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An Accomplished Atonement

Gospel of Luke   •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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God and man - together again
Luke 23:44–46 ESV
It was now about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour, while the sun’s light failed. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” And having said this he breathed his last.

A Final Word

Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said - The depiction of Jesus in his final moments is not one of weakness and finally giving up because there is no more hope. Rather, Luke describes Jesus communicating with a raised voice (mega) his last cry from the cross.
Father - This is the final words of Jesus on the cross. He has come to the completion of his cross work and address his heavenly Father. We are reminded of the familiarity that Jesus possessed with God the Father. It is he that opened and explained to us the fulness of this relationship. He reveals to us God as Father, the King who is also a Father, the Ruler who is also a Relative. This is a precious truth.
Into your hands - The following words are a citation from Scripture. The come from .
Into your hands - The following words are a citation from Scripture. The come from .
Psalm 31:5 ESV
Into your hand I commit my spirit; you have redeemed me, O Lord, faithful God.
Jesus is like David in that he was being persecuted by his enemies. He does not need to be redeemed from sin, but he has overcome the power of darkness.
One can understand Scripture speaks of Jesus being given into the hands of darkness, the hands of men.
Matthew 17:22–23 ESV
As they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is about to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him, and he will be raised on the third day.” And they were greatly distressed.
Mark 14:41 ESV
And he came the third time and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? It is enough; the hour has come. The Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
Acts 2:23 ESV
this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men.
In addition to the darkness of men, He had suffered the darkness of divine wrath bearing the sins of his people.
It is a terrible things to fall into these hands
Matthew 27:46 ESV
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
It is a terrible things to fall into these hands
Hebrews 10:31 ESV
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
However, the time has come and Jesus has fully absorbed the wrath of God. John’s gospel gives us an additional word spoken by Jesus while on the cross. It is a word of completion and accomplishment.
John 19:30 ESV
When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
As he has completed the Father’s will on the cross, he enters into the height of blessedness and restoration.
But ever the height of blessedness to commend oneself into these hands.
I commit my spirit - His body is broken and bruised, but his spirit or soul is in full strength. He commends his spirit to his Father for safe-keeping. He entrusts his soul to the his loving, powerful Father.
1 Peter 4:19 ESV
Therefore let those who suffer according to God’s will entrust their souls to a faithful Creator while doing good.
This is not a reference to the Holy Spirit, but to his human spirit. Jesus’ human spirit would remain with the Father, until it is returned to his body on the third day in resurrection. More on that later.

A Final Breath

And having said this he breathed his last - Jesus took his final breath. He stopped breathing. He was dead. Scripture is clear on this. There is no biblical room to believe that Jesus did not die. He did not appear to die, he died. He did not pretend to die, he died. He did not swoon, he died. He did not pass out, he died.
One person wrote, “As a child falls asleep in his father’s arms, so Jesus passed away in the clearest consciousness and fuller confidence that He was departing to be with his Father...”
It is important to recall that Jesus had three times predicted this event and the manner in which it would occur.
Luke 9:21–22 ESV
And he strictly charged and commanded them to tell this to no one, saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.”
Luke 9:22–27 ESV
saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.” And he said to all, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it. For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself? For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. But I tell you truly, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God.”
Luke 9:43–45 ESV
And all were astonished at the majesty of God. But while they were all marveling at everything he was doing, Jesus said to his disciples, “Let these words sink into your ears: The Son of Man is about to be delivered into the hands of men.” But they did not understand this saying, and it was concealed from them, so that they might not perceive it. And they were afraid to ask him about this saying.
Luke 18:31–34 ESV
And taking the twelve, he said to them, “See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written about the Son of Man by the prophets will be accomplished. For he will be delivered over to the Gentiles and will be mocked and shamefully treated and spit upon. And after flogging him, they will kill him, and on the third day he will rise.” But they understood none of these things. This saying was hidden from them, and they did not grasp what was said.
John 10:18 ESV
No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from my Father.”
Luke 18:

A Final Satisfaction for Sin

In this final portion of the sermon, we are going to briefly study the definite, certain and accomplished nature of the atonement that Christ made for sin. One might pose the question in this way. Did Christ make salvation possible an indiscriminate group of people or did he secure salvation for his people?
It does not take much study of the Scriptures to see that they speak of a certain, secured, complete and accomplished salvation that actually rescues, redeems and delivers a people for God’s own glory.
Remember, the only reason that satisfaction through Jesus Christ is made is because God desired to save. John Murray writes, “The purpose to redeem is of the free and sovereign exercise of His love. … The atonement springs from the fountain of the Father's love; He commends His own love towards us. We must not think, however, that the action of the Father ended with the appointment and commission of the Son. He was not a mere spectator of Gethsemane and Calvary. The Father laid upon His own Son the iniquities of us all. He spared not His own Son but delivered Him up. He made Him to be sin for us. It was the Father who gave Him the cup of damnation to drink. God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself. Here is love supremely demonstrated. … No stronger expression appears in Scripture than this that God made Christ to be sin for us. We fall far short of a proper assessment of Christ's humiliation if we fail to appreciate this fact. It was not simply the penalty of sin that Jesus bore. He bore our sins. He was not made sinful, but He was made sin and, therefore, brought into the closest identification with our sins that it was possible for Him to come without thereby becoming Himself sinful. Any exposition of ours can only touch the fringe of this mystery. The liability with which the Lord of glory had to deal was not merely the penalty of sin but sin itself. And sin is the contradiction of God. What Jesus bore was the contradiction of what He was as both God and man. The recoil of Gethsemane () was the inevitable recoil of His holy soul from the abyss of woe which sin-bearing involved. And His "nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt, bespeaks the intensity of His commitment to the extremities of Calvary, the bitter dregs of the cup given Him to drink. Here is love unspeakable; He poured out His soul unto death. and 69 are the prophetic delineature of His agony, the gospel story is the inspired record of fulfilment, the apostolic witness the interpretation of its meaning. We cannot but seek to apprehend more and more of the mystery. The saints will be eternally occupied with it. But eternity will not fathom its depths nor exhaust its praise.
Worship as we consider an accomplished atonement.
Acts 20:28 ESV
Pay careful attention to yourselves and to all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to care for the church of God, which he obtained with his own blood.
Hebrews 1:3–4 ESV
He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become as much superior to angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.
Hebrews 9:11–12 ESV
But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things that have come, then through the greater and more perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this creation) he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption.
Hebrews 10:11–14 ESV
And every priest stands daily at his service, offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God, waiting from that time until his enemies should be made a footstool for his feet. For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified.
Romans 5:6–11 ESV
For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will scarcely die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person one would dare even to die— but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God. For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life. More than that, we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation.

Practical Application

Believe for life, disobey for death
John 3:36 ESV
Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.
Rest in the certainty of redemption
John 10:24–30 ESV
So the Jews gathered around him and said to him, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly.” Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in my Father’s name bear witness about me, but you do not believe because you are not among my sheep. My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. I and the Father are one.”
Respond rightly to the certainty of redemption
Philippians 2:12–13 ESV
Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.
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