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Acts Study: 2:22-24

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Review:
Peter is addressing the question, “What does this mean?” about the Spirit being poured out and the resulting language miracle.
Peter’s sermon gives us:
The meaning/explanation of Pentecost.
An example of how to interpret the OT.
An example of how to teach/preach Scripture.
An example of how to explain/proclaim the gospel.
So far, we’ve seen:
We should not be afraid to use the OT as a basis for explaining the gospel.
Peter uses Joel 2:28-32 to explain the Spirit, in some sense, to segue into the broader gospel.
Peter discusses the coming day of the Lord as a terrifying reality.
Peter introduces the idea that Salvation comes by calling on the name of the Lord.
Now Peter is going to show them who “the Lord” that they must call on is.
Verse 22:
“Jesus of Nazareth” - Peter is now bringing in the main theme of his sermon - Jesus.
Even though the confusion which allowed Peter to speak was most directly about the HS, Peter spends most of the sermon on Jesus, only returning to the HS in two more verses (total of 7 verses out of 27)… even though the HS is the very one empowering Peter’s preaching!
Pattern of Scripture is that the HS shines the spotlight on Christ (J.I. Packer).
How much did the crowd seem to already know about Jesus? (God had already proved Jesus’ identity to them through signs and wonders.)
What does this imply about the Pentecost language miracle? (One of its purposes was to show that the church really is God’s people.)
What did Jesus’ signs and wonders prove about him? (That he was sent by God. Perhaps also that he is: the Prophet/the One greater than Moses/the promised Deliverer/the Messiah/the Son of Man/God with us/the Lamb of God/etc.)
Verse 23:
Who killed Jesus? (The Jews/the Romans/God.)
Double edged meaning: 1) this was God’s plan, 2) you are guilty of murdering God’s Messiah!
As far as preaching the gospel goes, this serves:
To bring up the cross as God’s plan.
To bring up human guilt.
Definite plan:
Genesis 3:15 ESV
I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.”
Foreknowledge:
1 Peter 1:18–21 ESV
knowing that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your forefathers, not with perishable things such as silver or gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot. He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for the sake of you who through him are believers in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
Verse 24:
God raised him up.
It was not possible for Jesus to be held by death. Why? (That is what we will look at next time).
Application:
What does this tell us about the plans of God and the hands (and intentions) of lawless men? How should this inform us about racism? Riots?
Why should we care that Jesus rose from the dead?
Review: Elements of the Gospel
The judgement of the Lord is coming.
It is those who call on the Lord who will be saved.
Jesus is the One send by God.
Jesus was crucified by wicked men/you have sinned against God/Jesus.
Jesus’ death was God’s plan.
Jesus defeated death/God raised him up.
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