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1. Begin with our anchor verse:
John 20:30–31 (ESV)
Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
What signs? The seven signs, the 8th being the ressurection
What is written? The signs.
Why did John write this? So that we may believe in Jesus. These signs should help us believe in Him.
By believing, we should have eternal life!
Anchor Question: As we read John 2, the first sign, how does this help us believe that Jesus is the Son of God?
2. Read the FIRST sign:
Read John 2:
John 2:1–14 (ESV)
On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”
Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.
After this he went down to Capernaum, with his mother and his brothers and his disciples, and they stayed there for a few days.
Third Day. The gospel of John is a book of resurection, so that we may have life in his name. How do we see resurrection here?
Cana. The field of reeds. Emptiness, small, desolate, simple, nothing special.
Mother of Jesus. There must’ve been some sort of strong connection to the family.
Wine ran out. How can the wine ran out? Was the bridegroom underprepared? This is a tragedy! This brings shame to the family and susceptible to lawsuit! It is the bridegroom’s responsibility to prepare a place for his bride, and it’s his responsibility to prepare that all provisions are made, including wine!
Jesus is the bridegroom:
The one who has the bride is the bridegroom. The friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly at the bridegroom’s voice. Therefore this joy of mine is now complete.
Wine symbolizes Joy
Psalm 104:15 (ESV)
and wine to gladden the heart of man,
oil to make his face shine
and bread to strengthen man’s heart.
Jeremiah 31:12 (ESV)
They shall come and sing aloud on the height of Zion,
and they shall be radiant over the goodness of the Lord,
over the grain, the wine, and the oil,
and over the young of the flock and the herd;
their life shall be like a watered garden,
and they shall languish no more.
Joel 3:18 (ESV)
“And in that day
the mountains shall drip sweet wine,
and the hills shall flow with milk,
and all the streambeds of Judah
shall flow with water;
and a fountain shall come forth from the house of the Lord
and water the Valley of Shittim.
Amos 9:13–14 (ESV)
“Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord,
“when the plowman shall overtake the reaper
and the treader of grapes him who sows the seed;
the mountains shall drip sweet wine,
and all the hills shall flow with it.
I will restore the fortunes of my people Israel,
and they shall rebuild the ruined cities and inhabit them;
they shall plant vineyards and drink their wine,
and they shall make gardens and eat their fruit.
After two days he will revive us; on the third day he will raise us up, that we may live before him.