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Kings Project

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Kings of Israel

Saul                                                                                                                                        

v  1st Israelite King                                                                                                               

v  Kingdom – Israel & Judah

v  Dynasty – Saul’s Dynasty

v  1st  in his Dynasty

Reign

v  Saul’s age at his coronation is not mentioned but we know that he was a “choice young man” (I Samuel 9:2) .

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 40 years.

v  Reigned from 1051 BC to 1011 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father –  Kish

v  Wives / Concubine – Ahinoam, Rizpah

v  Children –  Jonathan, Ishui, Merab, Melchishua, Michal, Mephibosheth, and Armon

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Agag, Nahash, David, and Achish,

v  Prophets – Samuel, and Gad

v  Capital - Gibeah

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  (I Samuel 9; 11:4-11; 13:2-11; 14:20-24, 35-38; 15:9-11; 18:7-9, 12; 28:8; 31:5; II Samuel 3:6; I Chronicles 10:4, 13;)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – Failing to trust and obey God.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  Both of Saul’s major failures occurred at Gilgal. First, he did not follow God’s orders and kill all of the almalikeites and their possessions. Second, he took it upon himself to perform priestly actions.


Kings of Israel

Ish-bosheth (also called Eshba'al or Ashba'al or Ishbaal)

v  2nd  King of divided Israel                                                                                               

v  Kingdom – Israel & Judah

v  Dynasty – Saul’s

v  2nd in his Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  40.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 2 years.

v  Reigned from 1010 BC to 1008 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Saul

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Prophets – Gad, Nathan?, Zadok?, Heman?

v  Contemporaries – Saul, David

v  Capital – Gibeah

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Samuel 2:8-15; 3:7-15; 4:5-12)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Bad King

v  Major mistake / Success – He did not give the kingdom over to David.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  Saul had received a curse from God and directly told that his dynasty would be cut off. God through Samuel had clearly anointed David to be the next king. To assume the position of King defied God’s plan.


Kings of Israel

David

v  2nd  King of divided Israel[1]                                                                                              

v  Kingdom – Israel & Judah

v  Dynasty – Davidic

v  1st in his Dynasty

Reign

v  Anointed to be king as a young boy 12-16.

v  Died at the age of  ?

v  Reigned for 33 years.

v  Reigned from 1000 BC to 962 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jesse

v  Wives – Michal, Ahinoam, Abigail, Maachah, Haggith, Abital, Eglah, and Bathsheba Children – Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, Amnon, Daniel, Absalom, Adonijah, Shephatian, Ithream, Ibhar, Elishua, Eliphelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada, Jerimoth, and Tamar

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Ish-Bosheth, Hadadezer, Hanun, Achish,

v  Prophets/ Advisors – Abner, Joab, Nathan, Ahimelech

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Samuel 16:1 - 26:16; II Samuel 2:1 - 21: 14; I Chronicles 15-16; 17:7-15; 22:5,9,10; 19:4,6,7)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Greatest King

v  Major mistake / Success – His most famous mistake is his immoral relationship with Bathsheba. His major success was being a “Man after God’s own heart”.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  David was a sinful man just like everyone else but, his heart was fully set on God. He put his trust in God all the time and God gave him many victories.

Kings of Israel

Solomon                                                                                                                                 

v  3rd  King of divided Israel                                                                                               

v  Kingdom – Israel & Judah

v  Dynasty – Davidic

v  2nd in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed about the age of 20.

v  Died at the age of 71.

v  Reigned for 40 years.

v  Reigned from 970 BC to 31 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – David

v  Mother – Bathsheba

v  Wives – Pharaoh Siamun’s daughter, plus 700 other wives (with an additional 300 concubines)

v  Children – Rehoboam

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings / rulers /  Queens – Adonijah, Joab, Abiathar, Shimei, Queen of Sheba, and Hadad

v  Prophets – Nathan, Ahijah?, “Old Prophet of Bethel”?, Iddo

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Kings 2:4-28; 5:2-18; 6:14; 11:9)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Bad King

v  Major mistake / Success – His wives were his major downfall. His building of the Temple was his greatest accomplishment.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  Although he started with a love for God he allowed many women to draw his heart away from God. Yes he had peace during his administration, but the nation was ready to erupt and split as soon as he was gone.


Kings of Israel

Jeroboam                                                                                                                                

v  1st King of divided Israel                                                                                                 

v  Kingdom – Israel

v  Dynasty – Jeroboam’s Dynasty

v  1st in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 22 years.

v  Reigned from 931 BC to 910 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Nebat an Ephrathite

v  Mother – Zeruah

v  Wives – Egyptian princess Ano (as per the Septuagint)

v  Children –  Nadab

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings - Shoshenq I, Rehoboam

v  Prophets – Ahijah, “Man of God”, “Old Prophet of Bethel”

v  Capital – Shechem, Tirzah

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  Overview (I Kings 11:26-14:20; II Chronicles 9:29-13:22)

v  Key passages  (I Kings 11:28, 40; 13:1-4, 34)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He established false worship.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He set up a golden calf at Dan and Bethel as a false worship of God to prevent his people from trying to once again unite with Judah.


Kings of Israel

Nadab

v  2th King of divided Israel                                                                                                

v  Kingdom -  Israel

v  Dynasty – Jeroboam

v  2nd in the Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 2 years.

v  Reigned from 910 BC to 909 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jeroboam

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Abijah

v  Prophets – Ahijah, unnamed prophet

v  Capital - Tirzah

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Kings 14:20; 15: 25-31)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He followed his father’s footsteps

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He did evil in the sight of the Lord.


Kings of Israel

Baasha                                                                                                                                    

v  3rd King of Divided Israel                                                                                                

v  Kingdom – Israel

v  Dynasty – Baasha

v  1st in his Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 24 years.

v  Reigned from 909 BC to 886 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Children – Elah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Asa, Nadab, Ben-hadad

v  Prophets – Jehu

v  Capital - Tirzah

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (1 Kings 16: 5-10; 12-14)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He allied with the Syrians

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He did what was prophesied by the prophet, but then he negated personal responsibility in his life.


Kings of Israel

Elah                                                                                                                                        

v  4th King of Divided Israel                                                                                                

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Baasha

v  2nd in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 2 years.

v  Reigned from 886 BC to 885 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Baasha

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Asa

v  Capital - Tirzah

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Kings 16:8-14)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked king

v  Major mistake / Success – Followed wickedness

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He walked in the ways of Jeroboam.


Kings of Israel

Zimri                                                                                                                                      

v  5th King of divided Israel                                                                                                

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Zimri

v  1st  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 7 days.

v  Reigned in 885 BC.

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Asa

v  Capital - Tirzah

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  (I Kings 16:9-20)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Bad King

v  Major mistake / Success – assassinated Elah the king.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He Assassinated Elah the king


Kings of Israel

Tibni                                                                                                                                       

v  6th  King of divided Israel                                                                                               

v  Kingdom – Half of the people of Israel

v  Dynasty – Zimri?

v  2nd  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of ? .

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for a very short time.

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings -  Omri, Asa

v  Capital – Tirzah

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  (1 Kings 16:9-20)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Bad

v  Major mistake / Success – He failed to prevail over Omri.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was another man who sought to gain the kingdom of Israel. He fought against Omri and finaly Omri defeated him. He did have half of Israel following him before his defeat.


Kings of Israel

Omri                                                                                                                                       

v  6th King of divided Israel                                                                                                

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Omri

v  1st in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 12 years.

v  Reigned from 885 BC to 874 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Children – Ahab

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings - Shalmaneser III

v  Capital - Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Kings 16:16-18; 21-28)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Very Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He killed Zimri and then began to rule.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  God said that he was more wicked than all those who were before him.


Kings of Israel

Ahab                                                                                                                                      

v   7th King of divided Israel                                                                                               

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Omri

v  2nd in his Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 22 years.

v  Reigned from 874 BC to 853 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Omri

v  Wives – Jezebel

v  Children – Ahaziah, Jehoram

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings - Asa, Jehoshaphat, Ithobaal I, Shalmaneser III

v  Prophets – Micaiah, Elijah

v  Capital - Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Kings 16:29-22:40)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wickedest king

v  Major mistake / Success – Married Jezebel

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He followed in his father’s footsteps and went even farther. His wicked wife did much to damage the worship of Yahweh. In fact during his reign the worship of Yahweh became illegal.


Kings of Israel

Ahaziah                                                                                                                                  

v  8th King of divided Israel                                                                                                

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Omri

v  3rd in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  .

v  Died at the age of .

v  Reigned for 2 years.

v  Reigned from 853 BC to 852 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Ahab

v  Mother –Jezebel

v  Children –  Joram

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings - Jehoshaphat

v  Prophets –Elijah

v  Capital – Sameria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  (I Kings 22:51-55; II Kings 1:1-18; II Chronicles 20:35-37)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – Followed the footsteps of his father.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He called to Baal zebub of ekron for help instead of God.


Kings of Israel

Joram                                                                                                                                      

v  9th King of divided Israel                                                                                                

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Omri

v  4th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 12 years.

v  Reigned from 852 BC to 814 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Ahaziah

v  Mother – Ahab

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings - Hazael

v  Prophets - Elijah

v  Capital - Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Kings 3:1-9:26)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Bad king

v  Major mistake / Success – He followed the steps of his fathers.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He did put away the baal worship of his father, but did not go all the way with God. Therefore, we can call him one of Israel’s better of the bad kings.


Kings of Israel

Jehu                                                                                                                                        

v  10th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Jehoshaphat

v  1st  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 28 years.

v  Reigned from 841 BC to 814 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – son or grandson of Nimshi

v  Children – Jehoabaz

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Ahazaih, Shalmanesser

v  Prophets - Elisha

v  Capital - Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 9:1 – 10:36)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked king

v  Major mistake / Success – Bowed down to Shalmaneser of Assyria.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  Yes he did eradicate the house of Ahab and the worship of baal, but he was still a defective instrument in the hands of God


Kings of Israel

Jehoahaz                                                                                                                                 

v  11th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty – Jehoshaphat

v  2nd in his Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 17 years.

v  Reigned from 814 BC to 798 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father –  Jehu

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Hazael & Benhadad, Amaziah

v  Prophets – Elisha

v  Capital - Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 8:24; 13:4-6)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success –  He followed his fathers footsteps and continued calf worship.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was smart enough to call upon God to deliver him from the king of Assyria, but after God delivered him he didn’t turn from any of his wicked ways.


Kings of Israel

Jehoash (Joash)                                                                                                                      

v  12th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Jehu

v  3rd in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 16 years.

v  Reigned from 798 BC to 782 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jehoahaz

v  Children – Jeroboam II

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Amaziah, Uzziah, JeroboamII, Jehoahaz

v  Prophets – Elisha, Obed-Edom

v  Capital - Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 13:10-13, 25; 148-16; II Chronicles 25:23-29)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He chose to follow in the footsteps of those before him in defiance against God.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He attacked Jerusalem and took treasures and people back to Samaria.


Kings of Israel

Jeroboam II                                                                                                                            

v  13th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Jehu

v  4th in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 41 years.

v  Reigned from 782 BC to 753 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jehoash

v  Children – Zechariah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings - Uzziah

v  Prophets – Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah

v  Capital – Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (2 Kings 14:23-29)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked king

v  Major mistake / Success – He is given prosperity by God and brings Israel to its greatest point and yet he did that which was evil in the sight of God.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was idolatress and served other Gods.


Kings of Israel

Zechariah                                                                                                                               

v  14th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty - Jehu

v  5th in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of ? .

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 6 months.

v  Reigned in 753 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jeroboam II

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Uzziah,

v  Prophets - Hosea

v  Capital – Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   ( II Kings 15:8-12)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He walked in the wicked paths of his fathers.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He reigned for only six months and in that time he continued to lead Israel in sin.


Kings of Israel

Shallum                                                                                                                                  

v  15th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty – Shallum

v  1st in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  .

v  Died at the age of .

v  Reigned for 1 month.

v  Reigned in 752 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jabesh

v  Wives – Huldah

v  Children – Jehizkiah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings - Uzziah,

v  Capital – Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 15:10, 13-15)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – he was another wicked king who sought to advance his own cause and reject God.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  Killed Zechariah to gain his throne.


Kings of Israel

Menahem                                                                                                                               

v  16th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty – Shallum

v  2nd in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 10 years.

v  Reigned from 752 BC to 740 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Gadi

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings - Uzziah,

v  Prophets - Hosea

v  Capital – Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 15:14, 16-22)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He paid tribute to the king of Assyria.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was an assassin who ruled cruelly “by hook or by crook”.


Kings of Israel

Pekahiah                                                                                                                                 

v  17 th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty – Shallum

v  3rd in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of ? .

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 2 years.

v  Reigned from 742 BC to 740 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Menahem

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Uzziah, Tiglath Pileser III

v  Prophets - Hosea

v  Capital – Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 15:23-26)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – Just another wicked king.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He followed his fathers footsteps.


Kings of Israel

Pekah                                                                                                                                     

v  18th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty – Shallum

v  4th in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 20 years.

v  Reigned from 752 BC to 732 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Remaliah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Tiglath Pileser III, Rezin

v  Prophets – Hosea, Isaiah?, Michah?, Obed

v  Capital – Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 15:27-31)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He resisted God and sought to fulfill his own desires.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He formed an alliance with the Syrians of Damascus and attacked Ahaz king of Judah.


Kings of Israel

Hoshea                                                                                                                                   

v  19th King of divided Israel                                                                                              

v  Kingdom - Israel

v  Dynasty – Shallum

v  5th in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 9 years.

v  Reigned from 732 BC to 722 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Elah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Ahaz, Hezekiah, Tiglath Pileser III, Shalmaneser V

v  Prophets – Hosea, Isaiah?, Micah?

v  Capital – Samaria

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 15:30; 17:1-6)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He did evil in the sight of God, but he was not as bad as those who were before him.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was the best of the Kings of Israel, but he did too little to late.


Kings of Judah

Rehoboam                                                                                                                              

v  1st King of Judah                                                                                                             

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  3rd  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 17 years.

v  Reigned from 931 BC to 913 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Solomon

v  Wives – Mahalath and Abihail (for he took eighteen wives, and threescore concubines; and begat twenty and eight sons, and threescore daughters.)

v  Children – Abijah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Shishak, Jeroboam I

v  Prophets – Shemaiah, Iddo the Seer

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Kings 14:21-31; II Chronicles 9:31 -12:16 )

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Mostly Evil

v  Major mistake / Success – He forsook God and the council of the elders and went his own way.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He took part in splitting the Kingdom. He did serve as a good king for 3 years but he had no firm resolve to do right.


Kings of Judah

Abijah                                                                                                                                    

v  2nd King of Judah                                                                                                             

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  4th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of 25.

v  Died at the age of 28.

v  Reigned for 3 years.

v  Reigned from 913 BC to 911 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Rehoboam

v  Mother – Maachah or Michaiah

v  Children – Asa

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Jeroboam I

v  Prophets – Iddo the Seer

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Kings 15:1-8; II Chronicles 14:1-16:14)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Mostly Evil

v  Major mistake / Success – He defeated Jeroboam

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  Although he defeated Jeroboam he was a wicked king. God allowed him to defeat Jeroboam so that the Davidic line could continue.


Kings of Judah

Asa

v  3rd King of Judah                                                                                                             

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  5th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  .

v  Died at the age of .

v  Reigned for 41 years.

v  Reigned from 911 BC to 870 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Abijam

v  Mother – Maachah

v  Children – Jehoshaphat

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Nadab, Baasha, Elab, Zimri, Tibni, Omri, Ben Hadad, I Adad Nirari II, Tukulti Ninurta II, Assur Nasir Pal II

v  Prophets – Azariah, Hanahi,

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (1 Kings 15:18; II Chronicles 13:1-14:1)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Good

v  Major mistake / Success – He made an alliance with Assyria and paid them with the gold out of the temple. / He put away false Gods.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He brought Judah back to God. He did falter in his faith, but he looked to God as his master and did not openly defy God. He faltered in faith just like many Christians today. His righteousness had turned to self reliance and resulted in failure.


Kings of Judah

Jehoshaphat                                                                                                                            

v  4th King of Judah                                                                                                             

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  6th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  35.

v  Died at the age of 60.

v  Reigned for 25 years.

v  Reigned from 873 BC to 848 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Asa

v  Mother - Azubah

v  Children – Jehoram

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Ahab, Ben Hadad I, Ben Hadad II, Assur Nasir Pal II, Shalmaneser III

v  Prophets – Micaiah, Jehu

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (I Kings22:41-50; 2 Chronicles 17:1 – 21:1)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Good King

v  Major mistake / Success – He neglected to take away the high places. / He instructed the people in the ways of God.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He sent priests and leaders throughout the land and taught the people. He walked with God and did what was right in the sight of God.


Kings of Judah

Jehoram                                                                                                                                  

v  5th King of Judah                                                                                                             

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  7th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 8 years.

v  Reigned from 853 BC to 848 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jehoshaphat

v  Wives – Athaliah

v  Children – Jehosheba, Ahaziah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Joram, Shalmaneser III, Ben Haddad II

v  Prophets – Obadiah, Elijah

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 8:16-24;2 Chronicles 21:1-20)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Evil

v  Major mistake / Success – He married Athaliah (Ahab’s Daughter).

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  “Bloodiness” can explain his rule. He murdered his own brothers to gain power.


Kings of Judah

Ahaziah                                                                                                                                  

v  6th King of Judah                                                                                                             

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  8th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 1 year.

v  Reigned in 841 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Joram or Jehoram

v  Mother – Athaliah

v  Children – Athaliah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Jehu, Hazael, Shalmaneser III

v  Prophets – Elijah, Elisha

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 14:1-20; 2 Chronicles 25:1-28)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Evil king

v  Major mistake / Success – Cultivated a friendship with Ahab.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He compromised and followed in the ways of Ahab.


Kings of Judah

Athaliah                                                                                                                                 

v  7th King/Queen of Judah                                                                                                  

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - None

v  9th  in Dynasty (by marriage)

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of ?? .

v  Died at the age of ??.

v  Reigned for 6 years.

v  Reigned from 841 BC to 835 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Children – Ahaziah, Joash

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Ahaziah, Joash, Jehu, Hazael, Shalmaneser III

v  Prophets – Elijah, Elisha

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 11:1-20; II Chronicles 24:1-27)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Devilish

v  Major mistake / Success – She assumed the throne.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  When her son Athaliah died she took the throne and killed all the royal seed (except Joash).


Kings of Judah

Joash                                                                                                                                      

v  8th King of Judah                                                                                                             

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  10th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of 7.

v  Died at the age of 47.

v  Reigned for 40 years.

v  Reigned from 835BC to 796 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father - Ahaziah

v  Mother –Athaliah

v  Children – Amaziah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Jehu, Jihoash, Hazael, Ben Hadad III, Shalmaneser III, Shamshi-Adad V, Adad Nirari III

v  Prophets - Joel

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 11:21-12:21; 2 Chronicles 24:1-27)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Mostly Good King

v  Major mistake / Success – He turned the nation back to God.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He repaired the temple and had a love for Yahweh


Kings of Judah

Amaziah                                                                                                                                 

v  9th King of Judah                                                                                                             

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  11th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  ?.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 29 years.

v  Reigned from 796 BC to 767 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Joash

v  Children – Azariah (a.k.a. Uzziah)

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Jehoash, Ben Haddad III, Adad Nirari III

v  Prophets – Hosea

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  (II Kings 14:1-20; 2 Chronicles 25:1-28)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Mostly Good king

v  Major mistake / Success – He did what was right, but not with a perfect heart.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He did right and God blessed him, but because his heart was not turned toward God he began to allow his heart to be lifted in pride and take credit for God’s victories.


Kings of Judah

Azariah (a.k.a. Uzziah)                                                                                                          

v  10th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  12th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of 16.

v  Died at the age of 68.

v  Reigned for 52 years.

v  Reigned from 791 BC to 739 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Amaziah

v  Mother – Jecoliah

v  Children – Jotham

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Jeroboam II, Ben Hadad III, Tiglath Pileser III

v  Prophets – Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Isaiah

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 15:1-7; II Chronicles 26:1-23)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Good King

v  Major mistake / Success – He tried to offer sacrifice upon the temple alter.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He had lead the nation in worship of God and gave the nation a stability that they needed.


Kings of Judah

Jotham                                                                                                                                    

v  11th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  13th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of 25.

v  Died at the age of 41.

v  Reigned for 16 years.

v  Reigned from 750 BC to 731 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Azariah (a.k.a. Uzziah)

v  Children - Ahaz

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Pekah, Tiglath Pileser III

v  Prophets – Isaiah, Micah

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 15:32:38; II Chronicles 27:1-9)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Good King

v  Major mistake / Success –He subdued the Ammonites

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was a might man of God because he prepared his ways before the Lord.


Kings of Judah

Ahaz                                                                                                                                       

v  12th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  14th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of 20.

v  Died at the age of 36.

v  Reigned for 16 years.

v  Reigned from 732 BC to 716 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jotham

v  Wife – Abi or Abijah

v  Children – Hezekiah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Rezin, Pekah, Hoshea, Tiglath Pileser III

v  Prophets – Isaiah, Micah, Baladin

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 16:1-20; II Chronicles 28:1-27)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He made an alliance with Sacrificed his own children.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was more wicked than all the Kings of Judah before him. Upon returning from Damascus he gave Urijah the priest blueprints to build a new pagan alter. Step by step he tries to get rid of the Ark of the Covenant and destroy the worship of Yahweh. He closed the temple and promoted pagan worship.


Kings of Judah

Hezekiah                                                                                                                                

v  13th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  15th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  25.

v  Died at the age of 54.

v  Reigned for 29 years.

v  Reigned from 715 BC to 686 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Ahaz

v  Mother – Abi or Abijah

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Tirhakah, Sennacherib, Shabaku

v  Prophets – Isaiah, Micah

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 18:1-20:21; II Chronicles 29:1 – 21:33)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – The Best

v  Major mistake / Success – He trusted God and walked in his ways.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He repaired the temple and reinstated Passover. He also destroyed the bronze serpent because people were worshiping it. When trouble came from Sennacherib of Assyria he turned to God. He was not without faults, but he was a king who consistently walked with God.


Kings of Judah

Manasseh                                                                                                                               

v  14th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  16th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of 12.

v  Died at the age of 67.

v  Reigned for 55 years.

v  Reigned from 697 BC to 642 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Hezekiah

v  Children – Amon

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, Assurbanipal, Shebitku, Taharqa, and Tanutamn

v  Prophets – Isaiah, Jeremiah, Nahum

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 21:1-18; II Chronicles 33:1-20)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – The Worst King of Judah

v  Major mistake / Success – He was the leading cause for the Babylon captivity and was taken captive by them.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He rebuilt the high places that his father had torn down. In his captivity he turned back to God and God had mercy upon him.


Kings of Judah

Amon                                                                                                                                     

v  15th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  17th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  22.

v  Died at the age of 24.

v  Reigned for 2 years.

v  Reigned from 642 BC to 640 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Manasseh

v  Wife - Jediah

v  Children – Josiah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Assurbanipal, Tanutamun

v  Prophets – Jeremiah, Nahum

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings 21:19-26; II Chronicles 33:21-25)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Evil King

v  Major mistake / Success – He followed his father’s evil.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He learned his father’s evil ways, but he did not learn his father’s humility and repentance. His heart was lifted up in pride and he was assassinated.


Kings of Judah

Josiah                                                                                                                                     

v  16th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  18th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of 8.

v  Died at the age of 39.

v  Reigned for 31 years.

v  Reigned from 640 BC to 609 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Amon

v  Mother – Jediah

v  Children – Johanan, Jehoiakim, Zedekiah, Shallum

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Pharaohnechoh (Psamtik I), Necro II, Assurbanipal, Assur Etil Ilani, Nebuchadrezzar (Nabupolassar)

v  Prophets – Habakkuk, Nahum, Zephaniah, Jeremiah

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  (II Kings 22:1- 23:30; II Chronicles34:1-35:27)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Good King

v  Major mistake / Success – He renews the covenant.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He found the “Lost Law” and sought to obey God’s word and lead others to do the same. He celebrated Passover and it was said that he did it the greatest since the time of Samuel. He was eventually killed by Pharaoh Neco near Megiddo.


Kings of Judah

Jehoahaz                                                                                                                                 

v  17th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  19th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  23.

v  Died at the age of 23.

v  Reigned for 3 months.

v  Reigned in 609 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Josiah

v  Mother – Hamutal

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Necro II, Nabupolassar

v  Prophets – Jeremiah

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  (II Kings 23:31-34; II Chronicles 36:1-4)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He was taken captive by Egypt.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was only king for three mounts but he did enough evil to be sent to Egypt in captivity.


Kings of Judah

Jehoiakim                                                                                                                               

v  18th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  20th  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of 25.

v  Died at the age of 36.

v  Reigned for 11 years.

v  Reigned from 609 BC to 598 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Josiah

v  Brother – Necro II

v  Children – Jehoiachin

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Pharaohnechoh, Nebuchadnezzer

v  Prophets – Jeremiah, Habakkuk, Daniel, Urijah the son of Shemaiah

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v   (II Kings II Kings 23:8-17; II Chronicles 36:4-8)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He was Captured by Nebuchadnezzar

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He burned the Word of God with fire and it was during his reign that Daniel was taken captive.


Kings of Judah

Jehoiachin

v  20th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  21st  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  18.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 3 months and 10 days.

v  Reigned in 597 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jehoiakim

v  Mother – Nehushta

v  Children - Zedekiah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings – Nebuchadnezzar, Evilmerodach,

v  Prophets – Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezekiel

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  (II Kings 24:8-17; II Chronicles 36:9,10)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked

v  Major mistake / Success – He followed his father’s ways.

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was carried into captivity when he was eight and still remained evil. He never repented toward God and was written childless.


Kings of Judah

Zedekiah                                                                                                                                

v  21th King of Judah                                                                                                           

v  Kingdom - Judah

v  Dynasty  - Davidic

v  23rd  in Dynasty

Reign

v  Coronation preformed at the age of  21.

v  Died at the age of ?.

v  Reigned for 11 years.

v  Reigned from 597 BC to 586 BC.

Immediate Family

v  Father – Jehoiachin

v  Nephew – Mattaniah

Contemporaries & Capital

v  Kings, Nebuchadnezzar, Psamtik II, Apries

v  Prophets – Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezekiel

v  Capital – Jerusalem

Biblical Texts from I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles that deal with the King and the events during his reign.

v  (II Kings 24:17-25:7; II Chronicles 36:11-21)

Moral Judgments

v  Overall – Wicked King

v  Major mistake / Success – He was stubborn and Proud

v  Illustration of why he receives this moral judgment.

Ø  He was the last king of Judah and he was unstable as water and blind as a bat


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[1] Although technically he is the third King of divided Israel most books place him as the second King of divided Israel. To keep things simple I also will place him as the second major King of divided Israel during the United Kingdom.

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