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Jesus not Moses is our leader

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COMPARING: JESUS WITH MOSES

Hebrews 3:2–6 NKJV
who was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was faithful in all His house. For this One has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as He who built the house has more honor than the house. For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God. And Moses indeed was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which would be spoken afterward, but Christ as a Son over His own house, whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.
Hebrews 3:2

GREATER THAN

Deuteronomy 18:15 NKJV
“The Lord your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear,
15
Deuteronomy 18:18 NKJV
I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him.
Hebrews 1:1–3 NKJV
God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,
Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

In the span of two chapters, the author of Hebrews has demonstrated from the pages of the Old Testament that Jesus is superior to angels. Someone among the Hebrews who received the epistle might ask whether Jesus is greater than Moses. The Jews thought that no one was greater than Moses, for he gave the people of Israel two tablets of stone on which God had written the law (Exod. 34). The angels, by contrast, were only intermediaries at the time the law was given (Acts 7:38, 53).

Having concluded that Jesus is superior to the mediators of the Mosaic law (i.e., angels, 2:2), the author now establishes the superiority of Jesus to Moses himself (3:1–6), of Jesus to the Aaronic high priesthood (4:14–7:28), of the new covenant in Jesus’ blood to the former covenant (8:1–13), and of Jesus’ death to the Mosaic sacrifices (9:1–10:18).

Acts 13:38–40 NKJV
Therefore let it be known to you, brethren, that through this Man is preached to you the forgiveness of sins; and by Him everyone who believes is justified from all things from which you could not be justified by the law of Moses. Beware therefore, lest what has been spoken in the prophets come upon you:
Acts 13:

FAITHFUL

(I) Trustworthy (1 Cor. 7:25; 1 Tim. 1:12; 2 Tim. 2:2; 1 Pet. 4:19; Rev. 19:11; Sept.: 1 Sam. 3:20; Prov. 20:6). True, sure, trustworthy, believable, worthy of credit (Rev. 1:5; 2:13; 3:14; Sept.: Ps. 89:38; Prov. 14:5; Is. 8:2).

(I) Trustworthy (1 Cor. 7:25; 1 Tim. 1:12; 2 Tim. 2:2; 1 Pet. 4:19; Rev. 19:11; Sept.: 1 Sam. 3:20; Prov. 20:6). True, sure, trustworthy, believable, worthy of credit (Rev. 1:5; 2:13; 3:14; Sept.: Ps. 89:38; Prov. 14:5; Is. 8:2). Of things, true, sure, such as ho lógos (ho, def. art.; lógos [3056], word), the word (1 Tim. 1:15; 3:1; 4:3; 2 Tim. 2:11; Titus 1:9; 3:8; Rev. 21:5; 22:6). In Acts 13:34, tá hósia Dabíd tá pistá (tá, neut. def. art.; hósia, neut. pl. of hósios [3741], sacred; Dabíd [1138], of David), the sure, inviolable, sacred things (promises, blessings) of David, the sure ones.

(II) Faithful in duty to oneself and to others, of true fidelity (Col. 4:9; 1 Pet. 5:12, a faithful brother; Rev. 2:10). Of God as faithful to His promises (1 Cor. 1:9, “dependable the God” [a.t.]; 10:13; 1 Thess. 5:24; 2 Thess. 3:3; Heb. 10:23; 11:11; 1 John 1:9; Sept.: Deut. 32:4); of Christ (2 Tim. 2:13). As an attestation or oath, God is faithful (2 Cor. 1:18). Especially of servants, ministers, who are faithful in the performance of duty (Matt. 24:45; 25:21, 23; Luke 12:42; 1 Cor. 4:2; Eph. 6:21; Col. 1:7, 9; 4:7; Heb. 2:17). With epí (1909), upon, with, followed by the dat. pl. of olígos (3641), a little, epʾ olíga, with little things (Matt. 25:21, 23); with en (1722), in, followed by the acc. (Luke 16:10–12; 19:17; Eph. 1:1; Col. 1:2; 1 Tim. 3:11; Heb. 3:5); by the dat. of person (Heb. 3:2; Sept.: Num. 12:7; 1 Sam. 22:14).

(III) With an act. sense, firmness in faith, confiding, trusting, believing, equivalent to ho pisteúōn, the pres. part. of pisteúō (4100), to believe (John 20:27; Gal. 3:9). Followed by the dat. (Acts 16:15; 1 Cor. 4:17). Used in an absolute sense (Acts 10:45; 16:1; 2 Cor. 6:15; 1 Tim. 4:3, 10, 12; 5:16; 6:2; Titus 1:6; Rev. 17:14). Used in the acc. as an adv., pistón poiéō (poiéō [4160], to do, perform), meaning to do faithfully, in a believing manner, as a Christian (3 John 1:5; Sept.: Ps. 101:6).

(II) Faithful in duty to oneself and to others, of true fidelity (Col. 4:9; 1 Pet. 5:12, a faithful brother; Rev. 2:10). Of God as faithful to His promises (1 Cor. 1:9, “dependable the God” [a.t.]; 10:13; 1 Thess. 5:24; 2 Thess. 3:3; Heb. 10:23; 11:11; 1 John 1:9; Sept.: Deut. 32:4); of Christ (2 Tim. 2:13).

Numbers 12:6–7 NKJV
Then He said, “Hear now My words: If there is a prophet among you, I, the Lord, make Myself known to him in a vision; I speak to him in a dream. Not so with My servant Moses; He is faithful in all My house.

(III) With an act. sense, firmness in faith, confiding, trusting, believing, equivalent to ho pisteúōn, the pres. part. of pisteúō (4100), to believe (John 20:27; Gal. 3:9).

Jesus and Moses fulfilled their God-appointed roles (2:17; 3:5; cf. Num. 12:7; 1 Chron. 17:14 LXX). Although Jesus is superior to Moses, Moses still receives significant respect (cf. Num. 12:7–8), which elevates Jesus all the more.

Numbers 12:6–8 NKJV
Then He said, “Hear now My words: If there is a prophet among you, I, the Lord, make Myself known to him in a vision; I speak to him in a dream. Not so with My servant Moses; He is faithful in all My house. I speak with him face to face, Even plainly, and not in dark sayings; And he sees the form of the Lord. Why then were you not afraid To speak against My servant Moses?”
Num 12:
Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

The translation employs the past tense, “he was faithful” (italics added). However, the author, by using a present participle in the original, intimates that the work God appointed Jesus to do did not terminate when his earthly task was complete, but continues in heaven. Jesus continues to be faithful in his high-priestly work of intercession and in preparing a place for his people (John 14:3). He remains faithful in loving and in perfecting the church of which he is the head.

GREATER HONOUR

Mark 9:4–5 NKJV
And Elijah appeared to them with Moses, and they were talking with Jesus. Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah”—
Mark 9:4 NKJV
And Elijah appeared to them with Moses, and they were talking with Jesus.
mk 9:
Mark 9:7–8 NKJV
And a cloud came and overshadowed them; and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son. Hear Him!” Suddenly, when they had looked around, they saw no one anymore, but only Jesus with themselves.
John 1:17 NKJV
For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

V. 3 expresses the author’s concern for the supremacy of Christ over Moses, using as a supplementary argument the hellenistic commonplace that a builder is greater than his building.

The argument reaches its climax in vv. 5f., which use further material (θεράπων) from the OT text. Yet throughout the series of comments, there is also a steady downgrading of the rôle of Moses: first he is simply compared with Jesus (v. 2), then subordinated (v. 3), and finally contrasted with him (vv. 5f.);

The house analogy shows that Jesus as the Son of God (who was also actively involved in creation; see 1:2–3) has a privileged place in the household of God (1 Chron. 17:14), while Moses remains a servant in that household (Num. 12:7).

Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

As we know, the builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself has. When a house or a building is erected, people may admire the beauty of the structure and speak words of praise, but they reserve tribute and honor for the architect and for the builder. The architect and the builder stand, figuratively, above the structure they have created. They stand on a different level. By analogy, the author says, God is the architect; Jesus is the builder of God’s house; Moses is a servant in God’s house.

GOD’S PEOPLE ARE TO CONFESS JESUS AS GOD

CONSIDER: OUR LEADER AND ADVOCATE

Hebrews 3:1 NKJV
Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus,
Hebrews 3:

THINKING

Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

They are asked to fix their thoughts on Jesus and to do this diligently. Apparently the readers of the epistle are not doing this at the moment, for they seem to drift away.

Hebrews 2:1 NKJV
Therefore we must give the more earnest heed to the things we have heard, lest we drift away.
Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

aorist active imperative, second person plural of the compound intensive verb (from κατά [down] and νοέω [I put my mind to]) conveys the message of thoroughly and carefully noticing someone or something; in this case, Jesus.

The readers of this letter needed just that exhortation. They were allowing their attention to relax so far as Messiah and the New Testament were concerned, and their gaze was slowly turning back upon the First Testament sacrifices.

John 20:27 NKJV
Then He said to Thomas, “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believing.”
Colossians 3:1–2 NKJV
If then you were raised with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ is, sitting at the right hand of God. Set your mind on things above, not on things on the earth.
Colossians 3:1 NKJV
If then you were raised with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ is, sitting at the right hand of God.
Romans 12:2 NKJV
And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
The Message of Hebrews a. The Human Jesus

These believers were urged to turn away for a moment from their persecuting contemporaries to the Lord Jesus himself. In looking to him they are giving their best thoughts and highest love to the one who has himself been through testing, adversity and bitter opposition. Only then can they hope to cope with their own trials and be brought to the place of abiding peace and ultimate conquest. They are urged to look earnestly to Jesus and, as in other contexts in the letter, the author quite deliberately uses the human name of Christ to heighten the appeal of his words: ‘But we see Jesus’, ‘consider Jesus’, ‘we have a great high priest … Jesus’, ‘In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers’, ‘the inner shrine … where Jesus has gone as a forerunner’. He lived amongst us, suffered alongside us, died for us, prays for us, as one who fully and completely understands our needs. Consider Jesus for he constantly considers you and enters deeply and sympathetically into your needs.

A DIVINE COMPLAINT

“Hear, O heavens, … my people do not consider” (Isa. 1:2, 3).

They do not consider—(1) The cost of their purchase. (2) The all-sufficiency of their Saviour. (3) The claims of their Redeemer. (4) The purpose of their redemption. (5) The responsibility of their position. (6) The glory of their destiny.

Isaiah 1:3 NKJV
The ox knows its owner And the donkey its master’s crib; But Israel does not know, My people do not consider.”
Isa

You have not really learned a commandment until you have obeyed it.… The church suffers today from Christians who know volumes more than they practice.—Vance Havner

Spurgeon Commentary: Hebrews Consider the Greatness of Christ

You must carefully consider, or you will miss the blessing. It will not be enough for you to hear or read; you must do your own thinking, and consider your Lord for yourselves. You may even read the Bible itself without profit if you do not consider as well as read. The wine is not made by gathering the clusters, but by treading the grapes in the wine vat. Under pressure the red juice leaps forth. Not the truth as you read it, but the truth as you meditate upon it, will be a blessing to you. “Read, mark, learn, and inwardly digest.” “See how great this man was.” Shut yourselves up with Jesus, if you would know Him.

FOLLOWING

The word “apostle” is the English spelling of the Greek word apostolos (ἀποστολος) which in turn comes from the verb apostello (ἀποστελλο), the latter speaking of the act of sending someone off on a commission to do something, the person sent having been furnished with credentials.

Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

Furthermore, he can and may speak only the words his superior gives him. He is forbidden to utter his own opinions when they are at variance with those of the one who sends him. Jesus, then, proclaims the very Word of God. He brings the gospel, the good news.

Exodus 3:10–11 NKJV
Come now, therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh that you may bring My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.” But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the children of Israel out of Egypt?”
Exodus 3:15 NKJV
Moreover God said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: ‘The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.’

This is the only place in the NT that Jesus is called “the Apostle,” although John uses the verb over and over to refer to Him being “sent” from the Father

Luke 10:16 NKJV
He who hears you hears Me, he who rejects you rejects Me, and he who rejects Me rejects Him who sent Me.”
Luke 10:16
John 5:36 NKJV
But I have a greater witness than John’s; for the works which the Father has given Me to finish—the very works that I do—bear witness of Me, that the Father has sent Me.
John
John 17:3 NKJV
And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.
John 17:25 NKJV
O righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me.

Moses served in the house of God as a servant while Jesus was “a son,” a family member. God called Moses to serve, but sent Jesus from heaven.

Matthew 19:21 NKJV
Jesus said to him, “If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”
Mark 1:17 NKJV
Then Jesus said to them, “Follow Me, and I will make you become fishers of men.”
John 10:27 NKJV
My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.
John 10
Grace for the Moment November 18—It’s Your Choice

On one side stands the crowd.

Jeering. Baiting. Demanding.

On the other stands a peasant.

Swollen lips. Lumpy eye. Lofty promise.

One promises acceptance, the other a cross.

One offers flesh and flash, the other offers faith.

The crowd challenges, “Follow us and fit in.”

Jesus promises, “Follow me and stand out.”

They promise to please. God promises to save.

God looks at you and asks, “Which will be your choice?”

A Gentle Thunder

,

DEPENDING

One of the most important people in Israel, responsible for the spiritual welfare of the nation and, in particular, for making atonement for the sins of the people. The NT recognises Jesus Christ as bringing this role to fulfilment, making the perfect sacrifice for the sins of his people, as both high priest and the sacrificial victim.

Leviticus 16:3–5 NKJV
“Thus Aaron shall come into the Holy Place: with the blood of a young bull as a sin offering, and of a ram as a burnt offering. He shall put the holy linen tunic and the linen trousers on his body; he shall be girded with a linen sash, and with the linen turban he shall be attired. These are holy garments. Therefore he shall wash his body in water, and put them on. And he shall take from the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats as a sin offering, and one ram as a burnt offering.
Heb

Not only does the High Priest offer the sacrifice, but He is the perfect sacrifice. The author places emphasis on Jesus’ participation in humanity, which allows Him to expiate the sins of those who are tempted (Cullman, The Christology of the New Testament, 83, 90–92, 99, 103).

Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

Whereas the term apostle relates by comparison to Moses, the designation high priest is reminiscent of Aaron. The separate functions of these two brothers are combined and are fulfilled in the one person of Jesus. And in his work Jesus is greater than both Moses and Aaron.

Hebrews is the only book of the Bible to call Jesus high priest. It takes an extensive rabbinical argumentation to convince first century Jews that Jesus, from the tribe of Judah, really was a priest.

Not only does the High Priest offer the sacrifice, but He is the perfect sacrifice. The author places emphasis on Jesus’ participation in humanity, which allows Him to expiate the sins of those who are tempted (Cullman, The Christology of the New Testament, 83, 90–92, 99, 103).

Hebrews 2:17 NKJV
Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.
Heb 2:
Hebrews 4:15 NKJV
For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin.
Hebrews 6:20 NKJV
where the forerunner has entered for us, even Jesus, having become High Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.
Hebrews 9:11 NKJV
But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation.

One of the most important people in Israel, responsible for the spiritual welfare of the nation and, in particular, for making atonement for the sins of the people. The NT recognises Jesus Christ as bringing this role to fulfilment, making the perfect sacrifice for the sins of his people, as both high priest and the sacrificial victim.

The readers had made a confession of their faith in Jesus Christ. Now they must hold fast this confession/profession (cf. 4:14; 10:23). This is one of the main issues of the book.

Romans 10:9 NKJV
that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.
1 Corinthians 12:3 NKJV
Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by the Spirit of God calls Jesus accursed, and no one can say that Jesus is Lord except by the Holy Spirit.
1 Timothy 3:16 NKJV
And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the flesh, Justified in the Spirit, Seen by angels, Preached among the Gentiles, Believed on in the world, Received up in glory.
Hebrews 4:14 NKJV
Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession.
Hebrews 10:23 NKJV
Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful.
1 Timothy 6:12 NKJV
Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, to which you were also called and have confessed the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.
1tim

An apostle is one who comes out from God with a message to man. A priest is one who goes in to God on behalf of man. The Lord Jesus Christ is both Apostle and High Priest (Heb. 3:1). He came from God, and He went back to God.

FOCUS ON JESUS, HE’S THE SOURCE AND FOUNDATION OF OUR HOPE

WHAT WILL THAT LOOK LIKE?
The Message of Hebrews c. The Gracious Priest

If we are to progress to maturity in the Christian life, some time in each day must be devoted to a careful consideration of the person, teaching and work of Christ. In other words, believers must meditate or fix their thoughts on Jesus. Meditation is a lost art. Time for quiet reflection is at a premium.

CONFIDENT: LIVE AS HIS PEOPLE

Hebrews 3:1 NKJV
Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus,
Heb 3:1
Hebrews 3:6 NKJV
but Christ as a Son over His own house, whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.

HEIRS OF HEAVEN

HEIRS OF HEAVEN

This expression in Hebrews 3:1 speaks therefore of the Church. Israel has an earthly calling and an earthly destiny. The Church has a heavenly calling and a heavenly destiny. Thus does the writer mark the Jews to whom he was writing, as belonging to the Church and as distinct from Israel.

The Message of Hebrews 6. Christ Our Apostle (3:1–6)

They have been made ‘holy’ or sanctified by Christ’s atoning work (2:11). These Christians are then described in terms of their privilege. They are not only holy brothers, but heavenly partners; they have rich privileges, having become partakers or sharers in a heavenly call.

Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

The recipients of the epistle are also sharers in the heavenly calling. This is a unique calling, a heavenly invitation to enter the kingdom of God (Rom. 11:29; Eph. 1:18; 4:1, 4; Phil. 3:14; 2 Thess. 1:11; 2 Tim. 1:9; 2 Peter 1:10).

Hebrews 11:10 NKJV
for he waited for the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God.
Hebrews 11:9–10 NKJV
By faith he dwelt in the land of promise as in a foreign country, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise; for he waited for the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God.
10
-
Philippians 3:14 NKJV
I press toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus.
1 Peter 1:4–5 NKJV
to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, who are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
1 PET 1
John 16:33 NKJV
These things I have spoken to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world.”

Seventeen years ago I was in Paris at the time of the Great Exhibition. Napoleon the Third was then in his glory. Cheer after cheer would rise up as he drove along the streets of the city. A few short years and he fell from his lofty estate. He died an exile from his country and his throne, and where is his name to-day? Very few think about him at all, and if his name is mentioned it is not with love and esteem.

How empty and short-lived are the glory and the pride of this world! If we are wise we will live for God and eternity; we will get outside of ourselves, and will care nothing for the honor and glory of this world.

FULL OF CONFIDENCE AND HOPE

Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

The metaphor that describes the people of God as a house or a building occurs rather frequently in the New Testament (1 Cor. 3:16; 6:19; 2 Cor. 6:16; 1 Peter 2:5). We are the house of God, says the author of Hebrews. This means that now the believers in Jesus Christ, not the Jews, constitute the household of God (Eph. 2:19–22; 1 Tim. 3:15). Only Christians acknowledge Christ Jesus as the chief cornerstone.

There is no suggestion, as one might expect, of two separate communities, a house of Moses and a house of Jesus, Israel and the Church. (Contrast already Barn. 13:1: οὗτος ὁ λαὸς … ἢ ὁ πρῶτος.) On the contrary, both Moses and Jesus are related, though in different ways, to the one house or people of God.

1 Chronicles 17:14 NKJV
And I will establish him in My house and in My kingdom forever; and his throne shall be established forever.” ’ ”
Hebrews 12:1 NKJV
Therefore we also, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,
The Message of Hebrews b. The Divine Apostle

He is also sent to form or establish a house, or household, a redeemed community

The Message of Hebrews b. The Divine Apostle

Christ came not only to save fallen individuals but to gather a vast company of his followers, the redeemed people of God.

1 Timothy 3:15 NKJV
but if I am delayed, I write so that you may know how you ought to conduct yourself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.
1 Peter 2:5 NKJV
you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

The word “house” in verses 5, 6 must be defined by the context in which it is found. The general application in all instances of its use in these verses is to the house of God. In the case of Moses, it was the house of God as related to Israel. In the case of Messiah, it was the house of God as related to the family of God in all ages. In the case of the “we” of verse 6, it is the house of God as related to the saints of this dispensation.

The Message of Hebrews 3. Christ’s Work and God

True Christian confidence is unwavering faith in a trustworthy God. He who has promised to keep us is eternally faithful and will not disappoint his people

Hebrews 10:19 NKJV
Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus,
Heb
Hebrews 10:35 NKJV
Therefore do not cast away your confidence, which has great reward.
Hebrews 11:1 NKJV
Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
Baker New Testament Commentary: Hebrews A. A Comparison of Jesus and Moses (3:1–6)

Later in the epistle the writer explains what he means by hope. He speaks of the unchangeable nature of God’s purpose and the impossibility that God would lie.

Hebrews 6:18–19 NKJV
that by two immutable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie, we might have strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold of the hope set before us. This hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which enters the Presence behind the veil,
heb 6:18
Hebrews 10:23 NKJV
Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful.
heb 10

Hope what you please; but remember, that hope without truth at the bottom of it, is an anchor without a holdfast. A groundless hope is a mere delusion.

We don’t hope for what we already possess. Every Christian has Forgiveness of Sins, Peace with God, and Eternal Life.

10,000 Sermon Illustrations Hope Springs Eternal

Lewis Smedes wrote, “Is there a hope when hope is taken away? Is there hope when the situation is hopeless? That question leads us to Christian hope, for in the Bible, hope is no longer a passion for the possible. It becomes a passion for the promise.”

DETERMINED TO FINISH

If these Jews, to whom he is writing, hold fast their confidence and the rejoicing of their professed hope in Messiah firm to the end of their lives, that fact shows that they belong to the house of God, in other words, are saved. If they do not do so, but instead, renounce that profession and return to the abrogated system of Levitical sacrifices, that shows that they never were saved. It is not the retention of salvation that is in question here, but the possession of salvation.

The Message of Hebrews 3. Christ’s Work and God

It is important to recognize the seriousness of this letter when it rightly insists on perseverance. F. F. Bruce describes this persistent endurance as ‘the test of reality’. There is no casual easy-going presentation of Christianity in these chapters

The Message of Hebrews 3. Christ’s Work and God

Bunyan agreed with the author of our letter that the Christian life is a rewarding yet strenuous race. His aim was not ‘to run a little now and then, by fits and starts, or half way, or almost thither; but to run for my life, to run through all the difficulties, and to continue therein to the end of the race, which must be to the end of my life’

Hebrews 3:14 NKJV
For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end,

The rest of this chapter and chapter 4 is one continual warning (1) for the Jewish believers to move to maturity and (2) for those who have heard the gospel and seen it powerfully in the lives of their believing Jewish friends to fully accept it themselves.

Heb 3:
Hebrews 3:14 NKJV
For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end,

CHRISTIAN HOPE IS FOUND ON JESUS CHRIST

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