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One of Israel’s three major agricultural festivals, the second great feast of the Jewish year. It is a harvest festival, also known as the Feast of Weeks. The original Jewish significance of this festival has been overshadowed by the Christian celebration of the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost.


Pentecost was one of Israel’s three major agricultural festivals

It was also known as the Feast of Weeks

Deuteronomy 16:9–10 NASB95
“You shall count seven weeks for yourself; you shall begin to count seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain. “Then you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks to the Lord your God with a tribute of a freewill offering of your hand, which you shall give just as the Lord your God blesses you;
See also Ex 34:22; Dt 16:16–17; 2 Ch 8:13

It is also referred to as the Feast of Harvest

Exodus 23:16 NASB95
“Also you shall observe the Feast of the Harvest of the first fruits of your labors from what you sow in the field; also the Feast of the Ingathering at the end of the year when you gather in the fruit of your labors from the field.

Instructions for the celebration of Pentecost

Its timing and sacrifices

Le 23:15–21 The “fifty days” (verse 16) gives rise to the term “Pentecost” which is derived from the Greek word for “fiftieth”; Nu 28:26–31; Je 5:24

Its link with the deliverance from Egypt

Dt 16:12 Pentecost later became associated with covenant renewal and the giving of the Law.

Pentecost in the NT

It was observed by Paul

See also Ac 20:16; 1 Co 16:8

Its association with the coming of the Holy Spirit

Ac 2:1–4; Ac 2:16–21; Ac 11:15
See also Joe 2:28–32
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