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Justice, human

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God created the world in justice, and expects that his creatures will deal fairly and justly with one another as a result. Sin brings injustice into the world, by disrupting the justice established by God at creation. As a result, human justice often falls short of God’s standards.


God shows his concern for human justice

By commanding it

Is 56:1; Mic 6:8
See also Ex 23:1–9; Dt 24:17; Ps 82:3; Pr 21:3; Ho 12:6; Ro 13:7

By commending its maintenance

Psalm 106:3 LEB
3 Blessed are those who observe justice, he who does righteousness at all times.
See also Ge 20:5–6; 1 Ki 3:11–12; 1 Ki 3:28; Job 1:8; Ps 37:37; Ps 112:5

By condemning its neglect

Malachi 3:5 LEB
5 “Then I will approach you for judgment, and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers and against the adulterers, and against those who swear falsely, and against the oppressors of the hired worker with his wages, the widow and the orphan, and the abusers of the alien, and yet do not fear me,” says Yahweh of hosts.
See also Dt 27:19; Job 31:13–14; Is 3:14; Is 3:15; Is 10:1; Je 7:5–8; Je 7:14 destruction follows ignored warnings; Eze 22:29–31

Justice in relationships within the family

Parents and children

Exodus 20:12 LEB
12 “Honor your father and your mother, so that your days can be long on the land that Yahweh your God is giving you.
See also Mt 15:4; Eph 6:1–3; Col 3:20–21; 1 Ti 3:4

Brothers and sisters

Genesis 4:9–10 LEB
9 Then Yahweh said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” And he said, “I do not know; am I my brother’s keeper?” 10 And he said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood is crying out to me from the ground.

Husband and wife

Mal 2:14; 1 Co 7:4–5; Col 3:18–19

Justice in the community

Pr 29:7; Jas 1:27
See also Job 29:16; Ps 82:3; Pr 29:14; Pr 31:8–9; Is 1:17; Je 22:16

Justice in the business world

Colossians 4:1 LEB
1 Masters, grant your slaves justice and fairness, knowing that you also have a master in heaven.
See also Le 19:35–36; Dt 25:15; Eph 6:9; Jas 5:1–4

Justice in courts of law

Exodus 23:6–8 LEB
6 “ ‘You will not pervert the justice of your poor in his legal dispute. 7 You will stay far from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent and the righteous, because I will not declare the wicked righteous. 8 And you will not take a bribe, because the bribe makes the sighted blind and ruins the words of the righteous.
See also Le 19:15; Dt 1:16; Dt 16:18–20; Dt 17:6; Dt 25:1–3; Dt 27:25; 2 Ch 19:5–7; Pr 12:17

Partiality condemned:

Pr 18:5; Pr 24:23–25; Pr 28:21
Pr 18:17; Jn 18:23; Ac 23:3

Justice in rulers and governments

Proverbs 8:15 LEB
15 By me kings reign, and rulers decree righteousness.
See also 1 Ki 10:9; 1 Ch 18:14; Pr 16:12–13; Pr 29:26–27; Pr 31:8–9; Je 22:13–16 judgment against the son of King Josiah; Eze 45:9; Ro 13:1–4; 1 Pe 2:13–14; 1 Pe 2:17

Justice in the community of faith

Am 5:21–24; Lk 11:42
See also Is 58:6–7; Ho 6:6; Ho 12:6; Mt 23:23; 1 Co 6:1–8; Jas 2:1–4; Jas 2:12–13

Justice in a believer’s life

Micah 6:8 LEB
8 He has told you, O mortal, what is good, and what does Yahweh ask from you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?
See also Pr 21:3; Php 4:8; Tt 2:12; 1 Pe 3:16
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