Saul Chased David
David Tempted to take the Easy way Out
David treated the king properly, not because of anything the king had done or might do, but because of what the Lord had done. David’s respect for human authority was based on his respect for divine authority.
Saul’s Responses to Grace
Begging him to grant two requests, he first asked that his successor “not cut off my seed” (v. 21; Hb. v. 22; NIV, “descendants”)—that is, that David not follow the ancient Near Eastern custom of exterminating all descendants of his dynastic predecessor (cf. discussion at 20:14). Second, he requested that David not “wipe out my name from my father’s family,” a request closely related to the first but emphasizing the preservation of a link between Saul and his forebears.