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Growing in Sanctification

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Synopsis- The process of renewal and consecration by which believers are made holy through the work of the Holy Spirit. Sanctification is the consequence of justification and is dependent upon a person being in a right relationship with God.

Sanctification is grounded in the holiness of God

God is holy

Eze 39:7
Ezekiel 39:7 (KJV 1900) — 7So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the Lord, the Holy One in Israel.
See also Le 22:32; Jos 24:19; Ps 30:4; Ho 11:9; Is 6:3; Re 6:10
Leviticus 22:32 (KJV 1900) — 32 Neither shall ye profane my holy name; but I will be hallowed among the children of Israel: I am the Lordwhich hallow you,
Joshua 24:19 (KJV 1900) — 19And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the Lord: for he is an holy God; he is a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins.
Psalm 30:4 (KJV 1900) — 4Sing unto the Lord, O ye saints of his, And give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness.
Hosea 11:9 (KJV 1900) — 9I will not execute the fierceness of mine anger, I will not return to destroy Ephraim: For I am God, and not man; The Holy One in the midst of thee: And I will not enter into the city.
Isaiah 6:3 (KJV 1900) — 3And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts: The whole earth is full of his glory.
Revelation 6:10 (KJV 1900) — 10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

God demands that his people should reflect his holiness

Le 19:2
Leviticus 19:2 (KJV 1900) — 2Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy: for I the Lordyour God am holy.
See also Le 11:44–45; Le 20:7–8; Heb 2:11; 1 Pe 1:15–16
Leviticus 11:44–45 (KJV 1900) — 44 For I am the Lord your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 45 For I am the Lordthat bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.
Leviticus 20:7–8 (KJV 1900) — 7 Sanctify yourselves therefore, and be ye holy: for I am the Lord your God. 8 And ye shall keep my statutes, and do them: I am the Lordwhich sanctify you.
Hebrews 2:11 (KJV 1900) — 11For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
1 Peter 1:15–16 (KJV 1900) — 15 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; 16 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

Sanctification is the will of God for his people

1 Th 4:3
1 Thessalonians 4:3 (KJV 1900) — 3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:
See also Eph 1:4; Eph 2:10; 2 Th 2:13; 1 Pe 1:1–2
Ephesians 1:4 (KJV 1900) — 4According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
Ephesians 2:10 (KJV 1900) — 10For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
2 Thessalonians 2:13 (KJV 1900) — 13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth:
1 Peter 1:1–2 (KJV 1900) — 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

The basis for sanctification

God’s election of his people

1 Co 1:2; Eph 1:4–11; 1 Th 5:9
1 Corinthians 1:2 (KJV 1900) — 2 Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours:
Ephesians 1:4–11 (KJV 1900) — 4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: 5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. 7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace; 8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence; 9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: 10That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him: 11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
1 Thessalonians 5:9 (KJV 1900) — 9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,

The atoning death of Jesus Christ

Heb 13:12
Hebrews 13:12 (KJV 1900) — 12Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
See also Ro 6:11; Ro 7:4; Ro 8:2; 1 Co 1:30; 1 Co 6:11; Eph 5:25–27; Heb 10:10–14; 1 Pe 2:5
Romans 6:11 (KJV 1900) — 11Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 7:4 (KJV 1900) — 4Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.
Romans 8:2 (KJV 1900) — 2For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.
1 Corinthians 1:30 (KJV 1900) — 30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
1 Corinthians 6:11 (KJV 1900) — 11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Ephesians 5:25–27 (KJV 1900) — 25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; 26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, 27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
Hebrews 10:10–14 (KJV 1900) — 10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: 12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; 13 From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. 14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
1 Peter 2:5 (KJV 1900) — 5Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

The grace of God

Lk 1:69–75; Php 2:13; 2 Ti 1:9; Heb 12:10
Luke 1:69–75 (KJV 1900) — 69And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us In the house of his servant David; 70 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, Which have been since the world began: 71 That we should be saved from our enemies, And from the hand of all that hate us; 72 To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, And to remember his holy covenant; 73 The oath which he sware to our father Abraham, 74 That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies Might serve him without fear, 75In holiness and righteousness before him, All the days of our life.
Philippians 2:13 (KJV 1900) — 13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.
2 Timothy 1:9 (KJV 1900) — 9Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
Hebrews 12:10 (KJV 1900) — 10For they verily for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness.

The work of the Holy Spirit

Ro 15:16; 2 Th 2:13; 1 Pe 1:2
Romans 15:16 (KJV 1900) — 16That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
2 Thessalonians 2:13 (KJV 1900) — 13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth:
1 Peter 1:2 (KJV 1900) — 2Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

The word of God

Jn 17:17; Eph 5:25–26; 2 Ti 3:16
John 17:17 (KJV 1900) — 17Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.
Ephesians 5:25–26 (KJV 1900) — 25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; 26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
2 Timothy 3:16 (KJV 1900) — 16All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

The need for sanctification

The universal sinfulness of humanity

Is 64:6
Isaiah 64:6 (KJV 1900) — 6But we are all as an unclean thing, And all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; And we all do fade as a leaf; And our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
See also Job 15:14–15; Ps 51:5; Ro 5:12–19; Eph 2:3
Job 15:14–15 (KJV 1900) — 14What is man, that he should be clean? And he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous? 15 Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; Yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.
Psalm 51:5 (KJV 1900) — 5Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; And in sin did my mother conceive me.
Romans 5:12–19 (KJV 1900) — 12Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: 13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come. 15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. 16And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. 17For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.) 18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. 19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
Ephesians 2:3 (KJV 1900) — 3Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

Enslavement to evil can only be broken through the death of Jesus Christ

Jn 8:34–36
John 8:34–36 (KJV 1900) — 34Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin. 35 And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever. 36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.
See also Ro 6:16–18; Ro 8:5–7; Eph 4:17–24
Romans 6:16–18 (KJV 1900) — 16Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness? 17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you. 18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.
Romans 8:5–7 (KJV 1900) — 5For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. 6 For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. 7Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
Ephesians 4:17–24 (KJV 1900) — 17 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, 18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart: 19Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness. 20 But ye have not so learned Christ; 21If so be that ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in Jesus: 22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; 23 And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; 24 And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.

The need for renewal and growth

2 Pe 3:18
2 Peter 3:18 (KJV 1900) — 18But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.
See also Ro 12:1–2; Col 1:10; 1 Th 4:3–6; Heb 6:1–3
Romans 12:1–2 (KJV 1900) — 1I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
Colossians 1:10 (KJV 1900) — 10 That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God;
1 Thessalonians 4:3–6 (KJV 1900) — 3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: 4 That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour; 5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God: 6 That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because that the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.
Hebrews 6:1–3 (KJV 1900) — 1Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, 2 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. 3 And this will we do, if God permit.

The nature of sanctification

A process which has already been initiated

1 Co 1:2; 1 Co 6:11
1 Corinthians 1:2 (KJV 1900) — 2 Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours:
1 Corinthians 6:11 (KJV 1900) — 11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
A process of growth in holiness
Ro 12:1–3; 2 Co 3:18; Eph 4:15; 1 Th 4:3–7; Heb 12:14; 1 Pe 2:1–3; 2 Pe 3:18
Romans 12:1–3 (KJV 1900) — 1I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. 3 For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.
2 Corinthians 3:18 (KJV 1900) — 18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
Ephesians 4:15 (KJV 1900) — 15But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:
1 Thessalonians 4:3–7 (KJV 1900) — 3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: 4 That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour; 5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God: 6 That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because that the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified. 7 For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness.
Hebrews 12:14 (KJV 1900) — 14Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:
1 Peter 2:1–3 (KJV 1900) — 1Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, 2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby: 3 If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious.
2 Peter 3:18 (KJV 1900) — 18But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.

Consecration to God

Ex 32:29; 1 Ch 29:5; Pr 23:26; Ro 12:1
Exodus 32:29 (KJV 1900) — 29For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves to day to the Lord, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day.
1 Chronicles 29:5 (KJV 1900) — 5 The gold for things of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by the hands of artificers. And who then is willing to consecrate his service this day unto the Lord?
Proverbs 23:26 (KJV 1900) — 26My son, give me thine heart, And let thine eyes observe my ways.
Romans 12:1 (KJV 1900) — 1I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.
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