HG101 John 10:1-21
Jesus Christ calls Himself a shepherd and His own church His flock. He is the shepherd who will risk His life to seek and to save that one lost sheep, Matthew 18. He is the shepherd who has pity upon the people because they are as sheep having no shepherd, Matthew 9. He is the shepherd who called His disciples a little flock, Luke 12. And when He, the shepherd, was smitten, you remember, He said in Mark 14, quoting the Old Testament, “When the shepherd was smitten, the sheep are scattered.” Peter says He’s the shepherd of our souls. And the writer of Hebrews says He is the Great shepherd of the sheep.
in each village located as the common property of the village in the center somewhere, a common sheepfold. And all of the shepherds in that village who would have their sheep out grazing on the hillside would at night lead their sheep into the sheepfold. There was a man who was hired to care for the sheepfold during the night and he was called the porter. And all the sheep would be led into the fold and they would spend the night there while the shepherd went home. The porter’s job was to shut the door and to be in front of the door on guard lest animals or thieves and robbers would come to steal or slaughter the sheep.
Now, you see, only the shepherd could get in through the door. The porter wouldn’t let a thief and a robber in, only the shepherd could get in through the door. And so the thieves and the robbers, in order to get the sheep, would have to climb the wall.
Thief and robber are two different words. Thief is kleptes from which we get our word kleptomaniac, one who steals. And robber is lestes which means one who slaughters.
“In green pastures by still waters through the valley of the shadow of death, He leads me all the time.”