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Μέτρον (Metron)- Your Area Of Authority

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μέτρον (metron

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Are you a result of your environment or is your environment a result of you?

μέτρον (metron)- your area of authority

I.       Metron overview.

a.      Used 12 times in the NT

b.      Mostly as noun and sometimes as a verb

c.      Metron Verses

Matthew 7:2

Matthew 23:32

Mark 4:24

Luke 6:38 (Read)

John 3:34

Romans 12:3

2 Corinthians 10:13

Ephesians 4:7 (Read)

Ephesians 4:13 (Read)

Ephesians 4:16 (Note μέτρον translated share in KJV)

Revelation 21:15

Revelation 21:17

II.       What is a Metron?

a.      Noun- measure a unit of length or volume or it could mean an instrument of measurement

b.      Verb- μετρέω (metreō) to measure or evaluate

III.     Our Study 2 Corinthians 10:12-16

Limits of Paul’s Authority (NKJV)

12 For we dare not class ourselves or compare ourselves with those who commend themselves. But they, measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise. 13 We, however, will not boast beyond measure, but within the limits of the sphere, which God appointed us—a sphere which especially includes you. 14 For we are not overextending ourselves (as though our authority did not extend to you), for it was to you that we came with the gospel of Christ; 15 not boasting of things beyond measure, that is, in other men’s labors, but having hope, that as your faith is increased, we shall be greatly enlarged by you in our sphere, 16 to preach the gospel in the regions beyond you, and not to boast in another man’s sphere of accomplishment.

b.      Key Words

Depending on your translation. The key words may not pop out as readily.

Using the KJV:

Measure used 6 times

Boast used 3 times

Rule used 2 times

In the KJV one recognizes the English word measure as the most important word and Boast as the second most. Rule on the other hand may not even catch your attention since its only used twice in the English translation.

Using the NKJV

The number change significantly.

Measure used 3 times

Boast 3 used times

Sphere 4 used times

Now when we look at our key words, the word Sphere is most prominent being used more than the word measure. In the KJV sphere isn't used at all. It is translated as rule twice and measure a couple of times. This word Sphere, in the NKJV is the key word in this passage. Using another translation you might find the word Area as your keyword.

All this to say, when doing word studies and bible study it is just as important to use different translations and compare the words used to translate the Greek or Hebrew words as it is to define the Greek or Hebrew words. Especially when studying a Hebrew or Greek idiom.

An idiom is a figure of speech or an expression that cant be understood by definitions of the words themselves. "to keep tabs on" is an English idiom. An idiom in other words is a fancy way of saying jargon.

τό μέτρον κανών

This is a Greek idiom translated several different ways by bible translators "proper limits", "limits of the sphere", "area of ministry", "measure of the rule", "measure of the sphere", "area of authority", "area of influence". On the surface, not any two translations come close to another in translating this idiom. 

NLT v13

We will not boast about things done outside our area of authority. We will boast only about what has happened within the boundaries of the work God has given us, which includes our working with you.

c.      sphere— a field or range of influence. God assigned to the apostle Paul his sphere of work, an area of activity that included Corinth.

sphere of influence a territorial area within which the political influence or the interests of one nation are held to be more or less paramount.

d.   Some basic key words to help us understand the concepts...

Passage English Greek
2 Cor 10:13 Authority μέτρον
Luke 23:7 Jurisdiction ἐξουσία
Rom 6:9 Dominion κυριεύω

IV.    Who has a metron?

a.      We do (Rom 12:3)

b.      Satan does (Eph 2:2 & Eph 6:12)

V.     How do we get our metron?

a.      Yahweh (Ps 8)

b.      Inherit (Solomon)

c.      Promotion ()

d.      Buy (Esther 1:22)

VI.     When was the first metron established?

a.      Adam

i.      Gen 1:26-28

26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”

Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth

Subdue it

Dominion over fish, birds, living thing

Fruitful  

(DBLH) flourish; produce offspring of the same kind, abundance

Multiply

(DBLH) increase a number or quantity, thrive, have kids

Fill

(DBLH) fill up a container, fulfill or finish

Subdue

(DBLH) overcome, enslave, conquer control an environment, to bring under control

(TWOT) bring into bondage, keep under force - make to serve, by force if necessary, it assumes the party being subdue is hostile
(ABDB) tread down, bring into bondage

Dominion

(DBLH) Rule over, direct, lead, control, and manage

ii.      Gen 2:15

15 Then the Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to tend and keep it.

Work

(DBLH) work labor,

(TWOT) work, and serve, labor

Keep

(DBLH) guard watch, limit access and movement. Implies protection, be secured.
(TWOT) keep guard, watch-- exercise great care over.

VII.    Why Does Yahweh give us a metron?

a.      A place to accomplish a task.

b.      A place to prove us (Deut 8:2)

i.      Humble

ii.      Test

iii.      Know our heart

iv.      Obedience

c.      A place to establish Yahweh’s glory.

i.      Gen 12:7

The First time Abe builds an altar to Yahweh, it is in his metron. The place Yahweh promised him. Compare to Gen 13.

ii.      In the first metron: the Garden of Edom, Adam was created perfect to reflect Yahweh’s glory.

VIII.    How to pray over our metron.

a.      1 Chronicles 4:9-10

 9 Now Jabez was more honorable than his brothers, and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, “Because I bore him in pain.” 10 And Jabez called on the God of Israel saying, “Oh, that You would bless me indeed, and enlarge my territory, that Your hand would be with me, and that You would keep me from evil, that I may not cause pain!” So God granted him what he requested.

Notice the parallels between Jabez prayer and Gen 1:28 for blessing and establishing.

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