Wed Night Bible Study and Prayer
What does the Lord require of us?
Micah was a contemporary of Isaiah, prophesying during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah of Judah (ca. 750–700 BC). Since the book of Micah contains messages directed toward Samaria, the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel, and locations throughout the southern kingdom of Judah, it is likely that Micah prophesied to both nations. During Micah’s ministry, Israel fell to the Assyrian Empire (722 BC) and Judah came close to falling (701 BC; see 2 Kgs 17–20). Micah views the misuse of prosperity by God’s people as a major reason for these defeats. By the end of Hezekiah’s reign, the Babylonian Empire—Assyria’s successor and Judah’s conqueror—was on the rise (Mic 4:10; 2 Kgs 20:12–21). Faced with these realities, Micah’s message alternates between warning and hope, ultimately looking forward to a day of peace and deliverance.
“This verse stands as the motto of the alcove of religion in the reading room of the Congressional Library in Washington.
Therefore the children of God must also be “merciful” and “peacemakers,”27 “forgiving each other as Christ also forgave us,” “not judging, lest we be judged.” For to “his master a man stands or falls; who are you to judge the servant of another?”30 “Forgive, and you will be forgiven.” Yet many such things as these are only said, not done, merely bandied about, unmanning rather than strengthening discipline, flattering God and pandering to themselves. ON PURITY 2.
passive and active obedience towards God. The three moral duties here are summed up by our Lord (Mt 23:23), “judgment, mercy, and faith” (in Lu 11:42, “the love of God). Compare Jam 1:27. To walk with God implies constant prayer and watchfulness, familiar yet “humble” converse with God (Ge 5:24; 17:1).
they must “walk humbly” with their God (“your God” is relational covenant terminology and is the counterpart to “my people” in v. 3). “Walk” means to “live” in a certain way, but the Hebrew for “humbly” is difficult because it is not the usual word for humility
Two applications of this passage are offered by Stuart:
1. Faithful participation in worship is not enough. It must be accompanied by faithful, proper living.
2. A good look at the past reminds us of God’s loyalty, and of our responsibility to be loyal to him in return.