PASSOVER (EXODUS 12:1-28)
EXODUS • Sermon • Submitted
0 ratings· 2 views
PAUSE INBETWEEN THE 9TH AND 10TH PLAGUE.
LAST WEEK = WARNING
THIS WEEK = STRANGE BREAK = DESCRIPTION OF PASSOVER AND FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD
1 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2 “This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you.
IN EGYPT = THIS IS NOT AN AFTERTHOUGHT.
ISRAEL'S CELEBRATION IS PRESCRIBED BEFORE THE RESCUE!!!
NEW YEAR = NEW CREATION. ISRAEL AS A NATION WILL BE BORN IN THIS EVENT.
THEY TRACE THEIR CREATION NOT TO SOME MISTY PAST BUT TO GOD'S WORK:
33 Did any people ever hear the voice of a god speaking out of the midst of the fire, as you have heard, and still live? 34 Or has any god ever attempted to go and take a nation for himself from the midst of another nation, by trials, by signs, by wonders, and by war, by a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, and by great deeds of terror, all of which the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes? 35 To you it was shown, that you might know that the Lord is God; there is no other besides him.
3 Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household. 4 And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, 6 and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight.
1ST REFERENCE TO “CONGREGATION” = ISRAEL IS BEING BORN
THEY ARE SLAUGHTERING A “GOD” OF EGYPT IN FULL SIGHT OF THE EGYPTIANS – EXACTLY WHAT MOSES SAID WOULD INFURIATE THEM IN 8:22.
WITHOUT BLEMISH – THIS IS A SACRIFICE
KEEP IT FOR 4 DAYS – PROTECT AND EXAMINE – TEST OF SELF CONTROL
TWILIGHT = BETWEEN THE TWO SUNSETS/EVENINGS
7 “Then they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts. 10 And you shall let none of it remain until the morning; anything that remains until the morning you shall burn.
SYMBOLS OF LIFE AND DEATH: BLOOD AND LEAVEN
LEAVENING = FERMENTATION OF DOUGH A FORM OF DECOMPOSITION WHICH REPRESENTS DECAY AND DEATH.
EGYPT WAS OBSESSED WITH DEATH. ISRAEL IS ROOTED IN LIFE.
11 In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the Lord. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.
PASSOVER = COMPASSION/PROTECTION/SKIP OVER
14 “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; throughout your generations, as a statute forever, you shall keep it as a feast. 15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day you shall hold a holy assembly, and on the seventh day a holy assembly. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you. 17 And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day, throughout your generations, as a statute forever. 18 In the first month, from the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19 For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses. If anyone eats what is leavened, that person will be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a sojourner or a native of the land. 20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwelling places you shall eat unleavened bread.”
I BROUGHT = PERFECT TENSE = COMPLETED ACTION = PROPHETIC PERFECT = BECAUSE YHWH SAID IT WILL HAPPEN
REPETITION = IMPORTANCE
21 Then Moses called all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and select lambs for yourselves according to your clans, and kill the Passover lamb. 22 Take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. None of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. 23 For the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians, and when he sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the Lord will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to enter your houses to strike you. 24 You shall observe this rite as a statute for you and for your sons forever. 25 And when you come to the land that the Lord will give you, as he has promised, you shall keep this service. 26 And when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ 27 you shall say, ‘It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s Passover, for he passed over the houses of the people of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians but spared our houses.’ ” And the people bowed their heads and worshiped. 28 Then the people of Israel went and did so; as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
HYSSOP = PLANT WITH MANY STALKS MAYBE PREVENTS COAGULATION
BASIN COULD MEAN THRESHOLD
SERVICE = LABOR – USED IN 1:14 OF THE HEBREWS SLAVERY
THIS SHOWS WHO THEY TRULY SERVE!
WORSHIPPED = BOWED DOWN AND PROSTRATED THEMSELVES
A PERFECT LAMB WAS CHOSEN ON THE 10TH
IT WAS SLAUGHTERED ON THE 14TH
BLOOD WAS SMEARED TO PROTECT/CLEANSE
A MEAL WAS EATEN IN HASTE/ANTICIPATION
PASSOVER POINTS TO JESUS!
6 Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? 7 Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.
THIS IS ALL THROUGH THE GOSPELS.
THINK OF JOHN 1 = BEHOLD THE LAMB OF GOD WHO TAKES AWAY THE SIN...
A PERFECT LAMB/THE 10TH = PALM SUNDAY
SLAUGHTERED ON THE 14TH = MAUNDY THURSDAY
BLOOD WAS SMEARED TO PROTECT/CLEANSE = FOOTWASHING/COMMUNION
A MEAL WAS EATEN IN HASTE/ANTICIPATION = JESUS IS THE LAMB
7 Then came the day of Unleavened Bread, on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. 8 So Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat it.” 9 They said to him, “Where will you have us prepare it?” 10 He said to them, “Behold, when you have entered the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him into the house that he enters 11 and tell the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’ 12 And he will show you a large upper room furnished; prepare it there.” 13 And they went and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover. 14 And when the hour came, he reclined at table, and the apostles with him. 15 And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.
12 he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. 13 For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.