Judges Period (6 Oppressions)
Six Major Oppressions
The Book of Judges – Failure through Compromise
--- Why does Israel fail to claim the promises of Yahweh?
- Israel Disobeyed God in not driving out the Canaanites. (Judges 1)
Rather than drive the enemy out they sought…
a) Peaceful Coexistence – valleys where the enemy was strongest
b) Political Compatibility – treaties & intermarriage
- Israel went off into blatant Idolatry. (Judges 2:7)
a) This caused Israel’s UNITY to be lost.
b) This idolatry was both Sensual & Practical
Six Main Oppressors:
Plot/Cycle of Judges:
· Cry out to God
The Three Main Aspects of a Judge’s Office
1) Military Leader
2) Civil Leader
3) Judicial Leader
(Deuteronomy 16:18) – This verse shows that the office of Judge was not new. What made these guys so different was particularly the large Military aspect of their job.
--- Chronology of the Book of Judges ---
From looking at the dates of the Judges we see 480 yrs. When there is really only yrs allowed for this time period.
The Key to the Chronological Problem: There is overlapping in Judges as well as simultaneous oppressions. Also, there are places sprinkled throughout Israel that were doing right.
Outline of the Book of Judges –
The outline is not chronological.
Introduction: Judges 1-3:4
(Judges 3-16) – Oppressions
(Judges 17-29) – Appendices
The Appendices actually happen before the oppressions if you look at in chronological order. (Joshua 19:47) records the same event of Micah and the Danites. (Joshua 6:25) – tells us that Rahab was still alive at the time of the writing the book of Joshua. This shows that the incident of Micah & the Danites took place while Rahab was still alive in Israel.
Micah & the Danites (Judges 17-20)
- In Judges 20:28, Phineas was the high priest. (Numbers 25:27) tells us that Phineas was alive back in the time of Moses.
- In the case of Micah & the Danites, the main issue is religion.
- In the case of Gibeah, the main issue is morals
1) The Mesopotamian Oppression (Judges 3) Chushanrishathaim - was the king
a. Israel intermarried.
b. Israel was involved in idolatry
c. Judge Othniel was the first Deliverer to arrive on the scene in Judges.
d. Othniel was Caleb’s nephew
2) The Moabite Oppression (Judges 3)
a. under king Eglon – 18 yrs.
b. Judge Ehud of Benjamin [left-handed]
Judge Shamgar (Judges 3:31)
c. slew 600 Philistines with an ox goad
3) The Canaanite Oppression (Judges 4) [20 yrs.]
a. King Jabin
b. Jabin had 900 chariots of iron
c. Deliverer #4 – Deborah a Prophetess, along with Barak the General
d. Sisera, Jabin’s general is slain by “Jaal and the Nail”
4) The Midianite Oppression (Judges 7)
a. Midianites aided by the Amalekites
b. They would continually rob the Israelites of their crops etc.
c. Deliverer #5 – Gideon
d. When Gideon called an army: 32,000
e. How many left when asked if they were fearful: 22,000
f. How many drank the water correctly: 300
g. How many enemy combatants were there: 135,000
h. In battle they used pitcher, torches, and trumpets
2 Minor Judges in chapter 10 [#6 – Tolah, #7 Jair]
5) The Ammonite Oppression (along with the Philistines; Judges 11)
a. Deliverer #8 – Jephthah [illegitimate son who had originally been rejected.]
b. Jephthah made a rash vow. (to say he did not offer her: in 11:31 the “and” could be translated “or”. Also, no priest could officiate a human sacrifice. 3rd Jephthah is in the hall of faith. 4th we are not comfortable with this.) To say he did offer her: the word “burnt offering” is exactly that. Hannah said she would offer Samuel as a sacrifice not a “burnt sacrifice”. 2nd Jephthah was a heathen, son of a harlot not a real Yahweh worshiper. 3rd a simple reading of the text would lead one to conclude that he did in fact kill his daughter.
c. Judges 12:6, 42,000 Ephraimites are killed due to their rebellion against Jephthah.
d. After Jephthah you had the Judges: Ibzan, Elan, Abdon – had 40 sons.
6) The Philistine Oppression
a. Was the longest and most severe oppression.
b. Samson was the Deliverer.
i. he had a special birth – was announced by an angel
ii. he was to be a Nazarite. (Numb. 6:3-8)
n He could not have wine.
n He could have no hair cut
n He could not come into contact with any unclean thing.
iii. He had a lust for ungodly women.
iv. (Judges 14 – Samson touches a dead lion & he drank wine at the feast with the Philistines.
v. (Judges 14:19) – kills 30 men at once to pay his riddle bet.
vi. (Judges 15:5) – he set the foxes on fire & destroyed the Philistines crops,
vii. (vs 15) – he kills 1,000 Philistines with the jawbone of a donkey.
viii. (Judges 16:3) – he carries a city gate 20 miles.
ix. (Judges 16:29-30) – he slew 30,000 Philistines in his own death. (more than in his lifetime)