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Birth (2)

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The beginning or origin of life, in which a living creature comes into the world. Scripture draws a distinction between physical and spiritual birth, insisting that a person must be not only physically but also spiritually born in order to have life to the full.

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Physical birth

God creates all life

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Job 10:8–12 NKJV
‘Your hands have made me and fashioned me, An intricate unity; Yet You would destroy me. Remember, I pray, that You have made me like clay. And will You turn me into dust again? Did You not pour me out like milk, And curdle me like cheese, Clothe me with skin and flesh, And knit me together with bones and sinews? You have granted me life and favor, And Your care has preserved my spirit.
Psalm 71:6 NKJV
By You I have been upheld from birth; You are He who took me out of my mother’s womb. My praise shall be continually of You.
Psalm 139:13 NKJV
For You formed my inward parts; You covered me in my mother’s womb.

Human beings are sinful from the moment of birth

Psalm 51:5 NKJV
Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And in sin my mother conceived me.
See also ; ; ; ; ; ;
Job 15:14 NKJV
“What is man, that he could be pure? And he who is born of a woman, that he could be righteous?
Job 25:4 NKJV
How then can man be righteous before God? Or how can he be pure who is born of a woman?
Psalm 58:3 NKJV
The wicked are estranged from the womb; They go astray as soon as they are born, speaking lies.
John 3:6 NKJV
That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
John 9:34 NKJV
They answered and said to him, “You were completely born in sins, and are you teaching us?” And they cast him out.
Romans 5:12 NKJV
Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned—
Romans 5:17–19 NKJV
For if by the one man’s offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.) Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life. For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.

The necessity of spiritual birth

Being born again

John 3:3 NKJV
Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

Being born of the Spirit

John 3:5–8 NKJV
Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit.”
See also ; ; ; ;
Psalm 87:4–6 NKJV
“I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon to those who know Me; Behold, O Philistia and Tyre, with Ethiopia: ‘This one was born there.’ ” And of Zion it will be said, “This one and that one were born in her; And the Most High Himself shall establish her.” The Lord will record, When He registers the peoples: “This one was born there.” Selah
Matthew 18:3 NKJV
and said, “Assuredly, I say to you, unless you are converted and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.
John 1:12–13 NKJV
But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1 Peter 1:3 NKJV
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
1 Peter 2:2 NKJV
as newborn babes, desire the pure milk of the word, that you may grow thereby,

The agents of the new birth: word and Spirit

1 Peter 1:23 NKJV
having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever,
See also ; ; ; ;
Luke 10:21 NKJV
In that hour Jesus rejoiced in the Spirit and said, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and revealed them to babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight.
John 3:5 NKJV
Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.
John 3:7–8 NKJV
Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit.”
Titus 3:5 NKJV
not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit,
James 1:18 NKJV
Of His own will He brought us forth by the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures.

The fruit of the new birth: holiness and love

1 John 3:9 NKJV
Whoever has been born of God does not sin, for His seed remains in him; and he cannot sin, because he has been born of God.
See also ; ; ;
Matthew 18:4 NKJV
Therefore whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.
1 John 2:29 NKJV
If you know that He is righteous, you know that everyone who practices righteousness is born of Him.
1 John 5:3–4 NKJV
For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments. And His commandments are not burdensome. For whatever is born of God overcomes the world. And this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith.
1 John 5:18 NKJV
We know that whoever is born of God does not sin; but he who has been born of God keeps himself, and the wicked one does not touch him.

Spiritual birth and the nation of Israel

Deuteronomy 32:18 NKJV
Of the Rock who begot you, you are unmindful, And have forgotten the God who fathered you.
See also Moses implies that God himself gave birth to the people.
Numbers 11:12 NKJV
Did I conceive all these people? Did I beget them, that You should say to me, ‘Carry them in your bosom, as a guardian carries a nursing child,’ to the land which You swore to their fathers?

Birth seen as entry into a condition or status

Ethnic identity from birth

; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Exodus 12:48 NKJV
And when a stranger dwells with you and wants to keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as a native of the land. For no uncircumcised person shall eat it.
Ezekiel 16:3 NKJV
and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God to Jerusalem: “Your birth and your nativity are from the land of Canaan; your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite.
Acts 17:26 NKJV
And He has made from one blood every nation of men to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined their preappointed times and the boundaries of their dwellings,
Acts 22:27–28 NKJV
Then the commander came and said to him, “Tell me, are you a Roman?” He said, “Yes.” The commander answered, “With a large sum I obtained this citizenship.” And Paul said, “But I was born a citizen.”
Galatians 2:15 NKJV
We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,
Galatians 4:4 NKJV
But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law,
Ephesians 2:11 NKJV
Therefore remember that you, once Gentiles in the flesh—who are called Uncircumcision by what is called the Circumcision made in the flesh by hands—
Philippians 3:4–5 NKJV
though I also might have confidence in the flesh. If anyone else thinks he may have confidence in the flesh, I more so: circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of the Hebrews; concerning the law, a Pharisee;

Physical or mental disability from birth

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John 9:1 NKJV
Now as Jesus passed by, He saw a man who was blind from birth.
Acts 3:2 NKJV
And a certain man lame from his mother’s womb was carried, whom they laid daily at the gate of the temple which is called Beautiful, to ask alms from those who entered the temple;
Acts 14:8 NKJV
And in Lystra a certain man without strength in his feet was sitting, a cripple from his mother’s womb, who had never walked.
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