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1 Samuel 1:1-20

Samuel  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  45:33
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What does Hannah have to do with Jesus? What does Hannah have to do with me?

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Intro

Books of 1/2 Sam = 1 book
Saul
Goliath
Bathsheba
Book of Samuel = David
Importance of Book of Samuel...
last judge
beginning monarchy
Judges 21:25 ESV
25 In those days there was no king in Israel. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.
Jdg 21.25
Ruth 1:1 ESV
1 In the days when the judges ruled there was a famine in the land, and a man of Bethlehem in Judah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he and his wife and his two sons.

Prayer

400 Prayers for Preachers Asking God’s Acceptance of Our Worship

O Eternal, almighty, and most gracious God, heaven is your throne, and earth is your footstool, holy and revered is your name; you are praised by the heavenly hosts and in the congregation of your saints on earth, and will be sanctified in all that come near unto you. We are sinful and unworthy dust, but being invited by you, are bold, through our blessed Mediator to present ourselves and our supplications before you. Receive us graciously, help us by your Spirit; let your fear be upon us: let your Word come unto us in power, and be received in love, with attentive, reverent, and obedient minds. Make it to us the savour of life unto life. Cause us to be fervent in prayer, and joyful in your praises, and to serve you this day without distraction, that we may find that a day in your courts is better than a thousand, and that it is good for us to draw near to God; through Jesus Christ our Lord and Saviour. Amen.

RICHARD BAXTER

Message =

The Birth of Samuel [1.1-20]
1 Samuel 1:1 ESV
1 There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim of the hill country of Ephraim whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an Ephrathite.
1 Samuel 1:1–3 ESV
1 There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim of the hill country of Ephraim whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an Ephrathite. 2 He had two wives. The name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other, Peninnah. And Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. 3 Now this man used to go up year by year from his city to worship and to sacrifice to the Lord of hosts at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests of the Lord.
V4-5
Tradition to feast
Giving of portions to each
Hophni & Phinehas - bad priests
in contrast… he loved her / the LORD had closed her womb
1 Sam 1.
1 Samuel 1:6 ESV
6 And her rival used to provoke her grievously to irritate her, because the Lord had closed her womb.
rival / provoke / grievously / irritate
LORD closed her womb
V7-9
year after year / as often as she went… up to 3 times a year
why ? ? ? = eat/weep/heart
Ten Sons!! =
Hannah rose
Eli sat
seat - by temple
1 Samuel 1:10–11 ESV
10 She was deeply distressed and prayed to the Lord and wept bitterly. 11 And she vowed a vow and said, “O Lord of hosts, if you will indeed look on the affliction of your servant and remember me and not forget your servant, but will give to your servant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall touch his head.”
Title = Cry Out To God!!
.
1 Samuel 1:10 ESV
10 She was deeply distressed and prayed to the Lord and wept bitterly.
.6
soul anguish / gut wrenching /
1 Samuel 1:11 ESV
11 And she vowed a vow and said, “O Lord of hosts, if you will indeed look on the affliction of your servant and remember me and not forget your servant, but will give to your servant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall touch his head.”
.10
Peter - denial of Christ
Vow = promise to God
nazarite - Samson / Samuel / John
imagine …
V12-14
Eli - priest - sitting close off
sees mouth
judges heart
Drunkard… rebukes her
the state of Israel
the state of Eli
1 Samuel 1:15–16 ESV
15 But Hannah answered, “No, my lord, I am a woman troubled in spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have been pouring out my soul before the Lord. 16 Do not regard your servant as a worthless woman, for all along I have been speaking out of my great anxiety and vexation.”
Paul = a drink offering = &
Job = 30.16
worthless woman = = Eli’s Sons
before the LORD = 1.11 - Lord of host
Eli at the post Hannah at the face of God…
V17
Go in Peace
God of Israel
may God do it…!
.15
1 Samuel 1:18 ESV
18 And she said, “Let your servant find favor in your eyes.” Then the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.
.18
Why did Hannah leave “no longer sad”?
Hannah / Eli = main characters
Elkanah - 2 wives = Hannah & Peninnah
good man = yearly sacrifices / Eli’s sons = taken of his sacrifice also…
Peninnah - children
Hannah - barren
The Book of Samuel = the book of the king of Israel
Hannah / Elkanah
Elkanah = yearly sacrifices
Eli’s sons would have taken from them!!
Hannah - Sam = not until weaned
Samuels dedication to God
Hannah’s Prayer [2.1-11]
Pointing to Jesus !!!
Marys Magnificat…
The NIV Application Commentary: 1 & 2 Samuel Hannah Fulfills Her Vow (1:21–28)

Having come to God with nothing, she now returns to Shiloh to give back that which means everything.

Samuel to be anointed over Eli’s Sons
Samuel to anoint King over Israel
Samuel to Anoint David over Saul
Eli’s Worthless Sons [2.12-21]
Hophni | Phinehas / Samuel
Priests - Did not know the LORD
taking what was supposed to be Gods
taking by force
Sleeping with women at the temple [v22]
Eli Rebukes His Sons [2.22-26]
The Lord Rejects Eli’s Household [2.27-36]
The LORD Calls Samuel [3.1-21]

Call / Close

Perhaps you relate to Elkanah today -
do you know this God?
You love someone who is being ripped apart by the consequences of the fall and you desperately want them to find contentment in God and in what His plan is for them. You want them to find peace with people and or God and for God to help and heal them where they need it most…
cry out to God
do you know this savior?
Perhaps you relate to Eli today -
You like Eli often find yourself making hasty judgements of others rather then seeking to truly minister to them. You would consider yourself a religious person but cannot relate to the honest raw closeness that Hannah displays and yet you desperately long for it…
cry out to God
Perhaps you relate to Hannah today -
You are struggling in life with a very real sense of hopelessness, a sense of sorrow or perhaps even bitterness. Your bitterness is directed toward someone who has harmed you in the past and you are beginning to question God’s goodness in your life…
cry out to God

Close

Why Hannah left “no longer sad” and why you can too

Prayer

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