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When Fear Drives Us

The Kingmaker  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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10,000 Sermon Illustrations (Phobias)
• Peladophobia: fear of baldness and bald people.
• Porphyrophobia: fear of the color purple.
• Chaetophobia: fear of hairy people.
• Levophobia: fear of objects on the left side of the body.
• Dextrophobia: fear of objects on the right side of the body.
• Thalassophobia: fear of being seated.
• Stabisbasiphobia: fear of standing and walking.
• Odontophobia: fear of teeth.
• Graphophobia: fear of writing in public.
• Phobophobia: fear of being afraid.
There are different motivations in life:
love - the greatest motivator
From David, we learn not to live and make choices based on FEAR.
From the events of this chapter, David Writes:
Psalm 34 about acting like a mad man in Gath.
Psalm 52 about Doeg spying and killing all the priests.
Psalm 56 about his time escaping King Achish in Gath.

Nob, a city of the priests (1 Sa 22:19), was in the neighborhood of Jerusalem, on the Mount of Olives—a little north of the top, and on the northeast of the city. It is computed to have been about five miles distant from Gibeah.

Nob is about an hour’s walk from King Saul's hometown of Gibeah.
1 and 2 Samuel: An Introduction and Commentary iii. Ahimelech the Priest Helps David (21:1–9)

In his emergency David had quickly to decide the people he could count on as allies. Food and shelter were his immediate needs, but he was also unarmed. He made first for Nob, which had taken the place of Shiloh as the city of the priests (1 Sam. 22:19), and was close at hand, about two miles (3 km) in the direction of Jerusalem (cf. Isa. 10:32).

1 and 2 Samuel: An Introduction and Commentary iii. Ahimelech the Priest Helps David (21:1–9)

Ahimelech was the brother of Ahijah, who had joined Saul as his spiritual adviser after Samuel withdrew his services (1 Sam. 14:3; cf. 22:9). For that reason David was unsure whether to trust Ahimelech, and decided to make up a plausible story to account for the fact that he was on his own. Even so, Ahimelech must have been suspicious, in view of the certainty that a royal ambassador would always have royal provisions, and a bodyguard. Nevertheless Ahimelech makes no demur, accepts the need for secrecy, and a planned rendezvous with associates, and the request for loaves of bread.

The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know—This was a direct falsehood, extorted through fear. David probably supposed, like many other persons, that a lie is quite excusable which is told for the sole purpose of saving the speaker’s life. But what is essentially sinful, can never, from circumstances, change its immoral character; and David had to repent of this vice of lying (Ps 119:29).

Old Testament 21:1-9: David’s Flight Through Nob

Twelve loaves of freshly baked bread were placed on the table of the Presence to symbolize the twelve tribes of Israel (see Ex 25:23–30). They were replaced by new loaves each Sabbath, and the old loaves were to be consumed by the priests (see Lev 24:5–9).

Although Israel had a God–given religion, and this bread was dedicated for religious purposes, there were some hungry men present who needed food. That bread would have become commonplace if it could not have been used to feed hungry mouths. That is what David was saying.

In giving David and his men the bread, the priest was breaking the letter of the Law but not the spirit of the Law.

Ahimelech also disobeys a clear “law” but the “Law of LIFE trumps any other law.
Mark 2:23–28 KJV 1900
And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful? And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him? And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
Jesus said -it was OK for Ahimelech to break a lesser law and give the bread to David so David and his men could live.
The letter of the law is not as important as the spirit of the law.

What the Lord was saying in His day was, “If David could do it, and it was all right, there is One here greater than David, and He can do it also.” David ate the showbread because he had need. Christ is saying that human need supersedes all ritual and ceremonial laws.

Be Successful 3. David—A Hopeful Exile (1 Sam. 21:1–22:5)

If “the king” in 21:2 refers to the Lord Jehovah (see 20:42), then David isn’t lying, for David certainly was doing the Lord’s business and would be for the rest of his life. But if this statement was a deliberate lie, then David was scheming instead of trusting. His motive was probably to protect the high priest from Saul’s future investigations, but the plan failed; for Saul killed Ahimelech and all the priests except Abiathar, because they conspired with his enemy.

I LOVE this chapter for the Situational Ethics found in it...
Spies, Espionage, and more. Most of us are not part of some big spy organization…
Be Successful (3. David—A Hopeful Exile (1 Sam. 21:1–22:5))
Fear of Saul now temporarily replaced faith in the Lord, and David fled twenty-three miles to the enemy city of Gath, the home of the Philistine giant Goliath (17:4). It wasn’t a safe place to go, but after seeing Doeg at Nob, David may have decided that his presence anywhere in Israel would only jeopardize the lives of his friends, so he decided to leave the land. Furthermore, the last place Saul would look for him would be in Philistia.
The New Bible Commentary (21:1–26:25 David as a Fugitive)
The biblical author does not approve of deceit—indeed, David himself accepted the blame for what happened because of it (22:22). However, the writer does not rebuke David for it; he is fully aware of David’s difficulties.
So the writer explains, first, that although David did indeed deceive Ahimelech the priest, he could not have known what would happen afterwards. The problem was caused by Doeg (7), one of Saul’s officials, who was there in order to fulfil a vow.
Secondly, the writer explains that when David crossed the frontier and went to Gath, he hoped that he would not be recognized. When he was recognized, he made a fool of the Philistine king. He was certainly not honoured by the Philistines, who would have welcomed a capable soldier who had rebelled against Saul. At the very least they would have prevented his return to Israel but for his apparent insanity.
Life Essentials Study Bible: Biblical Principles to Live By (1 Samuel #33: The Power of Fear (1 Samuel 21:1–15))
David’s problem is one that we all face. He didn’t trust God to deliver him. He had lost perspective on the past. He forgot about the lion, the bear, and the giant (17:34–35). Lost in a maze of his current circumstances, he took matters into his own hands. The results were tragic! Dishonesty became a part of his plans. Through Jonathan he lied to Saul about going to Bethlehem (20:5–6). When he visited the priest, he claimed to be on a secret mission from King Saul (21:2). And when he fled to Gath, he feigned insanity, a pathetic low point in David’s life (vv. 12–13).
David Lost Perspective.
David Forgot about God’s Deliverance in the Past: The Lion, the Bear, the Giant.
David started to take matters into his own hands:
“Jonathan, tell your dad I’m in Bethlehem - the first lie. 1 Samuel 20
“Priest, I’m on a secret mission for the king.”
“King of Gath - I’m an idiot, a madman.”
Jonathan could no longer protect David.
The “Back and Forth” with Saul is coming to an End.
David is about to leave the Kingdom entirely and live with the philistines.
David is a total Outlaw.
David is “UP AGAINST A WALL with No Where to Turn.”

David Began to Let Fear Dictate His Choices.

Avoid Making Choices Based on FEAR.

2 Timothy 1:7 KJV 1900
For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
Give the Problem to God - in Prayer.
1 Peter 5:7 KJV 1900
Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.
Wait on the Lord - He is Not In A Hurry.
Romans 2:4 KJV 1900
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
1 Peter 2:20 KJV 1900
For what glory is it, if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God.
Be Ready to Follow God’s Directions.
1 Peter 2:21–25 KJV 1900
For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously: Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed. For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

Avoid Making Choices Based on FEAR.

Romans 8:28 KJV 1900
And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.
D and A:
Pick one of David’s songs written from these events and read out loud: Psalm 34, 52, or 56.
How is fear such a driving factor in our lives?
Discuss “Situational Ethics? Is preserving life an acceptable thing to fabricate lie for? Include the priest giving the shewbread in your discussion.
Why is faith in God better than fear in making our choices?
Share a story of when faith in God overcame fear of the circumstance.
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