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Why 4 Gospels

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CHRIST IN THE FOUR GOSPELS

BOOK                        MATTHEW              MARK                       LUKE                                    JOHN

King                            Servant                       Man                            God

Zech. 9:9                     Isa. 52:13                    Zech. 6:12                   Isa. 40:10

DATE WRITTEN    A.D.58-68                   A.D. 55-65                  A.D. 60-68                  A.D. 80-90

PRESENTED           TO JEWS                    To Romans                  To Greeks                    To The World

(Religious)                   (Pragmatic)                  (Idealistic)                   (Universal)

ANCESTRY             To Abraham                None                           To Adam                     God

And David

TRACED                   To Royalty                  None                           To Humanity               To Eternity

                                     To David                                                        To Adam

SYMBOL                   LION                          OX                              MAN                          EAGLE

THEME                     MESSIAH-KING     SERVANT                PERFECT MAN      SON OF GOD

/REDEEMER

EMPHASIS               WHAT He                  What He                      What He                      What He

Taught                         Wrought                      Sought                         Thought

PROVISION             Righteousness             Service                                    Redemption                Life

3:15                             10:45                           19:10                           10:10

KEY WORD             Sovereignty                Ministry                      Humanity                   Deity

PICTURED AS        Promised                    Powerful                    Perfect                        Personal

Saviour                       Saviour                       Saviour                       Saviour

PERSPECTIVE         ---------------HISTORICAL----------------                  THEOLOGICAL

UNIQUE MATERIAL ---Less unique

Matt. 42%;                  Mark. 7%;                   Luke 59%--                 John- 92%      

CHRONOLOGY      --------Only one Passover mentioned----                     3 or 4 Passovers mentioned

GEOGRAPHY         --------Mainly Galilean Ministry-----                Judean Ministry

Discourse                    --------Mainly Public------------------                 More private

Teaching Method        --------Parables------------------------                   Allegories

Teaching Emphasis     --------More on ethical, practical-----               Person of Christ

COMPARATIVE VIEW OF THE FOUR GOSPELS

BOOK                        MATTHEW              MARK                       LUKE                                    JOHN

PRE-Incarnation                                                                                                                    1:1-3

PRE-Existence of Jesus                                                                                                          1:1-3

Jesus' Birth                 1,2                                                                   1,2

John The Baptist        3:1-12                          1:1-8                            3:1-20                          1:6-42

Jesus' Baptism                        3:13-17                                    1:9-11                          3:21-22

Temptation                 4:1-11                          1:12-13                                    4:1-13

1st miracle                                                                                                                              2:1-11

Judean Ministry                                                                                                                     2:13-4:3

Visit to Samaria                                                                                                                      4:4-42

Galilean Ministry       4:12-19:1                     1:14-10:1                     4:14-9:51                     4:43-54

About 2 years                                                                                                                         6:1-7:1

Visit to Jerusalem                                                                                                                   5:1-47

Later Judean              Ch 19,20                      Ch 10                           9:51-19:28                   7:2-11:57

About 4 months

The Last Week                       Ch 21-27                     Ch 11-15                     19:29-24:1                   Ch 12-19

Post-Resurrection       Ch 28                           Ch 16                           Ch 24                           Ch 20-21

Ministry

TYPE OF MEN THEN AND NOW

Christ was going to be presented to widely different types of men, who made up the world. 

Each race was capable of appreciating one particular kind of presentation more than another.

MATTHEW = TO THE JEWS

There were four classes of people in Jesus' day that represent four types of men today. 

The Jew had his special training.  He was steeped in Old Testament scripture and the prophets. 

Matthew writes the story of Jesus' life on earth especially for this people.  If the Jew was to be impressed, it would have to be by one of his own race. His teacher must be a man versed in the Old Testament, and in the customs of the Jews.  They must know that this Jesus came to fulfill the prophecies of the Old Testament. Over and over again we read in Matthew. " THAT IT MIGHT BE FULFILLED AS WAS SPOKEN BY JEREMIAH THE PROPHET."

The Jews were interested in a King, and a King must have a Genealogy.

Matthew records the Genealogy of Joseph.

He gives 3 sets of 14 names

1st Abraham To David                       = Theocracy

2nd Solomon To Jeconiah                   = Monarchy

3rd Captivity to Christ                        = Captivity

Some names are left out; he goes from Grandfather to Grandson.

The purpose was to make a list that was easy to memorize, with 14 names in each group. Beget does

not necessarily mean immediate generation, but direct generation.

There was a curse upon the line of Joseph so that no direct descendant in that line could sit on the throne. But that curse was bypassed by adoption. Joseph was not the father of Jesus; He was only the adoptive father. So God bypassed the curse, and Jesus was the rightful heir of the throne of David.

Jesus is presented as King

1.      Geology

2.      Political Platform, - Sermon the on Mount

3.      Authority – Over Satan and Temptation

4.      How shall we live – Beatitudes

5.      Coming Kingdom

6.      His death

MARK = TO THE ROMANS

Mark wrote to the Romans, the masters of the world at that time. The Romans knew nothing about the Old Testament Scripture.  They were not interested in prophecy being fulfilled.  But they were vitally concerned over a remarkable LEADER who had appeared in Palestine.  He had claimed more than ordinary authority, and had possessed extraordinary powers.  They wanted to hear more about this Jesus.  What sort of a person He really was; what He had said, and what he Taught, and what He had done.

The Romans like the straightforward message of one like Mark.  1,375 times the word "and" is used in Mark.  It moves on in a beauty and force all its own.  Mark's Gospel is filled with deeds, to back up his words.  Clearly it is the Gospel of the Ministry of Christ.

(The Roman of Jesus' day was a type of the average businessman of today. He is not concerned about the genealogy or a king, but what can this man do? "WHO IS ABLE"; a God who can meet man's every need.

Mark is the businessman’s Gospel). They were concerned about his work.

So you will not find his Genealogy or his Great sermons, because people do not care where a worker came from or what he really has to say. They care about can he do the work.

No Geology, No Political platform

LUKE = TO THE GREEKS

This Gospel was written by a Greek Medical Doctor, to his own countrymen who were lovers of beauty, poetry and culture.  They lived in a world of large ideas.  Their tastes were fastidious.  The Gospel of Luke tells of the birth and childhood of Jesus.  It gives the inspired songs connected with the life of Christ. 

We find the salutation of Elizabeth when Mary visited her.  Luke 1:42-45. 

We hear the song of the virgin mother Luke 1:46-55. 

Even Zacharias burst into praise when speech was restored to him.  Luke 1:68-79. At the Saviour's birth a chorus of angel voices ring out Luke 2:13,14 and then the shepherd's song of praise to God in Luke 2:20 is heard.  The Greeks were interested in the perfect man Luke presents the only Perfect man.

(The Greek is the type of the student and idealist today who is seeking after truth for he believes that is the goal of happiness.)

The Greeks were concerned about the Ideal man, the Ideal leader, and the Ideal teaching.  Luke a Medical Doctor gives us the details about Christ conception and birth. He gives us the Record of Mary's Genealogy to show that J.C. is the perfect man.

 

JOHN = TO ALL MEN

John is written to all men, that they might believe that Jesus is the Christ.  Christ is portrayed as the Son of God.  This Gospel is filled with extraordinary claims that attest His divine Character and mission.

(The "all men" of John's day were like the masses today who need Christ.  They include the "whosoever" who will believe on the Lord Jesus because they have a sense of need and want to receive the gift of eternal life through JESUS CHRIST the Lord.

Because John presents Jesus Christ as God, God has no Genealogy, He has no birth, He is not tempted.

These are omitted by John.

WHY FOUR GOSPELS?

The Gospels Record 180 Events concerning J.C.

From the Angels Announcement to His Ascension.

God is using each writer to present Jesus in a unique way to appeal to a different type of people.

There is a significant parallel between the four Gospels and the "four living creature" of Ezekiel. Ezekiel 1:10 says, "AS FOR THE LIKENESS OF THEIR FACES, THEY FOUR HAD THE FACE OF A MAN, AND THE FACE OF A LION, ON THE RIGHT SIDE; AND THEY FOUR HAD THE FACE OF AN OX ON THE LEFT SIDE; THEY FOUR ALSO HAD THE FACE OF AN EAGLE."

The lion speaks of strength and kingship

The man, highest intelligence

The ox of lowly service

The eagle of heavenliness, Divinity.

The 4 Gospels we see JESUS CHRIST

In Matthew, the Messiah-King                       (the lion)

In Mark, Jehovah's Servant                             (the Ox)

In Luke, The Son of Man                               (the Man)

In John, The Son of God                                (the Eagle)

In Matt we find the record of the Genealogy of Joseph

In Luke we find the record of the Genealogy of Mary

Sovereign                   He comes to reign and rule.                            - Matt.

Servant Man              He comes to serve and suffer.                                    - Mark

Man                            He comes to share and to sympathize.            - Luke

Son of God                 He comes to redeem.                                      - John

So in the four Gospels we see

Sovereignty,

Humility,

Humanity

THE CHARACTERISTIC ENDING OF THE 4 GOSPELS

Matthew ends with our LORD'S RESURRECTION                                               MATT. 28

Mark     ends with our LORD'S ASCENSION                                                        MARK 16:19-20

Luke      ends with our LORD'S PROMISE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.                   LUKE 24:49

John       ends with our LORD'S PROMISE OF HIS SECOND COMING                        JOHN 21:20-23

Thus we see that

Matthew, the Gospel of the Messiah-King should end with the resurrection-the crowning proof of His Messiahship.

Mark, the Gospel of the Lowly Servant, ends with the lowly One exalted in place of Glory and Honor.

Luke, the Gospel of the Ideal Man, ends with the promise of a Comforter to Man.

John, the Gospel of the Divine Son, ends with the Lord's own promise of His return.

WHY FOUR GOSPELS

MATTHEW

WALK THRU THE GOSPELS

I. PREPARATION FOR MINISTRY

II. OPENING EVENTS

Temptation By Satan

III. EARLY JUDEAN MINISTY

IV. SAMARITAN MINISTRY

At The Well

V. GALILEAN MINISTRY

Selection OF THE 12

Sermon ON THE MT

FROM SATAN

VI. LATER JUDEAN MINISTRY

VII. PEREAN MINISTRY

THE COST

THE LOST

VIII. CLOSING EVENTS

WALK THRU THE GOSPELS OUTLINE

I. PREPARATION FOR MINISTRY

Bethlehem

Nazareth              

Carpenter           

II. OPENING EVENTS

Jordan

Baptism by John

Wilderness

Temptation by SATAN

III. EARLY JUDEAN MINISTY

Jerusalem

Second BIRTH

IV. SAMARITAN MINISTRY

 Zychar

Women at THE WELL

V. GALILEAN MINISTRY

Nazareth

Rejected

Election of the 12

Sermon ON THE MT.

er FROM SATAN

Parables START

Storm STILLED

Stomach Filled

Testimony OF Peter

Transfiguration 

VI. LATER JUDEAN MINISTRY

Jerusalem    

Stones flew       

Jesus withdraws  

VII. PEREAN MINISTRY

            erea     

Counting THE COST

Seeking THE LOST

VIII. CLOSING EVENTS

Juda       

Nazareth    

Raised         

 achies    

 Raised        

Jerusalem          

Triumphal   Entry

Temple Cleansed          

Last Supper

Prayer        

Betrayal       

Trial        

Denial       

Crucifixion  

RAISED

WALK THRU THE GOSPELS COMPLETE

THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW

1. BIRTH OF THE KING          CREDENTIALS

2. BAPTISM OF THE KING

4. TEMPTATION OF THE KING

5 SERMON ON THE MOUNT         WORDS OF A KING  =PLATFORM FOR A KING

                                                            PATTERN = WORDS                      10                                                                                                                     WORKS

8 - 9 SERIES OF MIRACLES                      WORKS OF A KING                                    REACTION

NOT CHRONOLOGICAL BUT LOGICAL

10 - 15 SPREAD OF OPPOSITION             REACTION TO THE KING

JOHN THE BAPTIST

PHARISEES

MULTITUDE

 16 - 23   MANY DISCOURSES                  PREACHING

28 TEACHINGS

1 DISCOURSE

4 MIRACLES

=FINAL INFORMATION

24 -25   ONE DISCOURSE

26 - 27   DEATH OF THE KING

28        RESURRECTION OF THE KING.

THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW

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