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The Last Supper: Jesus as the Passover Lamb

Matthew  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  46:07
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Scripture Reading: Matthew
Opening Prayer

God meant passover to symbolize deliverance from slavery to sin rather than slavery to a nation.

Three ways
Exposition One
Matthew 26:17 ESV
Now on the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Where will you have us prepare for you to eat the Passover?”
Matthew 26:18 ESV
He said, “Go into the city to a certain man and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, My time is at hand. I will keep the Passover at your house with my disciples.’ ”
Matthew 26:19 ESV
And the disciples did as Jesus had directed them, and they prepared the Passover.

I. God designed the sacrificed lamb to reflect the sacrificed Son (17-19)

Backward and Forward
Application: Think backward and forward when we take the Lord’s Supper.
Exposition 2
Matthew 26:20 ESV
When it was evening, he reclined at table with the twelve.
Matthew 26:21 ESV
And as they were eating, he said, “Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me.”
Matthew 26:22 ESV
And they were very sorrowful and began to say to him one after another, “Is it I, Lord?”
Matthew 26:23 ESV
He answered, “He who has dipped his hand in the dish with me will betray me.
Matthew 26:24 ESV
The Son of Man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.”
Matthew 26:25 ESV
Judas, who would betray him, answered, “Is it I, Rabbi?” He said to him, “You have said so.”

II. Jesus’ death was planned (20-25)

How scary would it have been for Judas at this point?
Illustration: Kid planning surprise for parents
Application: Realize, it is not just big events that God has planned, but all of them...
Have faith
Be confident
Have joy
Exposition 3
Matthew 26:26 ESV
Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.”
Matthew 26:27 ESV
And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you,
Matthew 26:28 ESV
for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
Exodus 24:1–8 ESV
1 Then he said to Moses, “Come up to the Lord, you and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship from afar. 2 Moses alone shall come near to the Lord, but the others shall not come near, and the people shall not come up with him.” 3 Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and all the rules. And all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do.” 4 And Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. He rose early in the morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. 5 And he sent young men of the people of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to the Lord. 6 And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he threw against the altar. 7 Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it in the hearing of the people. And they said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient.” 8 And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”
Matthew 26:28 ESV
28 for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
Jesus knew that violent means of His death
Shedding of blood legally begins the covenant
“which is poured out for many” passover language
“NEW?” Covenant?
Forgiveness of sin
Jeremiah 31:31–34 ESV
31 “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the Lord. 33 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”
Final not on this verse “many”
Matthew 26:28 ESV
28 for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
Matthew 26:29 ESV
I tell you I will not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.”
Points to messianic banquet
Matthew 26:30 ESV
And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.

III. The symbols of the passover now remind us of Jesus’ death (and Jesus knew it) (26-30)

Prayer of Thanksgiving
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