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SF089 - ANOTHER COMFORTER (John 14 16-31)

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Another Comforter

July 14, 2002

John 14:16-31

Introduction

The Lord continues to comfort His disciples by telling them now that although He is leaving them that He will send another comforter to be with them.  He is of course describing the Holy Spirit.  This passage provides one of the most comprehensive revelations of the person and work of the Holy Spirit found in all of Scripture.

1A.      The Promise of the Comforter (14:16)

1B.      The Savior’s promised prayer (14:16a)

Jesus promises to ask the Father to send another Comforter.  This Comforter would come in power on the day of Pentecost (Acts 1).

2B.      The Spirit’s promised presence (14:16b)

The Greek word for “comforter” is parakleton which means to call alongside of for protection or counsel.

Note also that the word translated “another” is allon, meaning another of the same kind.  The Holy Spirit was the same kind of comforter as Jesus.

This comforter would “abide, be with” the believer “forever.”  This is a reference to the kind and quality of relationship we have with the Holy Spirit.  It is an intimate relationship that will never end.

2A.      The Presence of the Comforter (14:17-24)

1B.      The reality of His presence (14:17)

A great impossibility (14:17a)

The world (lost men) are not only unwilling to receive the Spirit, but they are unable to do so (1 Corinthians 2:14).  The new birth is essential in order for a person to “see” the kingdom (John 3:3).

A great implantation (14:17b)

As part to the glorious work of regeneration, the Holy Spirit comes to live (abide) in the believer. 

2B.      His life is to be ours (14:18-20)

A word of comfort (14:18)

Jesus promises not to orphan His children.  He promises to come to them (and us) not physically but spiritually in the person of the Holy Spirit.

A word of commitment (14:19)

In the original, the verb translated “you will see me” is a present tense verb.  The present tense indicates a continuing vision; which would necessitate more than simply the resurrection appearances.  Those who believe in Jesus will go on seeing Him with the eye of faith even after He is physically gone.  It is because of His continued life that we have the same life.

A word of comprehension (14:20)

The coming of the Holy Spirit insures us of our relationship with Christ and with the Father.

3B.      His love is to be ours (14:21)

We demonstrate our love by obedience.  He promises that all who truly love Him will be loved by the Father and that He will love us and reveal Himself to us.

4B.      His loyalty is to be ours.  (14:22-24)

An important concept (14:23)

Notice two parts to this verse; the condition: “keep my word,” the results: “we will make our abode with him.”

Pink explains this well, “To ‘keep’ God’s commandments is to obey them, and the primary fundamental thing in obedience, is the desire of the heart, and it is on the heart that God ever looks.  ‘Abiding’ speaks of fellowship with the Father and Son.”[1]

An important contrast (14:24)

The lost world does not keep the Lord’s word and in so doing demonstrates it’s hatred for the Lord and the Father (Luke 11:23).

3A.      The Power of the Comforter (14:25-31)

1B.      To strengthen our faith (14:25-26)

The Holy Spirit is a source of encouragement and strength for our faith.  In these verses, our Lord promises His disciples that the Holy Spirit will come and strengthen their faith by “teaching them all things.”  That is, the Holy Spirit will help them to understand the truths that Jesus had been teaching them, so much of which they had not understood.  And the Holy Spirit would “bring to their remembrance” all that He had said while He was with them.  Through these two means, the Holy Spirit inspired the gospels, “all that He said,” and the epistles, “will teach you all things.”

2B.      To calm our fears (14:27-31)

The Lord and his disciples (14:17-29)

Ø      His peace (14:27a)

“Peace,” eirenen; this is more than the absence of conflict.  It is an inner peace that comes only from God.  It involves an intimate knowledge of God, a God who is in control of all things, and this peace is entirely independent of circumstances.

Ø      His pledge (14:27b-28a)

Jesus promises to come to them.  This is a reference not to the second coming but to the coming of the Holy Spirit.

Ø      His perspective (14:28b)

James Boice explains this statement well, “The key word is the conjunction ‘for.’  Jesus has told the disciples that they should rejoice in view of his departure and in their love for him.  He now gives the reason.  ‘For,’ he says [that is ‘because’], ‘my Father is greater than I.’  In other words, in the days of his incarnation Jesus had been below the Father in terms of his outward glory and official position.  But now he was returning to the Father to assume that great glory and position he had possessed originally.  The disciples should rejoice in the exaltation of their Lord that was now in view.”[2]

Ø      His prediction (14:29)

Jesus has told them this so that when it happens they will believe that He is indeed the promised Messiah (John 13:19)

The Lord and the Devil (14:30)

This is a reference to Satan and his moving Judas to betray Him.  Satan however could find no sin upon which to take hold of Jesus, for our Lord was without sin.

The Lord and His duty (14:31)

Ø      Testimony to the world

The Lord would go to the cross to demonstrate to a lost world His love and obedience to the Father.

Ø      Tribute to the word

He also went to demonstrate His reverence and obedience to God’s word.

The Lord and His departure

His final act in the upper room was to leave and begin the painful journey to the cross.

Application

1.           We have reason to rejoice our Lord has not left us alone He has given us Himself in the person of the Holy Spirit.

2.           Take time to praise the Lord for the gracious gift of the Holy Spirit.

Preparing For Next Week

1.           Read John 15:1-6.

2.           What is meant by “the true vine” in verse 1?

3.           In what sense is the Father the husbandman (15:1)?

4.           What is meant by “He takes away” in verse 2?

5.           What is meant by “prune” in verse 2?

6.           What is meant by “abide in Me” (15:4)?

7.           What is meant by the last clause of verse 5?

8.           Who is in view in verse 6?


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[1] Pink, Arthur W., Exposition of the Gospel of John, (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975), 788-91.

[2] Boice, James M., The Gospel of John, Volume 4, Peace in Storm, John 13-17, (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1985), 1156.

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