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Zechariah chapter 2

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Intro

Well we come back to the Old Testament book of Zechariah. We started in chapter 1 last week and if you remember as we talked about the prophet for the person we know that most likely he was born in captivity in Babylon, he is like a generation who come to be as the children wandered in the wilderness.
Now one of the topics we discovered last week is the truth that while the people were living in finished homes, comfortable and happy. The Lord’s house., the temple still lay in ruin. This indictment was also the case in the messages of Haggai.
But we will discover more as we walk through the text and see what God is doing and He also proclaims the coming of his Son into the world.
So lets begin and look at verses 1-3
Zechariah 2:1–2 ESV
1 And I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, a man with a measuring line in his hand! 2 Then I said, “Where are you going?” And he said to me, “To measure Jerusalem, to see what is its width and what is its length.”
So Zechariah say a man, the man is the same one mentioned in chapter 1, verse 8. He is the Messiah, we know Him as Jesus the second person of the Trinity. We see him mentioned in
Ezekiel 40:3 ESV
3 When he brought me there, behold, there was a man whose appearance was like bronze, with a linen cord and a measuring reed in his hand. And he was standing in the gateway.
We also see in that there is another with a reed used for measuring the city as well.
And Zechariah also says the man had the appearance of bronze, listen to the same description of Jesus in
Ezekiel 8:2 ESV
2 Then I looked, and behold, a form that had the appearance of a man. Below what appeared to be his waist was fire, and above his waist was something like the appearance of brightness, like gleaming metal.
The reed was for short measurements, and the cord was for longer measurements.
Now we now that the Savior, the man we see in the verse is measuring the city, for its coming restoration. So see just how large it should be… as it its length and width.
This the Jews should be encouraged to proceed with the building and more especially the re-building of the city.
Now lets look at verses 3-5
Zechariah 2:3–5 ESV
3 And behold, the angel who talked with me came forward, and another angel came forward to meet him 4 and said to him, “Run, say to that young man, ‘Jerusalem shall be inhabited as villages without walls, because of the multitude of people and livestock in it. 5 And I will be to her a wall of fire all around, declares the Lord, and I will be the glory in her midst.’ ”
The interpreting angel is met by another angel, the second angel appears to be sent to him by the Divine one, and he is to run to meet Zechariah and to deliver to him a certain message… So it reminds us that as a young man that Zechariah is called to proclaim the world of the Lord.
And what he is saying is that the population of Jerusalem will be so great that it cannot be contained by walled city, The unwalled city represents the openness they are to be to welcome all who come their way.
But do not be afraid, as a unwalled city may be vulnerable to some, but the Lord himself will protect it, He will be a wall of fire around it… I think he would be their Savior both now and prophetically in the future as well.
Psalm 125:2 ESV
2 As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the Lord surrounds his people, from this time forth and forevermore.
Now lets examine verse 6-7
Zechariah 2:6–7 ESV
6 Up! Up! Flee from the land of the north, declares the Lord. For I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heavens, declares the Lord. 7 Up! Escape to Zion, you who dwell with the daughter of Babylon.
Zech 2:6-7
This verse -6- begins the third vision here, it calls for Jewish exiles still living among the nations to return to Zion before YHWH judges those nations.,
So the call begins with the call to flee from Babylon, and the other various gentile lands. The Jews right now are spread as the four winds of the heavens. Thus they are to return from all the quarters
Jeremiah 16:15 ESV
15 but ‘As the Lord lives who brought up the people of Israel out of the north country and out of all the countries where he had driven them.’ For I will bring them back to their own land that I gave to their fathers.
They should return to jerusalem, because God has prepared them their own land. They should do so because of the punishment that is about to befall them.
Babylon will soon fall to Darius of the Medes/Persian kingdoms, he will co reign with Cyrus.
Now there were some reasons as to why they were hesitant to do so… Their tardiness was owing to:

Their tardiness was owing to (1) unbelief; (2) their land had long lain waste, and was surrounded with bitter foes; (3) they regarded suspiciously the liberty of return given by Cyrus and Darius, as if these monarchs designed suddenly to crush them; (4) their long stay in Babylon had obliterated the remembrance of their own land; (5) the wealth and security there contrasted with

Their tardiness was owing to (1) unbelief; (2) their land had long lain waste, and was surrounded with bitter foes; (3) they regarded suspiciously the liberty of return given by Cyrus and Darius, as if these monarchs designed suddenly to crush them; (4) their long stay in Babylon had obliterated the remembrance of their own land; (5) the wealth and security there contrasted with

Their tardiness was owing to:
(1) unbelief;
(2) their land had long lain waste, and was surrounded with bitter foes;
(3) they regarded suspiciously the liberty of return given by Cyrus and Darius, as if these monarchs designed suddenly to crush them;
(4) their long stay in Babylon had obliterated the remembrance of their own land;
(5) the wealth and security there contrasted with Judea, where their Temple and city lay in waste.
In verse 7 the place they are to come is Zion, the city of Jerusalem where by is the truly only safe place to be....
now verses 8-9
Zechariah 2:8–9 ESV
8 For thus said the Lord of hosts, after his glory sent me to the nations who plundered you, for he who touches you touches the apple of his eye: 9 “Behold, I will shake my hand over them, and they shall become plunder for those who served them. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me.
After his glory is restored to that place, essential when the Lord returns to Jerusalem, God the Father has send the Son to be the divine one to plunder, to visit wrath on those who touched his city. The apple of his eye....

Messiah’s twofold office from the Father is: (1) to glorify His Church; (2) to punish its foes (2 Th 1:7–10). Both offices manifest His glory (Pr 16:4).

2 Thessalonians 1:7–10 ESV
7 and to grant relief to you who are afflicted as well as to us, when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with his mighty angels 8 in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. 9 They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might, 10 when he comes on that day to be glorified in his saints, and to be marveled at among all who have believed, because our testimony to you was believed.
Proverbs 16:4 ESV
4 The Lord has made everything for its purpose, even the wicked for the day of trouble.
Verse 9
The mere wave of God’s hand can defeat and send all his foes aside....
Verses 10-13
Zechariah 2:10–13 ESV
10 Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion, for behold, I come and I will dwell in your midst, declares the Lord. 11 And many nations shall join themselves to the Lord in that day, and shall be my people. And I will dwell in your midst, and you shall know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you. 12 And the Lord will inherit Judah as his portion in the holy land, and will again choose Jerusalem.” 13 Be silent, all flesh, before the Lord, for he has roused himself from his holy dwelling.
The messiah is saying that he will come and dwell in their midst, referring to His first advent.
The messiah is saying that he will come and dwell in their midst, referring to His first advent.
John 1:14 ESV
14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
But until that day, God will dwell spiritually with his people.
V 11, many shall join themselves to the Lord in that day, and they shall be His people, Their were many proselytes, worshipping in the court of the Gentiles .... soon there will be many more who will love the Lord.
Ps 102
Psalm 102:15–16 ESV
15 Nations will fear the name of the Lord, and all the kings of the earth will fear your glory. 16 For the Lord builds up Zion; he appears in his glory;
Zion will be the first to bow to the Lord’s authority and after that, the nations...
Judah will be his inheritance, verse 12, listen to
Deuteronomy 4:20 ESV
20 But the Lord has taken you and brought you out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt, to be a people of his own inheritance, as you are this day.
The course of God’s grace may have been interrupted for a time, but His covenant was not set aside, the election of His people was once and for all.and therefore will be good forever.
Now verse 13

13. Be silent, O all flesh—(Hab 2:20). “Let all in silent awe and reverence await the Lord’s coming interposition in behalf of His people!” The address is both to the Gentile foes, who prided themselves on their power as if irresistible, and to the unbelieving Jews, who distrusted God’s promises as incredible. Three reasons why they must be silent are implied: (1) they are but “flesh,” weak and ignorant; (2) He is JEHOVAH, all-wise and all-powerful; (3) He is already “raised up out of His place,” and who can stand before Him? [PEMBELLUS], (Ps 76:8, 9).

Let all in silent awe and reverence await the Lord’s coming and save his work on behalf of his people.
The address is both to the Gentile foes, who prided themselves on their power as if irresistible, and to the unbelieving Jews, who distrusted God’s promises as incredible.
Let all in silent awe and reverence await the Lord’s coming interposition in behalf of His people!” The address is both to the Gentile foes, who prided themselves on their power as if irresistible, and to the unbelieving Jews, who distrusted God’s promises as incredible. Three reasons why they must be silent are implied: (1) they are but “flesh,” weak and ignorant; (2) He is JEHOVAH, all-wise and all-powerful; (3) He is already “raised up out of His place,” and who can stand before Him? [PEMBELLUS], (, ).
Three reasons why they must be silent are implied: (1) they are but “flesh,” weak and ignorant; (2) He is JEHOVAH, all-wise and all-powerful; (3) He is already “raised up out of His place,” and who can stand before Him? [PEMBELLUS], (, ).
But one day God will stand up and avenge His people, He will judge all those who have hurt his people and brought mercy to them...
Calvin says - But the call to all to “be silent” is rather when God has come forth from heaven where so long He has dwelt unseen, and is about to inflict vengeance on the foe, before taking up His dwelling in Zion and the temple.
But the call to all to “be silent” is rather when God has come forth from heaven where so long He has dwelt unseen, and is about to inflict vengeance on the foe, before taking up His dwelling in Zion and the temple.
But the call to all to “be silent” is rather when God has come forth from heaven where so long He has dwelt unseen, and is about to inflict vengeance on the foe, before taking up His dwelling in Zion and the temple.

But the call to all to “be silent” is rather when God has come forth from heaven where so long He has dwelt unseen, and is about to inflict vengeance on the foe, before taking up His dwelling in Zion and the temple.

Zechariah 2 ESV
1 And I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, a man with a measuring line in his hand! 2 Then I said, “Where are you going?” And he said to me, “To measure Jerusalem, to see what is its width and what is its length.” 3 And behold, the angel who talked with me came forward, and another angel came forward to meet him 4 and said to him, “Run, say to that young man, ‘Jerusalem shall be inhabited as villages without walls, because of the multitude of people and livestock in it. 5 And I will be to her a wall of fire all around, declares the Lord, and I will be the glory in her midst.’ ” 6 Up! Up! Flee from the land of the north, declares the Lord. For I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heavens, declares the Lord. 7 Up! Escape to Zion, you who dwell with the daughter of Babylon. 8 For thus said the Lord of hosts, after his glory sent me to the nations who plundered you, for he who touches you touches the apple of his eye: 9 “Behold, I will shake my hand over them, and they shall become plunder for those who served them. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me. 10 Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion, for behold, I come and I will dwell in your midst, declares the Lord. 11 And many nations shall join themselves to the Lord in that day, and shall be my people. And I will dwell in your midst, and you shall know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you. 12 And the Lord will inherit Judah as his portion in the holy land, and will again choose Jerusalem.” 13 Be silent, all flesh, before the Lord, for he has roused himself from his holy dwelling.
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