They —> syntactically related to “judgements” in the preceeding verse.
However, since all six titles for God’s Word are synonymous, we may understand the following section to refer to God’s Word.
“they” = the six descriptions of God’s Word in v. 7-9)
Desire - חְמָדִ
Same as the word used in the Decalogue for “covet”
Each substance is stated and then intensified.
That is, God’s Word is more valuable than not just gold, much fine gold.
Not just honey, the purest honey.
(Honey that drips is pure, honey that is pressed will have almost inevitably a mixture of bee-bread and of the combs).
Rarest and most valuable earthly material
Speaks to our worldly desires
Money builds a house, but not a home.
Money can buy gifts, but not love.
Money feeds your belly, not your soul...
The sweetest symbol of the most delightful enjoyment
The Bible often talks about us satisfying ourselves with God’s Word
Serves as the link between the 2nd and 3rd parts of the Psalm (1-6; 7-11)
Based on the previous verse.
The value of God’s Word is higher than gold and honey, and v. 11 begins with further intensity.
“by them” —> God’s Word
“your servant” —> personal relationship; right relationship
Warned —> זְהָר
First, “to shine light upon; illuminate.”
Here, it takes the meaning of a warning.
Lange’s commentary notes, “The essential idea here is to throw light on a subject, so as to show it clearly; that is, make the duty plain, and the consequences plain.”
Ezekiel 33:4 “Then he who hears the sound of the trumpet and does not take warning, and a sword comes and takes him away, his blood will be on his own head.”
Calvin translates, “thy servant is made circumspect”
In keeping them there is great reward...
Them —> God’s Word (again)
The Great Reward
v. 2 “Every branch that bears fruit He prunes, so that it may bear more fruit”
v. 7 “Ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you
v. 10 “abide in the love of Jesus”
v. 14 “we are the friends of Jesus
Errors —> mistake; oversight; error; transgression through ignorance
The Law makes provision for “unintentional sins” Numbers 15:27-36
The use of rhetoric asks a question to make a statement.
That is, NO ONE can discover his errors.
acquit me of hidden faults
“acquit, cleanse, declare me innocent”
Willful, open rebellion against God
Let them not rule over me
rule —> מָשָׁל - Rule; make someone Lord
Then I will be blameless
The idea is similar to the NT concept of blamelessness
LXX — αμωμοσ Ephesians 1:4
Sometimes rendered “perfect”
The basic idea is “completion”