Preaching of Peter
1. The book of Acts is a textbook of gospel preaching
a. 22 sermons or speeches
b. 9 by Peter, 9 by Paul
c. Stephen, Philip, James and Ananias
a. Brought to Christ by his brother Andrew
b. One of the inner three. Saw Jesus on the mount of transfiguration.
c. Jesus prayed specifically for him and told him so.
d. Jesus specifically admonishes him after the resurrection
e. Found restoration after denying the Lord
f. Used mightily by God here on the day of Pentecost.
3. Peter’s message was homiletically correct as well as doctrinally sound.
4. His theme needed skillful development, and before getting to the heart of the subject it was necessary for him to build excitement in the minds of the people.
5. Peter’s sermon had three distinctive parts
6. Each part carries a pronoun for its title
a. Introduction: “This” (16)
b. Development: “Him” (23)
c. Application: “You” (36)
Preaching of Peter
1. His Method
a. It was short and straight to the point
i. 1 Corinthians 2:4 "4And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:"
ii. He wasn’t trying to win adoring fans, he was trying to reach precious souls through the Spirit filled preaching of the word of God.
iii. He directed it to the mind, giving instruction.
iv. To the heart, producing enthusiasm
v. To the conscience, resulting in conviction
vi. To the will, leading to a decision
b. It was simple, plain and clear
i. Everyone could understand exactly what he was saying, even though it was against the historic background they were familiar with.
1. Peter did not preach in tongues, but in the everyday Aramaic that they understood.
ii. They heard him gladly: “gladly received the word”
iii. He spoke with simplicity
1. Mark 12:37 "37David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly."
2. Does that mean the people of means would have to humble themselves?
3. Matthew 18:3-4 "3And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. 4Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven."
iv. He preached clearly and loudly
1. 2 Corinthians 3:12 "12Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech:"
2. Acts 2:14 "14But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:"
c. It was instructive and informative
i. It was not simply emotional evangelism…if you didn’t have that spring in your step, the joy bells going off in your heart…
ii. The New Testament contains no such example, but Scriptural preaching of the gospel appeals to the mind, the heart, the conscience and the will.
iii. Isaiah 1:18 "18Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool."
iv. We need to clearly instruct when it comes to the gospel message.
1. Acts 5:42 "42And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ."
2. Matthew 13:19 "19When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side."
3. People must have a firm understanding of the gospel. They must know what they are doing and have done.
4. Too many rush through and leave the people with glimpse of the truth, but no real understanding
5. Matthew 13:23 "23But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty."
6. The right kind of preaching produces a firm understanding of the gospel message that the hearer will not forget.
d. It was scriptural
i. Paul’s challenge to Timothy: 2 Timothy 4:2 "2Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine."
ii. Peter’s preaching was based on Scripture.
iii. There are some who read a verse, close the Bible and you never hear the Bible mentioned again.
iv. Much of Peter’s sermon were quotes from the Old Testament.
1. He showed how the prophetic word had been fulfilled.
a. Relating to Holy Spirit
i. Joel 2:28-31: Acts 2:14-21 "14But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: 15For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day. 16But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; 17And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: 18And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy: 19And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: 20The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come: 21And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved."
ii. “the last days”: includes Pentecost and goes through the tribulation period unto “that great and notable day of the Lord”
iii. Last days/Latter times/Last times
iv. Hebrews 1:2 "2Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;"
v. 1 John 2:18 "18Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time."
vi. The coming of the Holy Spirit certainly came in the last days and the entire prophecy will be fulfilled “before that great and notable day of the Lord come”.
vii. Peter was saying this is that Holy Spirit that God would pour out.
b. Prophecies relating to Christ
2. His preaching was in its right dispensational context and setting.
e. It was bold, fearless and without apology
i. This was a distinctive characteristic of New Testament preaching
ii. It was with holy boldness. Acts 1:8 "8But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth."
iii. Acts 4:13 "13Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus."
iv. Acts 4:29 "29And now, Lord, behold their threatenings: and grant unto thy servants, that with all boldness they may speak thy word,"
2. The Message
Peter did not preach a religious system, but a living Person. God’s own Son and the work he accomplishe for guilty men and women. He preached the mighty acts of God; what God had done for the salvation of man.
a. He preached His incarnation
i. Acts 2:36 "36Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ."
ii. Acts 2:22 "22Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:"
b. He preached their sin
i. They were guilty
ii. Acts 2:23 "23Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:"
iii. Matthew 27:21-25 "21The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas. 22Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified. 23And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. 24When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. 25Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children."
iv. He made no bones about it. “Well I’m a pretty good person”…no you’re not.
v. Stephen too presented the guilt of the people clearly: Acts 7:47-53 "47But Solomon built him an house. 48Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet, 49Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool: what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what is the place of my rest? 50Hath not my hand made all these things? 51Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye. 52Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers: 53Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it."
vi. He didn’t excuse sin. “Well it’s not that bad.”
vii. We must clearly present sin for what sin is.
c. He preached His crucifixion
i. Acts 2:23 "23Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:"
ii. Divine sovereignty
iii. Human responsibility
iv. Born to die: 1 Peter 3:18 "18For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:"
d. He preached His resurrection
i. Acts 2:24 "24Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it."
ii. Acts 2:32 "32This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses."
iii. He showed how this was prophesied in the Old Testament
iv. Acts 2:25-28 "25For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: 26Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: 27Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 28Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance."
v. Psalm 16:8-11 "8I have set the LORD always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. 9Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. 10For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 11Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is fulness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore."
vi. This was always a great emphasis of apostolic teaching and preaching.
vii. Acts 17:18 "18Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks, encountered him. And some said, What will this babbler say? other some, He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange gods: because he preached unto them Jesus, and the resurrection."
e. He preached His ascension
i. Acts 2:33 "33Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear."
ii. John 20:17 "17Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God."
iii. Acts 1:9-11 "9And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. 10And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; 11Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven."
iv. Ephesians 4:8-10 "8Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. 9(Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? 10He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)"
v. Four proofs
1. Person of Jesus Christ: They all knew that Jesus was a real person, who had done real miracles as a testament to Who He is. “These things were not done in a corner”
2. The prophecy of David from Psalm 16:8-11 and the presence of David’s tomb.
3. The witness of the believers
4. The presences of the Holy Spirit.
a. If Jesus were dead, he could not send the Holy Spirit.
b. God had raise Jesus to life and exalted him to the right hand of the Father. Thus Jesus had the authority to send the Holy Spirit.
f. He preached His exaltation
i. Acts 2:33-35 "33Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. 34For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 35Until I make thy foes thy footstool."
ii. Psalm 110:1 "1A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool."
iii. Peter used Psalm 110:1 that is was prophesied that this resurrected Christ would be seated at the right hand of the father.
iv. Acts 2:36 "36Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ."
v. What a triumphant conclusion to this great sermon!
vi. We proclaim a living and glorious Lord.
vii. Hebrews 7:25 "25Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them."
3. The Miracle
a. “pricked in their heart”: Acts 2:37 "37Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?"
b. “what shall we do?”
c. Peter draws the net = 3,000 souls were saved.
d. Acts 2:21 "21And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved."