2 Timothy 3
Hammer home why? one advances godliness the other wicked ungodly living! one step at a time.2. Avoid contangious - importance of resurrection faith - not upset, not catastrophe , not bend heats… 3. assurance of election… that includes human responsibility = so active a trutht not just an argument- Number 16 example, what it eans to name the name of the LORD and … purpose of seals, foundation… 4. Offer yourself to be purified and put to honourable use 5. Flee and pursue model = inner sinful passions vs. virtues. , beyond argument itself - inner attiude of breed quarrels vs. like God and his gospel - kind outwardly, inwardly patient enduring evil, and sandwiched in between teaching = practical walking beside… correct with gentleness. Like Christ. Goal - repentance leading to a kinwoldge of the truth - escape taken captive… Key Truth: The Lord’s servants must steer between useless conflict and undiscerning tolerance, truly loving the Truth and people!Context: Just called him to remember Jesus Christ and think on the kerygma.. now whole church should!(for immediate and 3:1-4:8 long term concerns)whole church, then command with full authority stop fighting! church has been given heaven’s authority - if one is taken in sin - go gently at first.. but officially as church! over stated since just arguing about words!!! Not wrong to lok closely even argue, but The allusion is to quarreling, quibbling, wrangling over words, seizing on texts without due attention to their proper context, engaging in polemics, reveling in novel interpretations and disputed points of teaching. Whatever these people were doing, it is clear what they were not doing, namely, cherishing and promoting the “wholesome teaching” (1:13) and the Scriptures (3:10–17).- not loving the LORD and His people = missingie. Divinci COde, Gospel of Judas… false history , better to present wholesome teaching of same time! How did we get the NT canon etc. Like that kind of quarrelling is COUGHING and HACKING = spread’s contagion! v.14 ruin. The noun, katastrophē [2692, 2953] speaks of a “state of being intellectually upset to a ruinous degree … (the opposite would be edification)” (BDAG 528)- like God not changing, or God changing the hearts of his people, or Plato - changing of mind twoards the light in the cave… That radical… - twist or BENDV.15-18 Be an Approved WorkerPresent to God - royal service or offer sacrifice present somebody to somebody’, hence ‘to make, render’ (BA); it is used with an adj., as here, in Eph 5:27; Col 1:22, 28 of making people acceptable to God. The word can be used of in the context of court ceremonial and royal service; it can also refer to the offering of sacrifices (Rom 12:1 I. Howard Marshall and Philip H. Towner, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Pastoral Epistles, International Critical Commentary (London; New York: T&T Clark International, 2004), 747.Not Theodore Roosevelt’s “far and away best prize life hsas to offer is the change to work hard at work worth doing” - good advice, but this is about about what is zealously and conscientiously to be worked at. This idea of the formal presentation before God for his approval recalls the mention of “God’s presence” in 2:14 and also the combined images of Jesus’ parables in Matthew 25:14–30 (“Well done, my good and faithful servant”) and 25:31–46 (“Come, you who are blessed by my Father”);Key in time of conflict, wanting to give up, suffering, persecution - people and their reactions get big, God gets small in your life - maintain a sense of honour that looksto God for approval of work doing = sense of duties mine, events God’s - like workman in market place ie Paul selling tents, inspected, like builder and inspector testing and checking - no shame did what’s need! ie. w solider, athlete, farmer! rightly handling, dividing, correctly explaining, less correct interp, more straight path , guidihg word of truth away from impious worldly uses.. Charles Spurgeon had an eye on these pitfalls when he declared, “Of all I would wish to say this is the sum; my brethren, preach Christ, always and evermore. He is the whole gospel. His person, offices, and work must be our one great, all-comprehending theme … to have faithfully unveiled the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ will be in the final judgment accounted worthier service than to have solved the problems of the religious Sphinx, or to have cut the Gordian knot of Apocalyptic difficulty. Blessed is the ministry of which Christ is all” (1890:127, 129 v.15 orthotomeō [3718, 3982], which occurs only here and in the LXX of Prov 3:6 and 11:5. In the LXX passage it means “ ‘cut a path in a straight direction’ or ‘cut a road across country (that is forested or otherwise difficult to pass through) in a straight direction’, so that the traveler may go directly to his destination.”v.16 FALSEHOOD AND quarreling lead to GODLESS BEHAVIOUR vs. GODLY LIFE = Eusibia = OT “fear of the LORD” … advance in the wrong direction!= stop this talk, because even the best of it can’t produce. cultivate godly behaviours … weeds of sin thrive and take over or wrose promote asebeia! VS> ADORN GOSPEL WITH GOOD WORKS! Modern political correctness, free speech = idea that talk is cheap and without real effect… but Language CREATES the world, it doesn’t merely respond to and talk about, it alters the world by perception and vlues… give a strict accounting for our conversation Mtt 12:36v.17v.18 upset, in Titus whole households = overturned, ruined! Papyrus - just one member of household , little by little, one standard at a time. LEFT PATH OF TRUTH - radicalized view of we are raised with Christ, figurative, denying eschatological resurrection… 2nd century led to gnostic ethics… ie bodily conduct is irrelevant. = trumphalism = super apostles 2 Cor 11:5, who left the CROSS behind… Church can thrive only for a season, on style, releveance, compromising the truth … like heart disease A church can thrive on style for a season; it can even drift into false teaching without external signs of trouble—for a while. But the relationship between truth and life is inviolable, and where truth is diluted or replaced with “relevance” or assimilated into error, life diminishes and eventually is extinguished. Like heart disease one need only do “what comes naturally” and “party on” to move the condition along. No alarms will sound right up to the time of the ambulance ride, unless one is making regular visits to an attentive and sharp doctor. Spin more authentic, cause doubts of Bible and traditional teaching. NOT PESSIMISITIC, though realistic! God’s Firm Foundation - resurrection and departing from iniquity: But when Hb. 6:1 (→ VI, 209, 6 ff.) lists the first principles of Christian instruction, there remains as solid food for the perfect a Christian gnosis at the heart of which, as in Paul, are the cross and exaltation to the right hand of God, Hb. 12:2.As compared with Gnostics who change or develop the Christian hope of the resurrection in a spiritualising sense, 2 Tm. 2:19 refers to the sure foundation stone of faith: ὁ μέντοι στερεὸς θεμέλιος τοῦ θεοῦ ἕστηκεν. God Himself is the firm foundation, and He gives it. θεμέλιος (→ III, 63, 1 ff.) corresponds to the πέτρα (→ VI, 95, 9 ff.) and λίθος (→ IV, 268, 10 ff.) in many OT and NT metaphors. As God is the rock in the OT, so here He is the foundation stone, which is also laid by Him. στερεός as an attribute belongs integrally to Him; it is a term for God in Aquila → n. 16. We thus have all the associations which are bound up with στερεός and στερέωμα in the OT → 609, 20 ff. God is He by whom the world and the believing community stand (ἕστηκεν). He is constant and He makes constant, and He demands true purifying and preparation, v. 20, 21. The orientation of the saying about the foundation stone is not in the first instance to the Church or the system of doctrines but to the individual members of the believing community whom God has known.39 Hence the foundation stone referred to is the constancy and faithfulness with which God calls His community afresh each day, and the individual within it, and holds them fast to Jesus Christ, the Crucified and Risen Lord. In this way He is the firm foundation of faith.41 Georg Bertram, “Στερεός, Στερεόω, Στερέωμα,” ed. Gerhard Kittel, Geoffrey W. Bromiley, and Gerhard Friedrich, Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1964–), 612–613. Isaiah 28:16
Isaiah 28:16 ESVtherefore thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I am the one who has laid as a foundation in Zion, a stone, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone, of a sure foundation: ‘Whoever believes will not be in haste.’
Word of God not bound, and invulnerablity … human faithfulness with God’s unalterable, irresistable power and authroityin God’s work. Exactly what Jesus said we’d experience: Matthew 16:18
Matthew 16:18 ESVAnd I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
The significance of foundation, for complacent church, persecuted suffering church, in inscription: carved on stone = ownership, permanence, protection and concern for holiness! = Numbers 16:5
Numbers 16:5 ESVand he said to Korah and all his company, “In the morning the Lord will show who is his, and who is holy, and will bring him near to him. The one whom he chooses he will bring near to him.
= unmistakable get away from word-fighters! God able to reclaim his own wandering … but away from false teachers!v.19 Expand House Imagery = v,21 = if or SINCE? THEN House of People, as vessels = Isaiah 52:11 Big deal isn’t so much godl or clay but use they are put to: the church is a mixed community including within its ranks both the true and the false (Marshall 1999:759, 761). The Greek of the second line is more literally “some [or, the former] unto honor and others [or, the latter] unto dishonor.” It is unclear whether the distinction concerns the materials (e.g., gold for honor, clay for dishonor) or cuts across them (some, of gold or clay, for honor, others, again of either material, for dishonor). In any event, the distinction between materials does not appear to carry through in what follows. The primary point of their valuation depends on the use to which they are put: expensive vases for decorating as opposed to chamber pots, for example.BE cleansed and made a vessel of honour by good use you are bput to! , rather than contempt and thrown out - judged! VS. to be a tool, instrument in God’s hand is demeaning - but here immintently qualified by work of God within us! In the context of 2 Timothy the good works center on the building up of God’s church (2:16); they ultimately have an eye on the church’s mission in the wider public. REAL CLEANSING: not just legal poistion, but subectivbely as well as objectively - what a promise for those who feel stained by evil they did, or done to them: For any who carry the feeling of stain on their lives—either through evil done by them or evil done to them—Scripture’s promises of cleansing are, for those who believe them, a source of unbelievable freedom and joyful service. Such a person will know himself or herself to be objectively qualified by God, immune from any accusation of wrongdoing (Rom 8:31–39; 1 Cor 4:1–5; cf. Isa 6:7), and subjectively emboldened, freed from an accusing conscience (1 John 3:18–24). The thought here is of no mere legal declaration of holiness that is contradicted by one’s actual living. In this context exactly the opposite is in view: This is a life marked by cleansing and holiness KEY QUESTION = what do you desire, we are what we desire = power possessions sex rules hearts of people until power is broken … or are the values you esteem = Holiness, purity, readiness, and usefulness = Augustine’s quote not just theraputic - rest in LORD , but must operate in us on level of our desire - to please God, praise him =
Cornerstone Biblical Commentary: 1-2 Timothy, Titus & Hebrews CommentarySaint Augustine said, “To praise you is the desire of man, a little piece of your creation. You stir man to take pleasure in praising you, because you have made us for yourself, and our heart is restless until it rests in you” (Confessions 1.1.1).
Lewis: Thus C. S. Lewis wrote, “Earth, if chosen instead of Heaven, will turn out to have been, all along, only a region in Hell: and earth, if put second to Heaven, to have been from the beginning a part of Heaven itself.… Any man who reaches heaven will find that what he abandoned (even in plucking out his right eye) has not been lost: that the kernel of what he was really seeking even in his most depraved wishes will be there, beyond expectation, waiting for him in ‘the High Countries’.Writing to people not yet perfect, but power of sin broken, and stirred to long for holiness, and kingdom of God
Isaiah 52:11 ESVDepart, depart, go out from there; touch no unclean thing; go out from the midst of her; purify yourselves, you who bear the vessels of the Lord.
22-26 Exhortations to Purity!Not just sexual, but run from the darkness = Then we recall the extreme measures that Jesus called forth in dealing with these desires (i.e., gouge out your eye, cut off your hand; Matt 5:27–30). Thinking of the latter, we are quick to observe that Jesus spoke figuratively. Sin is rooted not in a body part but in the heart! Then again, an American hiker provoked amazement and even admiration when to save his earthly life he cut off his own arm, which had become wedged between two boulders. Jesus spoke to those who value the life of God’s kingdom. In a society swimming in sex, our own hearts must interpose this command between our senses and every form of media, style of dress, and casual conversation. The Greek wording, however, does not require that the desires be specifically sexual in nature you belong to assembly that calls on the name of the LORD> Timothy, run with the right crowd, namely, the disciples of Jesus; adopt their view of things and share in their mutually strengthening fellowship.”ANTIDOTES TO TOXINS OF FALSE TEACHING< pursue… In the act of pursuing peace, Timothy is encouraged to “enjoy the companionship of those who call on the Lord with pure hearts” (see note on 2:22). The phrasing used here for “those who call on the Lord... it may be the life-shaping hope involved in this expression that is a specific response to the denial of a future resurrection and the godless living that results from that teaching (2:18; cf. 4:1–2). The same hook back to 2:19 signals that Timothy is to nurture the self-identity of the community embodied in the inscription of 2:19v.24 There may be here a deliberate reminiscence about the servant of the Lord in Isaiah 42:2 (cf. Isa 50:6; 53:7; Marshall 1999:765), who “will not shout [strive] or raise his voice in public.” Without question, Jesus is a perfect model of what is meant (see especially Matt 12:18–21). The phrase has at once an authorizing (of the Lord) and moderating force as it remindsKIND - able to teach PATIENT = not just have a view but character to teach it Sandwiched between “kind” and “patient,” we see “able to teach,” which has as much to do with character as it does with knowledge and understanding. Indeed, if the teaching was not kind and patient, it would demonstrate that it was without knowledge and understanding. Teaching not just educate for informed responsible living but PAIDEIA also to assist in the development of a person’s ability to make appropriate choices, practice discipline” (BDAG 749). The latter meaning is more likely here (cf. 3:16; Titus 2:12), not in the sense of church discipline (1 Tim 1:20), but in that of providing necessary correction and guidance in the interest of appropriate maturation. Extraordinary skill, sympathy, humility (Titus 3:3), self-discipline, and love are called for. Grnat repentance,… people sandwiched between captive by devil and God granting mercy! - our job just ambassadors.. FOR PARENT and TRUE FRIEND = hope - life preserver: repentance LEARN THE TRUTH The result of God’s gift of repentance is that “they will learn the truth” (2:25)—that is, God grants a repentance “unto a knowledge of the truth.” This expression occurs in 3:7 (note the contrast); 1 Timothy 2:4; 4:3; and Titus 1:1. Taken together, 2:25–26 has been a life preserver and source of hope for many a parent and true friend and for many a wearied missionary and pastor Jon C. Laansma, “Commentary on 2 Timothy,” in Cornerstone Biblical Commentary: 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, and Hebrews, vol. 17 (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2009), 181. Jon C. Laansma, “Commentary on 2 Timothy,” in Cornerstone Biblical Commentary: 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, and Hebrews, vol. 17 (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2009), 180.