The Holy Bible, King James Version Matthew 13:24-30, 36-43
Matthew 13:24 through Matthew 13:30 (KJV)
24Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field: 25But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way. 26But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also. 27So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares? 28He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up? 29But he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them. 30Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.
Matthew 13:36 through Matthew 13:43 (KJV)
36Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field. 37He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; 38The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; 39The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. 40As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. 41The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; 42And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. 43Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
In this second parable, Jesus again used the figure of the sower, but with a twist. After a farmer sowed his wheat seed, an enemy came at night and sowed weeds on the same soil. As a result, the wheat and the weeds grew up together and would continue to do so till the time of harvest. Removing the weeds early would result in destroying the wheat. Therefore they must grow together until the harvest when the weeds would first be gathered out and destroyed. Then the wheat would be gathered into the barn.
As Jesus and his disciples came into the house away from the crowd they asked for an explanation of this wheat and weed parable:
36. Jesus sent the multitude away. It is feared that many of them went away no wiser than when they came. They heard the sound of the words and that was all. But the disciples said declare unto us the parable of the wheat and the weeds. They acknowledged their ignorance and were not ashamed of it.
1. Jesus told them the sower of the good seed is the son of man, the Lord himself. Whatever good seed there is in the world, it all comes from the hand of Christ and is of his sowing. Truths preached, graces planted, souls sanctified, are all good seed and all owing to Christ.
2. The field is the world, the whole world, not just the United States other country.
3. The good seed represents the children of the kingdom, the true saints. The weeds are the sons of the evil one that had been sowed among the wheat by the enemy…..the devil. Here is the character of all profane and wicked people. They bear the image of the devil, do his lusts, and from him they have their education. He rules over them and works in them. They are weeds in the garden but have the same good soil, sunshine, and rain with the good plants. The enemy is the devil; a sworn enemy to Christ and all that is good.
4. They were sown while men slept. Not that sleeping is bad. Satan watches all opportunities and lay hold of all advantages. He does his best when reason and conscience sleep, when we are off our guard. Satan rules in the darkness of this world.
5. The tares and the wheat grew together and the servants wanted to rip them out, but the Master was wise and said let them grow together until harvest. They are not easy to tell apart and much wheat may be destroyed.
6. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are the angels. At Christ’s second coming, the angels gather will gather the wicked and through them into judgment. At that time there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Weeping suggests sorrow and grief (emotional agony in hell), and grinding of one’s teeth speaks of pain ( physical agony in hell). Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their father.
Christians and non Christians must coexist in the world.
Jesus makes it clear in the passages that people of the church and people of the world are going to progress through this life together. Knowing this is instructive for both groups.
First, it is a warning for the church to avoid two extremes: The church must avoid compromise with worldly philosophies that are unacceptable to God. And the church must avoid seeking isolation from worldly people. The idea is to be in the world but not of the world, just as Jesus modeled his own life.
Second, it is a wake up call for the people of the world. There needs to be understanding that togetherness does not mean sameness. It is clear from the text that although coexistence is a reality, people of the world and of the kingdom are different.
Christians and non Christians often look alike
Externally, the Christian and non Christian often look alike. They may work at the same office or factory. They may live on the same street and be involved in many of the same community activities. This is true because both groups are affected by the norms of their culture. External appearance can be very deceptive. But internally, they are totally different. We need to look into our own hearts to discover with whom we have a relationship.
Christians and non Christians are destined to an eternal difference.
It is clear from the text that Christians and non Christians will not coexist and look alike forever. A separation is sure to come. The wicked will suffer eternal destruction while Christians will shine like the sun. The final reality of Kingdom life helps one realize that what is most crucial is a new citizenship that comes through a relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ.
It seems to me that there are two urgent admonitions in this text. First, it is not enough to look like a Christian; you must surrender your life to Jesus. Second, do all that you are able to do to share Christ with as many as you can. It is the greatest gift you can give to anyone.