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Atonement, Access & Accomplishment

Gospel of Luke   •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Introduction

Oh, the Deep, Deep Love of Jesus
Oh the deep, deep love of Jesus Vast, unmeasured, boundless, free Rolling as a mighty ocean In its fullness over me
Luke 23:44–49 ESV
It was now about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour, while the sun’s light failed. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” And having said this he breathed his last. Now when the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God, saying, “Certainly this man was innocent!” And all the crowds that had assembled for this spectacle, when they saw what had taken place, returned home beating their breasts. And all his acquaintances and the women who had followed him from Galilee stood at a distance watching these things.
Luke 23:44–46 ESV
It was now about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour, while the sun’s light failed. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” And having said this he breathed his last.
PRAY

Atonement

It was now about the sixth hour - This is about noon.

The Jews divided the day into twelve hours. These hours were computed from about six in the morning until six in the evening. The first hour corresponds to our 7 A.M., the second to 8 A.M., the third to our 9 A.M. (Mt 20:3. Mk 15:25. Ac 2:15. ◐23:23), the fourth hour to our 10 A.M., the fifth to our 11 A.M., the sixth to our noon (Mt 20:5. 27:45. Mk 15:33. Lk *23:44n. Jn 4:6. 19:14. Ac 10:9), the seventh hour to our 1 P.M. (Jn 4:52), the eighth to our 2 P.M., the ninth to our 3 P.M. (Mt 20:5. 27:45, 46. Mk 15:33, 34. Lk *23:44n. Ac 3:1. 10:3, 30), the tenth hour to our 4 P.M. (Jn 1:39), the eleventh hour to our 5 P.M. (Mt 20:6, 9), the twelfth hour to our 6 P.M.

At this time, which is 12:00 P.M. , Jesus has been hanging on the cross about three hours. He was crucified in the morning about 9:00 A.M.
And there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour - During this time from from the sixth hour (noon) to the ninth hour (three o’clock) there was no light. All of the sudden, in the middle of the day, there was no light. This reality is very difficult for us to comprehend. We are nearly in complete darkness. There was no sun shining, no stars shining, no electricity, no torches or oil lamps (nobody would have these prepared in the middle of the day). It was complete, utter and thick darkness. One would not have been able to see his or her hand held right in front of the face.
And there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour
This darkness covered the entire realm. It is not clear from the language whether this was a world-wide phenomenon or regional. There are instance when writers use all-inclusive language in an exaggerated manner. I believe it is safe to say that from this vantage point, the world was dark as the eye could see.
While the sun’s light failed - The only explanation from Luke concerning the darkness is that the sun’s light stopped, ceased, or was relinquished. There have been many to argue that this was an eclipse that just so happened to occur at this time. However, this theory as an explanation fall shorts, since Passover occurs during the full moon. This reality makes that eclipse idea, because it is impossible for there to be one during the full moon.
Why did this darkness occur?
Exodus 10:21–23 ESV
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness to be felt.” So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was pitch darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the people of Israel had light where they lived.
Joel 2:31 ESV
The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.
Joel 3:14–15 ESV
Multitudes, multitudes, in the valley of decision! For the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision. The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining.
Joel 3:14 ESV
Multitudes, multitudes, in the valley of decision! For the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision.
Isaiah 5:30 ESV
They will growl over it on that day, like the growling of the sea. And if one looks to the land, behold, darkness and distress; and the light is darkened by its clouds.
Amos 5:18 ESV
Woe to you who desire the day of the Lord! Why would you have the day of the Lord? It is darkness, and not light,
Is
Isaiah 13:9 ESV
Behold, the day of the Lord comes, cruel, with wrath and fierce anger, to make the land a desolation and to destroy its sinners from it.
Amos 8:9 ESV
“And on that day,” declares the Lord God, “I will make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight.
Isaiah
Amos 8:9
The darkness is representative of the wrath of God in judgment. John MacArthur writes, “What’s happening here is divine wrath is being poured out in its final form.  Eternal wrath is about to be released and the darkness is everywhere.  You could say it another way.  God brought hell to Jerusalem that day.  , verse 12; , verse 13; , verse 30, Jesus calls hell “outer darkness,” the ultimate black hole where there’s weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth in the eternal, unrelieved blackness.  It is the darkness of God’s judgment presence.  So from noon to 3:00, hell came to Jerusalem and Judea.  God showed up in wrath, and the interesting thing is it wasn’t wrath on the Romans, and it wasn’t wrath on the Jewish leaders, and it wasn’t wrath on the people; it was wrath on the Son. God unleashed the full extent of His fury on Jesus Christ.  As Isaiah put it in , “Wrath with fierce anger.”  Hell came there.  What is hell?  Hell is where God punishes people forever.  Hell is where God pours out His fury on people forever.  God is the power behind the punishment in hell.  When you say that hell is being separated from God, only in the sense of His comforting presence, not in the sense of His punishing presence.  He is the one who destroys both soul and body in hell.  He is the King of hell, Satan is not.  And God, who is the punisher of all the souls in eternal hell, shows up in the darkness of Calvary to punish His Son, and He gives His Son eternal hell on behalf of all who would ever believe.”
2 Corinthians 5:21 ESV
For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

Practical Application

Amos
Full atonement is in Christ. We are brought to God through him. Have you trusted his completed work? Are you living from his finished work.

Access

And the curtain of the temple was torn in two - There were at minimum thirteen curtains in the temple, however this is a reference to THE curtain of the temple. The curtain identified by Luke is the curtain to the Holy of Holies. This place was where the high priest only went into once every year on the Day of Atonement. At this time, very quickly, the high priest would sprinkle blood on the mercy seat.
Exodus 26:31–35 ESV
“And you shall make a veil of blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen. It shall be made with cherubim skillfully worked into it. And you shall hang it on four pillars of acacia overlaid with gold, with hooks of gold, on four bases of silver. And you shall hang the veil from the clasps, and bring the ark of the testimony in there within the veil. And the veil shall separate for you the Holy Place from the Most Holy. You shall put the mercy seat on the ark of the testimony in the Most Holy Place. And you shall set the table outside the veil, and the lampstand on the south side of the tabernacle opposite the table, and you shall put the table on the north side.
Exodus 26:31-
Leviticus 16:12–16 ESV
And he shall take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the Lord, and two handfuls of sweet incense beaten small, and he shall bring it inside the veil and put the incense on the fire before the Lord, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is over the testimony, so that he does not die. And he shall take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the front of the mercy seat on the east side, and in front of the mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times. “Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering that is for the people and bring its blood inside the veil and do with its blood as he did with the blood of the bull, sprinkling it over the mercy seat and in front of the mercy seat. Thus he shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleannesses of the people of Israel and because of their transgressions, all their sins. And so he shall do for the tent of meeting, which dwells with them in the midst of their uncleannesses.
Leviticus 16:12-
Just as the priest are beginning to offer the lambs in celebration of the Passover, the veil is rent or torn in two.
Matthew 27:51 ESV
And behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. And the earth shook, and the rocks were split.
It is not a foregone conclusion that the earthquake tore the curtain in the temple. Matthew is emphatic in saying the curtain was ripped from the top to the bottom into two separate pieces. I believe the language is too specific to describe what would occur during an earthquake. I conclude that God in heaven tore the curtain with his mighty power.
Why? This is the end of the temple and the priesthood. They are now completely obsolete.
John 4:21–26 ESV
Jesus said to her, “Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father is seeking such people to worship him. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” The woman said to him, “I know that Messiah is coming (he who is called Christ). When he comes, he will tell us all things.” Jesus said to her, “I who speak to you am he.”

Practical Application

Full access to God is in Christ. He has opened up the throne room of God to us. There are no real barriers between us and God. Are you accessing God through Christ Jesus? Why would you stay away from the happy holiness that come from knowing God?

Accomplishment

Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice - After Jesus had suffered immensely, he screams out from the cross.
Said, “Father - Once again, Jesus reveals God as Father. This is also significant because during the last three hours, he has not been blessed with access to the Father. For in these hours, the Father was crushing him and bruising him for the sins of his people.
Said, “Father -
Once again, Jesus reveals God as Father. This is also significant because during the last three hours, he has not been blessed with access to the Father. For in these hours, the Father was crushing him and bruising him for the sins of his people.
Into your hands I commit my spirit!” - Jesus is entrusting himself to the care of the Father.
Psalm 31:5 ESV
Into your hand I commit my spirit; you have redeemed me, O Lord, faithful God.
is lament for the individual, but there is a strong hint of praise and thanksgiving. In this case, there is a righteous sufferer, but this person is delivered and expresses gratitude to God as a result.
And having said this he breathed his last - After Jesus called out to his heavenly Father to receive him, he took his last breath. He died. I think it is important to note the strength in which Jesus gave up his life. Matthew makes it more plain.
Matthew 27:50 ESV
And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit.
In this, Jesus reveals that he is in control of the entire situation. It is he who laid his life down.
John 10:11 ESV
I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
John 10:17–18 ESV
For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life that I may take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from my Father.”
John 10:18 ESV
No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from my Father.”
John
John 10:11 ESV
I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.

Practical Application

Full accomplishment of salvation in all its aspects is in Christ. He is enough. Is he enough for you? Those who add or take away will not prosper in any manner.
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