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Monday, January 21, 2008

 

 

Dr. Rick Flanders

Good Commentary on acts: Fee

Paper: 1000 words

interpreting a passage

Due Tuesday morning

Index:


Background  

I Corinthians 1

I Corinthians 4

I Corinthians 7

I Corinthians 8

I Corinthians 10

I Corinthians 11

I Corinthians 12

I Corinthians 13

I Corinthians 14

I Corinthians 15

I Corinthians 16


 

Class Goals:

  • Gain a thorough concept of the Content of this book
  • Deep Spiritual Enrichment
  • Help in Coming to Conclusions
  • obtain tool s for future study


Background of I Corinthians

(Return to Index)

  1. The Church at Corinth
    1. Acts 18 – Know this chapter as the account of what happened at Corinth
 
A
C
A – AthensC – Corinthians
Corinth:Population 600,000 (400,000 free/ 200,000 Slaves)
    1. Second missionary Journey of Paul

                                                              i.      Paul & Silas

                                                            ii.      Syria & Cilicia Acts 15:36-41 (confirming the Churches)

                                                          iii.      Derbe & Lystera (Acquiring Timothy)

1.      Delivered the Decrees

a.       Don’t eat meat sacrificed to idols

b.      Don’t be in fornication

c.       Don’t eat bloody meat.

                                                          iv.      Macedonia  I Corinthians 16:6-11

1.      Philippi 16:12-40

2.      Thessalonica 17: 1-9

3.      Berea 17:10-14

                                                            v.      Akiah

1.      Athens

2.      Corinth 18:1-17

a.       populated by Romans

                                                          vi.      Back to Antioch from Syria

1.      Ephesus (A brief Stop)

2.      Caesarea

3.      Antioch

    1. Establishment of the Church (What happened?)                                                               i.      Paul met Priscilla and Aquila: Roman Jews Escaped to Corinth (Romans 16)

                                                            ii.      Paul reasoned with the Jews and Greeks at the synagogue (Acts 18:4)

                                                          iii.      Due to Open opposition at the Synagogue he directed his evangelic ministry to the Gentiles: At the house of Justice next to the synagogue. (Acts 18:7)

                                                          iv.      Cripus is converted: Chief ruler of the Synagogue is converted and leads to the conversion of many

1.      Paul stays there for 18 months

                                                            v.      There is trouble as Jews report Paul to the deputy of Acaiah (Acts 18:12)

1.      Gallio threw the Jews out of the court and beat the Jews because they did not separate from church and state.

                                                          vi.      After a good while Paul returned in a journey back to Syria (Acts 18:18)

  1. The epistle
    1. The time that the epistle was written.                                                               i.      First pastor – Paul

                                                            ii.      second pastor – Aposlas

                                                          iii.      Acts 20:1; I Corinthians 16:15

1.      A.D. 56 – A.D. 59

2.      History & Archeology tell us that Galileo was made the deputy in A.D. 51

    1. The circumstance of the Epistle: Reports

                                                              i.      I Corinthians 1:10-12:………………... Reports on divisions

                                                            ii.      I Corinthians 5:1: ……………………………… Fornication

                                                          iii.      I Corinthians 7:1: ……………… wrote a letter on marriage

                                                          iv.      I Corinthians 8:1: ………………………………….  Idolatry

                                                             v.      I Corinthians 11:2, 17 :……………. Disorder in the Church

                                                          vi.      I Corinthians 14:40: ……………………………….. Conclusion

                                                        vii.      I Corinthians 12:1:  …………………………….   Spiritual Gifts

                                                      viii.      I Corinthians 15:1:  ……………………  Resurrection doctrine

                                                          ix.      I Corinthians 16:1: ……………………...   Election of Saints

      Paul did not keep his nose out of this churches business. He stayed involved with major stuff. But, not with petty issues.

    1. Personalities: Names in I Corinthians other than Christ and Paul                                                               i.      Sosthenes I Corinthians 1:1 (Acts 18:17) (Greek)

1.      Name = Saving Strength

2.      Chief ruler of the Synagogue after Cripsis got saved.

3.      Converted and companion of Paul

                                                            ii.      Chloe I Corinthians 1:11 (Greek)

1.      Name = Green

2.      Christian lady who snitched on the problems in the Church

                                                          iii.      Apollos I Corinthians 1:12; 3:5-6,22;4:6;16:12 (Acts 18:24; 19:1) (Greek)

1.      Jew of Alexandra

2.      Eloquent & mighty in the scriptures

3.      Met Aquila and Percila in Ephesis

4.      Teacher in Corinth after Paul

                                                          iv.      Cefius I Corinthians 1:12;2:22;9:5; 15:5 (John 1:42)

1.      Name = Stone (Aramaic)

2.      Peter in Greek

                                                            v.      Cripsus I Corinthians 1:14 Acts 18:18

1.      Name = Crisp (Jew)

2.      Chief ruler of the synagogue

3.      Baptized By Paul

                                                          vi.      Gaius I Corinthians 1:14 (Latin)

1.      Corinthian convert baptized by Paul

2.      there are many Gaius’ in the New Testament

                                                        vii.      Stephanas I Corinthians 1:16; 16:15-17(Greek)

1.      Name = Crowned

2.      Sent to Paul when he was in Ephesus

3.      He and his family were addicted to ministry

4.      Family were baptized by Paul

                                                      viii.      Timothous I Corinthians 4:17; 16:10 (Greek)

1.      Name = Honoring God

2.      accompanies Paul on his 2nd missionary trip

                                                          ix.      Fortunatus I Corinthians 16:17 (Latin)

1.      Name = Prosperous

2.      Corinthian Christian sent with Stephanaus to ephesis

                                                            x.      achaicus I Corinthians 16:17

1.      Name = Belonging to akaiah

2.      Sent to Paul at ephesis (Achaius, stephanus, Fortunaus)

                                                          xi.      Aquila I Corinthians 16:19 (Jew)

1.      Important to Paul

2.      Name = Eagle

3.      Met Paul in Corinth and assisted in his ministry

                                                        xii.      Percilla I Corinthians 16:19 (Jew)

1.      Name = Ancient

2.      Met Paul in Corinth and assisted in his ministry

I Corinthians 1

(Return to Index)

  1. Divisions
    1. Paul’s Gratitude/ greeting (Vs. 1)                                                               i.      Paul as an Apostle [Meaning = Sent one (Missionary)]

1.      Special authority as an authorized witness II Corinthians 12:12

a.       Supernatural power

2.      Authorized witness of Christ

Missionary: Sent one. The example of Paul is to send an evangelist to preach the Gospel and then churches were founded.

                                                            ii.      Sosthnes – Paul’s Spiritual brother

1.      Converted and companion of Paul ( He had taken Paul to the council trying to get rid of Paul)

2.      Why mention Sosthnes?

b.      He could have written the Book?

                                                          iii.      The church of God as the center of Christian Activity (Vs. 2)

1.      The location was the designation

c.       Local – Cogeneration (They must assemble) Every time the word church is used it is a local church.

The only textual discrepancy is in  9:31 – new Textual theory

d.      institutional

e.       church in prospect /Otherwise – at least 90% of the time the word ekklhsia is used as a local assembly

                                                                                                                                      i.      new definition by the Catholics is a universal church (visible)

                                                                                                                                    ii.      new Definition by the protestants is a universal church (Invisible)

Ephesians is an example of multiples churches 

                        Uses of the term church

1.      The institutional use of the Word Church

2.      The future use of the Word Church

2.      Saints as its members

f.       Sanctification – Set apart for God “Holy” (this happens at salvation

                                                                                                                                      i.      Positional – every believer is set apart By God (Salvation)

                                                                                                                                    ii.      Practical  - Every believer is to grow in faith

g.      Christ is their lord and savior

I Corinthians is written to the Corinthians and us today.

This is Regenerate Church Membership

                                                                                                                                      i.      Lordship is a reality not a decision.

                                                          iv.      The greeting of Paul  

3.      when the Holy Spirit comes into us we then have fellowship with the Father and the Son

                                                            v.      The appreciation of the apostle

4.      Paul appreciates their Salvation

5.      Paul appreciates their enrichment

6.      Paul appreciates their Patience in waiting for Christ

7.      Paul appreciates their security in the Lord

    1. Reasons they are split up

                                                              i.      Partisanship as a cause of Division

1.      admonition to unity (Vs. 10)

a.       Acts 2:1

b.      Acts 4:32 – called for a revival

c.       Ephesians 4:3 – strive for the unity of the faith

d.      Philippians 2:2

e.       John 17:20 – This is a unity with God

2.      Information about contentions (I Corinthians 1:11)

3.      Inordinate personal loyalty (I Corinthians 1:12)

a.       To Paul

                                                                                                                                      i.      The evangelist who started the Church

                                                                                                                                    ii.      The first pastor

b.      To Apollos

                                                                                                                                      i.      the 2nd pastor of the church

c.       To Cephas (Peter)

                                                                                                                                      i.      The chief apostle

d.      Supposedly to Christ.

4.      Possible problems about baptism

Paul attempted to ensure that people would know that his baptism was not a measure of salvation.

a.       Christ and his servants.

b.      The Act and the Actor (Vs. 14)

c.       The name and signibapficance of Baptism

d.      Preaching the Gospel and Baptizing (Vs. 21)

                                                                                                                                      i.      a person receives Christ

                                                                                                                                    ii.      Then they get baptized

                                                                                                                                  iii.      then they become members

                                                            ii.      Worldly Wisdom as a cause of Division (Vs. 17-18)

1.      Negates the effect of the Gospel

a.       To worldly wisdom the preaching of the Cross is foolish.

Preaching in this chapter is a declaration of Truth.

Worldly wisdom investigates in philosophy

b.      To the truth of God worldly wisdom is Foolish

c.       The call of God makes the truth of God wisdom to the Saved. (Vs. 22)

 

The call of God is the work of the spirit in the heart

 

2.      Ignores the Plan of God (Vs. 25)

Volunteer to be week – not to fail

a.       Choosing of the Week for the glorification of God

b.      The provision of all requirements in Christ Alone

                                                                                                                                      i.      This is our salvation and sanctification.

                                                                                                                                    ii.      Jeremiah 9:24 – testifies to the Deity of Christ

3.      It Forsakes the power of God

a.       Excellency of Speech, depth of knowledge, & enticing or persuasive words are not enough.

b.      the Gospel and the Spirit have the power

c.       Faith in God rather than faith in man is necessary (Vs. 5)

                                                                                                                                      i.      this is all about what God does not what we think

d.      Worldly wisdom Contradicts the power of God

                                                                                                                                      i.      God’s wisdom comes by Divine revelation (Vs. 6-10)

1.      Worldly wisdom comes to not

2.      God’s Wisdom comes from a mystery

3.      Worldly wisdom comes in these 3 forms

a.       Science – observation and experimentation

b.      Tradition

c.       Philosophy

4.      God reveals the deep things of God

                                                                                                                                    ii.      God’s revelation comes by verbal inspiration.

1.      The things of God – Spiritual things from spiritual words

2.      The words of God

                                                                                                                                  iii.      God’s wisdom is understood by spiritual illumination

1.      The natural man is souls **

2.      The spiritual man is in the Spirit ***

3.      The carnal man has to do with the Flesh

                                                          iii.      They were Carnal

1.      Definition of Carnal (little different than carnal in Romans 8) – One who has the Spirit but is controlled by the Flesh

     

a.       Carnal not spiritual or natural – having the spirit but controlled by the flesh I Corinthians 3

b.      Characterized as a babe in Christ – Christian growth should move from carnal to spiritual

c.       Unable to receive strong truth (Hebrews 5: 12-14)

d.      Behave like natural men

Paul rebukes them for living like carnal believer. Baby Christians will be carnal, but as a person grows they should not be carnal.

2.      Effects of carnality

a.       Man orientated thinking

                  Man thinks everything through without God.

                                                                                                                                      i.      Partisanship results from carnality

1.      Carnal loyalty – a twisted loyalty

2.      Spiritual loyalty – loyalty to truth

Loyalty to friends – The right kind of loyalty is based upon truth

                                                                                                                                    ii.      God is at work

                                                                                                                                  iii.      | Consequences of Continued Carnality 1.      Inability to receive Strong Truth (Vs. 1-2)2.      Behavior like the Unsaved (Vs. 3)3.      Man orientated Thinking (Vs. 4-7)4.      A wasted life (Vs. 8-15)5.      Earthly Destruction (Vs. 16-17)6.      Self Deception (Vs. 18-23) |

God rewards those who work with him

b.      Unrewarded service

                                                                                                                                      i.      The works are burned up

                                                                                                                                    ii.      Suffering loss

                                                                                                                                  iii.      Earthly consequences

                                                                                                                                  iv.      Missing God’s plan

I Corinthians 4

(Return to Index)

                                                          iv.      They were Filled with Pride

1.      God’s way eliminates Pride (Vs. 1-7)

a.       Stewardship............................................. 4:1

b.      Faithfulness.............................................. 4:2

c.       Judgment by Jesus Christ........................ 4:6

d.      Gifts ......................................................... 4:7

2.      God’s servants are not honored by the world. (vs. 14)

Christians should not want the World and Jesus too. To love Jesus Christ requires being divorced from the world.

Instructors in Christ are cheep to come by, but fathers (soul winners) are hard to come by.

a.       the first shall be last and the last first

What makes you first in this world will make you last in the next.

If you love God and are saved and serving God you will be on the upper crust of the kingdom.

b.      Now and Then (Luke 6)

c.       Warning to the worldly (they are prideful)

d.      Follow Paul who is your spiritual father

3.      God’s kingdom is not in word but in power (Vs. 17-21)

Paul was going to come and correct them. He could either come with Love or the rod. The end of Chapter 4 is a threat. He sent Timothy to remind them and then he would visit them.

The kingdom of God is not in word, but in power.

      Living the spirit-filled life will have power. Those who have all the knowledge but lack spiritual power are a waist of Time.

  1. Fornication Fornication is the general word for any kind of sexual sin.

Adultery specifically deals with marriage.

                        The Foundation of the home is the foundation of the government

    1. A cause for Discipline

                                                              i.      Levels

1.      Preaching against sin (Preventative / Cure)

a.       II Corinthians 10: 1-11

b.      II Corinthians 12:20-21

c.       II Corinthians 13:10

Preaching was Paul’s rod to discipline the Church.

2.       Passion / Mourning (5:1-2)

a.       Go the person and personally deal with the known problem

3.      Purging

2 things that were to be purged out (False Doctrine / False Living Hypocrisy) – Matthew 16:6-12

a.        Based upon principle not preference (5:3/I Timothy 5:19-21)

                                                                                                                                      i.      Protect the Minister

                                                                                                                                    ii.      Protect the Ministry

b.       The presence and Power of Christ in the Assembly (5:4)

(Leon Moris gives 7 ways to read 5:4)

c.       Accomplished in delivering the offender to Satan

                                                                                                                                      i.      Satan’s realm is outside the church (5:12)

                                                                                                                                    ii.       God’s Protection within the Church

                                                                                                                                  iii.      The destruction of the Flesh (Physical Chastisement

                                                                                                                                  iv.      That the Spirit might be Saved (Ch 3 some are saved but not rewards) (I Corinthians 11:32; 6:9)

                                                                                                                                    v.      Emission of Jesus (5:5) – Some text people exclude the word “Jesus”

1.      Would God not preserve His word?

d.      Enacted by expulsion from the Church (5:5)

                                                                                                                                      i.      Leven contagious sin

1.      False Teaching

2.      False Living (Matthew 16:6-12)

                                                                                                                                    ii.      Excommunication

1.      Issue – Fellowship with Darkness (5:9-11; Ephesians 5:8)

2.      Official Separation / Social (II Thessalonians 3:14-15)

3.      Following Christ’s command of how to deal with sins (Matthew 18:16)

a.       Private Confrontation

                                                                                                                                                                                                              i.      Effects of Sin is damage to a reputation.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            ii.      To tell the story you are helping the Devil

b.      | 2 Problems with Church Discipline 1.      Getting the sinful member to repent.2.      Forgiving the member who has repented. |

Supported confrontation

                                                                                                                                                                                                              i.      bring people who the person appreciates

c.       Congregational Confrontation

                                                                                                                                                                                                              i.      this is not a business meeting it is “we are coming before the church to let you know that Joe Blow is on the verge of being disciplined and we want you all to pray for him and admonish him to come back”

d.      Official excommunication

e.       Congregational unity

f.       Personal Restoration

                                                            ii.      Importance

(Going to Secular Court is a bad testimony)

1.      Responsibility of internal responsibility of the Church

2.      competence of the Church for internal judgment

3.      It is a shame for brother to go out of the Church to deal with the problem

    1. A Sin against the Body                                                               i.      Definition of Fornication – Sexual sin (Porneia)

                                                            ii.      A case of Fornication  (II Corinthians 7:12)

                                                          iii.      Not for Christians

1.      Uncharacteristic of Christians (I Corinthians 6:9)

2.      It is inexpedient

a.       Christian liberty

b.      Christian Victory

3.      it is inappropriate for Christians

a.       The Body is for the Lord

b.      | Cremation1.      The Bible talks about burial2.      Saul’s body burned (It was mutilated)3.      Cultures that cremated were pagan |

Fornication unites the Believer with an harlot

                                                                                                                                      i.      Intimacy of a believer with Christ is referred to

                                                                                                                                    ii.      | How to seek the face of God1.      Watch and pray – without sleep2.      Fast and pray – without food3.      By consent abstain from sexual relations |

Intimacy of a believer with a harlot – God forbid

c.       Flee Fornication (6:18)

d.       Text of 6:20 (some translations differ)

e.       The Holy Ghost which is in you

                                                                                                                                      i.      ye are bought with a price  

I Corinthians 7

(Return to Index)

    1. Avoided through Marriage                                                               i.      Abstaining from Marriage is Good and being married helps us abstain from fornication.

                                                            ii.      Physical love is appropriate in marriage.

1.      Defraud ye not

a.       Before marriage Defrauding is physical relation before marriage

b.      After Marriage Defrauding is with holding yourself from your spouse

2.      Unselfish love life is a deterrence to Fornication

                                                          iii.      Every man has the proper gift of God

                                                          iv.      Married Believers should stay married (Matthew 5:3-32; 19:1-12; Mark 10:1-12)

1.      it is the command of the Lord

2.      the inspired instruction of Paul

a.       Do not divorce the unbelieving spouse if he is glad to stay married

b.      unbelievers are sanctified by their believing spouse

                                                            v.      believers should walk according to their calling

1.      be content with what condition you are in

                                                          vi.      Fathers of girls and sons and daughters should consider being single

1.      being single has advantages

2.       

3.      Fathers direct marriage decisions (Veto power)

                                                        vii.      Widows should consider the single life

 I Corinthians 8

(Return to Index)

  1. Idolatry (8-10)
    1. Love Demands separation from idolatry. (Acts 15:1-5)                                                               i.      An issue handled at the Jerusalem Council

Legalism – Adding any standard that adds to salvation

   “How and why you keep the rules?”

   “Do you keep the rules to be spiritual?”

   “Do you keep the rules in the energy of the Flesh?”

1.      Say no to legalism and say yes to standards

a.       Abstain from meats offered to idols...... Association

b.      Abstain from Blood ...................................... offence

c.       Abstain from Fornication .................................... Sin

(Acts 16:4)

2.      3 Principles that they followed for their standards

a.       Association

b.      offence to others

c.       Sin

                                                            ii.      A question of Love and Knowledge

1.      The importance of Love over knowledge

a.       Knowledge informs the Conscience

Conscience is a product of the mind.

b.      Love embraces the welfare of others (Concern about their consciences)

c.       Principle applied to this issue (3-13)

                                                                                                                                      i.      Knowledge (3-6) “Idol is nothing in the world”

                                                                                                                                    ii.      Love (7-9) “They eat it as meet as sacrificed to a false God”

                                                                                                                                  iii.      Illustration (10-12) “Someone seeing you at the idols temple”

                                                                                                                                  iv.      Don’t Do it

    1. Evangelism calls for separation from idolatry. (9)

Standards established people in the Faith

Standards promote evangelism

                                                              i.      Note the effects

                                                            ii.      Freedom ought to be tempered with expediency (9:1-18)

1.      The apostles right to eat and drink

2.      The apostles right to take a wife (5)

3.      The apostles right not to work (6-14)

a.       As a soldier

b.      As a husband

c.       As a Shepard

d.      As a priest in the temple

Tithes and offerings are to Go the pastor of the local church

Judgment seat of Christ rewards

      Did I Do it right?

      Did I Go the extra mile?

4.      The apostles obtaining from these rights for evangelism

I Corinthians 10

(Return to Index)

What 2 things does I Corinthians tell us to flee from? Fornication, Idolatry

    1. Loyalty to God requires separation from idolatry.                                                               i.      We might incur God’s Wrath and judgment if we are disloyal to him (1-14)

1.      Our fathers were baptized unto Moses (1-2)

2.      our fathers partook of spiritual food and drink (3-4)

3.      Many of them did not please God and were over thrown by him (5-10)

a.       Lust -  Numbers 11

b.      Idolatry – Exodus 32

c.       Fornication – Numbers 25

d.      Tempting Christ – Exodus 17/Numbers 14

e.       Murmuring – Exodus 16/Numbers 20

4.      Be concerned about temptation and overcome it

                                                            ii.      We cannot be loyal to God and worship Devils (15-22)

1.      The lord’s supper expresses our fellowship/ communion with Christ ( 15-17)

2.      Partaking of Temple Sacrifices expresses communion with the Alter (18)

3.      Partaking of the Idols temple expresses communion with devils

4.      Partaking in idols temples provokes Gods jealousy 22

                                                          iii.      We must respond in brotherly love and loyalty to Christ and wise evangelism 23-33

1.      Brotherly love (23-30)

2.      Loyalty to Christ (31)

3.      Wise evangelism (32-33)

 I Corinthians 11

(Return to Index)

  1. disorder in the meetings
    1. Praying & Prophesying Praying – Taking to God

Prophecy – Speaking for God

                                                              i.      Following the ordinances (1-2)

                                                            ii.      The importance of order: Equality but subservience (3)

                                                          iii.      Order and Head covering (13)

1.      Views

a.       Cultural issue – Week argument and no real proof to culture

b.      Hat position – in church a lady must have something on hear head

c.       Ladies should always wear something on their head.

d.      Long hair is covering for ladies

2.      Clear teaching

a.       Men should not pray or prophecy with their heads covered.

b.      Women should pray with their head covered

3.      Pertinent issues

a.       “Covering” – What is covering (kata)

b.      Shorn/ Shaven = synonyms

c.       the custom of the church of God

                                                                                                                                      i.      4 Sins against the Church

1.      Defiling the church (3:17)

2.      Offending the church (10:32)

3.      Despise the Church: Belittle the Church (11:22,29)

4.      Persecute the church of God (15:9)

    1. Observing the Lord’s supper

                                                              i.      Coming together

1.      not for the better but for the worst

2.      Divisions when the come together

3.      Heresies/ schisms / groups

4.      Not for the lord supper

                                                            ii.      Dishonoring the Lord’s supper

                                                          iii.      Restoring the Lord’s supper

1.      The original purpose (11:23-26)

a.       Remembrance

b.      Testimony

2.      Serious Implications (11:27-30)

a.       Reverence required

b.      Chastisement occurring

My Child just got saved. Can they take the Lord’s supper?  - Do they really understand? are they baptized?

3.      Correcting the problem

a.       Self - judgment (31-32)

b.      Self - Denial (33)

c.       Self - Control (34)

d.      order

e.       Propriety

I Corinthians 12

(Return to Index)

    1. Concerning Spiritual gifts                                                               i.      What they are (12:1-11)

Manifestations of the Holy Spirit

Prophecy is in all 3 lists ***

1.      | 3 Places Spiritual Gifts are listed·         Function Gifts (Romans 12)Every Christian is a witness to the world and a minister to the Body ·         Miracle Gifts – (I Corinthians 12)·         Office Gifts (Ephesians 4)  |

Recognize them by their message (To discern a spiritual gift is by what is said)

2.      Realize that different Christians experience different gifts (4-6)

3.      Remember that they are always profitable (7-10)

a.       Miracle Gifts -  particular instances of divine enabling

                                                                                                                                      i.      Gifts of healing not Gift of healings – no one had a constant gift of healing

4.      Rejoice that it is one spirit (11)

a.       Dividing gifts to every man according to God’s will (Hebrews 2:3-4)

                                                            ii.      Why they are

Working of the Body

1.      To enable members of the Church to minister as Christ’s body

a.       The human Body compares with the Local Church (12)

b.      By the Holy Spirit we are baptized into the Church (13)

c.       Every Christian has the Spirit (13)

d.      Bodies and church have different kinds of members (14-20)

e.       All the members need all the other members (20)

2.      To Give each Christian his role in life

I Corinthians 13

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                                                          iii.      What is more excellent (28)

1.      The “way” more excellent than desiring the “Best Gifts”

2.      Service is pointless without charity (Love) (13:1)

a.       Pointless noise (Vs. 1) – “I am”

b.      Meaningless life (Vs. 2) – “I am nothing”

c.       No reward (Vs. 3) – “it profit me nothing”

3.      Characteristics of Charity

a.       Unselfish (4-5)

b.      pure (5-6)

c.       Enduring (7-8)

4.      The eternal quality of Love

a.       Gifts will vanish – Charity continues (8)

b.      Knowledge is now imperfect but will be perfected (12)

c.       Faith, Hope, and Charity always will be.

                                                                                                                                      i.      When will they cease?

1.      Completion of the New Testament Cannon.

2.      Completion of our salvation.

I Corinthians 14

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                                                          iv.      What is the Best Gift?

1.      Prophecy is the best Gift (14:1-40)

Forth telling or for telling

a.       It always edifies (14:2-22)

                                                                                                                                      i.      to speak in a tongue self alone

                                                                                                                                    ii.      Prophecy edifies others (The church)

Tongues are foreign earthly languages

                                                                                                                                  iii.      It is for the church and tongues are for outsiders.

b.      It contributes to order in the meetings

                                                                                                                                      i.      Other things can contribute to confusion

                                                                                                                                    ii.      Prophets can control themselves and speak one after another

                                                                                                                                  iii.      God is behind order not confusion

2.      Christians should Follow the Order God has given in scripture

a.       About the roles of man and women in the church

                                                                                                                                      i.      Women are not to usurp authority over men

b.      About what the Bible Says

I Corinthians 15

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  1. Heresy about the Resurrection
    1. The Gospel restated (15:1-11)                                                               i.      Use and importance / Good news

1.      Preach / Received / Stood upon

2.      Saves those who believe it (15:2)

                                                            ii.      Contents

1.      Christ’s substitution atonement for our sins (1 John 2:1-2)

a.       Deity

b.      Atonement

c.       Inspiration of the Bible

2.      Christ’s burial and Resurrection

a.       Bodily resurrection

b.      Justification by Faith

This is the fundamentals of the Christian faith.  All of these truths must be in the Gospel. To take one or all of these out is to destroy the Gospel.

| Fundamentals – (Of the Gospel – of the Christian faith#. Authority of the Bible

  1. Deity of Christ
  2. Blood atonement
  3. Bodily resurrection
  4. Justification by faith

Fundamentalist – The fundamentals are fundamental.Evangelicals – Believe the fundamentals may not insist that they are fundamental to Christianity. |

                                                          iii.      It’s proof  (Eyewitnesses)

    1. The Gospel Affirmed

                                                              i.      No resurrection would mean no saving gospel (15:12-14)

                                                            ii.      No resurrection would mean no authoritative word

                                                          iii.      No resurrection would mean no resurrection of Christ

                                                          iv.      The resurrection of Christ means that we (Those in Christ) will rise too (15:22-23)

                                                            v.      God will triumph (15:24-28)

                                                          vi.      No resurrection would mean no meaning in Baptism

                                                        vii.      No resurrection would mean no reason to jeopardize life

    1. The resurrection explained (15:38-38)                                                               i.      Glorified Bodies (15:35-53)

                                                            ii.      Victory over death (54-57)

                                                          iii.      Motivation to Work (58)

I Corinthians 16

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  1. Preparation for the apostle’s arrival
    1. The collection for the saints                                                               i.      The setting

                                                            ii.      The order (Galatians 6:6-10)

1.      Weekly storing

2.      Gathering or collection at Paul’s arrival

3.      Representatives

4.      Delivery to Jerusalem

    1. I will come unto you (16:5-12)

                                                              i.      After Ephesians (16:5-9; Acts 19)

                                                            ii.      After Timothy (16:10)

                                                          iii.      Without Apollos (16:12)

1.      Paul had a unity with Apollos

2.      Delectation of duty

    1. Final admonitions (16:13-24)                                                               i.      Be strong for courage “Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, quit you like men, be strong.” (I Corinthians 16:13)

                                                            ii.      Do everything with Charity (I Corinthians 16:14)

                                                          iii.      Have Cooperation

                                                          iv.      respect for the Church of God

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