Disciples on the Road to Emmaus: Reading Amiss
Misreading of scripture
Misreading of scripture
Challenges of reading scripture
Having the right paradigm
frame work for how everything is viewed and interpreted
Sola Scriptura/protestant v. Catholic (Faith and reason are equal) v. Orthodox
Young earth v. old earth creationist
Reading with an agenda
looking for passages that facilitate/validate my desires
Definition: a thing tacitly assumed beforehand at the beginning of a line of argument or course of action
Ex. The Bible is a fairy tale and Christianity is for the weak
The disciples on the road to Emmaus
Not of the 11 remaining disciples
Part of the 70
the second disciples thought to be a relative of Cleopas
13 Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem. 14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened. 15 So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went with them. 16 But their eyes were restrained, so that they did not know Him.
Why were their eyes restrained
Their eyes were unable to recognize Christ, though they were of the 70
A mystical hiding
states of confusion prohibit us from seeing what is clear
QUESTION: What contributed to their confusion?
Luke 24:17–24 (NKJV)
17 And He said to them, “What kind of conversation is this that you have with one another as you walk and are sad?” 18 Then the one whose name was Cleopas answered and said to Him, “Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem, and have You not known the things which happened there in these days?” 19 And He said to them, “What things?” So they said to Him, “The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a Prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, 20 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered Him to be condemned to death, and crucified Him. 21 But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened. 22 Yes, and certain women of our company, who arrived at the tomb early, astonished us. 23 When they did not find His body, they came saying that they had also seen a vision of angels who said He was alive. 24 And certain of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said; but Him they did not see.”
The two disciples highlight two common challenges when reading scripture.
Read the OT with an agenda
The prophet would bring freedom from Roman…return of the kingdom to Israel
The Christ, cannot die if He was to redeem Israel
Our emotional state also impacts our ability to read and understand scripture
Witnessed His crucifixion but heard of His resurrection
Christ teaches them the scriptures
Luke 24:25–27 (NKJV)
25 Then He said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into His glory?” 27 And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.
When read appropriately, the scriptures reveal the truth of Jesus Christ
Christ removed from them their agenda and presuppositions
In the process their emotional state also began to correct
The Orthodox approach to the OT is through the lens of Jesus Christ. Without Christ the the OT doesn’t make much sense and is incomplete.
New Testament III: Luke (Everything in Scripture Speaks of Christ) AUGUSTINE
He found them in despair of the redemption that was in Christ, supposing him now to have suffered and died as a man, not imagining him to live forever as the Son of God. So he opened to them the Scriptures and showed them that it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and for all things to be fulfilled that were written concerning him in the law of Moses and the prophets and the psalms—in short, the whole of the Old Testament
Mystical Clarity through Eucharist
Mystical Clarity through Eucharist
When we read scripture correctly
Truth is revealed and it is relevant to reality
The disciples saw the truth about the messiah and how his suffering was necessary.
It prepares us for a mystical encounter with Christ, that deepens our understanding of him and love for him.
28 Then they drew near to the village where they were going, and He indicated that He would have gone farther. 29 But they constrained Him, saying, “Abide with us, for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent.” And He went in to stay with them. 30 Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them. 31 Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him; and He vanished from their sight.
New Testament III: Luke (Christ Continues to Be Recognized in the Breaking of the Bread)
CHRIST CONTINUES TO BE RECOGNIZED IN THE BREAKING OF THE BREAD. AUGUSTINE: He blessed the bread, broke it, and they recognized him. That’s how you recognize Christ—those of you who believe he is the Christ.
The breaking of bread is synonymous with communion.
Even though scripture provides a revelation of Jesus Christ, Jesus being infinite is still unknowable to us. Therefore we need a mystical element to our knowing Him.
6 And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!”
Hearts on Fire
The deeper our union with Christ is the more we are willing to sacrifice for the sake of the the Gospel.
33 So they rose up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven and those who were with them gathered together, 34 saying, “The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!” 35 And they told about the things that had happened on the road, and how He was known to them in the breaking of bread.
NEXT SERIES WILL START AT 7:30P