An Encounter with the Qualifier of the Called (Luke 5:1-11)
I remember when I was working at Moody Graduate School in administration, I would often get calls from people who were all about trying to get short-cuts. The Master of Divinity program (M.Div) was about 96 hours, which meant 32 classes (3 year program if you went full-time). It was intense and the Lord somehow got me through in three years! Praise God. Although to be honest, I would probably go back and do it at a slower pace if I could. It was literally like drinking from a fire hydrant!
Now the M.Div. degree has a lot of pre-requisites. In other words, you can’t take level 3 of Greek if you haven’t taken level 2. It seems like common sense right? However, from time to time, I would be on the phone with people who want to go to graduate school and talk to me about taking Greek 3 or some other third year course in the first year. They will say things like, “You know, I learned a little Greek on my vacation once, do you think I can try to get in to Greek 3?” Ok, no one ever told me that (I am totally exaggerating)—although some arguments come close to that, but it occurred to me that people were so anxious to get to the destination of getting a degree that they forgot the journey. They want to get the product without the process. Often I would have to calm them down and tell them that there is a reason why Greek 1 is called Greek 1. You need to slowly go through each course and allow the Lord to train you and grow you in His time. If you jump into level 3 now, you will do more damage than good. You do not have the capacity to handle level 3 right now.
The older I am getting now, the more I am learning to enjoy the journey of faith. This is difficult though. I want to know the product so badly! Sometimes I wonder, what’s going to happen with EFC? Or where will I be at the end my life? Sometimes I look at our daughter and think, “I can’t wait until she grows up! Then she can feed herself and go to the bathroom on her own and sleep on her own, etc.” But the more I talk to parents, the more they tell me to enjoy and cherish them in each step and milestone because before you know it, they will be all grown up and maybe one day Lord willing, she will be feeding you and changing your diaper! I think they are saying the same thing. Embrace the journey!
I love serving Him mostly through serving you here at EFC. But I ask myself sometimes, “What is Jesus looking for in me as I serve Him in this journey? What are the character traits that will bring applause from the nail-scarred hands?” Are there Level 1 qualities I need to make sure I am continually cultivating as He walks with me on this journey? I wonder what are the qualities in people you are really looking for in your followers?
Hopefully our text this morning can shed some light on this for us. We are going to look at another encounter in Luke 5:1-11. Again I am indebted to Ken Gire for his wonderful imagery on these encounters to help us paint the picture. So what kind of a person does Jesus call for His service? Hmm, I wonder what the qualifications will be? Ohh, I got it! Is it going to be powerful preaching ability? Or is it a theological degree? No, I know! Is it the ability to gather people into a large crowd? Or how about amazing administrative abilities? The title of the message is “An Encounter with the qualifier of the called.” By this I mean, Jesus does not call the qualified, but qualifies the called. Let’s start with this:
I. Available in the Little (Luke 5:1-3)
Jesus has just gotten really popular. He has started a healing ministry (Luke 4:38-41), taught powerfully in the synagogues (Luke 4:14-15; 42-44), changed water into wine at a wedding (John 2:1-11), people heard about him cleansing the Temple on Passover (John 2:12-22), and even an unclean demon was cast out of a man and many others (Luke 4:31-37; 41).
So we are not surprised in Luke 5:1, that people are almost about to crush Him to death to get close to Him. Not only do you the crowd around Jesus, but there are also many out to get the first pick of the fisherman’s catch that morning. Moreover, there are a lot of curious people out there probably all with different agendas. Some may think that the Messiah had come and wanting in on the action when He kicks the Romans out of their holy land. Others just want a healing or for Jesus to come to their home to heal their loved ones. Still others are there out of curiosity and just want to be part of a large crowd.
There is no order here and the crowd is literally overwhelming. They are pushing and straining around Jesus. Jesus is standing by the lake of Gennesaret. This is another name for the Sea of Galilee or as John calls it, the Sea of Tiberias (John 6:1; 21:1). This lake is about eight miles by fourteen miles in size and was a popular locale for fishing. For comparison, Lake Michigan is 307 miles long and 118 miles wide.
In fact, “the Sea of Galilee (located in the region of Galilee) is a very large lake of freshwater—650 feet below sea level, 150 feet deep, and surrounded by hills.” Jesus seizes the opportunity for a teaching moment. However, Jesus needs to separate himself from the crowd so that they can hear him adequately.
In Luke 5:2, he sees two boats nearby. It was unoccupied and nearby he sees fishermen washing their nets. They are using nets that are used for evening fishing in deep water. The fishermen would fish during the night because the fish would be active and feed closer to the surface at night. But fishing was backbreaking work. It “involved laying out a great net in a semicircle, encompassing over 100 feet, drawing it in hand-over-hand, then repeating the procedure again and again.”
The fishermen would have used what is called a dragnet. One commentary notes that “this net was about three hundred feet long and eight feet wide. One side had corks to keep it afloat; the other side had lead sinkers. Sometimes the net would be stretched between two boats; then the fishermen would row in a circle to bring the ends of the net together. Other fishermen on the boat would work at drawing in the cord at the bottom and top of the net in order to trap the fish inside. If Simon and the others had been doing this over and over all night long and had caught nothing, surely they were tired and frustrated.” 
One of the fishermen is Peter. He had, we will find out, returned from the sea that morning after a long night of futility. All he had to show for all the hard work was a sore back and empty nets that needed cleaning. The whole process of getting the nets ready for the night was also tedious. Once they beached their boats, they would have to eat breakfast and begin the process of cleaning, mending, stretching, drying, folding and arranging the nets for the following night. If the nets were not taken care of like so, they would rot and break. So Jesus watches Peter hunched over, trying to pry loose the slender silky seaweed that got caught in the nets. Peter shivers a little, as he is still drying off himself from being in the cold water, but the sun is getting higher and brighter in the sky, warming him up.
Warren Wiersbe comments that one of the great qualities about fishermen is their perseverance. Do you think perhaps this is one of the reasons why seven out of twelve disciples are fishermen? Wiersbe says, “If I had fished all night and caught nothing, I would probably be selling my nets, not washing them to get ready to go out again! But true fishermen don’t quit.” Blessed be those who come up empty at times in life and in ministry, but still go at it again! Peter will be learning this for the rest of his life won’t he? But his spirit is down definitely. It had been a long, cold, tough night on the water.
Earlier, Peter had been brought to Jesus by his brother Andrew who had told him that Jesus was the Messiah and the Lamb of God (John 1:35-42). Peter had traveled with Jesus around Capernaum as He taught in the synagogues. He had even seen Jesus heal his mother-in-law (Luke 4:38-39). And Peter soaked it all in like a sponge, which was what he was trying to do here as he is mindlessly cleaning his net and listening to Jesus preach the Word of God to the crowds.
The eager crowd begins to push and now edges closer to the point where Jesus has no margin of shore left where He can stand. He is about to be pushed out into the sea! Look at Luke 5:3. So He jumps on to Simon’s boat and asks him to push out. Now if this was an average ancient fishing boat, it would have been twenty to thirty feet long. In addition, it “carried a crew of four men comfortably. The sail was a large triangle attached to a central mast, enabling the boat to be operated by the sail or just by oars. Two men usually steered the boat while the other two worked with the nets. Because the boats were small, they were vulnerable in a storm.”
Notice no hesitation from Peter as he oars out a short distance and drops his anchor. Peter would have a crew on this boat as well with him. He is ready and willing to do whatever the Master wants from him. This is a smart idea to preach from the boat because Jesus’ voice would carry across the water to the crowd. It would be the equivalent of an excellent acoustically serviceable amphitheater. So Jesus sits down (a typical posture of a rabbi, cf. Luke 4:20) at the bow, with Peter and possibly 2 or 3 others, and begins teaching people.
You want to use my boat Jesus? Here it is. You want me to push it out a little bit? There you go. Key word there: a little. Jesus turned Peter’s ordinary boat into a pulpit and used it to throw the net of the Gospel over its hearers.
Peter could have very well have said, “Listen Jesus, I had a rough night. I need to clean these nets and get some rest. I want to go out again later. Take this crowd somewhere else. Use somebody else’s boat.” Jesus tested him the little. He did not ask Peter to preach to the crowd or do anything major, but Peter, can I trust you in the little things?
Sometimes we pray, “God, use me to reach the world! Use me to raise the dead or heal the blind, but I don’t want to teach first graders.” Perhaps the Lord is not taking you into deeper waters because you are not willing to pull out a little bit in the little things, the simple callings and unnoticed tasks?
Peter was available in the little. If you remember in the Colossians series, toward the end, there was a list of several names. Since we studied that, one name has always stuck with me: Nympha (Col. 4:15). She had a church in her house! The Lord had turned her house into God’s house. She may not have had the medical training like Luke or the ability to travel like Tychichus or Aristarchus, but she had a house which she gave to the Lord.
Illus: On September 14, 1898, at the Central Hotel of Boscobel, Wisconsin, John Nicholson arrived at 9 P.M., longing for a quiet room to write up his orders. To his disappointment, every room was taken. The clerk suggested he share Room 19 with a stranger, Samuel Hill.
Before crawling into bed, Nicholson opened his Bible. At age twelve, he had promised his dying mother he would read the Bible every night at bedtime. “Read it aloud,” said Hill. “I’m a Christian, too.” Nicholson read John 15 and the two knelt for prayer. Then they stayed up till 2 A.M. discussing the spiritual needs of Christians on the road.
Nicholson and Hill bumped into each other again the following May in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin. They soon announced plans for an association of Christian salesmen and set the first meeting for July 1, 1899. Only three showed up—Nicholson, Hill, and Will J. Knights. The men nonetheless launched their organization to mobilize Christian commercial travelers for encouragement, evangelism, and service. They groped for a name, but after they had prayed about it Knights said, “We shall be called Gideons.” The Gideons have since distributed over seven hundred fifty million copies of Scripture in over one hundred seventy nations.
The ministry to the Gideons started with two people reading the Bible together! It just reminds me that I need to be available in the little. For Peter, the Lord took his boat and his time to prepare something great in His life. Once God’s people was trying to rebuild the Temple and saw no progress. Do you know what God said to them? “Do not despise the day of small beginnings” (Zech. 4:10). Memorize that verse EFC!
Give what you have to the Lord. He can do more with less. He multiplies what you give him. Sometimes the scope of our impact is in direct proportion to the size of the audience. For example, Jesus did more with a Samaritan woman than all of Jerusalem (John 4). Speaking of Gideon, he found 300 committed men better than 32,000 wishy-washy ones (Judges 7).
I find it interesting in John 6 that Jesus had fed a multitude with bread and fish and then preached to them about true discipleship only to find that everyone left. Was Jesus’ ministry a failure? Yet we can find so many false prophets out there packing their stadiums and churches. What we learn from this is that you cannot determine success by size. Though I do believe that healthy things grow, ultimately it is not size that makes something sterling.
Listen loved ones, Jesus is still turning boats into pulpits today. What is your boat today? He does not need a cruise ship or a Titanic. A boat is enough. He is still taking ordinary things and because He is there, he transforms it into something extraordinary. You may doing youth ministry to four kids, but preach your heart out to them. Love, serve and give to them like you have 100 kids there. If I am not willing to pour my heart in the few, how can God trust me with the multitude? Perhaps you love to encourage. You can send people an email or give them a call and tell that person that you are praying for them. Jesus does not need a lot! Let the Lord use what you have as a platform for Him to work. Be available in the little.
Look secondly in Luke 5:4-7, we see that Jesus calls those who are:
II. Obedient in the impossible (Luke 5:4-7)
Finally, Jesus is done with the crowd. But He is not done with Peter. I imagine Jesus saying “Amen” as He wraps up His teaching and Peter starts to head back to shore. All of a sudden in Luke 5:4, Jesus says to him, “Put out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch.” The command here is plural, so Jesus is telling everyone on the boat to throw their nets into the water.
What? Wait a minute! The son of a carpenter telling fishermen how to fish! Think about this for a second. This is a pretty demanding request don’t you think? Jesus is telling a man who had not slept all night, who spent the entire night sorting through empty nets not catching a single fish, who then had to beach the boat, load what seemed to be a thousand pounds of wet nets on to the shore to clean them with his own hands and then dry them, only to have this Rabbi demand that he throw out a net again, and in the daytime! He could have very well have said, “Stick to building furniture Mr. Carpenter-turned-Rabbi and leave the fishing tips with us experts!”
I mean, how would you feel if someone steps on to your turf, your area of expertise and offers you advice on a subject in which you feel knowledgeable and competent? This is like if you had a locker room pass to see Kobe Bryant, star player of the Los Angeles Lakers, when he was in town playing the Bulls and you go up to him before the game and say, “Hey Kobs, you know I never have played in an NBA game before and I barely know how to make a layup, but if you listen to everything I am about to tell you, there will be guaranteed success tonight! You interested buddy?” To which Kobe smiles at you as he waves the security guy over to take you away.
Have you ever thought to yourself, “Jesus, I look to you for spiritual matters, but the practical stuff, the stuff I know about, stay out of it!” The reason we think that is because we separate the sacred from the secular. But for Jesus, whether He is in the synagogues or in a fisherman’s boat, everything is sacred. Everything is a moment to experience Him. May the Lord free us from thinking that just because we have fished a few waters that we now know how to run our lives and where our nets should be dropped better than He can! And here’s the newsflash: He wants to rule it all! Your finances, your marriage, your internet habits, your entertainment preferences, your choices of a life partner, your studies, etc. everything! And Peter is about to find out about that really soon.
Look at Luke 5:5. Simon says, “Master” which is another word for “Rabbi.” This is a respectful term and shows submission to authority. This is key here, especially as Peter is the head fisherman. He says basically, “All through the night we have been working until the point of exhaustion and have nothing to show for it.” But here is Peter’s amazing response. “Even though I am dog-tired, even though I have been totally frustrated and totally empty-handed, and even though every fisherman knows when the sun comes up, it drives the fish down below the reach of the nets…even though this is so impossible…AT YOUR WORD, I WILL LET DOWN THE NETS.”
I like what Pastor Jon Courson says here, ““Lord, this doesn’t make sense to me,” Peter said. “Experience doesn’t validate it practically. It’s not the way we were taught to do it in fishing school. But Lord, at Your Word, I will do as You say.” He obeys in the impossible. What an example for you and me! Jesus’ word is demanding and sometimes it does not make any sense, but may God give us the courage to obey.
The other men start to row to deeper water, probably confused. Peter feels a little foolish, but says nothing. Jesus says, “Alright. Stop here. This is a good spot.” Look at Luke 5:6. The men take the weighted nets and heave them into the sea. The nets sink and there is still silence. Peter holds the rope next to Jesus, taking a deep breath and feeling kind of dumb doing this in the middle of the day.
But then all of a sudden, there’s a tug. Then another. And another. Suddenly, the nets come alive and start jumping in their hands. If anyone was sleepy up to this point, not anymore! A burst of adrenaline blasts through their weary bodies and every concentration is now focused on the catch. The surface then churns with fish slapping the sea and flashing in the sun. The fishermen start to strain at their ropes and a few of the twined squares snap.
See the words the nets “were breaking”? In other words, it was in the beginning process of straining. So this means if those nets had not been washed and dried previously, they would have broken completely already and the catch would have been lost immediately!
See Jesus does not waste anything! Those hours spent washing and drying were actually preparation for the large catch that was coming. Sometimes you might wonder: what is the point of doing the same thing over and over again? You will never know when God is going to use your faithful mundane routines of life to show you the depths of his net-breaking fullness of His power of souls!
“James! John! Get over here!” Peter hollers out to his partners in Luke 5:7. James and John hurry over. You can hear the sea gulls, herons and cranes overhead as they begin to fly over to share in the treasure. The men cannot believe it! They could feel their shoulders burning and tendons and muscles stretched to the limit trying to control it all. The ropes are cutting into their hands. Sweat is coming through every pore of their body. More and more fish are piling into their boats like coins out of a jackpot machine in a big win. So much so the rims of the boats begin to dip below the water line, spilling the sea into the boats, causing it to sink! The men then start to frantically bail the water and throw some fish back. The Lord gives generously!
Wow! All of this because Peter obeyed in the impossible. If you are like me, I like to obey when the circumstances are right. Actually even then, I don’t always obey! If everything is going well, I’ll obey you Lord. If I feel encouraged and if my heart feels like to pray, then I’ll pray.
Illus: Pastor Robert Morgan tells us the story of his dog Samson. He says, “My daughter Hannah and I had a Great Dane named Samson that we dearly loved, and Samson, as it turns out, was well named, for he was big and strong and muscular—and, like his namesake, he also had a penchant for wandering. We built fences, we tried chains and dog runs, we tried everything to keep Samson at home. But he’d dig under the fence or climb over it, and it drove us to distraction.
So we bought the best-selling book on the market on the subject of training dogs. No Bad Dogs was written by the famous British dog trainer Barbara Woodhouse, who raises Great Danes herself. One night when I went upstairs to tuck in Hannah, she had a sad expression on her face, and she said, “Dad, I know now what Samson’s real problem is. Let me read you this paragraph.” This is what she read me out of No Bad Dogs by Barbara Woodhouse:
In a dog’s mind, a master or a mistress to love, honor, and obey is an absolute necessity. The love is dormant in the dog until brought into full bloom by an understanding owner. Thousands of dogs appear to love their owners, they welcome them home with enthusiastic wagging of the tail and jumping up, they follow them about their houses happily and, to the normal person seeing the dog, the affection is true and deep. But to the experienced dog trainer this outward show is not enough. The true test of real love takes place when the dog has got the opportunity to go out on its own as soon as the door is left open by mistake and it goes off and often doesn’t return home for hours. That dog loves only its home comforts and the attention it gets from its family; it doesn’t truly love the master or mistress as they fondly think. True love in dogs is apparent when a door is left open and the dog still stays happily within earshot of its owner. For the owner must be the be-all and end-all of a dog’s life.
The real test of our Christianity isn’t seen in our work or activity, or even in our theological purity. It’s found in this: when we have an opportunity to wander away, to disobey, to leave his presence, do we choose instead to stay close to him, to abide in Christ, to obey?”
Let us never let our circumstances and our experience in the past dictate our obedience. Lord, help me to obey you when I feel like it and when I don’t. Help me to obey you when I am appreciated and when I’m not. Help to obey you when I am tired and when I am full of vitality. Help me to obey if there is money in the bank or not. Help me to obey whether I like my job or not. Help me to obey you even if my friends or my family do not. Help me to obey when people are watching or if they are not. And even in the most impossible of situations, where I can choose to walk away from you and am always certain there is no point to keep going, teach me to stay with you and trust you, believing that greater things are still to come in my life.
I totally believe for EFC, the Lord is calling out of hanging out by the shore of comfortability where there are no risks and no rewards. He is calling us to deeper waters. When he calls us, let us be quick to our oars, swift to our boats and fast with our nets. But greater still, may we see that He is not calling us from the shore, but from our boat to labor alongside us!
So Jesus calls those who are available in the little, obedient in the impossible and lastly:
III. Humble in the miraculous (Luke 5:8-11)
As Peter watches his men start heaving buckets of water out of the boat, he turns to Jesus in Luke 5:8. It was as though the clouds have parted and the sun has broken through the sky in his soul. A revelation has hit home. This is no human Messiah! This Master’s dominion reaches even to the depths of the sea! No Peter, Jesus is not just Lord in
the synagogue, but He is Lord in your place of expertise as well. Soon Peter will see His dominion reaches everywhere as the Lord will use him to fill his net with so many souls he will not know what to do with them!
Peter looks at Jesus in amazement and their eyes lock. It was as though Jesus, who called up all of his creation of fish to rise to the surface, causes Peter’s sin to rise to the surface as well. Peter realizes this is no Rabbi or Master (remember what he calls Jesus in Luke 5:5?). He realizes he is not even worthy to be in the same boat with Jesus. Trembling, he casts himself down at Jesus’ knees in the midst of the fish! He asks Jesus to leave him because he is so sinful and look at what he calls Him: LORD! Not Jesus the Fish Finder or Jesus the Multitude Magnet or even Jesus the Rabbi, but Jesus the Lord. Peter’s slowly getting it. Notice how Peter did not respond. “Yes, this is because I let you use my boat right? And because I obeyed you that I got this great catch?” No, he is on his face before the Lord of all creation. Lord, teach us that every good gift comes from you (James 1:17) and that there is nothing that we have that we did not receive (1 Cor. 4:7). How we respond not only to adversity is a test of character, but also how we respond to success. Teach us, Lord, to be humble with every miracle that comes our way.
Now the crew, including James and John, too are in astonishment we see in Luke 5:9. Everyone knows who is boss. They wonder what Jesus will say. This has been the greatest fishing day ever in the lives of these fishermen. Though they don’t get it all completely at this point, they are beginning to recognize that God was in their midst.
In Luke 5:10, Jesus says, “Do not be afraid. From now on you will be catching men.” What Jesus is telling Peter is that your humility and your awareness of your sin does not disqualify you from my service. In fact, those qualities are prerequisites for service! Jesus does not turn His back on the sinner, but includes the sinner for His tasks. I like what one commentator says here, “Jesus does not call those who think they can help God do his work. God does not need or want servants who think they are doing God a favor. Jesus calls those who know they need to be humble before his power and presence. From now on Simon will be casting his nets in a different sea, the sea of humanity’s need for God.” Actually there was another catch here greater than fish. It was the catch of Peter and others to be servants of God to bring souls into the Kingdom! Whoever is caught of Jesus must be in the business of catching others.
You see, every miracle is designed to bring us to Jesus and see our unworthiness and leave us in worship. Have you been noticing that with every counter you cannot stay neutral with Jesus? Remember Isaiah in Isaiah 6? For five chapters, he said “Woe” to everybody around him. But in Isaiah 6:1, he sees the Lord high and lifted up and his glory filled the temple. When Isaiah sees God’s holiness, he sees his sinfulness as well as he says, “Woe is me!” (Is. 6:5). As CS Lewis said, “The closer you get to the light, the more dirt you see on your shirt.” How do you know you are growing in Christ? Because the more and more you get to Jesus and the clearer He gets to you, the more and more you are aware of your sinfulness. You see you are a great sinner, but then you see how great a Savior you have and want to give your life to serve Him. God commissions Isaiah for service (Is. 6:8-9). Commission always comes after confession.
So as they reach the shore in Luke 5:11, Peter’s career as a fisherman is over. He will leave behind the business and the steady income (though they had a bad night here), assets and a future to follow Christ. He also leaves behind the biggest catch of his business career. What he gains is Jesus, the One who he found out does not call the qualified, but qualified those He called and promised him something bigger than himself: a chance to haul in and catch men for the Kingdom of God. And what are all the fish in the ocean compared to one soul coming to Christ?
Here we have a call from Jesus today for EFC. The call is for deeper surrender. The Lord wants to take us to the end of ourselves and our own strength and bring us into the depths of his dominion and net-breaking power! Let’s stop hugging the shore and doing what is easy and comfortable. Let’s be quick to serve and obey Him knowing He is laboring with us on the boat!
EFC, did you know our Master’s dominion reaches even the depths of the sea? He knows where the fish are. Let’s have our nets ready! Like Peter, let us hear when He speaks, labor when He commands, believe what He promises and follow where He calls. He is looking for those who will be available in the little, obedient in the impossible and when the miraculous comes, those who will fall on their faces in humility and unworthiness before a Savior who will then take them into places they never even dreamed of! May the Lord be pleased to do that for this little flock for the sake of Jesus Christ.
Gire, Ken (1998). Moments with the Savior (62-67). Grand Rapids: Zondervan.
Bock, Darrell L. Luke Volume 1: 1:1-9:50, Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books, 1994), 454.
Barton, Bruce B. David Veerman, Linda Chaffee Taylor and Grant R. Osborne, Luke, Life Application Bible Commentary (Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Publishers, 1997), 112.
Hughes, R. Kent. Luke: That You May Know the Truth, Preaching the Word (Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 1998), 159.
Other great qualities of fishermen: courage, camaraderie, patience, determination and faith.
Wiersbe, Warren W. The Bible Exposition Commentary, Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books, 1996, c1989), Lk 5:1.
Bock, Darrell L. “Call of the First Disciples” In NIV Application Commentary, New Testament: Luke. By Darrell L. Bock, 154. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996.
Barton,Bruce, David Veerman, Linda Chaffee Taylor and Grant R. Osborne, 112.
Expositor's Bible Commentary, The, Pradis CD-ROM:Luke/Exposition of Luke/IV. The Galilean Ministry (4:14-9:50)/A. Initial Phase (4:14-6:16)/4. Calling the first disciples (5:1-11), Book Version: 4.0.2
Morgan, Robert J. Nelson's Complete Book of Stories, Illustrations, and Quotes, electronic ed. (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 2000), 705.
Courson, John. Jon Courson's Application Commentary (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 2003), 320.
Bock, Darrell L. Luke, The IVP New Testament Commentary series (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1994), Lk 5:1.
Keener, Craig. The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Lk 5:11.