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The Epistle of the Apostle Paul

to the Romans

Baptist College of Ministry

Presented by

Pastor David L. Zempel



Author – Written by the Apostle Paul while in Corinth


Date – Likely written in 55 or 56 AD. Some place the writing as early as 53 AD and some as late as 58 AD.


Recipients – Written to believers in Rome.


Theme – Written to reveal and declare the mystery of salvation provided completely in Christ.

The Gospel is salvation to all who believe. This means salvation from old patterns of thought and behavior, as well as hell.




Greeting – Romans 1:1-13


Theme Stated – Romans 1:14-16


Man’s Need of Salvation

·         The Pagan is Guilty    1:17-32

·         The Moralist is Guilty    2:1-16

·         The Jew is Guilty    2:17 - 3:8

·         The Whole World is Guilty    3:9-23


God’s Provision of Salvation   

·         Sufficient to Save the Sinner    3:21 – 5:21

·         Sufficient to Sanctify the Saint    6:1 – 8:39

·         Sufficient to Save Jews and Gentiles    9:1 – 11:33

·         Sufficient to Serve the Church    12:1 – 15:21


Salutation    15:22 – 16:27


Page 2


Introduction:       We now embark on a journey into the doctrine of salvation as we explore, like a diamond, all the facets of its glorious truth. The message of the Gospel has been attacked as much as any truth of God’s Word, for it is the “power of God unto salvation to everyone that believes.” Paul’s Epistle to the Romans declares the necessity of the Gospel. It then reveals how God’s eternal plan was worked out through His Son, Jesus Christ. This great Epistle which expounds various doctrines surrounding the message of salvation concludes with practical insight on how to live out the reality of the Christian life.


Romans 1:1-17

I.    Paul's ____Authority___ to address the Roman Christians    1:1-2

      A.  His ____call____

            1.   Separated unto the Gospel of God

            2.   Declaring a message of promise

                  a.   Given by the prophets

                  b.   Declared in the Holy Scriptures

                  c.   Concerning Jesus Christ our Lord (Every sermon in the book of Acts was a declaration of the deity and salvation of Jesus Christ. Vs 3, “made of the seed of David”, his humanity affirmed. 

Note:    A call is the unique moving of God’s Spirit in the life of God’s servant as He burdens that servant for a specific ministry.·         Jeremiah 1:4-10; Acts 13:2·         God’s claim – God declares we are His before we are born·         God’s call – God communicates His call into the ministry·         God’s commission – God directs His servants to His place of ministry


      B.  His _____commission_____

            1.   As a ____servant____ of Jesus Christ he recognized his position

            2.   As an ____apostle____ of Jesus Christ he recognized his power (authority)

                  I Corinthians 9:1-14 – the word power in this passage is authority or privilege of position

Note:    All Christians are appointed to be ambassadors of Christ. An ambassador is one who is sent with authority to relate an important message.·         II Corinthians 5:20

II.   Paul's ____Affirmation____ of Christ as God's Son    1:3-6

      A.  Christ was born of the seed of ____David___

            1.   Being of the seed of David declares the ____humanity____ of the virgin born Son of God

            2.   God in the ____flesh____ speaks of the incarnation of Christ (His first advent)

            3.   His humanity makes it possible for Him to be a ____sacrifice for us____    Hebrews 10:5-9

      B.  The powerful witness of Christ's _____resurrection_____ . The empty tomb preaches the deity of Christ.

            1.   Christ is proven to be ____eternal____ revealing His deity

            2.   Christ is proven to be without ____sin___ (the reason He could overcome death)

            3.   Christ is proven to be our only ____hope______

Page 3

Note:    It is significant that the word “declared” is orizw indicating that a distinct boundary has been established between humanity and deity. The resurrection of Christ established this boundary.                     John 10:18

      C.  The responsibility of the _New Birth  _(Grace is God’s enablement to do and want to do God’s will).

            1.   __Salvation_______ by grace is the source of grace to serve as debtors

            2.   _apostleship________ indicates we are sent forth with a message

            3.   __called______ by the Master Servant who provides a model to emulate

III.  Paul's ___Approval____ of the Christians at Rome    1:7-12

      A.  __Affection________

            1.   Beloved of God

            2.   Called to be saints

            3.   Personal greeting

                  a.   Grace to you

                  b. Peace from God

      B.  ___Appreciation_____

            1.   A testimony of faith throughout the world

            2.   A continual prayer of intercession

      C.  __Anticipation_____

            1.   A prayerful desire to __visit______ the Roman believers

            2.   A prayerful desire to be a spiritual blessing to them that they might be established

            3.   A prayerful desire that __fruit_____ would give evidence of a mutual faith

IV. Paul's __Attitude______ toward the Gospel    1:14-17

      A.  His __responsibility (debtor)____ to share the Gospel

      B.  His ___readiness_________ to share the Gospel

      C.  His __reasons__________ for sharing the Gospel

            1.   He is not ___ashamed______ of the Gospel

            2.   It is the __Power____ of God to save those who believe

            3.   It is the means by which God's ____righteousness______ is revealed to men

Romans 1:14-32


      See chart on page 3

* Page 4       “FOUR TYPES OF SUICIDE”     Romans 1:14-32
MENT REJECTING TRUTH·  Decreasing mentalresponsibilityII Corinthians 10:5 FALSE  PHILOSOPHIES·      Listening to theopinions of menColossians 2:8   Romans 1:14-20  A.  Righteousness of God  B.  Wrath of God  C.  Witness of God
AL CAUTION:  Avoid “vain janglings”, hypnosis and mind controlSOLUTION:  Fasting and Prayer     1.  The visible witness    2.  The invisible witnesst REJECTION of God
 MOR Resistance to EviluBasis of LifeII Corinthians 3:6 Consequence of LustuMore LustGalatians 6:7   ROMANS 1:21-23  A.  Man's Opportunity    1.  To Know God    2.  To Glorify God
AL CAUTION:  Guard your thoughts - Phil. 4:8 SOLUTION:  Renew your mind - Rom. 12:2     3.  To Thank God  B.  Man's Opposition    4.  Vain imaginations
  SP IR  IT Three Stages ToDestruction1.  Rejection of     God's Word2.  Acceptance of     Immorality3.  Worshipping of     Satan  Four PsychicDisturbances1.  Irrational Fears2.  Unexplained     Nervousness3.  Illogical, Fragmented     Thinking4.  Inability to respond     to God     5.  Darkened heart    6.  Became fools    7.  Self-exaltationt RETRIBUTION of God  ROMANS 1:24-32  A.  Turned over to Uncleanness    1.  Through the lusts of the heart    2.  To dishonor the image of God    3.  To serve the flesh
UAL CAUTION:  Avoid involvement it satanic themes and material, including occult activity.SOLUTION:  1.  Confess specific involvement      2.  Identify with the blood and name of Christ   B.  Turned over to Vileness    1.  The perversion of women    2.  The perversion of men    3.  God's proper recompense
PHYS ICAL DEATHHebrews 9:27      Romans 1:32CAUTION:  Death is permanent and eternal SOLUTION:  In everything give thanks   C.  Turned over to Reprobate Minds    1.  Filled with all unrighteousness    2.  Knowledge of certain judgment    3.  Pleasure in sinful companionsA CONSCIOUSNESS OF THECONDEMNATION OF SIN

Page 5


Romans 2:1 - 3:20


I.    The _self ‑ righteous_______ Condemned    2:1‑16

      A.  The ___Behavior_____ of the self-righteous

            1.   They judge others  (this is not saying, “don’t discern”)

            2.   They do what they condemn others for doing

            3.   They despise the goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering of God

      B.  The ___condition_____ of the self-righteous

            1.   They have a hard and impenitent heart

            2.   They have stored up the wrath of God against them

            3.   They continue to bear the fruit of fleshly living

      C.  The _hope____ of the self-righteous

            1.   Knowledge of the law reveals a need for the righteousness of Christ

            2.   Those who are ignorant of the law do by nature the things in the law

            3.   Those who are ignorant of the law have a consciousness of the law

Note:    The fruit of our life is evidence of our faith in Christ and hope of eternal life. Fruit is never a means of faith and can not produce eternal life. This passage is not specifically in reference to salvation, but declares God’s impartiality between the Jew and the Gentile. Any who seek to know God will find God faithful to reveal Himself to them and they will ultimately find eternal life.                                                                      Acts 10:34-35; 11:14

      D.  The ___judgment___ of the self-righteous

            1.   God judges according to ___truth_____    v. 2

            2.   God judges according to __works/deeds__  v. 6

            3.   God judges without __partiality________    v. 11

            4.   God judges according to the ___gospel___  v. 16

II.   The __ Jews__ Condemned    2:17 ‑ 3:8

      A.  The Jews' ___Confidence___ 2:17‑20

            1.   In their ___lineage___ as a Jew

            2.   In their _____knowledge___ of the law and what pleases God

            3.   In their ability to ____teach___ the blind, foolish, and babes

Page 6

      B.  The Jews' ____condemnation_____    2:21‑24

            1.   They do what they tell others not to do

            2.   They dishonor God through their willingness to break the law

            3.   They blaspheme God before the Gentiles through their lifestyle

      C.  The Jews' ____confusion________    2:25‑29

            1.   They believe they are accepted by God because of their circumcision

            2.   They believe Gentiles are refused by God because of their uncircumcision

            3.   God honors the people who honor God with their heart

      D.  God’s _____commitment______ to Truth   3:1‑8

            1.   God committed to the Jews the oracles of God

            2.   The Jews were accountable to live the oracles of God by faith

            3.   God will not change His truth to accommodate the unrighteousness of man

4.   God’s righteousness is revealed through man’s unrighteousness and God’s truth is revealed through man’s lies

            5.   God is just to condemn those who do evil that good may abound

III.  The ___whole world__ Condemned    3:9‑20

      A.  ALL are under __sin______  3:9

      B.  The __condition______ of ALL that are under _sin__ 3:10‑18

            1.   None are righteous                         9.   All do harm with the poison of their speech

            2.   None understand                           10.  All express cursing

            3.   None seek after God                      11.  All give evidence of bitterness

            4.   All have gone astray                      12.  All shed innocent blood

            5.   All are unprofitable                                through hatred

            6.   None do good                                 13.  All are acquainted with the reality

            7.   All reveal the decay of sin                    of destruction and misery

                  through their speech                     14.  All are void of peace

            8.   All lie                                                 15.  All fail to fear God

      C.  The ___law____ teaches man his ____condition______ before God    3:19-20

            1.   Self-righteous verbiage will be stopped as the whole world is proven guilty

            2.   The works of the law will not __justify__ any before God  

            3.   The law creates in man an awareness of sin  

Page 7


Romans 3:21 - 4:25


I.    __Righteousness______ is received by ____faith____    3:21‑31

(vs 21, the “righteousness of God” is Jesus Christ himself.

      A.  Faith in __Christ______ who always _____glorified___ the Father

            1.   God righteousness was revealed by the law and the prophets

            2.   God righteousness can only be received by faith

            3.   Receiving the righteousness of Christ is the only way to glorify God

      B.  Faith in ___Christ_____ who paid sin's ___penalty______

            1.   Justification is received by God’s grace without cost to the sinner

            2.   The price of our justification was paid by Christ.

      C.  Faith in ___Christ_____ who fulfilled the demands of the ___law_____

            1.   Christ satisfied the demands of the law before a holy God

            2.   God provided for our righteousness through the blood sacrifice of His Son

            3.   God is proven to be just in forgiving the sins of those who previously trusted Him

            4.   All people, past and present, are saved by faith in Jesus Christ

Note:    One of the most thorough passages concerning the sufficiency of Christ’s sacrifice is recorded in Hebrews 9:11–10:14. The reader is left with no room to doubt the completeness of Christ’s finished work.

      D.  Faith in ___Christ_____ eliminates the possibility of ___boasting_____

            1.   Man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law

            2.   Man is justified by faith whether Jew or Gentile

Note:    God speaks to those who would insist that the law of God is to have no authority in the Christian’s life. He confronts such people in Philippians 3:18-19. They are commonly referred to as antinomians (against law) and have the following five characteristics. They make the death of Christ pointless and without effect. 1.     They are enemies of the cross (the finished work) of Christ2.     They will be destroyed (eternal damnation)3.     Their god is their sensual desires (belly - appetites)4.     They brag about things that are shameful5.     They are worldly (mind earthly things)

            3.   Faith in Christ establishes the law of God instead of making it void

Page 8

II.   ___Righteousness_____ is illustrated by the life of ___Abraham________    4:1‑17

      A.  Not by ___works_______, but by __faith_______    4:1‑8

            1.   Salvation by works would mean that God owed it to us as a debt He had to pay

            2.   Salvation by faith honors the grace of God to us

            3.   Salvation by faith was recognized by David in Psalm 32:1-2

      B.  Not by ___circumcision_____, but by ___faith___  4:9‑12

            1.   Abraham was made righteous before he was circumcised

            2.   Circumcision was evidence of his faith and God’s seal of imputed righteousness

            3.   All who follow the faith of Abraham will be saved, without external works

      C.  Not by the __law__, but by ___faith___ 4:13‑17

            1.   Abraham was not promised righteousness by keeping the law

            2.   If works save a person there is no reason for faith and God’s promise

            3.   The law was given to reveal man’s sin and God’s wrath

            4.   Faith enables God to reveal His grace in salvation

            5.   Faith enables God to keep His promise to all who believe

                  a.   That Abraham would be the father of many nations

                  b.   That God who quickens the dead might be glorified

                  c.   That God who “sees what is not as though it is” might be proven true

III.  ___Righteousness___ is worked out in the life of Abraham    4:18‑22

      A.  His   __hope____ was in God's ___promise_____ to perform, not in his plans

      B.  His __hope__ was in God's ___power_____ to perform, not in his lack of power

      C.  His ___righteousness__ was __imputed_____ to him simply because he believed God

IV. ___Righteousness_____ worked out in the life of the believer    4:23-25

      A.  Faith in the resurrection of Jesus Christ

      B.  Faith in Christ’s death for our sins

      C.  Faith that God will justify us through the imputed righteousness of Christ

 Imputation includes his righteousness to our account and our sin to him.
Page 9

Romans 5:1-21

Imputation:      Transfer of his righteousness to my account and my sin to his account

I.    The Blessings of Imputed ____righteousness______ 5:1‑11

      A.  We have ___Peace____ with God through faith in Jesus Christ

                              Memory Aid: pastor Gilmore tried leaving without Joy

      B.  We know the ____grace______ of God

            1.  We stand righteous in our position before God

            2.  We rejoice in the hope of being like Christ    Philippians 3:21

      C.  We have confidence in _tribulation_

            1.  Teaches us ___patience_____

            2.  Gives us ____experience____

            3.  Brings us ____hope_____

            4.  Causes us to be __unashamed__

      D.  We know the ___Love____ of God

            1.   Ministered to us by the Holy Spirit

            2.   Evident to us by Christ’s death for us while we were still sinners

      E.  We are delivered from the _____Wrath____ of God

            1.   We were reconciled to God while we were enemies

            2.   We were saved by his life (given the ability to live the Christian life)

      F.  We have true _joy____, having received the atonement

II.   Christ is Our ___Righteousness_____ 5:11‑21

      A.  Unrighteous by Adam's __disobedience______

            1.   Adam’s disobedience brought sin into the world

            2.   Sin brought death into the world

Question:    Are we sinners because we sin or do we sin because we are sinners? – because we are sinners

            3.   Death is universal in its effect

Page 10

      B.  Unrighteousness is made known to us by the __law__

            1.   Nevertheless, even before the law, the sentence of death was upon all men

            2.   Even those who do not sin as Adam did will still die due to the sentence of death

      C.  Righteousness comes by Christ's _obedience__

            1.   His obedience means He is _sinless___

            2.   Sinlessness brings __justification__

            3.   Justification results in eternal _life_

Note:    The language of this passage is exceptional. Though there are many details in this portion that are worthy of note, many of the specific doctrinal truths have previously been noted in our study.            The passage has not been outlined so that the whole might have its intended impact upon our hearts. Notice how often the words “free”, “grace”, “gift”, “life”, and “righteousness” are used.
Discussion:      ·         What does “the old man is crucified with Christ” mean in a practical sense?·         Is there a distinction between the flesh and the old man?·         What caused Eve to sin before she had the fallen Adamic nature?·         In Romans 8 compare how many times the word “flesh” is used to how many times the word “old man” is used.

Page 11

Romans 6:1-23


K N O W                                                                        Christ paid sin's __Penalty_____    6:1‑10

Question for the quiz: is there is any Water in this chapter? NO **

            Therefore, if we are saved...

                  1.   We should not continue in sin to allow grace to abound

                  2.   We were baptized into Christ’s death

                  3.   We are to live in newness of life

                        Because we know...

                        a.   Death brings new ___Life____

                        b.   Dead men can not __Die_______

                        C.  One with new life can not __Die_____


R E C K O N                    You are ___Dead____ with Christ    6:11‑18


            Therefore, if we are dead...

                  1.   Dead men do not permit __Sin____ to _____reign_______

                  2.   Dead men do not yield _____themselves_ to _unrighteousness__

                  3.   Dead men do ____Yield____ themselves to _____Righteousness__

                        Because a dead man knows...

                        a.   They are alive from the __Dead_______

                        b.   That sin can not __Reign______ without his ____Permission_____

                        c.   He will __Serve______ the master to whom he __Yeilds________

Y I E L D                You must __Yield ___ your life to __God__    6:19‑23

            There are obvious reasons to yield to God...

                  1.   We know our flesh loves __sin_________

                  2.   We know sin brings _____death______

                  3.   We have a ___new____  ____life__, therefore...

                        a.   We long to be the ____servant___ of _God_

                        b.   We desire the _______holiness___ of _God_

The old man is dead and this is important. If he is not dead than we still must serve him. Theologically The Bible said he is dead and therefore he is dad. The old man is Condemned. Can you be condemned before God and stand justified before God at the same time. The consequence of the New man is eternal life with Christ.  (Distinction between the Old Man and the Old Nature)

                        c.   We have the ________everlasting_  __life______ of God

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The Gospel to the Saints

Romans 6:1-14

As presented by Evangelist John R. Van Gelderen

Greater Works Conference – 2007


“What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?”  -- Romans 6:1-2

The Gospel to sinners proclaims freedom from the penalty of sin.

The Gospel to saints proclaims freedom from the power of sin.

The Gospel to sinners is “Christ died for our sins.” (Substitution)

The Gospel to saints is “we died with Christ.” (Identification)

The Gospel to sinners demands a response of faith. (choice of dependence)

The Gospel to saints demands responses of faith. (walk of dependence)

Are you rightly responding to the Gospel to Saints?




Similarity to Faith for Salvation

Outline of how to have victory 1.            Admit you’re a sinner2.            Ask for the Holy Spirit3.            Attempt to walk in the Spirit

u Overview of Collective Responses to Salvation Facts

Ø  Understanding (Mind)

§  Fact 1:  All are sinners.

§  Fact 2:  All are bound to sin and headed to hell.

§  All need Christ as Savior.

Ø  Agreement (Affections)

§  I am a sinner.

§  I am bound to sin and headed to Hell.

§  I need Christ as my Savior.

Ø  Dependence (Will)

§  I depend on Christ to save me from sin and Hell.

Page 13

u Overview of Collective Responses to Sanctification Facts:

Ø  Understanding (mind)

§  Fact 1: All believers are saints.

§  Fact 2: All saints are free to live victoriously
and headed to Heaven.

§  Fact 3: Christ is the victory.

Ø  Agreement (Affections)

§  I am a saint!    Romans 5:17-21

§  I am free to live victoriously!

§  Christ is my victory!

Ø  Dependence (Will)

§  I depend on Christ to live his victorious
life through mine! (repeated access)

u Expansion of Collective Responses according to Romans 6

I.    Understand the Facts of Sanctification    6:3-10

ð Key word: “know” (3 times: vv. 3, 6, 9 – yet three different words)

ð There are three facts you must know.

A.  Fact 1: All Believers are ­     Saints       .

ð Identification with the death of Christ necessitates identification with the life of Christ.

                1.    Truth Statement (6:3) “know” (agnoeo)

& Romans 6:3

“Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?”

ð  When we were placed into Christ (at salvation), we were placed into His death.

                2.    Purpose Statement (6:4) “that” (hina)

& Romans 6:4

“Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.”

ð We died with Christ so that we might live with Christ.

                3.    Reason Statement (6:5) “for”

& Romans 6:5

“For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:”

ð Union with Christ in His death demands union with Christ in His resurrection.

B.   Fact 2: All Saints are Free to Live      Victoriously                     .

ð Identification with the death of Christ liberates us from sin as a master.

                1.      Truth Statement (6:6a) “knowing” (ginosko)

Page 14

& Romans 6:6a

“Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him . . .”

ð  Our unregenerated spirits were crucified with Christ.

                2.    Purpose Statement (6:6b) “that” (hina)

& Romans 6:6b

“ . . . that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.”

ð  The crucifixion of our unregenerated spirits was to free us from forced service to the master of sin.

                3.    First Reason Statement (6:7) “For”

& Romans 6:7

“For he that is dead is freed from sin.”

ð  Through the separation of death, sin is no longer our master.

                4.    Second Reason Statement (6:8)

& Romans 6:8

“Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him:”

ð  Separation from sin (as our old master) is followed by union with Christ (as our new Master)


ð  Unregenerated condition:

§  dead to/separated from God

§  alive to/joined to sin

ð  Regenerated Condition:

§  dead to/separated from sin

§  alive to/joined to God

      C.    Fact 3:        Christ    is the Victory!

ð  Identification with the death and resurrection of Christ finalizes the victory over death and sin.

                1.    Truth Statement (6:9) “knowing” (oida)

& Romans 6:9

“Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him."

ð  Christ’s resurrection freed Him forever from death’s dominion.

                2.    Reason Statement (6:10) “For”

& Romans 6:10

“For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God.”

ð  Christ’s death to sin was once for all and His life/living to God is forever.



            We are in him – free from sin’s claim of death (we died) and free to live to God!

Page 15

II.   Personalize the Facts of Sanctification (6:11)

& Romans 6:11

“Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.”

ð  After presenting the facts, we find the first imperative in the text.

ð  This command, however, is not directly to your will, but to your mind (reckon) and to your affections (yourselves)

ð  “Reckon” is an accounting term (cf. Romans 3:28)

·         In Christ (6:11b), you are separated from sin (sinful life) and united to God (Holy Life).

ð  We must heartily agree with the facts!

A.  Fact One: I am a Saint!

B.  Fact Two: I am Free to Live Victoriously!

C.  Fact Three: Christ is My Victory!

III.  Depend on the facts of Sanctification (6:12-23)

ð After the command to your mind and affections come three imperatives directly to your will.

A.  Two “     Stop             “ Commands

Stop placing yourself under the authority of sin (6:12).

& Romans 6:12

“Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.”

Stop presenting your bodily members as accomplices to sin (6:13a).

& Romans 6:13

“Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin:”

B.  One “     Start             “ Command

Start presenting all to God (6:13b&14)

& Romans 6:12

“ . . . but yield ye yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God. For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.”

ð  NOTE: Faith here is described rather than stated.

                            1.    Presentation: Surrender/Faith – both directional (6:13) and daily (6:16)

a.    To God (6:13)

& Romans 6:13

“Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.”

b.    For Obedience (6:15-16)

& Romans 6:15-16

Page 16

“What then? Shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid. Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?”

c.    With bodily members (6:17-19)

& Romans 6:17-19

“But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.  Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness. I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity: even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.”

                            2.    Promise: Sanctification (6:20-23)

& Romans 6:20-23

“For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free from righteousness. What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death. But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life. For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”

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Romans 7:1-25

I.    The analogy of being a _Slave__ to the Law

      A.  While a person is _Alive_____ he is under the dominion of the law

      B.  The example of __Marriage_______

            1.   A woman is bound to the husband as long as he is alive

            2.   A woman is freed from the law of her husband when her husband dies

            3.   A woman married to another man while her husband is alive is an adulteress

            4.   A woman is free to marry another man if her husband is dead

II.   The possibility of being ___Free__________ from the Law

      A.  We must be ___Married__ to a new Master

            1.   By identifying with the death of Christ

            2.   So that we will bring forth fruit unto God

            3.   We are able to serve in the newness of the Spirit

      B.  The reality of being married to the ___Flesh__________

            1.   The passions of our flesh worked in our members

            2.   The fruit of our flesh brought forth death

            3.   We are governed by the dictates of the law

III.  The defense of the _purpose_______ of the Law

      A.  The Law is not sin

            1.   The Law ___reveals_______ sin to the sinner

            2.   The Law __intensifies__ the reality of sin

            3.   The revival of an awareness to sin increased the awareness of ___Death/ condemnation__

      B.  The Law and the commandments contained in it are holy, just, and good

            1.   The holy law which is good did not produce death, but revealed death to us

            2.   The holiness of the just law reveals the great extent of our sin

            3.   The law is spiritual, but we are carnal and sold under sin

IV. The declaration of __Freedom___ from the Law to serve a new Master

      A.  In our flesh we do what we hate and can not approve

            1.   Our behavior forces us to admit that the law is _Good__

            2.   The desires of our flesh (sin) seek our submission to its demands

            3.   We find ourselves _____Yielding____ to what we do not approve

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      B.  An awareness of the law of our members being __opposed___ to the law of our mind

            1.   The law of our mind recognizes that the inward man delights in the law of God

            2.   The law of our members brings us into captivity to the law of sin

            3.   The war of these laws makes us aware of our wretchedness and produces desire to be ______delivered___

      C.  Christ is the only hope of _Victory_________ over the law of sin that wars in our flesh

            1.   With our __Mind___ we serve the law of God

            2.   With our __Flesh__ we serve the law of sin

V.  The progression of truth __Learned____ from the Law

      A.  The law made sin __Alive__ in me

      B.  Sin made me conscious of _Death________

      C.  Death made me conscious of my need for __Life__

      D.  My desire for __life_____ brought me to ____Christ___

      E.  In coming to __Christ____ I found life

      F.   In finding life in Christ I ____desire____ to live for God

      G.  In my desire to live for God I ____crucify___ the flesh

      H.  In crucifying the flesh I become like _Christ__

Note:    What has been expressed here is simply another way of describing the Spirit filled life, which is the very subject the Apostle Paul now introduces in Romans 8.



Righteousness can be fulfilled in us ***


Romans 8:1-39

I.    A New _responsibility__   8:1‑13

      A.  To not walk after the law sin and death    vv. 5‑8

            1.   The law of sin and death brings ____condemnation______

            2.   The law of sin and death could not fulfill the ______righteousness____ of the law

            3.   Those who walk after the law of sin and death _Mind_____ the things of the flesh

            4.   To be carnally minded is ___death_____

            5.   The carnal mind is enmity against ___enmity___ and can not please God

                  a.   Because it is not subject to the law of God

                  b.   Because it can not be brought into subjection to the law

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      B.  To walk after the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus    vv. 1‑4

            1.   Made possible through the _gift______ of God’s Son (be able to describe Vs. 3) ***

                  a.   Christ in the likeness of sinful flesh took upon Himself our condemnation

                  b.   Christ in the likeness of sinful flesh condemned sin in the flesh

            2.   The experience of those who __walk__________ after the Spirit

                  a.   Frees them from _condemnation_____

                  b.   The righteousness of the law can be ___fulfilled________ in them

                  c.   They are able to mind the things of the Spirit

                        1)   Produces life

                        2)   Produces peace

      C.  To realize we are not in the flesh, but in the __Spirit____    vv. 9-11

            1.   If we have been saved by God’s Spirit than we are in the Spirit

            2.   The body bears the sentence of death, but the Spirit has the life of righteousness

            3.   The Spirit of life will quicken our mortal bodies

      D.  To realize we have an obligation to __live_____ in the Spirit    vv. 12-13

            1.   To live after the flesh is to __die____

            2.   To live after the Spirit is to have ___life_____

II.   A New ___Relationship_________    8:14‑15

      A.  Those who are led by the Spirit are the __sons______ of God

      B.  Those who are led by the Spirit have received the Spirit of ___adoption______

            1.   We do not have the Spirit of bondage which produces ___Fear_____

            2.   We have the Spirit of adoption which causes us to cry, “Abba, Father”

III.  A New __hope_________    8:16‑25

      A.  The ___hope_____ for God’s children

            1.   The witness of God’s Spirit assures us we are God’s children

            2.   As God’s children we are _Heirs______

                  a.   Heirs of God

                  b.   Joint-heirs with Christ

                  c.   The reality of suffering for Christ assures us of sharing Christ’s glory

                        1)   Present suffering is a reality    Philippians 1:29-30; II Tim. 3:12; I Thes. 3:3

                        2)   Future glory is far greater

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      B.  The _Hope____ for God’s creation

            1.   For a sin cursed _Creature____ which awaits _Redemption_________

            2.   For a sin cursed __earth________ which awaits _______ Redemption _

            3.   For our sin cursed ___bodies______ which await ___ Redemption _____

                  a.   We have the first fruits of the _spirit_______  (proof we are saved)

                  b.   We await the realization of our ___adoption___________  (hope because we are saved)

                  c..  We wait __patiently___ for this redemption  (growth for those saved)

                        1)   We are saved by hope (confidence in God’s promises)

                        2)   We hope for what can not be seen (hope ceases upon fulfillment of promise)

                        3)   Hope produces patience in the person who claims the promise

1 John is written so that they would believe so they could come before God with confidence and expect God to work. We can come with boldness and confidence to God

IV. A New ___Help___________    8:26‑27

      A.  The help of the Holy Spirit because of our ___infirmities_____

      B.  The help of the Holy Spirit to make ____intercession______ for us

            1.   Because we do not know what to pray for as we ought

            2.   To make groanings that cannot be uttered

                  a.   He that searches the hearts knows the __Mind___ of the Spirit (God)

                  b.   To intercede for the saints according to the __Will_____ of God

V.  A New ____ knowledge________________    8:28‑30

      A.  All things work together for ___Good_______

            1.   To those who __Love____ God

            2.   To those __called____ according to God’s purpose

      B.  The purpose of God

            1.   God's foreknowledge ‑ He knows who will get ___saved______

            2.   Our predestination ‑ all saved are predetermined to be _Christ____- like

            3.   Our calling ‑ to __serve_______ Him according to the _Bible / Truth__

            4.   Our justification ‑ positionally without ___Sin______ before God

            5.   Our glorification ‑ being __Changed____ into Christ's likeness (final State/reality)

VI. A New ___Confidence_________    8:31‑39

      A.  God is for us

            1.   He gave His __Son_

            2.   He will give us ___Freely_____ all things

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      B.  We cannot be condemned

            1.   God has eternally __Justified_______ us

            2.   Christ ______Died_________ and rose again

            3.   Christ _____intercedes____ for us at the right hand of God

My Life
God’s sovereignty Vs. Mans responsibility
Choices of faith / or opportunity to sin

      C.  We cannot be separated from the ___Love____ of Christ

            1.   By any _fleshly _ trial

            2.   By any _Spiritual_ trial

            3.   By any _Future _trial

Romans 9:1-33


I.    Paul's Love for the _Jews_   9:1-3

A.   A constant _concern_ - honestly expressed and confirmed in Paul’s conscience)

1.    Great heaviness

2.    Continual sorrow

      B.  A willing _sacrifice__ - willing to be accursed if it were possible

C.   A sincere _Desire_ - that the Jewish people would be saved

II.   God's Rejection of __Israel____    9:4-29

      A.  Opportunities __Ignored_______

Jealousy Being removed from a preferred position. This is not envy.Jealousy is meant to prevent the relationship.

      1.   Referred to as the son(s) of God

      2.   Experienced the glory of God

      3.   Received God’s promises (covenants) to the patriarchs

4.    Revealed His law through Moses

5.    Prescribed a system of worship

6.    Given God’s promises through the prophets

7.    The lineage through which Christ was born

      B.  Rejection ___Justified________

            1.   A __True___ Israelite identified

                  a.   Not those who are of the physical seed of Abraham

                  b.   Those who have been chosen by the Sovereign will of God

1)    The illustration of Isaac and Ishmael

a)   The children of (that come forth from) the ­­_Flesh_ are not the children of God

            b)   The children of (that come forth from) the _Faith_____ are true Israelites

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2)    The illustration of Jacob and Esau

a)   Jacob was called before either child did good or evil

            b)   God’s choice of Jacob revealed the purpose of God

·         God’s choice was not based upon _works_

·         God _Chose_ to love Jacob and hate Esau

      C.  Objection to God's _Objection_

1.    God is not _Unrighteous_

a.   God chooses the ones He will show mercy and compassion to

b.   God’s mercy is not based upon human exertion

c.   Pharaoh was raised up that God might reveal His power to the world

            2.   God is _Sovereign_

                  a.   We would be arrogant to _Question_______ God

                  b.   Clay does not question the _Question________

            3.   God is accomplishing His _Purposes_ by choosing whom He will

                  a.   To show His _Wrath_

                  b.   To show His _Power_

(Focused that God will call gentiles to be his people & God will preserve a remnant of his people)

                  c.   To show His _Mercy_

            4.   God has declared in His Word who His people are

a.    As identified by Hosea 2:23; 1:10

b.    As identified by Isaiah 10:22; 11:5; 28:22; 1:9; 13:19; 28:16; 10:11

c.    As identified by Paul

1)    Gentiles have attained to righteousness by _Faith_______

                        2)   Jews have failed to attain God’s righteousness due to their __Unbelief______

                              a)   They followed the law of righteousness, but not by faith

                              b)   They stumbled at the stumbling stone (they did not believe on Jesus Christ)

Paul brings it (sovereignty & responsibility) all back to faith.

Romans 10:1-21

I.    God's Rejection ___Explained________

Note:    God had every right to reject Israel, but He chose to bless Israel.  Israel chose to reject God. 

      A.  Paul’s sincere desire was that Israel would be _Saved_____

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      B.  Three facts prevented Israel from receiving God's righteousness ***

            1.   They failed to properly __peruse______ righteousness by faith

                  a.   They did not pursue by __Faith___, but by _Works__

                  b.   They pursued with __Zeal_, but not according to knowledge (of the Holy One)

            2.   They failed to acknowledge Christ was their _Righteousness_

                  a.   They were ignorant of God’s righteousness

                        1)   They sought to establish their own righteousness

                        2)   They did not submit to the righteousness of God

                  b.   Christ _Alone_ is the way to righteousness

1)    The righteousness of Christ must be received by faith

2)    The righteousness of the law demands that a person live by the law

                  c.   Righteousness that is received by faith is described

1)    It was readily ___available_______

a)    No one needed to ascend up into heaven to get it

b)    No one needed to raise Christ up from the grave

c)    The Gospel was in their mouth and in their heart

                        2)   It could be __received________

                              a)   _confess_____ with the mouth ‑ demonstrates genuiness

                              b)   _Believe__ in the heart ‑ an act of faith & precedes #1 (note verse 10)

                              c)   _Confidence_______ in Christ as Savior is God's only way

                        3)   It would be ____Sufficient______

a)    Those who believe would not be ashamed

b)    Those who believe could be Jew or Greek

                        4)   It must be _Proclaimed________

a)    Must believe before they will call

b)    Must hear before they will believe

c)    Must have a preacher before they can hear

d)    A preacher must be sent before he can preach

            3.   They failed to _Obey_ the Gospel when it was declared unto them

                  a.   Many passages prove they had the Gospel declared unto them

                 b.   Since faith comes by hearing and hearing by the Word of God, the indication is that they had been told the Gospel, but had refused to hear the Gospel

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Romans 11:1-36

I.    God Always Preserves a Remnant

      A.  God has not cast away His people

1.    Paul was an Israelite that was not cast away

2.    The example of Elijah

                  a.   He thought he was the only one _Serving_ God

                  b.   God assured him He had reserved _7,000_ for Himself

      B.  God presently has a remnant of His people

            1.   According to His election of _Grace_

                  a.   This is not according to man's _Works_

                  b.   This is according to their response to God's _Grace_

2.   Those who did not respond to His grace were _Blinded_

a.    As declared in Isaiah 29:10

b.    As declared by David is Psalm 69:22-23

II.   God's Purpose Accomplished by their Stumbling

      A.  Salvation was given to the _Gentiles_

      B.  Salvation of the _ Gentiles _ provoked the Jews to jealousy

1.    Paul was called to be an Apostle to the Gentiles

2.    Paul’s desire is that the jealousy of the Jews would bring them back to God in salvation

      C.  Salvation of the _ Gentiles _ made both richer

1.    Being cast away provided reconciliation to the world

2.    The Jews’ return to God was like raising them from the dead

III.  God's Blessings to Israel

      A.  The example of the _Dough_

B.   The example of the _Root_& _Branches_

1.    The Jews are the natural branches of the olive tree

2.    The wild branches grafted into the olive tree are the Gentiles

3.    Both were allowed to partake of the nourishment of the root and trunk

IV. God's Blessing to the Gentiles

      A.  Cautioned about _Pride_

1.    They were not to boast that they were chosen to take the place of the natural branches

2.    They were a part of the tree due to the Jews unbelief, not due to their own merit

3.    They were to respond in fear to God (lest they also be removed from the tree)

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      B.  God willingness to restore the Jews to the olive tree

1.    If they return from their unbelief

2.    Because they were natural branches of the tree

3.    God allowed their blindness until the Gentiles had received the light

4.    There is coming a time when all Israel will turn to God in salvation

a.    They were enemies of God for the Gentiles sake

b.    By election they were beloved by God

c.    The gifts and calling of God are without repentance

5.    The Gentiles obtained mercy through the Jews unbelief

6.    The Jews will come back to faith through God’s mercy to the Gentiles

7.    God’s desire is to have mercy upon all who are in unbelief

V.  God's Bountiful _Wisdom_

      A.  The depth of His _Wisdom_

      B.  His unsearchable _Judgment_

C.   His indiscernible _Ways_

D.   His incomprehensible _Mind_

1.    We do not know God’s mind

2.    We are not God’s counselor

3.    We have not first given to God so that we can receive from Him

E.   His matchless _Glory_

1.    All things come forth from God

2.    All things are to be done through God

3.    All things are to be done as unto God (given back to Him)


Romans 12:1-21

I.    _Prepared_ to Serve    12:1‑3

      A.  _Salvation_    v. 1a (past penalty of sin, present power of sin, future presence of sin)

            1.   Provided by God’s mercies

            2.   Presents a request

      B.  _Submission_    vv. 1b‑2

            1.   Present yourself to _God_

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                  a.   A living sacrifice

                  b.   A holy sacrifice

                  c.   An acceptable sacrifice

            2.   God will separate you from the things of the _World_

                  a.   Non-conformity requires God’s transforming power

                  b.   God’s transforming power involves the renewing of the mind

Knowing the Will of God: Surrender so that in knowing God’s will you will discovery that His will is better than your plans

            3.   The means of knowing God’s will

                  a.   God’s will is good

                  b.   God’s will is acceptable

                  c.   God’s will is perfect

      C.  _Humility_    v. 3

            1.   Sober mindedness

            2.   By God’s gift of faith

II.   _Equipped_ to Serve    12:6‑9 (I Corinthians 12)

      A.  As members of Christ’s body

            1.   The members are many and varied

            2.   The body is one and interdependent

      B.  As members who have been given gifts

            1.   The gifts are given by God’s grace (Supernatural Enabling)

            2.   The gifts differ based upon God’s will*** know in order

                  a.   _Prophecy_ (Ability to Preach/ speech forth, not just predictive) – prophets are bk & Wt

                  b.   _Ministry_(Serving physical needs)

                  c.   _Teaching_(Teaching – Good teachers don’t always have the Gift) – walking encyplodia

                  d.   _Exhortation_(Discipline / admonishing / very positive / practical)

                  e.   _Giving_(person who has great idea of $)

                  f.    _Ruling_(administration / organized / able to see the big picture)

                  g.   _Mercy_(Broad view of people – can sense the emotional needs)

The Spiritual Gifts can be determined by explaining what you think would be the perfect church. The type of Church you want will reveal.

III.  _Guidelines_ to Serve    12:10‑21

(All the gifts need to be governed by Christ’s Love)

      A.  General principles to live

            1.  Love without _Dissimulation / self serving_

            2.  Hate _Evil_ and hold to _Good_

            3.  Brotherly _Love_

            4.  Preferring one another

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Gifts outside of Romans(I Corinthians 12, Romans 12, Ephesians 4) 1.            Miracle - Manifestational2.            Leadership – Ministerial3.            Ministry - Motivational

            5.  Not slothful in _Business_

            6.  Fervently serving the _Lord_

            7.  Rejoicing in _Hope_

            8.  Patient in _Tribulation_

            9.  Instant in _Prayer_

           10.  Distributing to the necessity of the _Saints_

           11.  Given to _Hospitality_ (love to strangers)

           12.  _Bless_ and do not _Curse_ the persecutors

           13.  Rejoice with the _Joyful_

           14.  Weep with the _Sorrowful__

      B.  Directives within the church

            1.   _Unity_ in ministry and service

            2.   _Humility_ in ministry and service

            3.   Selfless spirit in _Service_

      C.  Directives toward the unsaved

            1.   _Honesty_

            2.   _Peace_

            3.   Don't seek _revenge_

                  a.   Allow God to justly recompense men for their deeds

                  b.   Vengeance belongs to God

            4.   Overcome evil with _Good_

                  a.   Give your enemy the basic necessities of life

                  b.   Helping your enemy will give God opportunity to convict him

Romans 13:1-14

I.    Responsibility to _Government_ (_subjection_)    13:1‑7***

      A.  Submit to honor _God_

            1.   To resist the government would be to resist God and receive damnation

            2.   Rulers are to be a terror to evil                                                                        

            3.   Good citizens should be praised by the rulers

      B.  Submit for _Wrath_ sake

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            1.   We realize government officials are ministers of _God_ to us for good

            2.   Fear of punishment should motivate us to do _Good_

            3.   Government is not to bear the _Sword_ in vain

      C.  Submit for _Conscience_ sake

            1.   We pay tribute (_Taxes_) so government can attend to governing

            2.   Our conscience should cause us to pay appropriate fees, sense fear, and show honor

II.   Responsibility to _Society _ (_Love_)    13:8‑14

LoveBe honest about Sin and confront people about sin.

      A.  Those who love others fulfill the Law

            1.   We are to love _God_

            2.   We are to love our _Neighbor_ as our self

      B.  Those who love others are motivated unto righteousness

            1.   We will work no ill toward our _Neighbor _

Love & the LawThere is nothing in the Law that would not be fulfilled if you simply loved someone.

                  a.   No _adultery_

                  b.   No _killing_

                  c.   No _Stealing_______

                  d.   No _Lying__________

                  e.   No _covenanting____

            2.   We will wear __Christ’s__ righteousness (Light)

                  a.   Because of His _Soon__ return

                        1)   The night is far spent

                        2)   The day is at hand

                  b.   By casting off the works of darkness and wearing the armor of __Light______

7 Principles from Romans 141.   Pure Conscience (Fully persuaded)2.   Priority Claim 3.   Personal Accountability 4.   Proper Testimony 5.   Propagating God’s work6.   Protecting the brethren (I Corinthians 8:7)7.   Practical Faith

                        1)   Walk honestly

                        2)   Not in rioting and drunkenness

                        3)   Not in chambering and wantonness

                        4)   Not in strife and envying

                  c.   By making no provision for the lust of the flesh

Romans 14:1 - 15:13

I.          __accepting__ those with differing _Standards_    14:1‑3

      A.  Do not permit doubtful _Disputations_

      B.  Do not _Despise_ the more cautious

      C.  Do not _Condemn_ the less cautious

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II.   _Accounting_ of our _conversation_ 14:4‑12

      A.  A servant must answer to his own _Master_

      B.  A Christian must maintain a clear __Conscience_

            1.   We must be persuaded in our own mind before _God_

            2.   We must be able to sincerely _Thank_ God in what is done

            3.   We must do all things as unto the _Lord_

      C.  A Christians must realize he will answer to _God_

            1.   Christ death and resurrection gives Him the authority to judge man

            2.   All will stand before the judgment seat of Christ

                  a.   As declared in Isaiah 45:23

                  b.   To give an account of ourselves before God

      D.  A Christian must realize he is the Lord's _Servant_

III.  _Actions_ toward a weaker _Brother_   14:13 ‑ 15:13

      A.  Be careful to not be a _Weaker brother_

      B.  Be careful to show _Deference_

            1.   Be more concerned about the other person than we are about ourselves

            2.   Be sensitive to our conscience

            3.   Do not destroy another Christian with our liberty

      C.  Be careful to guard our Christian testimony

            1.   The essence of Christianity

                  a.   _Righteousness_ ‑ seek to edify others according to _Truth_ (What is right as a pattern)

                  b.   _Peace_ ‑ pursue things that will produce _Peace_

                  c.   _Joy_ ‑ a fruit of the Holy Spirit as He is free in our midst to do His work

            2.   Those that serve Christ are accepted by God

                  a.   Pursue what makes for peace

                  b.   Pursue what will allow for edification

      D.  Be careful to not destroy or _Hinder_ God's Work

            1.   It is _evil_ to live in a fashion that causes offense

            2.   It is _Evil?______ to avoid any behavior that would hinder a fellow Christian

                  a.   By what we eat or drink

                  b.   By causing them to stumble, be offended, or become weak

            3.   Do all things according to _Faith_

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                  a.   Faith before God in our liberty

                        1)   Do not flaunt our liberty in doubtful things before our fellow Christians

2)   Such activity can only be enjoyed if we do not condemn ourselves by causing others to be offended

                  b.   Faith before God in our restraint

                        1)   To participate when uncertain will bring damnation

                        2)   Anything not done in faith (with confidence) is sin

      E.  Be careful to bear the infirmities of the _Weak_    15:1-13

            1.   We must _Stop_ pleasing _ourselves_

            2.   We must _Start_ to please our _Neighbor (Weaker)_

                  a.   So he might be _Edified_

                  b.   So we might show forth _Christ__

                  C.  To give evidence that we have learned from _Examples______ in Scripture

            3.   We must _Strive_________ for __Unity___________

                  a.   So God will be __Glorified__

                  b.   So all people will have the __Gospel________

                  c.      So _Hope_, _Peace_ and _Joy_ will abound in all

Romans 15:14 - 16:27

I.    Paul Expresses His Personal interest in the Roman Christians

      A.  His confidence in their testimony

            1.   That they were full of goodness

            2.   That they were filled with all knowledge

            3.   That they were able to admonish one another

      B.  His confidence in God’s call upon his life

            1.   Gives him boldness to declare God’s truth because God’s grace is upon him

             2.  God’s grace directed him to be a minister to the Gentiles

                  a.   To preach the Gospel to the Gentiles so that they might be set apart unto God

                  b.   God had used Paul to mature the Gentiles by God's grace

                        1)   Through signs and wonders by the Holy Spirit’s power

                        2)   Throughout the regions of the Gentiles, beginning at Jerusalem

                        3)   In areas that Christ had not been named lest he build upon another’s foundation

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      C.  His desire to visit Rome

            1.   This was a desire for many years

            2.   Desired to meet them in Spain and be accompanied by them to Rome    vv. 24, 28

            3.   Paul planned to go to Jerusalem first

                  a.   To take an offering from the Gentiles to the needy Jewish saints

                  b.   The Gentiles shared material blessings as the Jews had shared spiritual blessings

      D.  His desire for their _Prayers_

            1.   That he be delivered from his __Persecutors______ (the _Unbelievers_)

            2.   That the offering from the Gentiles would be accepted by the Jews

            3.   That God would finally allow him to come to Rome

                  a.   Causing him joy

                  b.   Causing him to be refreshed

      E.  His prayer that God peace be with them

II.   Paul Expresses His Personal _Concern_____________

      A.  Paul speaks of over _30___ individuals and/or churches

            1.   Mentioning specific names shows a genuine interest

            2.   Mentioning specific details about these people shows genuine concern

      B.  Paul's concern for their __Physical_____ welfare

            1.   He commends Phoebe unto them

                  a.   A sister in the Lord

                  b.   A servant in the church of Cenchrea

                  c.   That she be given a Christian welcome

                  d.   That she be assisted in her business

                  e.   Based upon the fact that she has helped many in the past, including Paul

            2.   He greets Priscilla and Aquila and the church that is in their house

                  a.   Paul’s helpers in Christ

                  b.   Risked their lives for Paul

                  c.   Appreciated by Paul and the churches of the Gentiles

            3.   Others Paul mentions with a specific detail about their life

                  a.   Epaenetus – well beloved and the first fruits of Achaia

                  b.   Mary – bestowed much labor on Paul

                  c.   Andronicus and Junia – kinsmen and fellow prisoners saved before Paul

                  d.   Amplias – beloved in the Lord

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                  e.   Urbane – helper in Christ

                  f.    Stachys – beloved

                  g.   Apelles – approved in Christ

                  h.   The household of Aristobulus

                  i.    Herodion – Paul’s kinsman

                  j.    The household of Narcissus which are in the Lord

                  k.   Tryphaena and Tryphosa who labor in the Lord

                  l.    Persis – beloved and labored much in the Lord

                  m.  Rufus – chosen in the Lord

                  n.   The mother of Rufus (and Paul’s)

                  o.   Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren with them

                  p.   Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, Olympas, and all saints with them

            4.   Paul encourages them to greet each other and sends greeting from the churches

      C.  Paul's concern for their __Spiritual_________ welfare

            1.   Paul’s concern for those who cause divisions and offenses concerning doctrine

                  a.   The believer’s response toward them

                        1)   _Mark_ them

                        2)   _Avoid_ them

                  b.   The characteristics that identify them

                        1)   They do not serve the Lord Jesus Christ

                        2)   They serve their own belly

                        3)   Deceive the simple by clever verbiage

            2.   Paul’s concern for the continued faithfulness of the Christians

                  a.   Their testimony was evident throughout the world

                  b.   Be _Simple_ to things that are _Evil_

                  c.   Be _Wise_ about those things that are _Good_

                  b.   The characteristics that identify them

                        1)   They do not serve the Lord Jesus Christ

                        2)   They serve their own belly

                        3)   They deceive the simple by clever verbiage

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      D.  Conclusion

            1.   A mention of the soon return of Christ

            2.   A prayer for God’s grace to be upon them    vv. 20, 24

            3.   A personal greeting from Paul’s companions

                  a.   Timothy – Paul’s workfellow

                  b.   Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater – Paul’s kinsmen

                  c.   Tertius – the one who wrote the Epistle******************************

                  d.   Gaius – the host

                  e.   the whole church

                  f.    Erastus – the chamberlain of the city

                  g.   Quartus – a brother

            4.   A prayer of benediction

                  a.   To God who was able to establish them

                        1)   According to the Gospel and preaching of Jesus Christ

                        2)   According to the revelation of the mystery    Gal.; Eph; Col.

                              a)   Kept secret before the ascension of Christ

                              b)   Now is made known to all nations

·         By the scriptures of the prophets

·         According to the commandment of God

·         For the obedience of faith

                  b.   To God who is only wise

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