*THE PATRIARCHAL AGE*
The first period of human history is known as the patriarchal age because God dealt directly with the leaders of each family.
The father in each family was known as the patriarch.
This period lasted from Adam until the time when God gave the written law to Moses on Mt.
In this lesson we will study a few selected events from the Patriarchal Age which will show how God was preparing the world for the coming of Christ Jesus.
THE TIME PERIOD FROM ADAM TO NOAH (GENESIS 1-11)*
The Fall, which brought sin into the world.
2. The Promise of Redemption.
3. The Flood.
(Genesis 7:11-12) Only the obedient were saved.
1. Adam, who fell into sin is given the Promise of Redemption.
2. Noah, with whom we associate the Flood.
C. God provided forgiveness of sins.
God instructed man to offer animal sacrifices.
(Leviticus 17:11; 5:17-18; Hebrews 9:22) God was just in granting man forgiveness, as He knew that Jesus would eventually come to the earth in order to pay the full price for sin by dying on a cross.
THE TIME PERIOD FROM NOAH TO THE CALL OF MOSES (GENESIS 11 - EXODUS)*.
During this time period Abraham was called to be the father of a chosen nation.
Abraham and his descendants were chosen, not because God loved them more than others, but because through them He was to bless the world.
The Dispersion at Babel in Chaldea
2. God chose Abraham
a. God promised Abraham that through his offspring would come one who would bless all nations.(Genesis
12:1-3) That offspring was Christ.
(Galatians 3:16; Matthew 1:1-17)
b. Abraham was 100 years when the three angels appeared to him and promised him a son.
(Genesis 18:9-6) Abraham trusted God even to the point of being willing to sacrifice his son Isaac.
(Genesis 22) Because of Abraham's great faith, he is known as the father of faith.
(Romans 4:16-21; Galatians 3:7)
3. God renewed to Isaac the promises He had given to Abraham.
(Genesis 21:2-3; 26:1-5)
4. God renewed to Jacob the promises He had given to Abraham.(Genesis 28:3-4; 13-14) Jacob's name was changed to Israel.
(Genesis 32:28) From him we get the name Israelites.
Jacob had twelve sons - Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin.
(Genesis 35:35:22-26; 49) These sons and their descendants became the twelve tribes of Israel.
5. God saved His chosen nation from famine through Joseph.
6. God chose Moses to lead His people out of Egyptian slavery.
7. God sent plagues upon the Egyptians.(Exodus
8. The last plague took the life of the eldest son from every family that did not have the blood on their door post and lintels.
9. Pharaoh's first-born son died, and he let the Israelites go.
The children of Israel were led through the Red Sea and to Mt. Sinai where God gave them the Mosaic Law.
1. Abraham, the man who was called to leave home.
2. Joseph, the greatest of the twelve sons of Jacob.
3. Moses, who led the Israelites out of Egyptian slavery.
*JUDAISM (MOSAIC AGE)*
The second period of human history is known as the age of Judaism.
God used Moses as the lawgiver (John 1:17).
This period lasted from the giving of the law on Mt.
Sinai until the time it was nailed to the cross (Colossians 2:14-17; II Corinthians 3:3-11).
By the miraculous hand of God the Israelites were delivered from bondage.
Unbelief on the part of many brought headaches and misery which caused God's people to wander in the wilderness forty years before reaching the promised land.
We see the story of the Kings of Israel, how the kingdom was divided, and the prophets of then who told of the coming Savior.
This age ends with the establishment of the church on the day of Pentecost.
GOD MADE A COVENANT WITH ISRAEL*
God led the Israelites to Mt. Sinai where He made a covenant with them.
The covenant was given only to the children of Israel (Exodus 19:1-6; 20:1-7; Deut 5:1-3).
WHAT WAS THE PURPOSE OF THE LAW SINCE GOD PROMISED TO*
*SAVE MAN THROUGH FAITH AND NOT THROUGH THE WORKS OF THE LAW?*
A. The law was necessary.
The law was added because of man's disobedience.
(Galatians 3:19; I Timothy 1:8-10)
2. The law showed the need for the Savior.
(Romans 3:20,23; Galatians3:10)
3. The law was a tutor to guide Israel to the coming Messiah.
4. The law was the instruction to prepare Israel for bringing Christ into the world.
(Acts 3:25-26; Hebrews 11; I Peter 1:10-12)
5. The law was a shadow of the real things to come.
B. The law was insufficient.
1. Justification from sin did not come from the law.
(Galatians 2:21; 3:10-11; Hebrews 10:1-4)
2. The law was not intended to be a law for all times and ages.
It was a covenant only with Israel.
(Exodus 19:1-5; Psalms 147:19-20) God promised to give a new covenant, which (Hebrews 8:7-8; Romans
GOD CARED FOR THE ISRAELITES DURING THE 40 YEARS IN THE*
*WILDERNESS (EXODUS 16:1-5; 17:1-6)*
GOD ENABLED THE ISRAELITES TO CONQUER AND SETTLE THE*
*LAND PROMISED TO ABRAHAM (GENESIS 12:7; JOSHUA 2:24; 21:43-45;*
*23:15**-16; I KINGS 4:21)*
GOD GAVE ISRAEL JUDGES AFTER THE SETTLEMENT OF CANAAN*