Rev CH 19-20
I. Where we left off
A. Destruction o Babylon & the weeping o all that profited by her
B. Marriage Supper o the Lamb
I. Return & A Major Battle
11 Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself. 13 He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is called is The Word of God. 14 And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. 15 From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty.
A. What do we learn o Jesus frm vs 11-13?
a. white horse:
1. indicates victory: He’s won b4 the battle even began…how? (robes w/blood)
b. faithful, true, righteous judge (which tells us what?) war maker
1. At this point, God sets to right all the injustices done to his people!
2. What characteristics do u think o when u hear the name Jesus?
i. Who thinks o war maker
-Do u think o war as good/bad?
-Is war always bad?
-Is war sometimes good?
4 but with righteousness he shall judge the poor, and decide with equity for the meek of the earth; and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he shall kill the wicked. 5 Righteousness shall be the belt of his waist, and faithfulness the belt of his loins.
*Perhaps, when war is necessary to bring about justice & free the captive??
*How do we know that Jesus judges & makes war righteously?
c. eyes like fire
1. He searches & sees everything; nothing is hidden frm him
i. A good quality to have in a righteous judge…maybe that means we can trust him & his decision making?
d. many diadems on the head
1. Authority; royalty; dominion
e. unknown name??
1. could describe the bigness o God
i. names are given to God based on character
-Isr. would give God names as they learn more about him
ii. Jesus is so great, so awesome, so big, we cannot fully know all there is to know about him
12 For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I have been fully known.
2. It may also speak 2 authority
i. It was believed that if u new a person’s full name & pronounce it perfectly, you would have power over them
-That no 1 knows the hidden name of Jesus means no one has power over him
ii. This speaks to Jesus as Ruler over all, but no one being master over him
3. Or does Jn reveal the name in...
16 On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.
f. wearing bloody robes
1. Jesus’ source o victory is not in concurring through conquest, but defeating death w/his own death & resurrection!!
i. notice that there is no actual battle that rages
ii. He simply pronounces judgement
g. called the word of God (which tells us what?)
1. The perfect revelation o God the father
h. What is Jesus’ only weapon mentioned? (vs 15: Sword frm his mouth; What’s that?)
1. Jesus’ weapon is the righteous, true judgement pronounced!!
B. Who’s w/Jesus?
14 And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses.
a. Who’s the armies o heaven?
1. Some say angels
2. Where’s the last time we saw Jesus’ army?
i. remember the military senses found in Ch 7?
-Jn heard the senses o Isr...
-Then turned & saw a great multitude
ii. Consider also where we last read about what they wore?
7 Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready; 8 it was granted her to clothe herself with fine linen, bright and pure”— for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints.
*Who’s the bride- the church
*what’s the cloths signify? - righteous deeds
*how did she come by it? - granted to her (presumably by the groom)
~Is righteousness given to us or what we do?
~It’s Jesus’ righteousness, that we cloth ourselves in: the 2 thoughts work in concert
12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, 13 for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.
~ "Granted her to clothe herself”
iii. Back on track: What if the Church is the army o heaven??
-Could it b that rapture takes place
16 For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord.
*during which we get the tribulation
*While the world is experiencing the tribulation the church is enjoying the marriage supper
-Then Heaven opens & the Church follows Jesus down 2 witness the great battle
-But who does the actual fighting??
*Just like the victory won at the cross, This victory of Justice will b won only by Jesus
C. Side Note: Spirit of Prophecy
10 Then I fell down at his feet to worship him, but he said to me, “You must not do that! I am a fellow servant with you and your brothers who hold to the testimony of Jesus. Worship God.” For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
— What’s Jn trying to communicate—
a. 2 things to note:
1. Here we find the point of this book…prophecy
i. Who Jesus is & what he does (past, present, future) is the point of this prophecy
2. the heart of all prophecy should b about pointing to Jesus/God... Who Jesus is & what he does (past, present, future) & what our response to this truth is
D. Upon the defeat o Jesus’ enemies, what happens?
20 And the beast was captured, and with it the false prophet who in its presence had done the signs by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped its image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 And the rest were slain by the sword that came from the mouth of him who was sitting on the horse, and all the birds were gorged with their flesh.
a. Justice is brought about at the mere Spoken Word of Jesus
II. Millennial reign of Christ -
A. the visible return of Christ w/His saints to reign on earth for 1,000yrs.
1 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain. 2 And he seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and threw him into the pit, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he might not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were ended. After that he must be released for a little while. 4 Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. Also I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is the one who shares in the first resurrection! Over such the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and they will reign with him for a thousand years.
a. 1,000yrs literal/figurative?
1. probably meant 2 illust. a really long time
b. 1000yrs now or a time in the future?
1. Some folks say that we r in the 1,000yr reign & signifies the period o time btwn Jesus’ ascension & return
5 even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved— 6 and raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus,
2. Some folks suggest that Rev describes a sequence o events:
i. Marriage supper - return w/Church - Temporary defeat of Satan - Millennial Reign
c. after the 1,000yr reign...
IV. The final judgment-
A. The ultimate defeat o Satan
a. the wicked dead will be raised & judged according to their works.
b. those not found written in the Book of Life, together with the devil & his angels, will be consigned to the everlasting punishment in the lake which burns with fire & brimstone, which is the 2nd death.
10 and the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
11 Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. From his presence earth and sky fled away, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had done. 13 And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them, and they were judged, each one of them, according to what they had done. 14 Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.
WHERE WE’RE GOING
I. Next Week: Rev 21-22
II. Studies After: Options
A. Forgotten God: Francis Chan
a. This seven-session video resource offers a compelling invitation to understand, embrace, & follow the H.S.’s direction in our lives. It is designed to initiate & facilitate discussion, interaction & practical application of the message of Forgotten God.
B. If: Mark Batterson
a. If is a powerful little word. Some people are stuck in "if only," trudging through lives marked with regret. But God wants us to live lives marked with possibilities, with the "what if" attitude that looks forward to the future with confidence. Why? Because the answer to "If God is for us, who can be against us?" is "No one." God is always on our side. Every day, in every way.
b. This 8 week course helps us overcome feelings of guilt, fear, & doubt because in Christ there is no condemnation. Unpacking the promises of Romans 8, Mark shows us that we are more than conquerors—right now & forever. Because of that, the possibilities for our lives are limitless.