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The Lord’s Supper

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1 Corinthians 10:16–22 NLT
16 When we bless the cup at the Lord’s Table, aren’t we sharing in the blood of Christ? And when we break the bread, aren’t we sharing in the body of Christ? 17 And though we are many, we all eat from one loaf of bread, showing that we are one body. 18 Think about the people of Israel. Weren’t they united by eating the sacrifices at the altar? 19 What am I trying to say? Am I saying that food offered to idols has some significance, or that idols are real gods? 20 No, not at all. I am saying that these sacrifices are offered to demons, not to God. And I don’t want you to participate with demons. 21 You cannot drink from the cup of the Lord and from the cup of demons, too. You cannot eat at the Lord’s Table and at the table of demons, too. 22 What? Do we dare to rouse the Lord’s jealousy? Do you think we are stronger than he is?
The commemoration and remembrance of Jesus Christ’s last supper, and all the benefits that result to believers. Other terms have been used subsequently by Christians, including “Communion” and “Eucharist”.
Terms for the Lord’s Supper in the NT
“breaking of bread” could mean both eating together and also celebrating the Lord’s Supper; The Greek word “koinonia”, here translated “participation”, is traditionally translated “communion”: hence the term “Holy Communion”; the Lord’s Supper; Underlying “had given thanks” is the Greek “eucharisteo”, from which comes the term “Eucharist”.
Acts 2:42 NLT
42 All the believers devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching, and to fellowship, and to sharing in meals (including the Lord’s Supper), and to prayer.
1 Corinthians 10:16 NLT
16 When we bless the cup at the Lord’s Table, aren’t we sharing in the blood of Christ? And when we break the bread, aren’t we sharing in the body of Christ?
1 Corinthians 11:20 NLT
20 When you meet together, you are not really interested in the Lord’s Supper.
1 Corinthians 11:20 NLT
20 When you meet together, you are not really interested in the Lord’s Supper.
1 Corinthians 11:24 NLT
24 and gave thanks to God for it. Then he broke it in pieces and said, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”
Jesus Christ’s institution of the Lord’s Supper
1 Corinthians 11:23–25 NLT
23 For I pass on to you what I received from the Lord himself. On the night when he was betrayed, the Lord Jesus took some bread 24 and gave thanks to God for it. Then he broke it in pieces and said, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way, he took the cup of wine after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant between God and his people—an agreement confirmed with my blood. Do this in remembrance of me as often as you drink it.”
Celebrating the Lord’s Supper in the NT
As part of an ordinary meal
1 Corinthians 11:21 NLT
21 For some of you hurry to eat your own meal without sharing with others. As a result, some go hungry while others get drunk.
On the Lord’s day
Acts 20:7 NLT
7 On the first day of the week, we gathered with the local believers to share in the Lord’s Supper. Paul was preaching to them, and since he was leaving the next day, he kept talking until midnight.
John 20:26 NLT
26 Eight days later the disciples were together again, and this time Thomas was with them. The doors were locked; but suddenly, as before, Jesus was standing among them. “Peace be with you,” he said.
The fourfold formula for breaking bread: taking, giving thanks, breaking, giving
Matthew 26:26 NLT
26 As they were eating, Jesus took some bread and blessed it. Then he broke it in pieces and gave it to the disciples, saying, “Take this and eat it, for this is my body.”
Luke 24:30 NLT
30 As they sat down to eat, he took the bread and blessed it. Then he broke it and gave it to them.
John 6:11 NLT
11 Then Jesus took the loaves, gave thanks to God, and distributed them to the people. Afterward he did the same with the fish. And they all ate as much as they wanted.
1 Corinthians 11:24 NLT
24 and gave thanks to God for it. Then he broke it in pieces and said, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”
The sharing of the cup
1 Corinthians 11:25 NLT
25 In the same way, he took the cup of wine after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant between God and his people—an agreement confirmed with my blood. Do this in remembrance of me as often as you drink it.”
Themes connected with the Lord’s Supper
The Passover
1 Corinthians 5:7–8 NLT
7 Get rid of the old “yeast” by removing this wicked person from among you. Then you will be like a fresh batch of dough made without yeast, which is what you really are. Christ, our Passover Lamb, has been sacrificed for us. 8 So let us celebrate the festival, not with the old bread of wickedness and evil, but with the new bread of sincerity and truth.
Caiaphas’ words may have an unintended Passover significance; ; ; ; ; ;
John 11:50 NLT
50 You don’t realize that it’s better for you that one man should die for the people than for the whole nation to be destroyed.”
John 13:1 NLT
1 Before the Passover celebration, Jesus knew that his hour had come to leave this world and return to his Father. He had loved his disciples during his ministry on earth, and now he loved them to the very end.
John 19:14 NLT
14 It was now about noon on the day of preparation for the Passover. And Pilate said to the people, “Look, here is your king!”
John 19:33 NLT
33 But when they came to Jesus, they saw that he was already dead, so they didn’t break his legs.
Exodus 12:46 NLT
46 Each Passover lamb must be eaten in one house. Do not carry any of its meat outside, and do not break any of its bones.
Numbers 9:12 NLT
12 They must not leave any of the lamb until the next morning, and they must not break any of its bones. They must follow all the normal regulations concerning the Passover.
The new covenant
The reference to the (new) covenant implies a personal relationship with God and sins forgiven.
1 Corinthians 11:25 NLT
25 In the same way, he took the cup of wine after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant between God and his people—an agreement confirmed with my blood. Do this in remembrance of me as often as you drink it.”
Remembrance
1 Corinthians 11:24 NLT
24 and gave thanks to God for it. Then he broke it in pieces and said, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”
Thanksgiving, fellowship and unity
1 Corinthians 10:16 NLT
16 When we bless the cup at the Lord’s Table, aren’t we sharing in the blood of Christ? And when we break the bread, aren’t we sharing in the body of Christ?
The Lord’s return
1 Corinthians 11:26 NLT
26 For every time you eat this bread and drink this cup, you are announcing the Lord’s death until he comes again.
1 Corinthians 16:22 NLT
22 If anyone does not love the Lord, that person is cursed. Our Lord, come!
Revelation 22:20 NLT
20 He who is the faithful witness to all these things says, “Yes, I am coming soon!” Amen! Come, Lord Jesus!
Separation from sin
1 Corinthians 10:21 NLT
21 You cannot drink from the cup of the Lord and from the cup of demons, too. You cannot eat at the Lord’s Table and at the table of demons, too.
In Conclusion:
1 Corinthians 11:27–32 NLT
27 So anyone who eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Lord unworthily is guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. 28 That is why you should examine yourself before eating the bread and drinking the cup. 29 For if you eat the bread or drink the cup without honoring the body of Christ, you are eating and drinking God’s judgment upon yourself. 30 That is why many of you are weak and sick and some have even died. 31 But if we would examine ourselves, we would not be judged by God in this way. 32 Yet when we are judged by the Lord, we are being disciplined so that we will not be condemned along with the world.
A foretaste of heaven
Matthew 26:29 NLT
29 Mark my words—I will not drink wine again until the day I drink it new with you in my Father’s Kingdom.”
How do you see communion now?
Are you ready to receive?
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