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WHAT IS A PROPHET

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WHAT IS A PROPHET:

People called prophets appear in much of the Old Testament. As early as , God says to Abimelech, king of Gerar, that Abraham is a prophet who would intercede for Abimelech. In God tells Moses that Aaron his brother would act as Moses’ prophet or spokesman. In God sends an unnamed prophet to Israel to explain why the Midianites had overrun them. Prophetesses also appear in these books. designates Miriam, Moses’ sister, a prophetess, and calls Deborah a prophetess. All these people seem to be fulfilling roles that the tradition later came to associate with prophets/prophetesses. Yet another fifteen prophetic figures appear in 1 and 2 Samuel and 1 and 2 Kings, not to mention the so-called “Major and Minor Prophets.” What, though, are prophets? What did they do? How did they relate to their audiences, to other institutions and officials in ancient Israel, and to each other? This chapter will seek to answer those questions.

Genesis 20:7 ESV
Now then, return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, so that he will pray for you, and you shall live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.”
Exodus 7:1 ESV
And the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.
Judges 6:8 ESV
the Lord sent a prophet to the people of Israel. And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: I led you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of slavery.
Exodus 15:20 ESV
Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
Judges 4:4 ESV
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.
Genesis 20:7 ESV
Now then, return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, so that he will pray for you, and you shall live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.”
Exodus 7:1 ESV
And the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.
Judges 6:8 ESV
the Lord sent a prophet to the people of Israel. And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: I led you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of slavery.
Exodus 15:20 ESV
Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
Judges 4:4 ESV
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.
Genesis 20:7 ESV
Now then, return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, so that he will pray for you, and you shall live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.”
Exodus 7:1 ESV
And the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.
Judges 6:8 ESV
the Lord sent a prophet to the people of Israel. And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: I led you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of slavery.
Exodus 15:20 ESV
Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
Judges 4:4 ESV
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.
Genesis 20:7 ESV
Now then, return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, so that he will pray for you, and you shall live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.”
Exodus 7:1 ESV
And the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.
Judges 6:8 ESV
the Lord sent a prophet to the people of Israel. And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: I led you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of slavery.
Exodus 15:20 ESV
Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
Judges 4:4 ESV
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.
Genesis 20:7 ESV
Now then, return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, so that he will pray for you, and you shall live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.”
Exodus 7:1 ESV
And the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.
Judges 6:8 ESV
the Lord sent a prophet to the people of Israel. And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: I led you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of slavery.
Exodus 15:20 ESV
Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
Judges 4:4 ESV
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.
Genesis 20:7 ESV
Now then, return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, so that he will pray for you, and you shall live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.”
Genesis 20:7 ESV
Now then, return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, so that he will pray for you, and you shall live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.”
Exodus 7:1 ESV
And the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.
Exodus 7:1 ESV
And the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.
Judges 6:8 ESV
the Lord sent a prophet to the people of Israel. And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: I led you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of slavery.
Judges 6:8 ESV
the Lord sent a prophet to the people of Israel. And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: I led you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of slavery.
Exodus 15:20 ESV
Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
Exodus 15:20 ESV
Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
Judges 4:4 ESV
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.
Judges 4:4 ESV
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.
Paul L. Redditt, Introduction to the Prophets (Grand Rapids, MI; Cambridge, U.K.: William B. EerdmansPublishing Company, 2008), 1.
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