Why are we here?
To be able to defend our beliefs and expound them to others
It is profitable
It is practical
2:5-11) the greatest doctrinal passage in the scriptures -We are to have the mind of Christ in everything that we do -Even though Christ was God, he humbled himself beyond what would be expected of one who was the King of kings -He was constantly lowering himself lower and lower and that is the way that we should live our lives as seeking to put ourselves under other people and seeking to do what would help others and please God -This type of service will be rewarded by God -Thus there was a point I the way that Paul
Doctrine is important for the spiritual growth of us and the church (II Tim 4:1-2)
Doctrine is important to combat false teaching in the church (verses 3-4)
Facts are the basis for our faith
Biblical faith is not just belief
True Biblical faith is based on facts as they are recorded in God’s Word
Therefore we need to know what we believe
The real key is not how strong a person’s faith is but the object of his faith.
If we truly believe the facts of God’s word, this will keep us from teaching the “doctrines” of men.
The Pharisees when the disciples did not wash their hands before they ate
They, the Pharisees, held to the human traditions as apposed to God’s law
What you believe determines what you do (Titus 1:16) 1.
Some people profess one thing but they do other things and therefore they do not truly believe in God
2. (II Tim 3:12)
What you believe will effect what you pray
1. Does God tolerate sin?
What you believe will effect your behavior
THREE BASIC THINGS THAT WE WANT TO ACCOMPLISH IN BIBLE DOCTRINES
discover the facts according to the Bible
#. why does the Bible not appear in a topically arranged form (you will remember things and will appreciate them more when you discover them for yourself) (we are, in a sense, forced to pick out the things out of a wealth of truth rather than just seeing one truth) (things are arranged in context rather than in encyclopedia format) (a lot of the Bible is written in a narrative type of story which aside from being more interesting but one may apply a truth in an actual situation where the reader may identify and remember easier.
They serve as examples) #.
God is a person and he wants us to have a personal relationship with him and he interacts with us through his word.
(by spending time with God, by reading the Bible, we have these facts which are truths conveyed to us.
The Bible shows us how God interacts with people so we can interact with him in the same way.)
#. arrange these facts in a systematic order
Present these facts (state them clearly and distinctly for our benefit and the benefit of others)
Bible Doctrines is the investigation arrangement and statement of those facts which God has revealed about himself, about us, and about spiritual realities
The Bible – the ultimate and only inerrant source of Bible Doctrine
Science and nature – false source of Bible Doctrines – these are not wrong in themselves but the real test is what you source your Bible doctrines from
#. Rationalism – rationalism (reason is the ultimate authority) that which is not logical is not accepted
Mysticism – the idea that you can gain knowledge of God and spiritual things directly from your subjective inner experiences.
The problem with mysticism is that your experiences are more valid than the Bible.
This makes the “new revelation” more authoritative than the Bible.
(Mysticism has had a big influence in the Roman Catholic religion.
Many of these people have been searching for Doctrine through the direct revelation and through warm experiences and impressions)
Experience – judges the Bible based on personal experiences
There is not a problem of using experiences to teach a vital lesson (hot stove)
Doctrinal History – what great men of the past or of the present have taught about the Bible (this is not bad in itself but when one bases faith based on what a man says but what the Bible says) what you believe is not as important when you are out soul winning because they still believe their own things.
What we ought to do is to tell them that because the Bible says it they need to believe it too)
Pragmatism – “the end justifies the means” (there is no absolute truth in pragmatism because whatever works must be right) They say that you cannot say it is absolute truth that God exists but rather that it is useful to believe that God exists because it works and what works must be good.
Existentialism – says that truth cannot be reduced by what is rational therefore life is absurd and as a result, meaning is created by choice.
What matters is not what you choose but that you choose.
They expect to choose to act opposite of what is expected
Tradition – belief mainly because it was passed down from the forefathers
Ten basic types of Theology
| We will study these mainly in the first semester |
Bibliology – the doctrine of the Bible
Theology proper – the doctrine of God
#. angelology – the doctrine of angels
#. anthropology – the doctrine of man
Hamartiology – the doctrine of sin
| We will study these mainly in the second semester |
Christology – the doctrine of Christ
Soteriology – the doctrine of salvation
Pneumatology - the doctrine of the Holy Spirit
Ecclesiology - the doctrine of the church
Eschatology – the doctrine of the last things (the end times)
Finite minds (Deut.
29:29; Rom 11:33)
Bible doesn’t include everything (John 20:30)
Ignorance of fallen man (II Peter 3:16)
#. limitations of spiritual discernment (I Corinthians 2:14, 3:1)
#. a believer who is not walking with the lord is not going to be able to learn and grow at all while another believer would grow from the same spiritual food
IN ORDER TO STUDY BIBLE DOCTRINES, WE DO NEED TO RELY ON THE HOLY SPIRIT AND DISCIPLINE AND STUDY TO GAIN THIS KNOWLEDGE.
As conservatives the Bible is the basis of our authority but how can we show that the Bible is true to those who do not believe in it.
Extra-Biblical Arguments for the truth of the Bible (none of them in themselves can prove that the Bible is true~/ they are all attempts of trying to prove that the Bible is true without using the Bible itself)
Unity and character of scriptures
Archeological and historical conformation
#. the influence of the Bible
The Bible transforms people’s lives
The indestructibility of the Bible
The nature of God commands that God doesn’t lie
B. biblical arguments
1. Teaching of the scriptures (John 17:17; Ps 119:137, 142; John 10:35)
2. Teaching of the Spirit (John 16:13; Rom 8:14-16; I Corinthians 2:2)
The first part of this thinking was *rationalism* (they wanted hard and fast historical and physical facts)
Shleiermacher in reaction of rationalism developed his *theology of feeling*.
Immanuel Kant was more of a philosopher than a theologian.
He was the leader of the form of liberalism that emphasizes *conscience* as the basis of authority.