Faithlife Sermons

The Holy Spirit is our Teacher

Sermon  •  Submitted
0 ratings
· 762 views
Notes
Transcript
Sermon Tone Analysis
A
D
F
J
S
Emotion
A
C
T
Language
O
C
E
A
E
Social
View more →

Sermon: The Holy Spirit is our Teacher                                                          Feb. 17, 2008

What are the three things that you need the most right now!

1. ___________________________

2. ___________________________

3. ___________________________

Psalm 143:10  Teach me to do your will, for you are my God; may your good Spirit lead me on level ground.

John 14:26  But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.

Two Names

*
*
Two Ministries

*
*

Sermó: El Espíritu Santo es nuestro Maestro                                                 

¿Cuales son last tres cosas que más necesitas ahora mismo?

1. ___________________________

2. ___________________________

3. ___________________________

Salmo 143:10  (VP) Enséñame a hacer tu voluntad, porque tú eres mi Dios. ¡Que tu buen espíritu me lleve por un camino recto! (RVR) Enséñame a hacer tu voluntad, porque tú eres mi Dios; Tu buen espíritu me guíe a tierra de rectitud.

Juan 14:26  (RVR) Mas el Consolador, el Espíritu Santo, a quien el Padre enviará en mi nombre, él os enseñará todas las cosas, y os recordará todo lo que yo os he dicho. (VP) pero el Defensor, el Espíritu Santo que el Padre va a enviar en mi nombre, les enseñará todas las cosas y les recordará todo lo que yo les he dicho.

Dos Nombres

*
*
Dos Ministerios

*
*

Sermon: The Holy Spirit is our Teacher                                                          Feb. 17, 2008

WHAT ARE THE THREE THINGS THAT YOU NEED THE MOST RIGHT NOW!

1.      We need to know God’s will

2.      We need to desire to do God’s will

3.      We need power to do God’s will

 

John 14:26  But the Counselor [Helper, Comforter, Advocate], the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you. (RVR) Mas el Consolador, el Espíritu Santo, a quien el Padre enviará en mi nombre, él os enseñará todas las cosas, y os recordará todo lo que yo os he dicho. (VP) pero el Defensor, el Espíritu Santo que el Padre va a enviar en mi nombre, les enseñará todas las cosas y les recordará todo lo que yo les he dicho.

Counselor – Helper  Consejero / Abogado (parakletos)

            Ever present Helper & Advocate……you never need to do something alone!

John 14:16 “I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever  17 the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. (RVR) Y yo rogaré al Padre, y os dará otro Consolador, para que esté con vosotros para siempre: 17 el Espíritu de verdad, al cual el mundo no puede recibir, porque no le ve, ni le conoce; pero vosotros le conocéis, porque mora con vosotros, y estará en vosotros.  (VP)  Y yo le pediré al Padre que les mande otro Defensor, el Espíritu de la verdad, para que esté siempre con ustedes. Los que son del mundo no lo pueden recibir, porque no lo ven ni lo conocen; pero ustedes lo conocen, porque él permanece con ustedes y estará en ustedes.

John 15:26 “When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me,  (RVR) Y yo rogaré al Padre, y os dará otro Consolador, para que esté con vosotros para siempre: (VP) “Pero cuando venga el Defensor que yo voy a enviar de parte del Padre, el Espíritu de la verdad que procede del Padre, él será mi testigo.

John 16:7 “But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. (RVR) Pero yo os digo la verdad: Os conviene que yo me vaya; porque si no me fuera, el Consolador no vendría a vosotros; mas si me fuere, os lo enviaré. (VP) Pero les digo la verdad: es mejor para ustedes que yo me vaya. Porque si no me voy, el Defensor no vendrá para estar con ustedes; pero si me voy, yo se lo enviaré.

1 John 2:1 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous;  (RVR) Hijitos míos, estas cosas os escribo para que no pequéis; y si alguno hubiere pecado, abogado tenemos para con el Padre, a Jesucristo el justo. (VP)  Hijitos míos, les escribo estas cosas para que no cometan pecado. Aunque si alguno comete pecado, tenemos ante el Padre un defensor, que es Jesucristo, y él es justo.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holy Spirit –  

He has made us saints, now he is helping us live like saints!

Christian band: All together Separate (we know that you are God)

Romans 1:4 and who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord. (RVR) que fue declarado Hijo de Dios con poder, según el Espíritu de santidad, por la resurrección de entre los muertos, (VP) Es el mensaje que trata de su Hijo Jesucristo, nuestro Señor, quien nació, como hombre, de la descendencia de David, pero a partir de su resurrección fue constituido Hijo de Dios con plenos poderes, como espíritu santificador.

Lev 11:44-45 I am the Lord your God; consecrate yourselves and be holy, because I am holy. Do not make yourselves unclean by any creature that moves about on the ground. 45 I am the Lord who brought you up out of Egypt to be your God; therefore be holy, because I am holy.

Lev 19:2 “Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: ‘Be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy.

Lev 20:7 “ ‘Consecrate yourselves and be holy, because I am the Lord your God.

Leviticus 20:26 You are to be holy to me because I, the Lord, am holy, and I have set you apart from the nations to be my own.

1 Cor 1:2 To the church of God in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus and called to be holy, together with all those everywhere who call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ—their Lord and ours:

Eph 1:4 For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love

Heb 12:14  Make every effort to live in peace with all men and to be holy; without holiness no one will see the Lord.

1 Pet 1:15-16 15 But just as he who called you is holy, so be holy in all you do; 16 for it is written: “Be holy, because I am holy.”

1 Pet 2:5 you also, like living stones, are being built into a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

whom the Father will send – a quien el Padre enviará

            team work in the Trinity……we need to work together as a team

John 15:26 “When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me,  (RVR) Y yo rogaré al Padre, y os dará otro Consolador, para que esté con vosotros para siempre: (VP) “Pero cuando venga el Defensor que yo voy a enviar de parte del Padre, el Espíritu de la verdad que procede del Padre, él será mi testigo.

John 16:7 6 Because I have said these things, you are filled with grief. 7 “But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. 8 When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: 9 in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; 10 in regard to righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see me no longer; 11 and in regard to judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned. (RVR) Pero yo os digo la verdad: Os conviene que yo me vaya; porque si no me fuera, el Consolador no vendría a vosotros; mas si me fuere, os lo enviaré. 8 Y cuando él venga, convencerá al mundo de pecado, de justicia y de juicio. 9 De pecado, por cuanto no creen en mí; 10 de justicia, por cuanto voy al Padre, y no me veréis más; 11 y de juicio, por cuanto el príncipe de este mundo ha sido ya juzgado. (VP) Pero les digo la verdad: es mejor para ustedes que yo me vaya. Porque si no me voy, el Defensor no vendrá para estar con ustedes; pero si me voy, yo se lo enviaré. 8 Cuando él venga, mostrará claramente a la gente del mundo quién es pecador, quién es inocente, y quién recibe el juicio de Dios. 9 Quién es pecador: el que no cree en mí; 10 quién es inocente: yo, que voy al Padre, y ustedes ya no me verán; 11 quién recibe el juicio de Dios: el que gobierna este mundo, que ya ha sido condenado.

Nehemiah 9:20 You gave your good Spirit to instruct them. You did not withhold your manna from their mouths, and you gave them water for their thirst. (RVR) Y enviaste tu buen Espíritu para enseñarles, y no retiraste tu maná de su boca, y agua les diste para su sed. (VP) Además les diste de tu buen espíritu para instruirlos; jamás les faltó de la boca el maná que les enviabas, y les diste agua para calmar su sed.

In my name  

            You can’t pray w/o the Holy Spirit…..and expect your prayers to be Heard/answered!

            Pray to the Father, in the name of the Son, by the power of the Holy Spirit

John 14:13-14 And I will do whatever you ask in my name, so that the Son may bring glory to the Father. 14 You may ask me for anything in my name, and I will do it. (RVR) Y todo lo que pidiereis al Padre en mi nombre, lo haré, para que el Padre sea glorificado en el Hijo. 14 Si algo pidiereis en mi nombre, yo lo haré.

John 15:16 You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you to go and bear fruit—fruit that will last. Then the Father will give you whatever you ask in my name. (RVR) No me elegisteis ustedes a mí, sino que yo os elegí a ustedes, y os he puesto para que vayán y llevén fruto, y su fruto permanezca; para que todo lo que pidiereis al Padre en mi nombre, él os lo dé

John 16:23-24 In that day you will no longer ask me anything. I tell you the truth, my Father will give you whatever you ask in my name. 24 Until now you have not asked for anything in my name. Ask and you will receive, and your joy will be complete. (RVR) En aquel día no me preguntaréis nada. De cierto, de cierto os digo, que todo cuanto pidiereis al Padre en mi nombre, os lo dará. 24 Hasta ahora nada habéis pedido en mi nombre; pedid, y recibiréis, para que vuestro gozo sea cumplido.

John 16:26  In that day you will ask in my name. I am not saying that I will ask the Father on your behalf (RVR) En aquel día pediréis en mi nombre; y no os digo que yo rogaré al Padre por vosotros,

Matthew 18:5  “And whoever welcomes a little child like this in my name welcomes me.

Matthew 18:20 For where two or three come together in my name, there am I with them.”

Mark 9:41  I tell you the truth, anyone who gives you a cup of water in my name because you belong to Christ will certainly not lose his reward.

1 Samuel 25:5 So he sent ten young men and said to them, “Go up to Nabal at Carmel and greet him in my name.

 

 

 

 

 

 

will teach you all things – él os enseñará todas las cosas,

Matthew 23:10 8 “But you are not to be called ‘Rabbi,’ for you have only one Master and you are all brothers. 9 And do not call anyone on earth ‘father,’ for you have one Father, and he is in heaven.  10 Nor are you to be called ‘teacher,’ for you have one Teacher, the Christ.  (RVR) Ni seáis llamados maestros; porque uno es vuestro Maestro, el Cristo. (VP) Ni deben pretender que los llamen guías, porque Cristo es su único Guía.

John 13:13-14  “You call me ‘Teacher’ and ‘Lord,’ and rightly so, for that is what I am. 14 Now that I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one another’s feet. (RVR)  Un mandamiento nuevo os doy: Que os améis unos a otros; como yo os he amado, que también os améis unos a otros. 35 En esto conocerán todos que sois mis discípulos, si tuviereis amor los unos con los otros.  (VP) Les doy este mandamiento nuevo: Que se amen los unos a los otros. Así como yo los amo a ustedes, así deben amarse ustedes los unos a los otros. 35 Si se aman los unos a los otros, todo el mundo se dará cuenta de que son discípulos míos.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

will teach you all things – él os enseñará todas las cosas,

 

Psalm 143:10  Teach me to do your will, for you are my God; may your good Spirit lead me on level ground. (NLT) Teach me to do your will, for you are my God. May your gracious Spirit lead me forward on a firm footing. (RVR) Enséñame a hacer tu voluntad, porque tú eres mi Dios; Tu buen espíritu me guíe a tierra de rectitud. (VP) Enséñame a hacer tu voluntad, porque tú eres mi Dios. ¡Que tu buen espíritu me lleve por un camino recto!

Matthew 26:42 He went away a second time and prayed, “My Father, if it is not possible for this cup to be taken away unless I drink it, may your will be done.” (RVR) Otra vez fue, y oró por segunda vez, diciendo: Padre mío, si no puede pasar de mí esta copa sin que yo la beba, hágase tu voluntad. (VP) Por segunda vez se fue, y oró así: “Padre mío, si no es posible evitar que yo sufra esta prueba, hágase tu voluntad.”

Psalm 40:8 I desire to do your will, O my God; your law is within my heart.” (VP) A mí me agrada hacer tu voluntad, Dios mío; ¡llevo tu enseñanza en el corazón! (RVR) El hacer tu voluntad, Dios mío, me ha agradado, Y tu ley está en medio de mi corazón.

Hebrews 10:7-9 Then I said, ‘Here I am—it is written about me in the scroll— I have come to do your will, O God.’ ” 8 First he said, “Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not desire, nor were you pleased with them” (although the law required them to be made). 9 Then he said, “Here I am, I have come to do your will.” He sets aside the first to establish the second. (RVR) Entonces dije: He aquí que vengo, oh Dios, para hacer tu voluntad, Como en el rollo del libro está escrito de mí. 8 Diciendo primero: Sacrificio y ofrenda y holocaustos y expiaciones por el pecado no quisiste, ni te agradaron (las cuales cosas se ofrecen según la ley), 9 y diciendo luego: He aquí que vengo, oh Dios, para hacer tu voluntad; quita lo primero, para establecer esto último. (VP) Entonces dije: ‘Aquí estoy, tal como está escrito de mí en el libro, para hacer tu voluntad, oh Dios.’ ” 8 En primer lugar, dice que Dios no quiere ni le agradan sacrificios ni ofrendas de animales, ni holocaustos para quitar el pecado, a pesar de que son cosas que la ley manda ofrecer. 9 Y después añade: “Aquí vengo para hacer tu voluntad.” Es decir, que quita aquellos sacrificios antiguos y pone en su lugar uno nuevo.

Exod 33:13 If you are pleased with me, teach me your ways so I may know you and continue to find favor with you. Remember that this nation is your people.” Ps 25:4-5 Show me your ways, O Lord, teach me your paths; 5 guide me in your truth and teach me, for you are God my Savior, and my hope is in you all day long. (NBLH) Señor, muéstrame Tus caminos, Enséñame Tus sendas. 5 Guíame en Tu verdad y enséñame, Porque Tú eres el Dios de mi salvación….

Ps  27:11 Teach me your way, O Lord; lead me in a straight path because of my oppressors.   (RVR) Enséñame, oh Jehová, tu camino, Y guíame por senda de rectitud ….86:11

Ps 119:12  Praise be to you, O Lord; teach me your decrees. (RVR) Bendito tú, oh Jehová; Enséñame tus estatutos [leyes VP, decretos NVI]. 33, 64, 68, 124, 135, 171

Ps 119:108  Accept, O Lord, the willing praise of my mouth, and teach me your laws (RVR) Te ruego, oh Jehová, que te sean agradables los sacrificios [ofrendas] voluntarios de mi boca, Y me enseñes tus juicios [decretos, ordenanzas,

Ps 119:66  Teach me knowledge and good judgment, for I believe in your commands. (NBLH) Enséñame buen juicio y conocimiento, Pues creo en Tus mandamientos.

Ps 119:27  Let me understand the teaching of your precepts; then I will meditate on your wonders.

will remind you of everything I have said to you - y os recordará todo lo que yo os he dicho

            Spiritual Reminder

John 16:13 But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.

John 16:12-14 “I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13 But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. 14 He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you.

Luke 12:12  11 “When you are brought before synagogues, rulers and authorities, do not worry about how you will defend yourselves or what you will say 12 for the Holy Spirit will teach you at that time what you should say. (RVR) Cuando os trajeren a las sinagogas, y ante los magistrados y las autoridades, no os preocupéis por cómo o qué habréis de responder, o qué habréis de decir; 12 porque el Espíritu Santo os enseñará en la misma hora lo que debáis decir. (VP) “Cuando los lleven a ustedes a las sinagogas, o ante los jueces y las autoridades, no se preocupen por cómo van a defenderse o qué van a decir, 12 porque cuando les llegue el momento de hablar, el Espíritu Santo les enseñará lo que deben decir.”

Matt 10:20  19 But when they arrest you, do not worry about what to say or how to say it. At that time you will be given what to say, 20 for it will not be you speaking, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you. (RVR) Mas cuando los entreguen [arresten], no os preocupéis por cómo o qué hablaréis; porque en aquella hora os será dado lo que habéis de hablar. 20 Porque no sois vosotros los que habláis, sino el Espíritu de vuestro Padre que habla en vosotros. (VP) Pero cuando los entreguen a las autoridades, no se preocupen ustedes por lo que han de decir o cómo han de decirlo, porque cuando les llegue el momento de hablar, Dios les dará las palabras. 20 Pues no serán ustedes quienes hablen, sino que el Espíritu de su Padre hablará por ustedes.

Luke 21:15  12 “But before all this, they will lay hands on you and persecute you. They will deliver you to synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors, and all on account of my name. 13 This will result in your being witnesses to them. 14 But make up your mind not to worry beforehand how you will defend yourselves. 15 For I will give you words and wisdom that none of your adversaries will be able to resist or contradict. 16 You will be betrayed even by parents, brothers, relatives and friends, and they will put some of you to death. 17 All men will hate you because of me. (VP) “Pero antes de esto, a ustedes les echarán mano y los perseguirán. Los llevarán a juzgar en las sinagogas, los meterán en la cárcel y los presentarán ante reyes y gobernadores por causa mía. 13 Así tendrán oportunidad de dar testimonio de mí. 14 Háganse el propósito de no preparar de antemano su defensa, 15 porque yo les daré palabras tan llenas de sabiduría que ninguno de sus enemigos podrá resistirlos ni contradecirlos en nada. 16 Pero ustedes serán traicionados incluso por sus padres, sus hermanos, sus parientes y sus amigos. A algunos de ustedes los matarán, 17 y todo el mundo los odiará por causa mía

John 2:22 After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.

Matthew 15:15-17 Peter said, “Explain the parable to us.” 16 “Are you still so dull?” Jesus asked them. 17 “Don’t you see that whatever enters the mouth goes into the stomach and then out of the body?

The Holy Spirit does not give us new doctrines. Rather, he brings old truths to our remembrance.This promise was primarily fulfilled through the lives of the apostles in the writing of the New Testament. Matthew and John wrote down Jesus’ words. Peter wrote about the gospel in his two letters and may have dictated some of his memories of Jesus to Mark. It must be borne in mind that between the time when Jesus uttered these words and the moment when the Holy Spirit was poured out there occurred the following significant events: Christ’s crucifixion, resurrection, ascension, and coronation.What Jesus said in the days of His earthly ministry was only partially understood. Three things were needed for the apostles to understand Jesus’ person and mission: (1) His death had to occur. (2) He had to rise again to vindicate His claim and demonstrate His victory. (3) The Spirit had to come

1 Cor 2:9-13 However, as it is written: “No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him”— 10 but God has revealed it to us by his Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God. 11 For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man’s spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. 12 We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God, that we may understand what God has freely given us. 13 This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, expressing spiritual truths in spiritual words.

PEOPLE WHO CALLED HIM “TEACHER”

John 20:16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher).

John 11:28  And after she had said this, she went back and called her sister Mary aside. “The Teacher is here,” she said, “and is asking for you.”

John 3:2 He came to Jesus at night and said, “Rabbi, we know you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the miraculous signs you are doing if God were not with him.”

John 1:38 Turning around, Jesus saw them following and asked, “What do you want?” They said, “Rabbi” (which means Teacher), “where are you staying?”

Luke 21:7 “Teacher,” they asked, “when will these things happen? And what will be the sign that they are about to take place?”

Luke 7:40  Jesus answered him, “Simon, I have something to tell you.” “Tell me, teacher,” he said.

John 2:22  After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.

OTHER

Matthew 26:55  At that time Jesus said to the crowd, “Am I leading a rebellion, that you have come out with swords and clubs to capture me? Every day I sat in the temple courts teaching, and you did not arrest me.

Mark 14:49  Every day I was with you, teaching in the temple courts, and you did not arrest me. But the Scriptures must be fulfilled.”

John 7:16  Jesus answered, “My teaching is not my own. It comes from him who sent me.

John 14:23  Jesus replied, “If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.  24 He who does not love me will not obey my teaching. These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me.

2 Timothy 2:2 And the things you have heard me say in the presence of many witnesses entrust to reliable men who will also be qualified to teach others.

Psalm 143:10 “teach”3925 לָמַד [lamad /law·mad/] v. A primitive root; TWOT 1116; GK 4340; 86 occurrences; AV translates as “teach” 56 times, “learn” 22 times, “instruct” three times, “diligently” once, “expert” once, “skilful” once, “teachers” once, and “unaccustomed + 3808” once. 1 to learn. teach, exercise in. 1a (Qal) to learn. 1b (Piel) to teach. 1c (Pual) to be taught, be trained.  4340 לָמַד (lā∙mǎḏ): v.; ≡ Str 3925; TWOT 1116—1. LN 27.1-27.26 (qal) learn, train, i.e., gain information (or signals and cues) and respond properly to it with regular action, implying acceptance of, or submission to the information (Dt 4:10); (qal pass.) be trained, taught (1Ch 5:18); (pual) be trained, taught (1Ch 25:7; SS 3:8; Isa 29:13; Jer 31:18; Hos 10:11+); 2. LN 33.224-33.250 (piel) teach, instruct, train, impart information in a formal or informal setting, with a focus that the information will be responded to, so be a training of the object (Dt 4:1) 3925. לָמַד lāmaḏ: A verb meaning to learn, to study, to teach, to be taught, to be learned. The verb describes learning war, training for war, the lack of training (Isa. 2:4; Mic. 4:3), or the acquisition of instruction (Isa. 29:24). God’s people were warned not to learn the ways of the nations, that is, to acquire their corrupt and false practices and standards (Jer. 10:2) but to learn the ways of God instead (Jer. 12:16). The verb is sometimes used with an infinitive following it suggesting the meaning to learn to do something. Israel was not to learn to do the abominations of surrounding nations (Deut. 18:9); it describes metaphorically the actions of Jehoahaz against his countrymen as he tore them as a lion would tear its prey (Ezek. 19:3). In the intensive or factitive form, the root takes on the meaning of imparting learning (i.e., teaching). The verb simply means to teach (2 Chr. 17:7, 9) or to teach people or things; the Lord taught His people (Jer. 31:34) His decrees and laws (Deut. 4:1). The participle of this form often means teacher (Ps. 119:99). The passive forms of this verb mean to be teachable or to be knowledgeable or well-trained by the Lord (Jer. 31:18) or people (Isa. 29:13). 1116     לָמַד (lāmad) learn (Qal), teach (Piel). Derivatives 1116a     לִמּוּד (limmûd) taught. 1116b     מַלְמָד (malmād), מַלְמֵד (malmēd) oxgoad. 1116c     תַּלְמִיד (talmı̂d) scholar. As one of the twelve words for teaching in the ot, lāmad has the idea of training as well as educating. The training aspect can be seen in the derived term for “oxgoad,” malmēd. In Hos 10:11 Ephraim is taught like a heifer by a yoke and goad. The Ugaritic lmd means “learn/teach” and lamādu means “learn” in Akkadian. The principle use of this verb is illustrated in Ps 119. Here is repeated the refrain, “Teach me thy statutes” or “thy judgments” (vv. 12, 26, 64, 66, 68, 108, 124, 135, 171). At the request of king Jehoshaphat, a group of men went out and taught the book of the Law in the cities of Judah (II Chr 17:7, 9). While Greek uses two different words for “to learn” (manthanō) and “to teach” (didaskō), each having its own content, goal, and methods, Hebrew uses the same root for both words because all learning and teaching is ultimately to be found in the fear of the Lord (Deut 4:10; 14:23; 17:19; 31:12, 13). To learn this is to come to terms with the will and law of God. In other instances, men are trained in ways of war (I Chr 5:18) sometimes by the use of song (Ps 60: English heading [H 1]; Jud 3:2; Song 3:8). Micah envisions a time when men will no longer learn warfare (4:3; Isa 2:4).No one, however, has taught the Lord or acted as his counselor (Isa 40:14). Rather, anyone who knows anything has learned it from him, the source of all truth.3925 למד QAL: Aprender, adiestrarse: lemudéi miljamáh = adiestrados o aptos para la guerra (1 Crón. 5:18)

John 14:27 14:25-26. What Jesus said in the days of His earthly ministry was only partially understood. Three things were needed for the apostles to understand Jesus’ person and mission: (1) His death had to occur. (2) He had to rise again to vindicate His claim and demonstrate His victory. (3) The Spirit had to come (He would be sent by the Father . . . in My name, i.e., in Jesus’ place and for Him) and interpret the meanings of Jesus’ words and deeds. The Spirit, Jesus said, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you. This verse is addressed to the apostles. The context limits the “all things” to the interpretation and significance of His person and work. The Spirit worked in their minds, reminding them of His teaching and giving them insight into its meaning

John 2:22 After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.

 John 7:39 By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified.

John 20:9  (They still did not understand from Scripture that Jesus had to rise from the dead.)

14:26 will teach you all things. The Holy Spirit energized the hearts and minds of the apostles in their ministry, helping them to produce the NT Scripture. The disciples had failed to understand many things about Jesus and what He taught; but because of this supernatural work, they came to an inerrant and accurate understanding of the Lord and His work, and recorded it in the gospels and the rest of the NT Scriptures

2 Tim. 3:16 All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness,

2 Pet. 1:20, 21 Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation. 21 For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

John 16:7  But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you.

14:25, 26 Jesus told His disciples these things while He was with them, but when the Holy Spirit came, He would remind the disciples of all things that Jesus had said, and would teach . . . all things

1 Cor. 2:13 This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, expressing spiritual truths in spiritual words.

This promise was primarily fulfilled through the lives of the apostles in the writing of the New Testament. Matthew and John wrote down Jesus’ words. Peter wrote about the gospel in his two letters and may have dictated some of his memories of Jesus to Mark.

14:26 el Espíritu Santo. El Espíritu Santo, como persona, participa de los mismos atributos que el Padre (17:11) y el Hijo (8:45, 46). El os enseñará. La promesa se aplica en primer lugar a los discípulos a quienes Jesús habla, y en segundo lugar a todos los creyentes en Jesucristo. Esto se corrobora con la promesa de Jesús de traer a sus mentes todo lo que os he dicho., lo cual también explica cómo fue escrito el N. T. y la manera sobrenatural en que los escritores de los evangelios recordaron las conversaciones y discursos de Cristo

 

14:25, 26. These things I have told you while still remaining with you. Moreover, the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you everything, and will remind you of everything that I myself said to you.

Jesus seems to linger with his disciples as long as possible. Again and again he seems to bid them farewell; nevertheless, again and again he remains a little longer. There is a tone of departure in the words, “These things I have told you while still remaining with you.” Yet, the Master lingers. 14:31; 15:11; 16:1, 4, 25, 33. These things, in view of while still remaining with you, which is surely very general, cannot be restricted to the words spoken that night, but obviously indicate all his teaching up to this very moment. Now Jesus draws a distinction (notice, he does not present a contrast; δε should here be translated moreover or and or now, not but) between his own teaching during the days of his humiliation, on the one hand, and his own teaching through the Spirit in the glory of his exaltation, on the other. The central idea of verses 25, 26 may be summarized as follows: “While yet abiding physically with you I have given you certain teachings which after my physical departure from you I, through the Spirit, will make much clearer to you ( I Cor. 2:13). Moreover, I will then teach you everything which you need to know in order to perform the work of witnessing which is assigned to you.” Note the names given to the third person of the Trinity: the Helper (παράκλητος); see on 14:16; the Holy Spirit, holy because, he is not only himself completely sinless and in possession of all the moral attributes in an infinite degree — which, of course, is true also with respect to the Father and the Son —, but also because it is he who takes the leading part in the work of making others holy (sanctification). He is also characterized as the One “whom the Father will send in my (Christ’s) name.”

Acts 2:33 Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.

The sending of the Holy Spirit and also his work on earth is in complete harmony with Christ’s name, that is, with his self-revelation in the sphere of redemption. A comparison between 14:26, “whom the Father will send in my name,” and 15:26, “whom I will send from the Father,” makes it very clear that the historical sending of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost (see Acts 2) is ascribed to both the Father and the Son. Does not this historical effusion imply that also the eternal, super-historical procession of the Spirit must be viewed as an act in which the Father and the Son cooperate? Note that the promise contains two elements, and that in all probability the first everything (or all things: (πάντα) is more comprehensive than the second. First, the Spirit will teach you everything that is necessary (not only for your own salvation, but here specifically) for the work of witnessing (Matt. 10:10; I John 2:27). This includes certain things which Jesus had not specifically taught during the days of his humiliation, having omitted them for a very wise reason (see on 16:12). Secondly, the Spirit will remind you of everything that I myself said to you. As already indicated, by means of both of these Jesus Christ is fulfilling his prophetic office, first on earth, then from heaven. The two everythings may be viewed as concentric circles, for also by means of recalling the old (“everything that I myself said to you”), the Spirit would be teaching the new. It must be borne in mind that between the time when Jesus uttered these words and the moment when the Holy Spirit was poured out there occurred the following significant events: Christ’s crucifixion, resurrection, ascension, and coronation. In the light of these great events the work of the Holy Spirit in reminding the disciples of the former teachings of Jesus would naturally imply new teaching, or if one prefers, it would imply the impartation of a deeper understanding of that which when it was first heard had hardly registered. As proof we offer the following passages: 2:22; 12:16. Even then, of course, the special guidance of the Spirit was necessary in order to convey to their minds the exact meaning of Christ’s words in the light of his atonement and glorification.

The Spirit of God teaches us the Word and guides us into the truth. He also reminds us of what He has taught us so that we can depend on God’s Word in the difficult times of life. The Spirit uses the Word to give us His peace (John 14:27), His love (John 15:9–10), and His joy (John 15:11).

Jesus promises the disciples that they will do ‘greater things’ than he has done (14:15–31). How can this be possible? He explains that he will ask his Father to give them ‘another Counsellor’ — another Person like himself to be alongside them. This is the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of truth

14.26 Jesús prometió a los discípulos que el Espíritu Santo los ayudaría a recordar lo que Él les enseñó. Esta promesa asegura la validez del Nuevo Testamento. Los discípulos fueron testigos de la vida y las enseñanzas de Jesús, y el Espíritu Santo los ayudó a recordar sin omitir sus perspectivas individuales. Podemos confiar en que los Evangelios narran muy bien lo que Jesús enseñó e hizo (véase 1 Corintios 2.10–14). El Espíritu Santo puede ayudarnos de la misma manera. Al estudiar la Biblia, podemos confiar que Él plantará la verdad en nuestra mente, nos convencerá de la voluntad de Dios y nos la recordará cuando nos apartemos de ella

14.26 El ministerio del Espíritu Santo está predominantemente orientado a Cristo; una de sus partes está dedicada a instruir y recordar a los discípulos lo que Jesús enseñó. El Espíritu, por lo tanto, no se precupa de sí mismo

El Espíritu Santo es el Maestro y Consejero que mora en nosotros y ha venido para enseñarnos y aconsejarnos qué debemos hacer y cómo hacerlo.

1. Es consejero santo. El Maestro ha venido y es un Maestro santo. Obedecemos a Dios cuando en nuestra vida hay una medida de santidad y pureza moral, un profundo deseo de ser limpio y santo, de estar separado de todo aquello que deshonra a Dios y contrista al Espíritu Santo.

2. Representa al Señor Jesucristo. El Maestro y Consejero es enviado por el Padre para representar y actuar de parte de nuestro Señor Jesús (26). “En mi nombre” significa como en representación de Jesucristo y actuando de su parte. Al enseñarnos, el Espíritu Santo jamás contradirá lo que dijo Jesucristo porque los dos son una sola persona.

3. Enseña y recuerda enseñanzas. El Espíritu de Dios, en su función de intérprete, nos recuerda y enseña todo lo que debemos saber (26). Nos enseñará todas las cosas. Todas las cosas que necesitamos saber para la vida y la doctrina. Todo aquello que Jesucristo enseñó a sus discípulos y era necesario mantener por escrito hasta el final de la historia, está registrado en la Biblia pues el Espíritu Santo inspiró a los autores de la Escritura. Y este maestro no sólo enseña sino que, además, recuerda. Cuando estamos en algún aprieto o circunstancia difícil, él nos recuerda pasajes de la Biblia y promesas de Dios. Por ejemplo, promesas de su compañía y ayuda en momentos de crisis; pasajes acordes a una pregunta difícil sobre doctrina. Pero no puede recordarnos cosas que no sabíamos, razón por la cual debemos estudiar la Biblia y conocerla a fondo

4. Imparte paz divina El Espíritu Santo imparte la paz de Cristo (ver 16:33; Fil. 4:7; Col. 3:15), la misma paz que tenía el Señor Jesús. Esta es la paz de la obediencia, una paz constante que no depende de las circunstancias ni de estar libre de conflictos sino que es resultado natural de la presencia del Espíritu Santo en el cristiano. Es una paz que permanece en medio de los problemas, por eso Jesús instó a sus discípulos a no turbarse en el corazón (14:1)

25, 26. he shall teach you all things, and bring all to … remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you—(See on Jn 14:15; Jn 14:17). As the Son came in the Father’s name, so the Father shall send the Spirit in My name, says Jesus, that is, with like divine power and authority to reproduce in their souls what Christ taught them, “bringing to living consciousness what lay like slumbering germs in their minds” . On this rests the credibility and ultimate divine authority of the Gospel history. The whole of what is here said of the Spirit is decisive of His divine personality. “He who can regard all the personal expressions, applied to the Spirit in these three chapters (‘teaching,’ ‘reminding,’ ‘testifying,’ ‘coming,’ ‘convincing,’ ‘guiding,’ ‘speaking,’ ‘hearing,’ ‘prophesying,’ ‘taking’) as being no other than a long drawn-out figure, deserves not to be recognized even as an interpreter of intelligible words, much less an expositor of Holy Scripture”

All this I have spoken while still with you. But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you

John 14:26 is the shortest of those sections of the final discourses dealing with the Holy Spirit, yet it is probably true that it gives us the fullest definition. The Holy Spirit is described as the “Counselor.” We have already seen what this means in our discussion of verses 16–18. He is described as being “holy”—the Holy Spirit. Finally, he is described as being a “teacher.” Here are three definitions: the Counselor, Holy One, and Teacher. Yet when the verse is looked at closely, it is undoubtedly the last of these, the fact that the Holy Spirit is a teacher, that is emphasized. The role of the Holy Spirit as Counselor is emphasized in the earlier verses. The matter of holiness is emphasized in 16:7–11. But here (15:26–27 and 16:12–15) the special ministry of the Spirit as teacher is brought forward.

When the Lord says that the Holy Spirit is to “teach you all things,” the reference is primarily to the apostles. These were those whom Jesus had chosen to be authoritative spokesmen for the truth he had revealed. They were to remember it and then record it in the pages of what has become the New Testament. Moreover, this teaching was to become normative for the church. This same idea is clear in that verse in which the Lord says, “When he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all [the] truth.” Jesus did not mean that all that could possibly be known would be revealed to them. All things that can possibly be known are known only to God. But he did mean that the Holy Spirit would reveal to them the full truth of the gospel centered in Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection. And this he did. This was a unique ministry of the Holy Spirit to the apostles.

At the same time, however, there is a secondary sense in which these words apply to Christians who are living today. The Holy Spirit teaches us as well, and the Holy Spirit is the One who brings these things to our remembrance.

Need for Teaching We need to look at the disciples first, however. Clearly, here were men who needed to be taught. They had been with the Lord Jesus Christ for three years. One might think that they would have understood the essence of his ministry and the gospel. He had spoken to them about these things. But the truth is that, although he had spoken to them about this, nevertheless they had not understood him. It is significant that verse 25 says, “All this I have spoken while still with you.” He had spoken to them, but that is not quite the same thing as saying that he had taught them. Obviously he had tried to teach the disciples, and had taught them many other things, but they had not yet really learned the great truths of the gospel. Actually, they were confused men who needed the Holy Spirit’s teaching. They also had a particular problem with learning in this instance, for the Lord had announced his departure to them, and this had so seized upon their minds that they were not really hearing what he was saying. He had spoken about another Counselor, but they were not interested enough in the other Counselor even to learn about him. All they could grasp was that Jesus was to be taken from them. So the Lord tells the disciples, “You need teaching; you really do. You have heard a lot, but you do not understand it. You need to be taught. I am going. Nevertheless, the Holy Spirit is coming, and one of his roles (a very important role) is to teach you.”

The second interesting thing about the teaching of the Holy Spirit is that God himself earnestly wanted to teach the disciples. We see this in the fact that the entire Trinity is mentioned in this verse: “But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you.” In other words, the Father in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ is sending the Holy Spirit to teach the disciples, so much is he interested in having them come to the knowledge of the truth concerning Jesus. I suppose that if we had been the Lord Jesus Christ, we might have said at this point, “Oh, these dull, dull disciples!”

Matthew 15:15-17 Peter said, “Explain the parable to us.” 16 “Are you still so dull?” Jesus asked them. 17 “Don’t you see that whatever enters the mouth goes into the stomach and then out of the body?

We could even have boasted about the quality of our instruction. We could have said, “It is impossible to imagine a better teacher than they have just had. Furthermore, they have gone through an entire seminary course in three years and have combined formal teaching with on-the-field experience. They have had the advantage of a first-class example. So if they still do not get it, I will flunk them.” We might have said that. But this is not the attitude of God. The God who recognizes, on the one hand, that the disciples needed teaching, is the same God who, on the other hand, sends the Holy Spirit in order that they might be taught. If we ask at that point, “Were they taught?” the answer is yes; of course they were. The proof of it is our Bible. Furthermore, once the Holy Spirit had come, they began to get it quickly, because on the day of Pentecost, Peter, who on an earlier occasion had said when the Lord announced his crucifixion, “Far be it, Lord, that such a thing should happen to you,” who did not understand Jesus at all, this same Peter stood up and announced with great understanding that what had occurred in Jerusalem six weeks before had been by the foreordination of God. In other words, the crucifixion of Christ had fallen out in accordance with God’s perfect plan and was the heart of redemption. Then Peter preached Christ to the very men who had crucified him, and the Holy Spirit blessed the message so that many came to faith on that occasion. The disciples did learn through the Holy Spirit. Moreover, the Holy Spirit guided them to write these things in the books that became our New Testament. These books record what the Lord Jesus Christ said and did, explain it, and draw conclusions. In this sense the critics are right when they say that these books are not pure biography, that is, objective historical biography. They are biography with an interpretation attached. But the interpretation, as well as the biography, is that which the Holy Spirit gave.

Our Teacher Too All this applies primarily to the disciples, but it also comes down to us in a much closer way. For we need to be taught also, and the Holy Spirit, who taught the disciples, is our teacher as well. Paul writes about it to the Corinthians. He talks first of the fact that in ourselves we are unable to understand spiritual truth, even when it is recorded in the pages of Scripture. But he tells us in addition that the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of truth, who inspired the Bible, speaks from its pages to bring us understanding.

“As it is written, ‘No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him’—but God has revealed it to us by his Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God. For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man’s spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God, that we many understand what God has freely given us. This is why we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, expressing spritiual truths in spiritual words” (1 Cor. 2:9–13).

Here the ministry of the Holy Spirit as teacher is explained. It was exercised, in the first instance, when God revealed truth to the apostles and they recorded it in what would later become canonized as the pages of the New Testament. It is then exercised, in the second instance, when this same Holy Spirit teaches us from the truths that they have recorded.

Remembering The first part of John 14:26 speaks of the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit, but there is a second part that speaks of remembrance. “But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and remind you of everything I have said to you.” Why, if they were taught all things, does anything need to be brought back to mind? As we begin to reflect on this word, we see that a ministry of the Holy Spirit in helping us remember is necessary because of what we are like and because of the inability of our minds to retain important teachings. It is possible to be well taught, even brilliantly taught, and still forget; or, in the disciples’ case, to be taught the meaning of Christ’s ministry but forget that upon which it is based.

The Lord’s emphasis on remembering teaches us two separate truths. First, it teaches us that the wisdom of God is not a new thing. It is that which God has revealed in the past and that is the same because he is the same. We have a tendency, especially in America and in our age, always to be inventing theology. Churchmen speak about “process theology” today. It means “evolving” theology. But this is not the outlook of the Scriptures. Some of our contemporaries seem always to be searching the Bible in the light of newspapers and popular books in order to come up with something that no one has ever heard before. When they do and when they write a book about it, they get a hearing.  The Holy Spirit does not give us new doctrines. Rather, he brings old truths to our remembrance.

So what we preach is not new doctrine but the old doctrine once and for all delivered to the saints. It is the doctrine of man’s total inability to help himself spiritually, God’s grace in Jesus Christ, the ministry of the Holy Spirit who takes these truths and brings them home to our hearts and minds so that we understand them, and God’s unfailing perseverance with his people. We preach that God does not abandon us, that God who has begun to save us in such a marvelous way, giving us a new spirit and creating a new soul, will persevere to the end, at which time he will give us a new body and make us like the Lord Jesus Christ forevermore. These are not new doctrines. They are old doctrines. They are the doctrines that the Holy Spirit brings to our remembrance.

The second truth the word “remind” teaches is that we tend to forget these doctrines, even though we have heard them many times. The history of the church is the history of great blessing through the Holy Spirit, a time of reformation and revival, followed by a gradual forgetting of the message. This happens again and again; so one of the jobs of the minister is to remind the congregation of the old truths. One of the jobs of Christian people is to remind each other of them, and one of the jobs of the Christian church is to remind the world of these old doctrines, even though the world may reject them.

He Shall Testify of Me This verse also says something else, and we do not want to miss that either. It says that the object of the teaching is Christ. This is true in this text: “He will remind you of everything I have said to you.” It is also true in the verses about the Holy Spirit in John 15 and 16: “When the Counselor comes, whom I well send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father, he will testify about me. And you also must testify, for you have been with me from the beginning” (15:26–27). “I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you” (16:12–14).

We have a danger, even as evangelical people, of making the Scriptures an end in themselves. We study the Bible as we would a textbook. We memorize the data. But we are always in danger of forgetting that the purpose of the Scriptures is not to exist as an end in themselves, though they will endure forever—“heaven and earth will pass away, but my word will not pass away”—but to reveal Christ to the seeking heart and mind.

 

God’s Power There is a final point that belongs with what we have been saying. The Holy Spirit is also the One who enables us to teach these truths to others. Teaching spiritual truths cannot be done in the power of the flesh. Paul writes about it in 1 Corinthians in the verses that come just before the ones cited earlier. “When I came to you, brothers, I did not come with eloquence or superior wisdom as I proclaimed to you the testimony about God. For I resolved to know nothing while I was with you except Jesus Christ and him crucified.  My message and my preaching were not with wise and persuasive words, but with a demonstration of the Spirit’s power” (2:1–2, 4).

Three things are necessary if God’s truth is to be properly communicated.

First, there must be the revelation of the truth to the apostles by the Holy Sp. This has been done.

Second, there must be the teaching of the Holy Spirit to our hearts, so that, as we read their words, we come face-to-face with the Lord Jesus Christ about whom they wrote.

Third, there must be the continuing work of the Holy Spirit to take our testimony concerning this Word and carry it home to the hearts of those who have not yet heard or understood it.

But there can be error in each. There are some who do not begin with the Scriptures. They consider the Bible to contain the words of men rather than the very words that the Holy Ghost taught to the apostles. Having thrown out the base, they have nothing on which to stand, and their theology becomes mere speculation. There are others who accept the Bible as the Word of God but who do not allow the Holy Spirit to teach them. They study the Bible in an academic way. Although they may have a high doctrine of Scripture, they do not strive to see the Lord Jesus Christ in its pages. Then there are those who accept the Bible as the Word of God and who do meet with Jesus Christ, but they testify in their own power in a way that brings glory to themselves, and few are won. We do a farmer’s work. First, we prepare the soil. Then we take a seed and plant it. We water it, and we wait for it to grow. But we do not give life to the seed. The seed already has life in it. Moreover, we can scratch a furrow and put the seed in it, but the ground must have the nutrients that God has placed there. And even then the work of God is not finished, for the seed will not grow unless the sun shines upon it. The Holy Spirit must be the sun in our witnessing. We must be faithful in scratching the furrows, watering, even pulling out weeds. But we must look to God to give life.

*While in the future the Father and the Son will make their dwelling with (para) the true disciple (v. 23), in the meantime Jesus is still with (para) them, giving them further words to receive and obey (v. 25). He realizes that there is no way they can understand what he has just been explaining to them, so he comforts them with the promise of an interpreter: But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you (v. 26). Here is the second of the Paraclete passages (cf. v. 16). Jesus has just referred to himself as one sent by the Father (v. 24), and now he says the same of the Paraclete. This is the only place the Paraclete is identified with the Holy Spirit, which indicates that the Paraclete passages convey only part of the larger teaching about the Holy Spirit, focusing mainly on the role of witness and instruction. Earlier it was said the Paraclete is sent at Jesus’ request (v. 16), and now it is said that he is sent in my name. This expression, as we have seen elsewhere (see comment on v. 13), includes the idea of union. As the disciple’s prayer is to be in conformity with Jesus’ character and actually in union with Jesus’ own intent (v. 13), so the Paraclete himself is in union with Jesus and in conformity with his character and mission. “Jesus bore God’s name (17:11, 12) because he was the revelation of God to men; the Spirit is sent in Jesus’ name because he unfolds the meaning of Jesus for men” (Brown 1970:653). Thus, the Paraclete will bear witness to Jesus just as Jesus has borne witness to the Father, having come in his Name (5:43; 10:25).

Specifically, the Paraclete will teach and remind. In John, to remember something means both to recall it and understand it (see comment on 2:22; Mussner 1967). Teaching and reminding probably should not be seen as two separate activities but instead as two ways of speaking of the same thing (the kai would be epexegetic), so verse 26 is perhaps better translated as “that one will teach you everything, that is, he will remind you of everything which I said to you.” The all things that the Paraclete will teach the disciples does not refer to knowledge of all sorts, such as the height of Mount Everest or the general theory of relativity. God is indeed the God of all creation, but the all things spoken of here is the revelation of himself that has come in Jesus (see comment on 16:14). The Spirit understands all about Jesus and will clarify all that he has taught (cf. 1 Cor 2:11–12). This word “all” (panta, translated all things and everything in the NIV) speaks of the comprehensiveness of the Spirit’s work; he will leave out nothing of what Jesus has taught. Later we will learn that Jesus himself has left out nothing of what he has learned from the Father (15:15), and all that belongs to the Father is his (5:20; 16:15; 17:10). Thus, Jesus is the fullness of the revelation of the Father. No further revelation is needed, nor would it be possible. What is called for is an understanding of the revelation that has come in Jesus, and this is what the Paraclete will provide.

The promise that the Father and the Son will dwell with believers is in close proximity to the promise of the Spirit. This has led many to understand the presence of the Father and Son as being mediated by the Spirit, though others point out that the text does not say as much. It is clear that the Father and the Son are personally present with the believers and that the Spirit has a role clearly distinguished from, though in union with, the Father and the Son. The Paraclete’s teaching role is focused on the historical Jesus, as indicated by the reference to all things and everything (v. 26) and the use of the past tense (eipon, translated I have said). This focus on the Son is further emphasized by the inclusion of the emphatic personal pronoun "I" (egō, in v. 26: everything I have said to you) though the manuscripts vary at this point. Later passages will also indicate that Jesus himself continues to instruct the disciples, which suggests the Spirit mediates Jesus’ presence.

* 14:26 “The Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name.” The Holy Spirit would be sent by both the Father and the Son (see also 15:26). In my name means that the Spirit comes in the Son’s name, the name of Jesus Christ, and thereby brings the Son’s presence to the disciples. As Jesus represented the Father, the Spirit represents the Son.

“Will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you.” The Spirit would continue, for Jesus, the ministry of teaching. The Spirit would also remind the disciples of what Jesus had taught. The apostles remembered and wrote with the help of the Spirit. John’s Gospel, even the entire New Testament, would not exist if not for this reminding work of the Holy Spirit.

In the case of the disciples, the reminding role of the Holy Spirit uniquely guided the recording of the New Testament. However, the process is still in place. The disciples first heard Jesus speak; we discover Jesus’ words in Scripture. Reading, studying, memorizing, meditating, and obeying place Christ’s words firmly inside us, and the Holy Spirit reminds us of their further application as we move through life.

Theologians use the term illumination to describe the Holy Spirit’s process of helping believers understand Scripture. Without God, sinful people are unable to recognize and obey divine truths. When a person is reborn, the Holy Spirit helps the person to see God’s Word with the eyes of faith and love. The Holy Spirit also works in the life of the believer, convincing him of the truth of the Bible, keeping him from misconstruing what it really says, and helping him not be distracted so he can see and remember the true meaning of God’s Word.

will teach you all things. All things that they needed to know for their mission (16:13  But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come)

Mt. 23:10. “Teacher”

2519. καθηγητής kathēgēté̄s; gen. kathēgētoú, masc. noun from kathēgéomai (n.f.), to lead or guide in the way, which is from katá (2596), an intens., and hēgéomai (2233), to lead. A guide in the way, a teacher, leader (Matt. 23:8, 10). Equivalent to rhabbí (4461), rabbi, master, a title of respectful address to Jewish teachers

2519 καθηγητής [kathegetes /kath·ayg·ay·tace/] n m. From a compound of 2596 and 2233; GK 2762; Three occurrences; AV translates as “master” three times. 1 a guide. 2 a master, teacher.

KATHĒGĒTĒS (καθηγητής , (2519)), properly a guide (akin to kathēgeomai, to go before, guide; kata, down, hēgeomai, to guide), denotes a master, a teacher, Matt. 23:10 (twice); some mss. have it in ver. 8, where the most authentic have No. 1

καθηγητής, οῦ, . Maestro, conductor, guía: Mt. 23:10.

Jn.14:26 Comforter

3875 παράκλητος [parakletos /par·ak·lay·tos/] n m. A root word; TDNT 5:800; TDNTA 782; GK 4156; Five occurrences; AV translates as “comforter” four times, and “advocate” once. 1 summoned, called to one’s side, esp. called to one’s aid. 1a one who pleads another’s cause before a judge, a pleader, counsel for defense, legal assistant, an advocate. 1b one who pleads another’s cause with one, an intercessor. 1b1 of Christ in his exaltation at God’s right hand, pleading with God the Father for the pardon of our sins. 1c in the widest sense, a helper, succourer, aider, assistant. 1c1 of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles (after his ascension to the Father), to lead them to a deeper knowledge of the gospel truth, and give them divine strength needed to enable them to undergo trials and persecutions on behalf of the divine kingdom.

3875. παράκλητος paráklētos; gen. paraklé̄tou, masc. noun from parakaléō (3870), to comfort, encourage or exhort. It is properly a verbal adj. referring to an aid of any kind. In the Greek writers, used of a legal advisor, pleader, proxy, or advocate, one who comes forward in behalf of and as the representative of another. Thus, in 1 John 2:1, Christ is termed our substitutionary, intercessory advocate. Christ designates the Holy Spirit as Paraclete (John 14:16), and calls Him állos (243), another, which means another of equal quality and not héteros (2087), another of a different quality. Therefore, the Holy Spirit is designated by Jesus Christ as equal with Himself, i.e., God (1 John 2:1). This new Paraclete, the Holy Spirit, was to witness concerning Jesus Christ (John 14:26; 16:7, 14) and to glorify Him. The Holy Spirit is called a Paraclete because He undertakes Christ’s office in the world while Christ is not in the world as the God–Man in bodily form. In addition, the Holy Spirit is also called the Paraclete because He acts as Christ’s substitute on earth. When Christ in John 14:16 designates Himself as a Paraclete, the same as the Holy Spirit, the word must not be understood as applying to Christ in the same sense as in 1 John 2:1 where it refers to our substitutionary Advocate who pleads our cause with the Father. It should rather be taken as He who pleads God’s cause with us (see John 14:7–9). The words parakaléō (3870) and paráklēsis (3874), the act or process of comforting or advocating, do not occur at all in the writings of John.

In 14:26; 15:26; 16:7 He calls Him “the Comforter.” “Comforter” or “Consoler” corresponds to the name “Menahem,” given by the Hebrews to the Messiah.

1 John 2:1 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; 

John 14:16 “I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever; 

John 14:26 “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you. 

John 15:26 “When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me, 

John 16:7 “But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. 

Matt 23:10 23:8–10 Rabbi … father … teachers. Here Jesus condemns pride and pretense, not titles per se. Paul repeatedly speaks of “teachers” in the church, and even refers to himself as the Corinthians’ “father” (1 Cor. 4:15). Obviously, this does not forbid the showing of respect, either (cf. 1 Thess. 5:11, 12; 1 Tim. 5:1). Christ is merely forbidding the use of such names as spiritual titles, or in an ostentatious sense that accords undue spiritual authority to a human being, as if he were the source of truth rather than God.

23:8–10 This principle is not to be applied universally because these titles are used elsewhere in Scripture with no qualification or admonishment (15:4–6; 19:5, 29; 2 Kin. 2:12; 1 Cor. 4:15; Gal. 4:2; Heb. 12:9). The hypocrites sought these titles for the prestige and power that went with them, and not for the purpose of using the positions to serve others. Teachers may also mean “leaders.”

Related Media
Related Sermons