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Wedding at Cana

John's Gospel  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Jesus's first sign of authentication of his diety

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Introduction

Where are we up to in John

John Chapter 1 records testimony about Jesus
John’s (the gospel writer) testimony (the prologue)
John the Baptiser’s testimony (Saw the spirit descend) as far as we know nobody else saw.
Jesus’s recruits esp Nathaniel (you are the Son of God, the King of Israel)

Overall Picture of the Gospel of John

Now we come to a large section in John which is sometimes referred to as “The Signs” (the visible authentication) from Chapter 2 to Chapter 11 (10/21) and teachings and narrative. This is who I am
From Chapter 12 to 19 (8/21) refers to the last week of the earthly life of Jesus culminating in his crucifixion This is what I have come to do
The wedding at Cana begins a section in John’s Gospel which now expands from testimony to visible and tangible demonstrations and authentication of the identity of Jesus.

Remember John’s purpose in writing his gospel

John 20:30 ESV
30 Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book;
and
John 21:24–25 ESV
24 This is the disciple who is bearing witness about these things, and who has written these things, and we know that his testimony is true. 25 Now there are also many other things that Jesus did. Were every one of them to be written, I suppose that the world itself could not contain the books that would be written.
so this Gospel of John is a highly edited narrative of the life of Jesus

The Sign

The turning of water into wine John calls a “sign” v 11
John 2:11 ESV
11 This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.

Signs and Miracles

Water into Wine is a miracle but more than that, it is also a sign, and John always calls Jesus’s miracles “signs” because it is always a sign of something more, and not just a miracle.
John records 7 signs in chapters 2 to 11, (This is who I am ) the greatest of which is the bringing back to life of the rotting corpse of his friend Lazarus and that occurs about a week before Jesus’s own death. But remember, John tells us that Jesus did many other things (John 21-25) So john is selecting just 7 of the vast number of miracles or signs that Jesus did.
The water to wine miracle is a miracle. This needs stating these days. There has been a tendency to discredit Jesus’s miracles, to say things did not happen like that but were exadurated, or embellished as narratives were verbally handed down from person to person and the passage of time before being written down. Perhaps to satisfy a humanist or secular or even scientific world view, to elevate science and logic above the Bible. You see this in the media and sadly in some liberal churches.
That is my first point of application. Remember that Jesus, the word was with God and was God; all things were made through him (John 1 v 3 ) and that this word became flesh and dwelt among us (John 1-14). The one who created everything, is he not capable of changing water into wine.
Believe the Miracle as stated; believe the sign, let the Bible speak for itself and not interpreted by the World. Humanists, false religions etc

What is a miracle?

A miracle is an action that cannot be done by natural means, something that defies human logical reasoning, something that defies the laws of nature. The same Jesus in the beginning said “let there be and there was”, (Genesis) and if we believe that then it is not difficult to believe that water into wine is exactly as recorded by John. The truth about creation is foundational to our understanding of everything else.
Let us now look at some aspects of this sign at Cana

My Hour has not yet come

John 2:3 ESV
3 When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.”
Jesus’s reply was unexpected
John 2:4 ESV
And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.”
What did Jesus mean by this statement? What was this hour? Was it that His hour had not yet come to show that he could do miracles? No. He was stating in a veiled way his death. His Hour
How do we know that he was talking about his death?
We have to look ahead in John to understand his meaning. 7 times in John’s Gospel, John mentions “His Hour”

The occasion of Jesus teaching in the temple at the feast of Tabernacles

John 7:30 ESV
So they were seeking to arrest him, but no one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come.

Teaching in the treasury of the temple

Discussion with the pharisees about them not knowing the father
John 8:20 ESV
These words he spoke in the treasury, as he taught in the temple; but no one arrested him, because his hour had not yet come.

The week before His arrest and crucifixion

But now a change. The hour had now come after 3 years or so after the wedding at Cana
When some Greeks asked Jesus disciples, “we wish to see Jesus”
John 12:23 ESV
And Jesus answered them, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified.

A few verses later

As he told his disciples that he was going to be crucified
John 12:27 ESV
“Now is my soul troubled. And what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour’? But for this purpose I have come to this hour.

At the last supper

John 13:1 ESV
Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart out of this world to the Father, having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end.

And finally at the end of the last supper Jesus Prays to the Father

John 17:1 ESV
When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you,
John’s gospel is heading for, and is almost dictated or framed by His Hour, the climax of the Gospel
John 17:1–4 ESV
1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, 2 since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him. 3 And this is eternal life, that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. 4 I glorified you on earth, having accomplished the work that you gave me to do.

Back to the Wedding

They had run out of wine. Jewish wedding feasts would go on for several days and wine was an important part of the proceedings. To run out of wine was a shameful thing and reflected on the Bridegroom, it was his responsibility to ensure that the wedding arrangements were 100% in place. Are we just to see the sign of water to wine as Jesus saving the day, saving the shame of the bridegroom of running out of wine. Is this the essence of the sign? There is more.

The stone Jars for ceremonial washing

Mark 7:1–4 ESV
1 Now when the Pharisees gathered to him, with some of the scribes who had come from Jerusalem, 2 they saw that some of his disciples ate with hands that were defiled, that is, unwashed. 3 (For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash their hands properly, holding to the tradition of the elders, 4 and when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. And there are many other traditions that they observe, such as the washing of cups and pots and copper vessels and dining couches.)
Although ceremonial hand washing before eating was not part of the Law of Mosses it violated the Traditions of the Elders. All holy things could not be used for anything other than holy use. The water jars should not be used for anything other than ceremonial washing of hands, but Jesus used it to be the vessels that contained the miraculous wine. Doing things that violated the traditions of the elders or the law of Mosses was something that the religious authorities used against Jesus, and was a major reason why they dismissed Jesus as the Messiah. Indeed, violation of the Law was the ultimate reason for the false justification of Jesus’s crucifixion. So here is a demonstration that Jesus was starting to demolish the established order.

The wine

Water becoming wine (the Blood, the Last Supper, life)

The wine was the (1) best

There was an (2) abundance of

The sign was done at a wedding

Jesus the perfect (future) Bridegroom to whom we as believers are betrothed (engaged to) and a wedding feast awaits for us in heaven Rev 19:6. Jesus refers to himself as the Bridegroom several times in the New Testament, for example on an occasion that the religious authorities said, how come that your disciples do not fast.
Luke 5:34–35 ESV
34 And Jesus said to them, “Can you make wedding guests fast while the bridegroom is with them? 35 The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in those days.”

The result of the sign

John 2:11 ESV
11 This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.
2 things
The manifestation of His Glory. The visible demonstration, the tangible proof of who Jesus is and his power, his sovereignty, his wisdom, an authentication of his deity.
The faith of the disciples Believed in him, put their trust in him

Summary and Application

There are 2 bridegrooms at the wedding. The present one and the future one.
One fails to supply sufficient and of average quality , but the other supplies in abundantance and of excellent quality
One we cannot trust, the other we can who will pay the bride price with his life, whose hour was to come and has com

Our Response

Now we await our bridegrooms return from the father as he right now is preparing a place for his bride, that is us.
He has made known to us, through John, his glory.
Do what the disciples did. Put your faith in him. Trust him as he has demonstrated his love for us by his hour..his death
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