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Messiah

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Step back to take it all in…
INTRODUCTION- It has been said that to better understand where you are going (your future), you need to know where you’ve been (your past).
· Today, we are going to be covering some basic Christian principles.
· As we go through our individual and congregational Bible studies, there is a strong emphasis on the New Testament.
· And rightly so, it is a blueprint for our salvation, written in attainable language.
· We do ourselves an injustice though, if our focus is solely on the New Testament.
It’s like looking at a truly breathtaking painting from an inch from your face.
· Sure, what is directly in front of you is beautiful…
· But if we were to back up and take in the entire painting… how majestic that would be!
· And today that is what we will attempt to be doing…
· In this study… we will be learning all about Jesus… and from the Old Testament.
· The New Testament writers included approximately 250 express Old Testament quotations, and if one includes indirect or partial quotations, the number jumps to more than 1,000.
· It is my intention that by the end of this study we view a little more of this priceless masterpiece which is the Bible.
And learn to “Step back to take it all in…”
I. THE MEANING OF THE MESSIAH
A. A Consecrated Person
1. The Hebrew root of the word “messiah” is the verb Mashach, meaning “to rub or smear.”
a) For instance, it is used of rubbing oil on a shield. (Isa. 21:5)
b) But, more importantly, it is used to describe smearing oil or anointing objects in worship, such as an altar (Gn. 31:13), a tent of meeting (Ex. 30:26) or the tabernacle (Ex. 40:9-11)
2. The purpose of the previous texts was to show that the anointing was meant to consecrate or set apart these items.
3. So, now that we properly understand the meaning of the root word, we can better understand why the Psalmist called Him “the Anointed One” (Ps. 2:2).
B. A King from the line of David
1. In addition to being consecrated to God’s service, the Messiah is viewed as a royal figure.
2. One of the first prophetic statements about the Messiah’s royal nature is Gn. 49:10, which states “The scepter shall not depart from Judah;”
C. The Servant of the Lord
1. As God’s unique servant He will:
a) “He will bring Justice to the nations” (Isaiah 42:1)
b) Restore to the Lord (Isaiah 49:5-6)
c) Serve God by obeying Him despite a violent attack and shaming (Isaiah 50:6-7)
2. God will make an everlasting covenant” with the servant (Isaiah 55:3)
a) The servant would be a covenant mediator for Israel (Isaiah 42:6; 49:8)
D. The Eschatological Deliverer
1. Now, first off, Eschatological is just a fancy word meaning “a study of the end times”
2. The original Hebrew phrase literally means “in the end of days” (Gen. 49:1).
3. Jacob prophesized about a scepter that will arise from Judah, who would be the rightful king (Isaiah 49:10).
4. Jeremiah prophesized that the Lord would raise up a king (Jer. 23:5-6).
5. Jeremiah used the phrase, “The days that are coming,” which was commonly used to announce eschatological events (Jer. 16:14; 30:3; 31:31).
E. A Redeemer from Sin
1. The most prominent example that shows Jesus in this light is the fourth servant song (Isaiah 52:13-53:12).
2. The servant was to be a substitutionary sacrifice for sin.
3. Prophesy states that Jesus would be given “the iniquity of us all” (Isaiah 53:5-6).
4. That He would “justify many, and He will carry their iniquities” (Isaiah 53:11)
F. A Perfect Ruler
1. Described as one that would establish a kingdom of peace, justice, and righteousness.
2. Promised king who rules over a kingdom of peace (Isaiah 9:7)
a) Such peace that “the wolf will live with the lamb” (Isaiah 11:6)
3. Described as one who will “judge the poor righteously” (Isaiah 11:4)
4. And His influence would be great (Isaiah 11:9).
II. THE TITLES OF THE MESSIAH
A. The Son of God
1. The Psalmist writes that “This day I have begotten thee” (Ps. 2:7).
2. “Begotten” here is referring to a coronation, as of a King.
3. This is a description of the Eternal Son taking his throne, not an implication of birth.
4. Now why do you think this is a very important distinction, especially with all the denominations we have in the world today?
B. The Son of Man
1. This is Jesus’ favorite self-identification, placing himself as “fully human”.
2. Daniel’s prophesy of Jesus reads, “one like the son of man” in the last days. (Daniel 7:13-14)
3. Jesus quoted this passage, indicating that the High Priest that was accusing Him should have known Him (Matthew 26:64)
C. Immanuel
1. Isaiah prophesizes about the virgin birth of Jesus and the name He shall have. (ISAIAH 7:13-14)
2. This name is more about “who” Jesus would be than what he would be called.
3. Jesus was accused of blasphemy for saying this, because the High Priest knew what the implications were of this statement. He was fully God.
4. Mary, being told about Jesus and who He would be, was told that His name should be Immanuel… “God with us.” (Matthew 1:23)
D. Wonderful Counselor
1. This term “wonderful; wonder” is used exclusively of the acts of God on behalf of His people (Ex. 3:20; 15:11; 34:10).
2. The term “counselor” reflects a uniquely divine attribute, i.e. God needs no counselor.
3. This is indicating that God alone is wonderful in counsel (Isa. 28:29)
E. Prince of Peace
1. The word “prince” here doesn’t mean a “son of a King”, but rather a “ruler” or “leader” (Isa. 3:14).
2. This means Jesus would be the Ruler of peace.
3. Jesus would come to establish peace between humanity and God (Isa. 53:5).
4. It is in this fashioned that scripture tells us how we should have peace (Phil. 4:7)
F. The One Shepherd
1. Psalm 80 calls God himself the Shepherd of Israel (Ps. 80:1).
2. God promises to bring people from all lands under a “single shepherd” (Ezk. 34:23).
3. Jesus would be their God, their shepherd (Jn 10:14)
Conclusion- What we have learned here today should put some clarity into why the people who didn’t believe Jesus’ Deity reacted so strongly against Him. Even though, clearly, all the evidence points Jesus being the long-awaited Messiah of the world.
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