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Romans 16:1-16

Romans  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  31:49
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Happy Mothers Day!! What is your heritage?

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Message - A Heritage of Faith

Bolick, James H. Sermon Outlines from the Word. Sermon Outline Series. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1987.
Apostolon, Billy. Preach the Word. Dollar Sermon Library Series. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1966.
Apostolon, Billy. Preach the Word. Dollar Sermon Library Series. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1966.
Being a mother is difficult! No single other person holds as much influence in a child's life as their mother does. There are 3 types of mothers: the unsaved mother; the saved but carnal mother; and the saved and spiritually minded mother. Today I would like to quickly discuss 7 ways a godly mother can leave a heritage of faith. Then we will look to Paul’s 16th chapter of Romans to see this heritage of faith in action.
Bolick, James H. Sermon Outlines from the Word. Sermon Outline Series. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1987.
Prayer
God our Father in heaven we thank you for our mothers here on earth. We thank you for their love, their support, and their guidance. God some of us do not have great relationships with our mothers, yet even for that we praise you that while humans are frail and fail-able you are not. Even in the face of our mothers victories and shortcomings you use them to help us to learn to lean on you in all that we do. For all the mothers represented here we gather to pray that if any are unsaved, that you might reveal yourself to them and woe them to your side. For all the mothers represented here today who believe but are walking in carnality we pray for their correction and deliverance. And for all the mothers represented here today that are faithfully walking with you we pray for your protection and provision for them. Father as we look to your word we now ask that you might teach those here today who are mothers, who were mothers, and those that will be
7 Ways Mothers Can Leave A Heritage of Faith
Mothers should influence through prayer - Hannah
1 Samuel 1:10–12 ESV
10 She was deeply distressed and prayed to the Lord and wept bitterly. 11 And she vowed a vow and said, “O Lord of hosts, if you will indeed look on the affliction of your servant and remember me and not forget your servant, but will give to your servant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall touch his head.” 12 As she continued praying before the Lord, Eli observed her mouth.
Hannah was childless
Hannah prayed desperately for her child
Hannah dedicated her child to God
Mothers should influence by devotion - Ruth
Ruth 1:16–18 ESV
16 But Ruth said, “Do not urge me to leave you or to return from following you. For where you go I will go, and where you lodge I will lodge. Your people shall be my people, and your God my God. 17 Where you die I will die, and there will I be buried. May the Lord do so to me and more also if anything but death parts me from you.” 18 And when Naomi saw that she was determined to go with her, she said no more.
She was devoted to Naomi
She was devoted to Boaz
She was devoted to the God of Israel
She was rewarded for her devotion
Mothers should influence sharing their interest in the Word - Mary
Luke 10:38–42 ESV
38 Now as they went on their way, Jesus entered a village. And a woman named Martha welcomed him into her house. 39 And she had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet and listened to his teaching. 40 But Martha was distracted with much serving. And she went up to him and said, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her then to help me.” 41 But the Lord answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, 42 but one thing is necessary. Mary has chosen the good portion, which will not be taken away from her.”
her interest was to place herself at the feet of Jesus
her interest was God’s word above everything else in this life
Mothers should influence by decisions - Rebekah
Genesis 24:45–61 ESV
45 “Before I had finished speaking in my heart, behold, Rebekah came out with her water jar on her shoulder, and she went down to the spring and drew water. I said to her, ‘Please let me drink.’ 46 She quickly let down her jar from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I will give your camels drink also.’ So I drank, and she gave the camels drink also. 47 Then I asked her, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ She said, ‘The daughter of Bethuel, Nahor’s son, whom Milcah bore to him.’ So I put the ring on her nose and the bracelets on her arms. 48 Then I bowed my head and worshiped the Lord and blessed the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, who had led me by the right way to take the daughter of my master’s kinsman for his son. 49 Now then, if you are going to show steadfast love and faithfulness to my master, tell me; and if not, tell me, that I may turn to the right hand or to the left.” 50 Then Laban and Bethuel answered and said, “The thing has come from the Lord; we cannot speak to you bad or good. 51 Behold, Rebekah is before you; take her and go, and let her be the wife of your master’s son, as the Lord has spoken.” 52 When Abraham’s servant heard their words, he bowed himself to the earth before the Lord. 53 And the servant brought out jewelry of silver and of gold, and garments, and gave them to Rebekah. He also gave to her brother and to her mother costly ornaments. 54 And he and the men who were with him ate and drank, and they spent the night there. When they arose in the morning, he said, “Send me away to my master.” 55 Her brother and her mother said, “Let the young woman remain with us a while, at least ten days; after that she may go.” 56 But he said to them, “Do not delay me, since the Lord has prospered my way. Send me away that I may go to my master.” 57 They said, “Let us call the young woman and ask her.” 58 And they called Rebekah and said to her, “Will you go with this man?” She said, “I will go.” 59 So they sent away Rebekah their sister and her nurse, and Abraham’s servant and his men. 60 And they blessed Rebekah and said to her, “Our sister, may you become thousands of ten thousands, and may your offspring possess the gate of those who hate him!” 61 Then Rebekah and her young women arose and rode on the camels and followed the man. Thus the servant took Rebekah and went his way.
she was sensitive to the guidance of the Spirit of God
she was decisive in action toward the will of God
Mothers should influence by exercising their faith - Suffering Woman
Mark 5.27-34
Mark 5:27–34 ESV
27 She had heard the reports about Jesus and came up behind him in the crowd and touched his garment. 28 For she said, “If I touch even his garments, I will be made well.” 29 And immediately the flow of blood dried up, and she felt in her body that she was healed of her disease. 30 And Jesus, perceiving in himself that power had gone out from him, immediately turned about in the crowd and said, “Who touched my garments?” 31 And his disciples said to him, “You see the crowd pressing around you, and yet you say, ‘Who touched me?’ ” 32 And he looked around to see who had done it. 33 But the woman, knowing what had happened to her, came in fear and trembling and fell down before him and told him the whole truth. 34 And he said to her, “Daughter, your faith has made you well; go in peace, and be healed of your disease.”
she heard
she came
she believed
Mothers should influence through offering service - Lydia
Acts 16:14–15 ESV
14 One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of purple goods, who was a worshiper of God. The Lord opened her heart to pay attention to what was said by Paul. 15 And after she was baptized, and her household as well, she urged us, saying, “If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come to my house and stay.” And she prevailed upon us.
afdg
she offered herself
she offered her family
she offered her stuff
Mothers should influence through worship - Anna
Luke 2:36–38 ESV
36 And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years, having lived with her husband seven years from when she was a virgin, 37 and then as a widow until she was eighty-four. She did not depart from the temple, worshiping with fasting and prayer night and day. 38 And coming up at that very hour she began to give thanks to God and to speak of him to all who were waiting for the redemption of Jerusalem.
she demonstrated a life long worship of God
she worshiped Him through the good and bad
she worshiped in speech and action
A Heritage of Faith
Not just for Mothers… for us all
Paul =
Phoebe, Prisca, Mary, Junia, Tryphaena, Tryphosa, Persis, Rufus mother, Julia, & Nereus’s sister
Not just for women & mothers… for us all!!
John Stott…
The Message of Romans 27. His Commendation and Greetings (16:1–16)

‘I think’, wrote Chrysostom, ‘that many even of those who have the appearance of being extremely good men, hasten over this part of the epistle as superfluous … Yet’, he went on, ‘the gold founders’ people are careful even about the little fragments … it is possible even from bare names to find a great treasure.’ Brunner went further and called Romans 16 ‘one of the most instructive chapters of the New Testament’, because it encourages personal relationships of love in the church. Chrysostom and Brunner are right. Even in the genealogies of both the Old and the New Testaments, and in Paul’s list of those who send or receive greetings, there are truths to ponder and lessons to learn.

R.C. Sproul…
The Gospel of God: Romans Chapter 6: Personal Greetings (16:1–27)

The last chapter of Romans is an important postscript. It includes the personal greetings that the apostle gives to the Christian community in Rome. I for one am very glad that this list of greetings is included in the text, because it reveals much about Paul’s personal relationships with people. And it reveals little insights about the kind of people that built the first century Christian church.

Romans 16:1–16 ESV
1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, 2 that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well. 3 Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, 4 who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but all the churches of the Gentiles give thanks as well. 5 Greet also the church in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in Asia. 6 Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you. 7 Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me. 8 Greet Ampliatus, my beloved in the Lord. 9 Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my beloved Stachys. 10 Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ. Greet those who belong to the family of Aristobulus. 11 Greet my kinsman Herodion. Greet those in the Lord who belong to the family of Narcissus. 12 Greet those workers in the Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. Greet the beloved Persis, who has worked hard in the Lord. 13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord; also his mother, who has been a mother to me as well. 14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them. 15 Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.
Romans 16:1–2 ESV
1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, 2 that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well.
V1-2
Phoebe = perhaps carrying this letter to Rome
Sister of Paul
Deacon - Servant = Cenchreae - Corinth
Welcomed & Worthy
helped in any way
Paul’s supporter…
V3-16
Paul Greets 26 People = 24 by name!!
John Stott…
Your faith heritage?

I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, 2 that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well.

3 Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, 4 who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but all the churches of the Gentiles give thanks as well. 5 Greet also the church in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in Asia. 6 Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you. 7 Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me. 8 Greet Ampliatus, my beloved in the Lord. 9 Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my beloved Stachys. 10 Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ. Greet those who belong to the family of Aristobulus. 11 Greet my kinsman Herodion. Greet those in the Lord who belong to the family of Narcissus. 12 Greet those workers in the Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. Greet the beloved Persis, who has worked hard in the Lord. 13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord; also his mother, who has been a mother to me as well. 14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them. 15 Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.

1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well.
I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well.
Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but all the churches of the Gentiles give thanks as well. Greet also the church in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in Asia. Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me. Greet Ampliatus, my beloved in the Lord. Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my beloved Stachys. 10 Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ. Greet those who belong to the family of Aristobulus. 11 Greet my kinsman Herodion. Greet those in the Lord who belong to the family of Narcissus. 12 Greet those workers in the Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. Greet the beloved Persis, who has worked hard in the Lord. 13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord; also his mother, who has been a mother to me as well. 14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them. 15 Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.
Romans 16:1–16 ESV
1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, 2 that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well. 3 Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, 4 who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but all the churches of the Gentiles give thanks as well. 5 Greet also the church in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in Asia. 6 Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you. 7 Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me. 8 Greet Ampliatus, my beloved in the Lord. 9 Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my beloved Stachys. 10 Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ. Greet those who belong to the family of Aristobulus. 11 Greet my kinsman Herodion. Greet those in the Lord who belong to the family of Narcissus. 12 Greet those workers in the Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. Greet the beloved Persis, who has worked hard in the Lord. 13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord; also his mother, who has been a mother to me as well. 14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them. 15 Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.
The Message of Romans 27. His Commendation and Greetings (16:1–16)

‘I think’, wrote Chrysostom, ‘that many even of those who have the appearance of being extremely good men, hasten over this part of the epistle as superfluous … Yet’, he went on, ‘the gold founders’ people are careful even about the little fragments … it is possible even from bare names to find a great treasure.’ Brunner went further and called Romans 16 ‘one of the most instructive chapters of the New Testament’, because it encourages personal relationships of love in the church. Chrysostom and Brunner are right. Even in the genealogies of both the Old and the New Testaments, and in Paul’s list of those who send or receive greetings, there are truths to ponder and lessons to learn.

Romans 16:3–5 ESV
3 Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, 4 who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but all the churches of the Gentiles give thanks as well. 5 Greet also the church in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in Asia.
Romans 16
R.C. Sproul…
The Gospel of God: Romans Chapter 6: Personal Greetings (16:1–27)

The last chapter of Romans is an important postscript. It includes the personal greetings that the apostle gives to the Christian community in Rome. I for one am very glad that this list of greetings is included in the text, because it reveals much about Paul’s personal relationships with people. And it reveals little insights about the kind of people that built the first century Christian church.

V3-5a
V3-5
Prisca & Aquila =
Fellow workers with Paul!… Tent Makers / Ephesus / Taught Apollos!!
How?… don’t know
literally risked death for Paul!
Gentile churches recognized them as well
Home Church planters!
persecution under Claudius / move / serve / back to serve
V5b
Epaenetus = First convert in Asia…!
Paul’s burden for these gentiles
Paul’s adversity from these gentiles
God success with these gentiles
churches in Asia!! = &
Romans 16:6–7 ESV
6 Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you. 7 Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me.
Rom
V6
Mary = worked hard for God
V7
Andronicus & Junia
possible husband and wife
relative / prisoners
Well knows by the apostles
Paul’s spiritual elders
Romans 16:8–12 ESV
8 Greet Ampliatus, my beloved in the Lord. 9 Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my beloved Stachys. 10 Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ. Greet those who belong to the family of Aristobulus. 11 Greet my kinsman Herodion. Greet those in the Lord who belong to the family of Narcissus. 12 Greet those workers in the Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. Greet the beloved Persis, who has worked hard in the Lord.
Rom 16.8-
Romans 16:13 ESV
13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord; also his mother, who has been a mother to me as well.
Rufus’s Mom = what affection must this woman have showed to Paul for him to say such of her? What affection must he have toward her?
Mark 15:21 ESV
21 And they compelled a passerby, Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry his cross.
Mark
Romans 16:14–16 ESV
14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them. 15 Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.
Paul loved these people / has not met them yet
Paul knows their names and prays for them / has not met them yet
Paul wrote to and long for these people / has not met them yet
Paul’s heritage of faith...
Love Acts
Who’s heritage of faith was this Roman church?
Love Acts
Close
Your heritage of faith!?
love acts
Prayer
God our Father
Some might be here today who have no heritage of faith at all…
reveal / respond / renew
Some are here today and they are the beginning of this faith…
strengthen / sharpen / send
encourage / equip / engage
Some are here today an they do come from a heritage of faith…
remind / rejoice / revive
Benediction
Romans 16:27 ESV
27 to the only wise God be glory forevermore through Jesus Christ! Amen.
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