her) responsible for his (or her) actions. Most
of the religious world has been deceived into thinking that every baby enters the world with the
guilt of sin already stamped upon its soul. If so, from what source did that guilt obtain? From God?
Utterly unthinkable!
1) "...The LORD...formeth the spirit of man within him" (Zech. 12:1).
2) God is the Father of our spirits (Heb. 12:9), and He is infinitely holy (Lev. 20:7; I Pet. 1:15-
16). Our guilt of sin did not originate with the Father!
f. Does an infant inherit guilt from the first Adam through its own parents? This is denied by plain
statements of the Bible!
1) "The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall
the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and
the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him" (Ezek. 18:20).
2) The guilt of sin is obtained by each individual when he personally violates God’s will. "Thou
wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee"
(Ezek. 28:15).
3) "Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the
soul that sinneth, it shall die" (Ezek. 18:4).
4) Citizens of God’s kingdom are free from the guilt of sin (Col. 1:13-14), and are declared to be
like little children in this regards (Matt. 18:3; 19:14).
5. Each of the two Adams was capable of being tempted to commit sin.
a. This is a common feature of all accountable men, a characteristic of free agency. If there was no
power to do wrong, there would be no virtue in doing right. If there were no possibility of
incurring God’s wrath by disobeying His will, there could be no possibility of obtaining God’s
favor by obeying His will.
b. The first Adam was tempted successfully by Satan:
1) "And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest
freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die" (Gen. 2:16-17).
2) "And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes,
and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave
also unto her husband with her; and he did eat" (Gen. 3:6).
c. The second Adam was tempted by the same adversary, but did not succumb to those enticements
(Matt. 4:1-11).
1) The devil would have known whether Christ was subject to temptation, and would not have
wasted his efforts if there was no possibility of temptation having any effect on Him.
2) He was tempted in every way any other human being can be tempted (Heb. 4:15; IJohn 2:16).
Unlike ourselves, he did not permit himself to fall victim to Satan’s efforts to lead Him away
from the Father.
d. The first Adam was tempted and conquered by Satan, but the second Adam conquered Satan.
"Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took
part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the
devil; And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. For
verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. Wherefore
in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and
faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted"
(Heb. 4:14-18).
6. Each of the two Adams received their names from God.
a. "Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the daywhen
they were created" (Gen. 5:2).
b. "And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people
from their sins" (Matt. 1:21).
c. "And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus
answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not
revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven" (Matt. 16:16-17).
d. It is from the father in a human family that the child’s name is derived.
7. Both of the two Adams were given brides.
a. God made a bride for the first Adam. "And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should
be alone; I will make him an help meet for him....And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall
upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; And
the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the
man. And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called
Woman, because she was taken out of Man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother,
and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh" (Gen. 2:18-24).
b. The second Adam (Christ) also obtained a bride, which is His church.
1) "For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that
I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ" (II Cor. 11:2).
2) "And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven
last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will show thee the bride, the Lamb's
wife" (Rev. 21:9).
8. A deep sleep came upon the two Adams in order for the bride to be given.
a. The first Adam underwent a deep, unnatural sleep before he could obtain his bride (Gen. 2:21-24).
b. Christ had to experience the “sleep of death” before His bride came into existence.
1) "And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost" (Mark 15:37).
2) "Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye
should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring
forth fruit unto God" (Rom. 7:4)
3) Christ gave Himself for the church (Eph. 5:25; cf. Acts 20:28).
9. The side of each of the two Adams was opened before the bride could be obtained.
a. In the case of the first Adam, God performed a surgical procedure on him to obtain a rib from
which He made Eve.
b. In the case of the second Adam, Christ’s side was parted by the Roman spear, from the wound of
which His blood was shed (John 19:33-34). The blood of our Lord was the purchase price for His
church, which is His bride (Acts 20:28; Eph. 5:23-27).
10. Each of the two Adams was given only one bride.
a. The first Adam had only one bride, Eve. If God had wanted him to have more than one wife, He
would have constructed more than one. If He had intended him to have another man for a wife,
He would have constructed a man instead of Eve.
b. The second Adam, Christ, has only one bride, the church; if it had been the will of God for Christ
to have more than one church, more than one would have been provided. The oneness of the
church is emphasized in many passages:
1) "And Isay also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and
the gates of hell shall not prevail against it" (Matt. 16:18).
2) "And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the
church, Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all" (Eph. 1:22-23).
3) "There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; One
Lord, one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and
in you all" (Eph. 4:4-6).
4) "Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it"
(Eph. 5:25: Notice, the text does not say He gave Himself for them, but it).
5) "And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead;
that in all things he might have the preeminence" (Col. 1:18). Christ has only one body, which
is His one church.
11. Both Adams held authority over their brides.
a. The first Adam exercised authority over Eve. "But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp
authority over the man, but to be in silence. For Adam was first formed, then Eve" (I Tim. 2:12-
13; cf. I Cor. 11:3).
b. Likewise, the second Adam exercises authority over his bride, the church.
1) "But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even
Christ" (Eph. 4:15).
2) "For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the
saviour of the body. Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their
own husbands in everything. Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church,
and gave himself for it; That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the
word, That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any
such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish" (Eph. 5:23-27).
12. The brides each took the name of the respective husband.
a. This was true of the first Adam:
1) “And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called
Woman, because she was taken out of Man" (Gen. 2:23).
2) "Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day
when they were created" (Gen. 5:2).
b. The church wears the name of Christ, her bridegroom:
1) "Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you" (Rom. 16:16).
2) "Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called?" (Jas. 2:7).
C. Contrasts between the First and the Second Adam.
1. The first Adam was a mere man, but the second Adam is the Son of God. The first Adam was entirely human. Christ was as human as his mother, Mary, but as divine as His Father is.
a. "For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily" (Col. 2:9). "In the beginning was the
Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with
God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made" (John
b. "And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the
only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth" (John 1:14).
c. "No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father,
he hath declared him" (John 1:18).
d. "Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: For by him were all things
created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or
dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is
before all things, and by him all things consist" (Col. 1:15-17).
e. The Father made these statements about Christ: "But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God,
is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Thou hast loved
righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of
gladness above thy fellows. And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the
earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands" (Heb. 1:8-10).
2. The first Adam, having the power of choice, disobeyed the will of his Creator (Gen. 3:6), while the
second Adam, also having the power of free moral agency, obeyed the will of His Father perfectly.
a. "For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me" (John
b. He "...did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth" (I Pet. 2:22; cf. Heb. 4:15).
c. The first Adam violated God’s law and committed sin (cf. I John 3:4), but the second Adam
obeyed the Father’s will with absolute perfection.
3. The disobedience of the first Adam resulted in loss for the whole human family. He was evicted from
the Garden of Eden.
a. "Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence
he was taken. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden
Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned everyway, to keep the way of the tree of life" (Gen.
b. Neither Adam nor any of his offspring was ever permitted to return to that Paradise. He was
alienated from his Creator, and the penalty of physical death passed on to him and his descendants.
"And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely
eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that
thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die" (Gen. 2:16-17; cf. 3:6ff).
c. "Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon
all men, for that all have sinned" (Rom. 5:12).
d. "For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all
die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive" (I Cor. 5:21-22).
e. But the obedience of the second Adam made the resurrection of all mankind possible (I Cor.
15:21-22), made available great spiritual blessings to every accountable member of the human
family, and the prospect of entering heavenly Eden became possible.
1) "For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall
many be made righteous" (Rom. 5:19). "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus
Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ." (Eph.
2) "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant
mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the
dead, To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be
revealed in the last time" (I Pet. 1:3-5).
3) "Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and
may enter in through the gates into the city" (Rev. 22:14).
4. Everything that was lost through the disobedience of Adam has been recovered or replaced with much
greater advantages and blessings in Christ!
a. “Let us stress the fact that Paul calls the Lord the ‘second Adam’ (I Cor. 15:45-49). There is a
definite sense in which we regain in Christ (and the church) what was lost in Adam (and the
garden of Eden). In Christ, we regain the close relationship which was destroyed by Adam’s
transgression. ‘Friendship’ is restored. Reconciliation occurs. Separation from God’s favor and
from the tree of life brought death. In Christ and his church we have life, and that more
abundantly (John 10:10b). Truly we regain in Christ what was forfeited in Adam; we regain in the
church what was lost in Eden. Truly, paradise lost becomes paradise regained; but only through
the grace of God!” (Bert Thompson, Studies in I Corinthians, Annual Denton Lectures, Dub
McClish, Editor, Denton, Texas, (“The First Man—Adam”), p.230).
b. Acts 13:38-39: "Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is
preached unto you the forgiveness of sins: And by him all that believe are justified from all things,
from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses."
c. Hebrews 8:12: "For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities
will I remember no more."
5. The law of propagation was given to the first Adam, which insured the continuation of the race.
a. "And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over
the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over
every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the
image of God created he him; male and female created he them" (Gen. 1:26-27).
b. The immutable law of Genesis 1:11 applies to the human family, just as it does to all plants and
animals: "And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree
yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so." There has never
been a single case of an acorn producing a squirrel, or of a pair of turtles producing an orange tree,
or of a human couple producing a kangaroo!
c. The law of spiritual propagation makes it possible for future generations of Christians to be
produced, thus insuring the continuation of the kingdom of Christ.
1) "Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God" (Luke 8:11).
2) "Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love
of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently: Being born again, not
of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth,
and the flower thereof falleth away: But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is
the word which by the gospel is preached unto you" (I Pet. 1:22-25).
A. The fall and restoration of man.
1. The same pattern evident in the fall of Adam and Eve into sin is the same pattern that individuals
follow when they reach the age of accountability and fall into sin. That same pattern is followed in
reverse in order for a fallen soul to be restored into fellowship with its Creator.
a. God fashioned an exalted being when He made man in His image (Gen. 1:26-27). He gave man
a physical body, and a spirit (which exalts man above all the animals). Man was made in the
image of God, but since God has no physical body (John 4:24; cf. Luke 24:39), the likeness man
has to his Creator is of a different kind. God has intellect, emotions, the power to purpose, and is
a spiritual Being. Man has been given intellect, emotions, the power to will, and an eternal spirit.
Man is capable of making intelligent choices, but he does not always use intelligence in making his choices!
b. God gave man a prohibition against eating a certain kind of fruit in Eden (Gen. 2:16-17). Adam
and Eve violated that law and became guilty of sin (Gen. 3:6ff). Their fall into sin was not
instantly done, but followed an easily discerned pattern.
2. A messenger [Satan] came with a message which was addressed to their minds (Gen. 3:1-4).
a. The message was a falsehood. God had said that they would surely die if they ate the fruit; the
devil asserted that they “would not surely die” (Gen. 3:4).
b. Eve heard the lie, believed the lie, and obeyed the lie.
c. When she obeyed the devil’s lie, she disobeyed the commandment of God. So also did Adam.
d. Having disobeyed by eating the forbidden fruit, they lost their state of spiritual purity, and were
now separated from God.
1) Sin, which is the transgressing of God’s Word (I John 3:4), separates the sinner from God.
"Behold, the LORD'S hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it
cannot hear: But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have
hid his face from you, that he will not hear" (Isa. 59:1-2).
2) They were now out of fellowship with God and were evicted from the Garden of Eden.
3. Each of the descendants of Adam and Eve enters this world as pure and free from the guilt of sin as
were the original couple, when they first came from God’s creating hand. In time, we all will violate
some part of God’s Word (Rom. 3:23). We do in reality the same kind of thing Adam and Eve did
in the original rebellion: we obey the devil’s will and disobey God’s will, and thus incur the guilt of
our own sin (Ezek. 18:20; 28:15; IJohn 3:4). Each individual can be restored to his original purity and
fellowship with God by taking certain definite steps.
a. A Messenger has come [Christ]. He has brought a message of truth (John 1:14; 8:32; 17:17). That
truth is presented in the Gospel (I Pet. 1:22-25).
b. Man is to hear that truth, and come to an understanding of it (Rom. 10:13-14; Matt. 28:18-20;
Mark 16:15-16).
c. The individual is to believe that message (Acts 16:30-31; Mark 16:16; 2 Thess. 2:11-12).
d. The believer is to obey that message (I Pet. 1:22; Acts 17:30; 8:37; 10:48; 2:38).
e. The state of justification is then given.
1) "And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in
the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God" (I Cor. 6:11).
2) The person is added to the church (Acts 2:47), or, which is the same thing, is translated into
the kingdom (Col. 1:13), and receives salvation (Col. 1:14; Eph. 1:7; 2:1-13).
3) Every spiritual blessing is provided in Christ (Eph. 1:3).
4) The individual has become a new person (II Cor. 5:17). As he walks in the light of the Gospel
(I John 1:6-10), he lives daily with the hope of passing through the gates of Heaven, which
stand ajar for him (Rev. 22:14). "And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue;
and to virtue knowledge; And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to
patience godliness; And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherlykindness charity. For
if these things be in you, and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be barren nor
unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. But he that lacketh these things is blind,
and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins. Wherefore
the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these
things, ye shall never fall: For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the
everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ" (2 Pet. 1:5-11).
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