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Psalm 19

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Psalm 19:10 NASB95
They are more desirable than gold, yes, than much fine gold; Sweeter also than honey and the drippings of the honeycomb.
They —> syntactically related to “judgements” in the preceeding verse. However, since all six titles for God’s Word are synonymous, we may understand the following section to refer to God’s Word. (i.e. “they” = the six descriptions of God’s Word in v. 7-9)
Desire - חְמָדִ
Same as the word used in the Decalogue for “covet”
Each substance is stated and then intensified. That is, God’s Word is more valuable than not just gold, much fine gold. Not just honey, the purest honey. (Honey that drips is pure, honey that is pressed will have almost inevitably a mixture of bee-bread and of the combs).
Rarest and most valuable earthly material
Speaks to our worldly desires
Money builds a house, but not a home.
Money can buy gifts, but not love.
Money feeds your belly, not your soul...
The Psalms as Christian Worship: A Historical Commentary 2. Strophe 2: Pattern of ab vv. 9–10 [10–11]

Money puts food on the table, but not love around it; builds a house, but not a home; bestows luxuries, but not love.

The sweetest symbol of the most delightful enjoyment
The Bible often talks about us satisfying ourselves with God’s Word
Job 23:12
John 4:32
Psalm 19:11 NASB95
Moreover, by them Your servant is warned; In keeping them there is great reward.
Serves as the link between the 2nd and 3rd parts of the Psalm (1-6; 7-11)
Based on the previous verse. The value of God’s Word is higher than gold and honey, and v. 11 begins with further intensity.
“by them” —> God’s Word
“your servant” —> personal relationship; right relationship
Warned —> זְהָר
First, “to shine light upon; illuminate.” Here, it takes the meaning of a warning. Lange’s commentary notes, “The essential idea here is to throw light on a subject, so as to show it clearly; that is, make the duty plain, and the consequences plain.”
“Then he who hears the sound of the trumpet and does not take warning, and a sword comes and takes him away, his blood will be on his own head.”
Calvin translates, “thy servant is made circumspect”
In keeping them there is great reward...
Them —> God’s Word (again)
Them —> God’s Word (again)
The Great Reward
v. 7-9
v. 2 “Every branch that bears fruit He prunes, so that it may bear more fruit”
v. 7 “Ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you
v. 10 “abide in the love of Jesus”
v. 14 “we are the friends of Jesus
Psalm 19:12 NASB95
Who can discern his errors? Acquit me of hidden faults.
Errors —> mistake; oversight; error; transgression through ignorance
The Law makes provision for “unintentional sins”
Numbers 15:27–36 NASB95
‘Also if one person sins unintentionally, then he shall offer a one year old female goat for a sin offering. ‘The priest shall make atonement before the Lord for the person who goes astray when he sins unintentionally, making atonement for him that he may be forgiven. ‘You shall have one law for him who does anything unintentionally, for him who is native among the sons of Israel and for the alien who sojourns among them. ‘But the person who does anything defiantly, whether he is native or an alien, that one is blaspheming the Lord; and that person shall be cut off from among his people. ‘Because he has despised the word of the Lord and has broken His commandment, that person shall be completely cut off; his guilt will be on him.’ ” Now while the sons of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering wood on the sabbath day. Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation; and they put him in custody because it had not been declared what should be done to him. Then the Lord said to Moses, “The man shall surely be put to death; all the congregation shall stone him with stones outside the camp.” So all the congregation brought him outside the camp and stoned him to death with stones, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.
The use of rhetoric asks a question to make a statement. That is, NO ONE can discover his errors.
acquit me of hidden faults
“acquit, cleanse, declare me innocent”
Psalm 19:13 NASB95
Also keep back Your servant from presumptuous sins; Let them not rule over me; Then I will be blameless, And I shall be acquitted of great transgression.
Willful, open rebellion against God
Let them not rule over me
Genesis 4:7 NASB95
“If you do well, will not your countenance be lifted up? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door; and its desire is for you, but you must master it.”
rule —> מָשָׁל - Rule; make someone Lord
Genesis 4:7 NASB95
“If you do well, will not your countenance be lifted up? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door; and its desire is for you, but you must master it.”
Then I will be blameless
The idea is similar to the NT concept of blamelessness
The idea is similar to the NT concept of blamelessness
LXX — αμωμοσ
Sometimes rendered “perfect”
The basic idea is “completion”
Psalm 19:14 NASB95
Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart Be acceptable in Your sight, O Lord, my rock and my Redeemer.
Genesis 4:7
Joshua 1:8 NASB95
“This book of the law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do according to all that is written in it; for then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have success.
- Them —> God’s Word (again)
- The “great reward”
- The “great reward”
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