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No Condemnation - Rom 8:1-4

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Introduction

Outlines
Biblical interpretation
Context, context, context
It is important to not just read the word but understand the flow of the writing. This will help you see context.
Outlining the book of the bible will help you see context.
Study Bibles/Commentaries/ Bible Dictionaries
All have outlines of the books.
Outlines are not universal. They are they are made by the author of the book.
Adapting outline for Sermon series through Rom 8
The Bible Exposition Commentary - Warren W. Wiersbe
His outline bullet points, my studies.
Sanctification by the Holy Spirit
Literary Unit (ch 6-8) Sanctification
Ch 6 - Licence to Sin through Grace - By No Means.
Ch 7 - Legalism through the Law - By No Means.
Ch 8 - Live with the Spirit - Most Definitely
What the Holy Spirit has done, is doing, and will do in our lives.
Sanctification is the Holy Spirit in the life of the Believer empowering, guiding, and changing the believer to live godly lives like Jesus.
Ezekiel 36:25–27 ESV
25 I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you. 26 And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules.
John 14:15–17 ESV
15 “If you love me, you will keep my commandments. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, 17 even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.

No Condemnation (1)

Romans 8:1 ESV
1 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.
“Therefore Now”

marker of an inference made on the basis of what precedes

ⓐ in declarative statement, and w. colloqu. flavor so, then, consequently, you see

now adv. — at the present moment. (Sense)
The Epistle to the Romans 1. The Spirit of Life (8:1–13)

The combination “therefore, now” is an emphatic one, marking what follows as a significant conclusion.

“No Condemnation”
condemnation n. — a legal decision of guilty in a criminal case; often with the ensuing punishment understood. (Sense)

katakrima is a variant form found in only three places and denoting the universal “condemnation” of humankind brought about by the sin of Adam and Eve (Rom. 5:16, 18). Rom. 8:1 declares that there is no “divine condemnation” for those who are joined to Christ in faith.

Romans 5:16–18 ESV
16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17 For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ. 18 Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.

There is no significant difference concerning the idea of “condemnation” between the two Testaments. The idea of God bringing condemnation down upon the wicked, both within Israel and beyond, is consistent throughout the Bible. What is distinctive in the New Testament is the finished work of Christ that removes condemnation from his people absolutely, as a consequence of his substitutionary atonement on the cross. What is anticipated through the sacrificial system under the Mosaic covenant is consummated in the new by the finished work of Christ on our behalf.

“In Christ Jesus”
Paul’s phrase for union with Christ in His death, burial, and resurrection, resulting in the salvation of the Believer.

New Law (2)

Romans 8:2 ESV
2 For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death.
Law
Law used 4 times in these 3 verses with 3 different understandings of them.
Law: means an inward principle of action, either good or evil, operating with the regularity of a law. The term also designates a standard for a person’s life.” (JM)
Law (2)
principle ⇔ law n. — a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system. (Sense)
Law (3)
Mosaic law system n. — the Torah understood as the system of laws, civil statutes, and priestly ordinances comprising the Mosaic covenant; especially understood as the means of earning God’s favor. (Sense)
Law (4)
law of God n. — any representative declaration of God’s legal requirements for His creatures; whether in Scripture or in the conscience. (Sense)
Law of the Spirit/Law of Sin
Law of the Spirit - New principle/law by which we live by in our new life in Christ.
Romans 6:4 ESV
4 We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.
Law of sin - Old principle we lived by before christ.
Set free
to be set free v. — to be granted freedom; to be caused to be free. (Sense)
to cause someone to be freed from domination, free, set free” (BDAG)

eleutheroō is a verb found seven times, meaning “to set free” and conveying the significant nuance of being liberated from the power of sin through the person and work of Christ.

In John 8:32, 36 Jesus declares that he, the Son, who embodies ultimate truth, “will make free” any who put their trust in him. Rom. 6:18, 22; 8:2 contain the significant statements that believers “have been set free” from sin and death through the person of Christ in his redemptive work. Rom. 8:21 offers a similar expression of truth, claiming that the creation itself “will be set free” from its bondage to decay. Gal. 5:1 also affirms that Christ “has set his people free” from enslavement to sin.

Romans 7:4 ESV
4 Likewise, my brothers, you also have died to the law through the body of Christ, so that you may belong to another, to him who has been raised from the dead, in order that we may bear fruit for God.

God’s Accomplishment (3)

Romans 8:3 ESV
3 For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh,
God accomplished
“Law” - Mosaic law system n. — the Torah understood as the system of laws, civil statutes, and priestly ordinances comprising the Mosaic covenant; especially understood as the means of earning God’s favor. (Sense)
Weakened by the Flesh
Weakened - to be weak (deficient) v. — to be or become lacking or deficient in some skill or capability. (Sense)
flesh - sinful humanity ⇔ flesh n. — the physical aspect of a person in distinction to the immaterial soul; often understood as the seat of sin and rebellion to God. (Sense)
Review 7
How did God accomplish it?
Romans 8:3 ESV
3 For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh,
By sending His Son,
In the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin
Likeness - similarity n. — the quality of being similar (to something). (Sense)
Jesus was fully God and fully man.
Philippians 2:6–8 ESV
6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. 8 And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.
Hebrews 4:15 ESV
15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.
For Sin - “Or and as a sin offering” (Footnote)
Romans: An Introduction and Commentary 1. Life in the Spirit (8:1–17)

For sin. Greek peri hamartias, which is the regular LXX rendering of Hebrew ḥaṭṭā’t ‘sin-offering’. This is probably its force here (cf. RSV mg. ‘as a sin offering’; NEB ‘as a sacrifice for sin’).

He condemned Sin in the flesh.
Romans 8:3 ESV
3 For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh,
Condemned - to condemn (declare guilty) v. — to pronounce guilt and a punitive sentence on someone in a legal context. (Sense)
Sin - sin (personification) n. — sin personified as a destructive and depraved principle reigning over unbelievers and persisting in believers; especially as a slavemaster doling out payment with the currency of death and decay. (Sense)
in the Flesh - humanity ⇔ flesh n. — human nature understood by the soft tissue (or the physical body) that makes up humankind. (Sense)

Through Christ’s sacrificial death, God carried out His judgment upon sin, thereby breaking its power to control

1 Peter 3:18 ESV
18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit,

New Standing (4)

Romans 8:4 ESV
4 in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
Righteous
Righteous requirement - “a regulation relating to just or right action, regulation, requirement, commandment” (BDAG)
Law - law of God n. — any representative declaration of God’s legal requirements for His creatures; whether in Scripture or in the conscience. (Sense)
Fullfilled - to be satisfied ⇔ be full v. — to be or become satisfied concerning the requirements or expectations of (a contract or promise); understood as if being or becoming completely full. (Sense)
2 Corinthians 5:21 ESV
21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
Walk by the Spirit
Walk - to walk (behavior) v. — to live or behave in a specified manner. (Sense)
The Epistle to the Romans 1. The Spirit of Life (8:1–13)

Rather, Christian behavior is the necessary mark of those in whom this fulfillment takes place. God not only provides in Christ the full completion of the law’s demands for the believer, but he also sends the Spirit into the hearts of believers to empower a new obedience to his demands. Christians now are directed by the Spirit and not by the flesh.

The Epistle to the Romans 1. The Spirit of Life (8:1–13)

“To walk according to the flesh,” then, is to have one’s life determined and directed by the values of “this world,” of the world in rebellion against God. It is a lifestyle that is purely “human” in its orientation.73 To “walk according to the Spirit,” on the other hand, is to live under the control, and according to the values, of the “new age,” created and dominated by God’s Spirit as his eschatological gift.

Takeaways

It is a glorious day in the life of the Christian when he or she realizes that God’s children are not under the Law, that God does not expect them to do “good works” in the power of the old nature. When the Christian understands that “there is no condemnation,” then he realizes that the indwelling Spirit pleases God and helps the believer to please Him. What a glorious salvation we have! “Stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not be entangled again with a yoke of bondage!” warns Paul in Gal. 5:1 (NKJV).

Galatians 5:1 ESV
1 For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery.
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