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Romans 8:1-17a

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Are you living in the Spirit?

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Intro

The Bible Exposition Commentary Chapter Seven: Freedom and Fulfillment (Romans 8)

On January 6, 1941, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt addressed Congress on the state of the war in Europe. Much of what he said that day has been forgotten. But at the close of his address, he said that he looked forward “to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.” He named them: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. These words are still remembered, even though their ideals have not yet been realized everywhere in the world.

Romans 8 is the Christian’s “Declaration of Freedom,” for in it Paul declares the four spiritual freedoms we enjoy because of our union with Jesus Christ. A study of this chapter shows the emphasis on the Holy Spirit, who is mentioned nineteen times. “Where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty” (2 Cor. 3:17).

Many would consider Ch 8 to be one of the most important chapters in the Bible

In this section of Romans, Paul presents practical strategies for overcoming the ongoing problem of our sinful flesh. In 1:18–20, he discloses God’s response to our sin: His wrath against all godlessness and wickedness. Most of Romans 1–4:25 explains that Jews and Gentiles alike are under this wrath, and we all share the same need for reconciliation with God. In Romans 5:1–7:25a, Paul addresses the role that God’s righteousness, revealed in the gospel, plays in the lives of believers once they have been reconciled with Him. At the end of Romans 7, he introduces the ongoing problem of sin in our unredeemed bodies. Another important aspect of the gospel’s power is the new life that it opens up to us—not only eternal life here, but life in the Spirit. What follows is the beginning of the next big thematic unit, looking at life in the Spirit as the solution to the lingering problem of sin.

In 1:18–20, he discloses God’s response to our sin: His wrath against all godlessness and wickedness. Most of Romans 1–4:25 explains that Jews and Gentiles alike are under this wrath, and we all share the same need for reconciliation with God. In Romans 5:1–7:25a, Paul addresses the role that God’s righteousness, revealed in the gospel, plays in the lives of believers once they have been reconciled with Him. At the end of Romans 7, he introduces the ongoing problem of sin in our unredeemed bodies. Another important aspect of the gospel’s power is the new life that it opens up to us—not only eternal life here, but life in the Spirit. What follows is the beginning of the next big thematic unit, looking at life in the Spirit as the solution to the lingering problem of sin.

Prayer / Message

Prayer… God our Father teach us what it means to enjoy and live our life in the Spirit.

Life in The Spirit

1] The Freedom of The Spirit / 8.1-4

The Freedom of The Spirit

Our innate desire for freedom - teenage drivers
Romans 8:1–4 ESV
1 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death. 3 For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh, 4 in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
Romans 8:1–3 ESV
1 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death. 3 For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh,
V1
Paul does not say:
no guilt / no shame / no failing / no consequences / no sin
Paul does say
no condemnation
Your Elders
Condemnation = Justification
Struggle = Sanctification
Fulfillment = glorification
None for those in C.J.
not by works /
Romans 1:16–17 ESV
16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.”
V2
Answer to V1 = Why?
Law of The Spirit of Life
law of sin & death
Spirit Of Life
Holy Spirit = Spirit of Life
body of death = Spirit of Life
Jhn 14.6
John 14:6 ESV
6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
J
V3
Answer to V2 = How?
God has done it!
The question is not why anyone goes to Hell but why God would do this!
Law not bad / weak = our flesh - sinful
Heb 7.18
Hebrews 7:18 ESV
18 For on the one hand, a former commandment is set aside because of its weakness and uselessness
Law good at what is for = revealing fulness of Sin
Sent His Son
John 3:16 ESV
16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
[Likeness] = what does that mean?
Does not mean:
not really man
Does mean:
Full / without
[For Sin]
Philippians 2:7 ESV
7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men.
John 1:14 ESV
14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
[For Sin] = what does that mean?

Phil. 2:7; See John 1:14

Leviticus 16:5 ESV
5 And he shall take from the congregation of the people of Israel two male goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering.
Hebrews 10:6 ESV
6 in burnt offerings and sin offerings you have taken no pleasure.

Vicarious Substitutionary Atonement

Vicarious = in or through another
Substitutionary = in the place of another
Atonement = reparation of wrong and appeasement of anger
Romans 8:4 ESV
4 in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
Your Salvation is Trinitarian!!
God = Father / Sent = Son / Life = Spirit
V4 = Answers question of What? [What was done by this]
Freely Obedient & Fully Satisfied
Romans 1:16–17 ESV
16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.”
R
Romans 3:10 ESV
10 as it is written: “None is righteous, no, not one;
Righteousness Required / fulfilled = Spirit
the law cannot claim you
the law cannot condemn you
the law cannot control you
Romans 8:1 ESV
1 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.
the law cannot claim you
Rom
the law cannot condemn you
the law cannot control you
The Spirit sets you free!

2] The Mind of The Spirit / 8.5-8

Have you ever had to et after a child and asked them what on earth were you thinking?
Paul starts in the mind for it is the epicenter of action
Romans 7:25 ESV
25 Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself serve the law of God with my mind, but with my flesh I serve the law of sin.
Paul’s struggle
our struggle
Romans 12:2 ESV
2 Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect.
impossible without the Spirit
Romans 8:5–8 ESV
5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. 6 For to set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace. 7 For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot. 8 Those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
V5 = Paul’s Contrast:
we live / according to = mind set
we do what we do because we want what we want
we act how we act because we think how we think
Paul is not saying:
put your mind to being better
Paul is saying:
Romans 12:2 ESV
2 Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect.
impossible without the spirit!
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Peter with Jesus
/
Matthew 16:23 ESV
23 But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.”
V6 = What do we gather by the fruit of our minds?
Flesh = death
Spirit = life & PEACE
Galatians 6:8 ESV
8 For the one who sows to his own flesh will from the flesh reap corruption, but the one who sows to the Spirit will from the Spirit reap eternal life.
Time out: - Flesh =/= Physical Body Only… []
V7 = Why do we need this transformation of the mind?
3 Reasons
Our mindset concerns our fundamental attitude toward God.
Our mindset expresses our basic nature as Christian or non-Christian
Our mindset has eternal consequences
Our mindset concerns our fundamental attitude toward God.
So we might please God!!! = Fulfill our purpose =
IMPOSSIBLE ALONE
fleshly / hostile / non-submissive /
V8 = What pleases God?
obedience
worship
We desperately need the Spirit to transform our minds!!
see God as God / See sin as sin / Se self as self / See Christ as Christ
Romans 1:18–23 ESV
18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20 For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. 21 For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things.
Romans 1:28 ESV
28 And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind to do what ought not to be done.
desire and rejoice in this Spirit beloved
Romans 8:5 ESV
5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit.
Rom 8.5-8
sdg
The Spirit renews your mind!

3] The Power of The Spirit / 8.9-13

“I’m giving her all she’s got captain!”
Star Trek - The Original Series - USS Enterprise Chief Engineer Montgomery Scott “Scotty”
We need more power!
Romans 8:9–13 ESV
9 You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you. 12 So then, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 13 For if you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live.
V9 = Notice the shift Paul makes / general to personal!
You are a Christian only if God’s Spirit dwells within you
DWELL = important
Again = Salvation is Trinitarian
Spirit of God / Spirit of Christ
Scholars Argue = 2 Types of Christians.... NO
immediate indwelling upon conversion!
V10 = BUT
The Body is dead
the body will die / we will experience death / consequence + condemnation
Spirit = life = righteousness
2 Corinthians 5:21 ESV
21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
Rom 6.18
Romans 6:18 ESV
18 and, having been set free from sin, have become slaves of righteousness.
2 Corinthians 5:21 ESV
21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
Your life is because and belongs to another!
Therefore this promise!
V11 = if … then logical progression = v9
If the Spirit dwells in you, Then you belong to the Spirit
If you belong to the Spirit, Then you will have Life
If the Spirit gives you life, Then even though you die you will live!
BIG IF’s!
Same Power - Jeremy Camp - Greeting time - closing song
The same power that rose Jesus from the grave The same power that commands the dead to wake Lives in us, lives in us The same power that moves mountains when He speaks The same power that can calm a raging sea Lives in us, lives in us
DWELL = 3-4x important
not fleeting
Paul Continues = If this is true...
V12 = We are in debt to God!
Romans 6:18 ESV
18 and, having been set free from sin, have become slaves of righteousness.
Not to flesh = no claim
V13 = So live accordingly
Putting to death / daily struggle
no one / nothing = wants to die!
Live like Scotty = death = Mortification / Vivification
Mortification
Romans 8:9 ESV
9 You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him.
The Spirit empowers you!

4] The Witness of The Spirit / 8.14-17

Russia = dash cams for proof.
American Police = body cams for evidence.
Rod Tidwell & Jerry Maguire = show me the money! = evidence / proof
Romans 8:14–17 ESV
14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.
V14 = Answers the question from v13 of why?
We are no longer under Law but grace.
I do what I do not want and do not do what I want to do.
why therefore should I continue to strive tirelessly against my own flesh when I have the same experience as Paul does!
Why should I seek to put this body to death by the power of the Spirit!
Because it is your identity!
Scientific classification system = Taxonomy
Kingdom / Phylum / Class / Order / Family / Genius / Species = identification
Plant / backbone / type… etc.
American / Heterosexual / Middle / Millenial / Caucasian / Rep / Male = identification =/= Identity?
Son’s & Daughters!
V15 = Not Spirit of slavery… Spirit of adoption
Universal fatherhood of God - Universal brotherhood of man
John 8:44 ESV
44 You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar and the father of lies.
ADOPTION
Jews did not practice adoption
Not in OT but 5 times in NT - all Paul
The Message of Romans d. The Witness of the Spirit (14–17)

The term “adoption” may have a somewhat artificial sound in our ears; but in the Roman world of the first century AD an adopted son was a son deliberately chosen by his adoptive father to perpetuate his name and inherit his estate; he was no whit [sc. not in the smallest degree] inferior in status to a son born in the ordinary course of nature, and might well enjoy the father’s affection more fully and reproduce the father’s character more worthily.’

The New American Commentary: Romans 3. Living in the Spirit (8:1–39)

In adoption all previous relationships are severed. The new father exercises authority over the new son, and the new son enters into the privileges and responsibilities of the natural son.

The Bible Exposition Commentary Chapter Seven: Freedom and Fulfillment (Romans 8)

The word adoption in the New Testament means “being placed as an adult son.” We come into God’s family by birth. But the instant we are born into the family, God adopts us and gives us the position of an adult son. A baby cannot walk, speak, make decisions, or draw on the family wealth. But the believer can do all of these the instant he is born again.

ABBA = “my father, my dearest father”
Think of the loving babble of a todler
familiar household phrase of the child
Jews NEVER dared to speak to God this way
Jesus prayed this way and encourages us to do so
V16 = This very longing and love for God is evidence of the Spirit
Eye witness account is of greater value
Testimony of two witnesses in OT law
Trinitarian = Spirit of God / Spirit of Christ / The Spirit = Testifies for you!
V17 = If Children then we are like our father and our older brother...
We are no longer of this world therefore the world will hate us.
Christ put the flesh to death therefore we also must do so.
Yet There is Blessing!
heirs = inheritance
Hebrews 2:11–12 ESV
11 For he who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one source. That is why he is not ashamed to call them brothers, 12 saying, “I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will sing your praise.”
Assurance !!!
The Message of Romans d. The Witness of the Spirit (14–17)

Thus radical holiness, fearless freedom, filial prayerfulness and the hope of glory are four characteristics of the children of God who are indwelt and led by the Spirit of God. It is by these evidences that he witnesses to us that we are God’s children.

Rom 8
Romans 8:16 ESV
16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,
The Spirit testifies about you!

Close

Romans 8:9–11 ESV
9 You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you.
The Message of Romans d. The Witness of the Spirit (14–17)

Looking back now over the first half of Romans 8, we have seen something of the multiple ministries of the Holy Spirit. He has liberated us from the bondage of the law (2), while at the same time he empowers us to fulfil its just requirement (4). We now live each day according to the Spirit and set our minds on his desires (5). He lives in us (9), gives life to our spirits (10), and will one day give life to our bodies too (11). His indwelling obliges us to live his way (12), and his power enables us to put to death our body’s misdeeds (13). He leads us as God’s children (14) and bears witness to our spirit that this is what we are (15–16). He himself is also the foretaste of our inheritance in glory (17, 23). It is his indwelling which makes the fundamental difference between Romans 7 and Romans 8.

Rom 8
Romans 8:12–17 ESV
12 So then, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 13 For if you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.
Rejoice
Rom 8.
Be Thankful
for your life in the Spirit!
Rejoice & Be thankful!
The Spirit leads us into holiness
The Spirit replaces fear with freedom
The Spirit pro
Free Spirit?
LETS PRAY
Following Outline From John Stott [*6]

Intro

The Ministry of God’s Spirit []
Romans 8:1 ESV
1 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.
no guilt
no shame
no consiquences
no stumbling
not easy
not prety
not clean
not perfect!
The Freedom of the Spirit []
Romans 8:2–4 ESV
2 For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death. 3 For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh, 4 in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
freedom from judgement = No condemnation [1-4]
New Law
Spirit of Life
God has done
Son in flesh to condemn sin in the flesh
Righteous requirements fulfilled
might
flesh / spirit
Christ
The Mind of the Indwelling Spirit []
Romans 8:5–11 ESV
5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. 6 For to set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace. 7 For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot. 8 Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. 9 You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you.
Romans 8:5–8 ESV
5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. 6 For to set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace. 7 For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot. 8 Those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
v5
freedom from defeat = No obligation [5-17]
Fleshly / spiritual mindset
death / life + peace
Hostile Mindset
does not
can not
Pleasure
The Indwelling of the Spirit []
Romans 8:9–13 ESV
9 You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you. 12 So then, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 13 For if you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live.
Rom 8
You , However
flesh / spirit
if in fact!
Spirit of God
dwells in you
if not
then not
In Christ
body = dead / sin
Spirit = life / righteousness
resurrection
Contrast
The Witness of the Spirit []
Romans 8:12–17 ESV
12 So then, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 13 For if you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.
Children
Romans 8:14–17 ESV
14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.
Heirs
Rom
Suffer = glorification
The Glory of God’s Children []
The Suffering and Glory of God’s Creation []
The Oposition of Spirit & Flesh []
The Suffering and Glory of God’s Children []
The Family of God []
The Steadfastness of God’s Love []
The Glorious Future []
5 Unshakeable Convictions []
The Spirit’s Intercession []
5 Undeniable Affirmations []
The Purpose of God
5 Unanswerable Questions []
------------------------------
Morris, Leon. The Epistle to the Romans. The Pillar New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI; Leicester, England: W.B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press, 1988. [*1]
Mounce, Robert H. Romans. Vol. 27. The New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995. [*2]
Schreiner, Thomas R. Romans. Vol. 6. Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1998. [*3]
Spence-Jones, H. D. M., ed. The Pulpit Commentary: Romans. The Pulpit Commentary. London; New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1909. [*4]
Sproul, R. C. The Gospel of God: An Exposition of Romans. Great Britain: Christian Focus Publications, 1994. [*5]
Stott, John R. W. The Message of Romans: God’s Good News for the World. The Bible Speaks Today. Leicester, England; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2001. [*6]
Wiersbe, Warren W. The Bible Exposition Commentary. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1996. [*7]
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