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The Holy Spirit - Typology

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1) 4-19-09…PM…SBC     2)

The Holy Spirit

Sources:  Walvoord, Enns, Grudem, Systematic Theology notes, Ryrie Systematic,

1)      Typology

A-    Typology is a method of biblical interpretation where an element found in the Old Testament is seen to prefigure one found in the New Testament. The initial one is called the type and the fulfillment is called the antitype.

B-    a type in scripture is a person or thing in the Old Testament which foreshadows a person or thing in the New Testament. – emphasizes the relationships between the two testaments

C-    The typological relation between the two Testaments was summed up in Augustine’s epigram: ‘In the OT the NT lies hidden; in the NT the OT stands revealed.’[1]

·         new creation – 2 Cor 4:6

·         new exodus – Matt 2:15

·         new Passover Lamb – 1 Peter 1:19, 1 Cor 5:7

·         Adam and Christ – Rom 5:14

·         Christ and the atonement sacrifice of the High Priest – Hebrew 9:6-10

D- the main issue in typology is establishing workable criteria for determining what is and is not typology

Ø      typology, I believe is to be used with extreme caution – it can be just a short jump to some form of allegory

·         the major difference is that allegory has not regard for the OT context

·         two acts of the same play – you don’t understand the second without understanding the first

Ø      Typology plays a minor role in the doctrine of the Holy Spirit when compare to Christology where it abounds

Ø      Tonight we are going to look at  descriptions and depictions of the HS that portray His Person and Work

Ø      These could variously be indentified as type, illustration, emblem, or symbol and are thus categorized as representations of the Holy Spirit.[2]

1)      Clothing                      Luke 24:29

A-    this work of the HS is seen as covering man’s weakness

B-    HS was seen as providing complete enablement for the task at hand

C-    It is related to the filling of the HS as the outer evidence of the inward work of the HS

2)      Dove                           Matthew 3:16; Mark 1:1; Luke 3:22; John 1:32

 

A-    Something in the quality and characteristics of the dove served as a vehicle to portray the Holy Spirit.[3]

B-    The dove portrayed the Holy Spirit coming upon Christ at beginning of His public ministry and therefore emphasizes the power of the Holy Spirit on Christ for His work.[4]

C-    Each of the gospels emphasizes the descent of the Spirit as a dove “out of heaven,” which stresses that the Holy Spirit has come from the presence of God in heaven.[5]

3)   Down payment           2 Cor 1:22; 5:5; Ephesians 1:14

 

A-    the nature of the Holy Spirit as the down payment of our ultimate and complete glorification in heaven.[6]

B-    The Holy Spirit as a pledge is a symbol of the believer’s security in Christ.[7]

C-    All the future blessings of God are assured to us by the presence of the Holy Spirit

4)      Seal                 2 Cor. 1:22; Eph. 1:13; 4:30

A-    A seal means securing or fastening a stone with a seal as in Matthew 27:66 by the Roman authorities. [8]

B-    sealing means to “mark (with a seal) as a means of identification[9] - modern day cattle branding

C-    Several important truths emerge from the sealing of the Spirit.

(1) Signified ownership by God. The Spirit’s seal upon the believer indicates the believer belongs to God.

(2) It suggests security. The seal is permanent, “for the day of redemption” (Eph. 4:30).

(3) It also suggests authority. Just as the Roman authority existed over the area where the Roman seal was placed, so the authority of God is over the believer to whom He has given His Spirit.[10]

5)      Wind               John 3:8; 2 Peter 1:21

 

A-    The new birth was an inexplicable sovereign work of God; just as the wind blowing through the trees is inexplicable and sovereign, so is the new birth by the Holy Spirit. [11]

B-    HS is connected with inspiration

Conclusion:

1-      By the Spirit the believer is clothed with power, sanctified and made secure by His presence

2-      These amazing works of the HS demonstrate His Deity and demands that we yield our hearts and lives in worship, love and obedience

3-      The HS is worth every Sunday evening we spend understanding Him better

Application:

1-      How does the Holy Spirit’s role in creation relevant our own journey of faith?

-          God called Him to create and he was powerful enough to do it – powerful enough to transform our lives

2-      How is the HS as a dove at Jesus baptism relevant to our battle against sin today?              Luke 4:14

- Jesus accomplished what He did by the power of the HS – and so can we!  What can we accomplish?

3-      What do you do when you don’t really feel like a Christian?

- you trust the truth of the Bible over the deception of your feelings                        Ephesians 1:13-14


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OT Old Testament

NT New Testament

[1]D. R. W. Wood, New Bible Dictionary (InterVarsity Press, 1996, c1982, c1962), 1214.

[2]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 253.

[3]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 254.

[4]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 254.

[5]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 254.

[6]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 254.

[7]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 254.

[8]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 255.

[9]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 255.

[10]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 255.

[11]Paul P. Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology (Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997, c1989), 256.

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