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Genesis 2:1-13 Day Seven The Sabbath

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2 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

The climactic seventh day is remarkably different from the foregoing six days of creation.

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

there is no introductory formula (“then God said”) because his creative word is not required

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

Second, this day does not have the usual closing refrain “evening” and “morning” to indicate its termination

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

Theologically the absence of the refrain implies that creation was intended to enjoy a perpetual rest provided by God, although that rest was disrupted by human sin.

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

Third, the seventh day is the only day of the week blessed and consecrated by God.

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

Fourth, unlike the creation days, the number of the “seventh” day is repeated three times

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

Fifth, the seventh day stands outside the paired days of creation, having no corresponding day in the foregoing creation week

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

Verses 2–3 contain four lines, the first three of which are parallel, each possessing seven words (in the Hebrew), with the midpoint of each line having the same phrase, “the seventh day.

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

A literal translation displays the structure:

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

So God finished by the seventh day his work which he did,

and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he did,

and God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it,

because on it he rested from all his work which God created to do.

Genesis: An Introduction and Commentary The Seventh Day (2:1–3)

God’s finished task is sealed in the words he rested

Genesis: An Introduction and Commentary The Seventh Day (2:1–3)

It is the rest of achievement, not inactivity, for he nurtures what he creates

Genesis: An Introduction and Commentary The Seventh Day (2:1–3)

we may compare the symbolism of Jesus ‘seated’ after his finished redemption

8 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens

12 But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God

Genesis: An Introduction and Commentary The Seventh Day (2:1–3)

Our Lord based his own constructive use of the sabbath on this understanding of the divine rest

17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am working.”

Genesis: An Introduction and Commentary The Seventh Day (2:1–3)

Characteristically he went to ‘the beginning’ for his teaching

Genesis: An Introduction and Commentary The Seventh Day (2:1–3)

But God’s rest was pregnant with more than the gift of the sabbath

Genesis: An Introduction and Commentary The Seventh Day (2:1–3)

that God has “blessed”, “sanctified” … this rest means that’ the author ‘does not consider it as something for God alone but as a concern of the world.

Genesis: An Introduction and Commentary The Seventh Day (2:1–3)

The way is being prepared, therefore, for … the final, saving good.

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

In the Babylonian creation stories the gods are freed from their labors after the creation of humans, who were formed for the sole purpose of serving the deities’ needs

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

God’s sabbath, however, is not aversion to labor but the celebrative cessation of a completed work

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

he expresses his mastery over time by sanctifying it.

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

Whereas in the Hebrew calendar (and those of other peoples) the days, months, and years were related to the solar and lunar cycles, the Sabbath is not tied to any celestial movement.

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

The Sabbath thus underlines the fundamental idea of Israelite monotheism: that God is wholly outside of nature

Evangelical Commentary on the Bible A. The Creation of the World (1:1–2:3)

The seventh day alone is called “holy”

keedash… consecrate, or make holy
Evangelical Commentary on the Bible A. The Creation of the World (1:1–2:3)

It is significant that the word holy is applied in Scripture first to the concept of time, not to space

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

For the apostle Paul, Sabbath was a foreshadowing of the eternal realities of the Lord and the church

Let no man therefore judge you xin meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17 Which are a shadow of things to come;

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

The old signs of circumcision, dietary laws, and sabbath observance were set aside as “boundary markers for the people of the covenant

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

Christians are circumcised in heart (Rom 2:29)

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

undefiled by foods (John 15:3)

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

and free to treat every day as sacred (Rom 14:5, 12; 1 Tim 4:3–5)

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

Sabbath has given way to the realities of the “Lord’s day”

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

The church set aside the first day of the week as a special day for worship and proclamation

The New American Commentary: Genesis 1–11:26 3. Seventh Day—Day of Consecration (2:1–3)

By the first day the Christian community proclaims the new creation, the era of messianic redemption.

5 One person esteems one day as better than another, while another esteems all days alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind.

weekly rest is important, physical, mental, emotional benefits

shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.

16 Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls

jesus says we put on our own burdens and burdens of others with no sign of relief

4 For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.

45 For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

the Creator of the universe came not to be served, but to serve and give his own life to do so

8 And being found in ufashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross

restfullness is not inactiveness… it is a way of an active life, serving God, taking HIS yoke, not the weary labors of the world..... worshipping Him… trusting Him

28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest

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